• Culture of Hindu Women

    HINDU CHILDBEARING WOMEN 2 The Culture Beliefs and Practices of Hindu Childbearing Women Nurse's have a major role in providing safe and evidence-based care to promote optimal birth outcomes for all women. Maternity nurse's have a responsibility to be aware of the array of childbirth traditions practiced in America's societies. Although childbirth occurs in every culture, in each culture there are unique

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  • Why Marriages Fail

    When marriages fail or fail to take place, women and children become vulnerable and dependent. Those women, along with their friends and relatives, are inexorably drawn toward the Party of Government. And research shows it is not only women of childbearing age that are made more dependent on government, but aging men and women in general. To expect a nation of fragmented families to turn away from an expanding welfare state is to expect a miracle. The original social democrats of Europe saw this

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  • World Issues

    their 20s, the prime childbearing year. Another reason is that U.S. boom started earlier, and it also ended earlier, but the Canada boom was still in Canada when U.S. Boom ended. The baby boom happened, because during those 20 years, Canadian knew they could afford large families, and young couples wanted to share that bright future with a big family. Also, the high immigration levels as the second reason that prevailed during the 1950s: immigrants tend to be people of childbearing age. It ended,

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  • Abortion Essay

    unplanned or unwanted. However, the myriad social, economic and health circumstances that underlie such explanations have not yet been fully explored. Worldwide, the most commonly reported reason women cite for having an abortion is to postpone or stop childbearing. The second most common reason—socioeconomic concerns—includes disruption of education or employment; lack of support from the father; desire to provide schooling for existing children; and poverty, unemployment or inability to afford additional

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  • Pamlets

    Department of Education, Culture and Sports (DECS)- 7-30 years • National Manpower and Youth Commission – 7-24 years • Council for the Welfare of children (CWC) – 1-18 years • National Youth Commission (NYC) – 15-30 years • POPCOM – 10-14 years as pre-childbearing years; 15-24 as reproductive years and 25-30 as young adult and marrying years. Even among the non-government organizations concerned, differing definitions exist: • Foundation for Adolescent Development Inc. (FAD) – 15-24 years • PLAN International

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  • Analysis of an Ethical Dilemma

    next interview was with a female minister from a full gospel evangelist church who has a Roman Catholicism background. She believes in the Biblical principle that God created man and woman and gave us the ability to be fruitful and multiple in childbearing. New technology has brought us into new era where couples having a difficult time getting pregnant can have in vitro fertilization and embryos implantation. It is important that the couples are provided all necessary information, guidelines,

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  • Prepare Yourself Because Something Will Come.

    to teach or exercise authority over a man. She must remain quiet. 13For Adam was formed first and then Eve. 14And Adam was not deceived, but the woman, because she was fully deceived, fell into transgression. 15But she will be delivered through childbearing, if she continues in faith and love and holiness with self-control.

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  • Examine the Change in Pattern of Childbearing and Childrearing Since the 1970s

    traditional idea on how children should be made and brought up have changed or evolved into new concepts that might have been a taboos or stigmatise in the 70s. The reason for and the result of these pattern range widely. One of the greatest changed in childbearing is the growing rate of children born outside of marriage. over four in ten children are now born outside of marriage and that is five time more than it was in 1970, the reason being the fact that we Are now leaving in a seculisation society – so

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  • Oral Contraception

    rate of teenage pregnancies puts a high financial burden on the tax payers and government in providing medical care for the young mothers.' The June 2011 study by the National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy estimated that in 2008, adolescent childbearing cost U.S. taxpayers about $11 billion per year, which is a lot of money that could be used for other more productive issues. (Congressional Research Service.(2012).Teenage Pregnancy Prevention: Statistics and Programs. Retrieved from

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  • Annotated Bib

    All-in-all I would use and recommend this resource to someone else, due to the trustworthy sources. Office for Adolescent Health, . "Teen Pregnancy and Childbearing." U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Office of Adolescent Health, 07 Dec 2012. Web. 16 May 2013. . This site provided information about trends in teen pregnancy and childbearing. The purpose of this article is simply to inform. It’s informative and uses a lot of graphs and charts. The information provided is updated as of December

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  • Picot Question

    because their primary cliental is college age students as well as other women of childbearing age in the local community. This evidence supporting preconception care will be presented to the clinical board for the ASU-NMHC, as well as financial supporters for the unique position they are in to drive this cost effective program to improve the health of future generations. These CHM encounter women of childbearing age during clinical visits and can begin to provide preconception education during

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  • Birth Essay

    for the long-term decline in birth rates since 1900. These reasons involve a range of social, economic, cultural, legal, political and technical factors. The factors determining the birth rate are, firstly the proportion of women who are of childbearing age and secondly, how fertile they are. The total fertility rate is the average number of children women will have during their fertile years. The UK’s fertility rate has risen since 2001, but it is still much lower than in the past. These changes

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  • Mother's Role in China

    economic development of China resulted consequently in an increase of women's status, rights and opportunities. However, women's status is still slowed by the Chinese society who does not endorse completely its role in some essential areas such as childbearing. This essay will discuss how role of the Chinese mother has changed over almost sixty years and is still in changing. In feudal China, the status of women and in particular the mother's role in the family was very different from nowadays. Indeed

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  • Family Structure and Children's Well-Being

    a rise in unmarried childbearing and divorce and how this creates more children being exposed to various alternative family structures. Hofferth and Goldscheider state that, “unstable childhood family structure experiences influence young women’s choices regarding childbearing and parenting” (2010, p.417). Furthermore, the experiences of childhood family structure influence the attitudes that these children have toward marriage, cohabitation, and unwed childbearing (Ryan, & Franzetta, &Schelar

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  • Teenage Pregnancy

    more problems in school, and spend more time in prison than children of adult parents. The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy (NCPTP) claims that teenage childbearing costs society about $6.9 billion annually; this estimate includes welfare and food stamp benefits, medical care expenses, lost tax revenue (teenage childbearing affects the parents’ work patterns), incarceration expenses, and foster care. In an effort to reduce teenage pregnancy and the problems associated with it, policymakers

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  • Abortion

    to have an abortion often found themselves abandoned by the man and faced the hard life as a single parent. A freely available abortion as a back-up to birth control pills has meant that women can has chosen to delay childbearing and/or marriage until their mid-30s. Delayed childbearing has caused many women to go to Fertility Clinics for help trying to have a baby. In a study of 100 women carried out that 46% of the women believed or had experienced that abortion had aggravated a major crisis in their

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  • Teenage Childbearing

    more problems in school, and spend more time in prison than children of adult parents. The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy (NCPTP) claims that teenage childbearing costs society about $6.9 billion annually; this estimate includes welfare and food stamp benefits, medical care expenses, lost tax revenue (teenage childbearing affects the parents’ work patterns), incarceration expenses, and foster care. In an effort to reduce teenage pregnancy and the problems associated with it, policymakers

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  • Teen Pregnancy

    a hole they might have from not having that unconditional love from a parent while growing up. “Teenage childbearing is costly to the public sector, that is, to federal, state, and local governments and the taxpayers who support them. Between 1991 and 2004, there were 6,776,230 births to teens in the United States. According to Hoffman, the estimated cumulative public cost of teen childbearing during this time period was $161 billion. This cost has been attributed to lost tax revenue and provision

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  • Examine Changes in the Patterns of Childbearing and Childrearing

    d) First of all, over four in every ten children are now born outside marriage. This is five times more than in 1971. However, nearly all these births were registered by both parents. In most cases, the parents are cohabitating. One reason for this increase in births outside marriage may be the decline in stigma and increase in cohabitation. For example, only one-third of 18-24 year olds now think marriage should come before parenthood. Secondly, women now have fewer children than in the 1970s. For

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  • Research

    crime(Furstenberg et al;1987;Hofferth,1987;Jenks,1989;Hoffman et al; 1993; Kiernan,1997; as cited in Are Children of Young Mothers Disadvantaged Because of Their Mother’s Age or Family Background,2003). Although it has long been recognized that teenage childbearing is likely to carry substantial costs to children, most of the available research has focused on mothers. By comparison, we know less on the intergenerational effects of teenage motherhood. One exception is the frequently cited pattern of repetitions

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  • Changes in the American Family Values and Beliefs

    the division of family roles is clear-cut, which husband and wife being charged with specific responsibilities. According to Lim and Smalzer (2008), divorce rates were low, but meanwhile birth rates were high during this time. Wetzel (1990) said childbearing “reach a peak of 25.3 per 1000 in 1957 at the apex of the baby boom” (p.8). In the meantime, he mentioned that divorce was uncommon, affecting less than one percent of the at-risk population. Nancy represents traditional familism in Mona Lisa Smile

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  • Runaway Teen Struggles

    Social and psychological research concerning adolescent childbearing: New York: Springer Davis, R. (1989). Teenage pregnancy: A theoretical analysis of a social problem. Adolescence, 93, 19-23 Gleason, P., Rangarajan, A., & Schochet, P. (1988). The dynamics of receipt of Aid to Families with Dependent Children among teenage parents in inner cities. Journal of Human Resources, 33, 988-1003 Grindstaff, C. (1988). Adolescent marriage and childbearing: Canada: Toronto Hotz, J., Mc Elroy, S., & Sanders

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  • Cost of Divorce on Taxpayers

    need, especially the young, so it would be improper to propose that all taxpayer funding be written as unnecessary or wasteful. However, the article notes many economic conditions created by households without stable parents. “Divorced and unwed childbearing create substantial public costs, paid by taxpayers. Higher rates of crime, drug abuse, educational failure… more welfare expenditure… increased Medicaid, Medicare” and more similar costs. (pg. 9) It is quite clear in the article that the implicit

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  • Gender Equity

    S. does offer includes policies that protect all people, regardless of sexual orientation, gender, etc. Other policies that are beneficial to employees of the United States includes a guaranteed paid premium for overtime work and paid leave for childbearing. The United States does not have as many policies as other countries that offer support to parents that are bearing children. In other countries, guaranteed leave is given to those in connection with childbirth and women’s right to breastfeed

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  • Childbearing

    CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION A. Background of the study According to Jordan, childbearing is universally treated as a life crisis event. In most societies birth and the immediate post partum period are considered a time of vulnerability for mother and child. It is a time of ritual danger for the entire family. Most societies tend to have certain sets of practices and beliefs in childbirth. Practices and beliefs of each society have common goals namely, the maintenance of well-being and preservation

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  • Demography

    the Leslie Matrix), and population momentum (Keyfitz). Common Rates and Ratios * The crude birth rate, the annual number of live births per 1,000 people. * The general fertility rate, the annual number of live births per 1,000 women of childbearing age (often taken to be from 15 to 49 years old, but sometimes from 15 to 44). * age-specific fertility rates, the annual number of live births per 1,000 women in particular age groups (usually age 15-19, 20-24 etc.) * The crude death rate

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  • The Welfare Reform Act

    welfare system. Both parties now publicly announced that illegitimacy was harmful to children and society. The Speaker of the House had implied that children born out-of-wedlock may be placed in foster care. They had also said that out-of-wedlock childbearing and single parenthood are the main causes of child poverty and welfare dependency in the United States. Also implied was that children rose in single parent families are more likely to experience behavioral, emotional issues and do poorly in school

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  • Examine Changes in the Patterns of Childbearing and Childrearing in the Uk Since the 1970s

    Examine changes in the patterns of childbearing and childrearing in the UK since the 1970s Since the 1970s, there has been less of a need to have as many children because many things have changed since the war. The 1970s rise in lone motherhood was largely a consequence of increasing divorce rates. Many of the traditional ideas on how children should be made and brought up have changed or evolved into new concepts that might have been a taboos or stigmatised in the 70s. The reason for and

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  • Teenage Pregnancy

    population of our country. CONTRIBUTING FACTORS Cause or Effect? The burdens of early childbearing on disadvantaged teens are undeniable. Trying to untangle the factors which contribute to teenage pregnancy from its effects, however, leads to a "which came first, the chicken or the egg?" dilemma. Educational failure, poverty, unemployment and low self-esteem are understood to be negative outcomes of early childbearing. These circumstances also contribute to the likelihood of teen pregnancy. For example

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  • Evoloutionary Explanation

    they maximize the number of potential pregnancies. Various male strategies have developed, such as searching for females displaying signs of fertility such as youth, health, and childbearing hips. Singh’s evidence supported this as it found that men are attracted to women with low waist to hip ratio, a sign of childbearing potential. Mating with women displaying the features described above enhances the chances of reproduction. Women have evolved different strategies to maximize their chances of sexual

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  • Demography Essay

    Essays: Examine changes in the patterns of childbearing and childrearing in the United Kingdom since the 1970s Since 1970 there have been many changes in the way families bear and rear children, many changes happened slowly thought out the years and in this essay I will examine them. Before 1970 there was a need for many children, even though the child protection act had lowered the amount of children a couple would have, this is because after the first and second world war, there was a lot of deaths

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  • Importance of Child Bearing in Bible

    thought of not being able to reproduce. By looking at how the Bible demonstrates the importance of childbearing and why it thinks childbearing is so important, we can see how the Bible emphasizes that a woman’s primary purpose in life is to bear children. Now we will take a look at how the Bible demonstrates the importance of childbearing and how this leads to the emphasis the Bible puts of childbearing being a woman’s primary purpose in life. In the story of Genesis, Lot’s daughters perform a sinful

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  • Nothing

    A DIVISION OF LOXAFAMOSITY The Bible and Childbearing ABORT73.COM PO BOX 9291 - MOSCOW, ID - 83843 Overview: Even though the Bible has nothing directly to say about abortion, it has plenty to say about pregnancy and childbearing. One way to address the issue of abortion is to compare the place of childbearing in the Bible to the place of childbearing in a worldview that accepts abortion. Thus, an appropriate question to ask is: does the practice of abortion, the deliberate termination of a pregnancy

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  • Mass Education and Fertility Transition

    Mass Education and Fertility Transition Axinn, W.G., and Barber, J.S. (Aug 2001) Mass Education and Fertility Transition. American Sociological Review, 66, 4, 481-505 Us humans see fertility and childbearing as a normal part of our society. Although society has many trends, there was one trend that seems to have a contradictory reaction. Education and fertility have been seen as a topic of debate through the sociological field study for many years. According to the article Mask Education and

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  • Dock

    Research Outline Name: Institution: Topic: The Effects of Media on Teenage Pregnancy and Childbearing Outcomes Hypothesis: The teenage girls that are exposed to watching television are more likely to become teenage mothers than the ones that are not. Abstract The study will look into the effects the specific programmes have on the sexual behaviour of teenage girls. The specific program that will be understudy is the MTV franchise called 16 and Pregnant and how the reality series that show how

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  • A Modest Proposal

    separates himself from the lower class by saying that only people who require his and other wealthy people’s, “charity in the streets,” (670) should have to sell their children, and later says that he has no children to sell, and that his wife is past childbearing, creating an antithesis and adding irony to the essay’s tone. Swift also argues that not only will the population be greatly reduced but the income of the poor will increase significantly as they sell their children, a suggestion with much fortifying

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  • Assess

    with no information stored about how to behave. Common sense is something that isn’t learnt. Similarly the way we behave can be just natural instincts, instinctive behaviour doesn’t have to be learnt. For example women have a maternal instinct for childbearing and rearing. Another example is having a child and a pet in the same house, new born are just exposed to the language; the baby will obtain the human language but the pet obviously won’t, human language isn’t learnt at first. Another example Steven

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  • Book

    post-Cultural Revolution baby boom; i.e., the women born during that period are now having babies. The number of births in a country is the product of two variables: the average number of births per woman of childbearing age5 and the number of women in this age range. If the number of women of childbearing age is increasing, the number of births can increase even if the number of births per woman is falling – a phenomenon known as “population momentum.” We now discuss each of these in turn. The total fertility

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  • Reed Dance

    different genders in the South African countries hold different roles in the communities. One of the most important roles of women in the South African countries is reproducers. According to the article “Gender Roles, Marriage and Family”, “Childbearing is the most crucial function of the family. The birth of a child confirms the bridewealth contract between the woman’s family and that of her husband and validates her status as an adult and a complete woman” (Afolayan, p.190). After marriage,

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  • Research

    bearing 2. This population was speaking 40 different languages. What marketing techniques were used to address the needs of a diverse population? They used target marketing to reach out to the ethnic populations and micromarketing to women of childbearing age. In what ways did the hospital disseminate its messages to the community (rather than relying on impersonal advertising?) a. Advertising: Advertising campaigns for each group through native-language posters/fliers, newspapers ads,

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  • Under Age Pregnancy Amongst Teenagers

    about pregnancy. It is about the decline of marriage. What has changed most in recent decades is not who gets pregnant, but who gets married. Demographically, our “teen pregnancy” problem is inseparable from the disconnect between marriage and childbearing that increasingly characterizes the procreative behavior of adults in their 20s. Culturally, the “teen pregnancy” crisis stems largely from a widespread ambivalence about marriage, and especially about the importance of marriage when it comes to

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  • My Essay About My Life

    1st Semester (13 hrs) | Mental Health Nursing Across the Lifespan Problems in Mental Health Nursing Adult Health Nursing I Adult Health Nursing I Practicum Nursing Research | Junior 2nd Semester (15 hrs) | Nursing Care of Childbearing Families Nursing Care of Childbearing Families Practicum Adult Health Nursing II Clinical Nursing Skills II Practicum Genetics in Health Care Contemporary Nursing Pharmacology | Senior 1st Semester (15 hrs)(Continued…) | Nursing Care of Child & Families Nursing

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  • Belly Dancing - an Overview in Today's World

    fact that exercise mitigates pain. The women of the Middle East knew this, and so the dance was born through abdominal movements like pelvic rocking and belly roll. Before Islam and Christianity, when the Mother Goddess was worshipped, sex and childbearing were sacred.  During this time, many societies were matriarchal, and bellydancing was performed by women for women. But Today many Middle Eastern countries forbid women to perform the dance. During the 1950's, bellydancing was declared illegal

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  • Teenage Pregnancy

    century in family size, reproductive patterns and population dynamics. It is suggested that “teenage parenthood has come to be regarded as a significant disadvantage in a world which increasingly demands an extended education, and in which delayed childbearing, smaller families, two income households, and careers for women are increasingly becoming the norm” (p.6). Due to the fact that the ‘norm’ has now shifted, teenage mothers are now a minority in comparison to overall mothers, therefore

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  • The Strong Influence of Fraternity to Teenagers

    between the ages of 15 and 19 years are twice as likely.12 High death rates are secondary to eclampsia, postpartum hemorrhage, sepsis, HIV infection, malaria, and obstructed labor. Girls aged 10 to 15 years have small pelvises and are not ready for childbearing. Their risk for obstetric fistula is 88%.13 | Figure 4Percentage of women, aged 20 to 24 years, married and giving birth by age 18. Reproduced with permission from Mathur S, Greene M, Malhotra A. Too Young to Wed: The Lives, Rights, and Health

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  • Results and Coclusion

    who (Silverman, 2004) haven’t reach the growth period of 20. With the assortment of figures on the above discussion matter of intent will both consist of qualitative and quantitative figures gathering, the figure and the existence of young girls childbearing is quantitative, the nature of province is advancing or emerging is qualitative with the approaches with gathering this information resolve a consists of an arrangement of patients that is sorted by age, selection and also facts attain within the

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  • Importance of Folate

    multiplication. It is important in the development of red blood cells and the cells lining the GI tract. The need for folate increases during the time of pregnancy as much cell multiplication is occurring. Folate supplements should be taken by women of childbearing age and continued throughout the first trimester of pregnancy. It is important for women to take them at these points to help prevent against neural tube defects. The neural tube is the embryonic tissue that forms the brain and spinal cord. Neural

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  • Novels

    career and achieve new goals. This freedom leveled the playing field between men and women in the business world. It also changed the way people thought about sex and they realized that "the value of. . . intimacy and bonding can be separate from childbearing". (4) Married couples could be intimate with each other as often as they pleased without worrying about pregnancy. While many people found comfort in this freedom for couples, they also had...

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  • New Borns and Drugs

    adolescents. Although drugs and alcohol are often used in combination, cocaine is the drug of choice among the young, especially the poor and women of color. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services estimated that 4.5 million women of childbearing age used illicit drugs in 1991. Of all infants born, the percentage born to substance-abusing mothers is widely reported to be 11% nationwide [Chasnoff et al. 1990; CWLA 1992; Weston et al. 1989]. In some inner-city neighborhoods, it is estimated

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  • Pregancy

    mothers are more likely to drop out of high school than girls who delay childbearing. Only 40 percent of teenagers who have children before age 18 go on to graduate from high school. A teenage mother may lack job skills, making it hard for her to find and keep a job. A teenage mother may become financially dependent on her family or on public assistance. Teen mothers are more likely to live in poverty than women who delay childbearing, and more than 75 percent of all unmarried teen mothers go on welfare

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