Why Was the Romanov Dynasty Overthrown in 1917?

In: Historical Events

Submitted By malderson999
Words 2692
Pages 11
Why was the Romanov Dynasty overthrown in February 1917?

The Romanovs were a family that had ruled over Russia in complete autocratic fashion for over 300 years, however in February 1917, Nicholas II, the current Tsar, abdicated, and his brother refused the thrown. I think that it was a multitude of different factors that truly brought the Romanov Dynasty to an end, however, in my opinion the factor that truly encompassed all other factors into one fatal blow for the dynasty of his family, was the poor decision-making, stubbornness and ultimately the failures of Nicholas II as Tsar. The other factors and causes of the collapse of the Romanov Dynasty were the alienation that the Tsar created towards almost every sector of society, including the Duma, and the growing opposition that this resulted in, the First World War and its influences on society, and the also the large levels of instability that arose in the government around this time.

Firstly, an important factor that must be discussed was the instable government in Russia at this point. Over the period from 1915 to 1916, Russia had seen 6 Ministers of Defence and 6 Interior Ministers. This highlights a number of different major issues in Russia at this point. Firstly it showed a fundamental lack of trust between the Tsar and his ministers. This could be taken further to show that therefore the Russian people may see the Tsar as incapable of change and fundamentally untrusting of politicians, as can be seen by his name-calling of Rodzianko, the head of the Duma, when faced with the news of the imminent revolution in Petrograd.
Another element of this cause of the revolution is the influence that Rasputin had gained in the Royal Court over the past decade and continued to exert whilst the Tsar was leading the army. Due to his apparent ‘mystical’ healing powers, Rasputin had managed to gain an important…...

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