What Is Federalism

In: Other Topics

Submitted By roadking2112
Words 1075
Pages 5
Assignment 1: What is Federalism?
Student: Danny Franco
Professor: Tracy Herman
POL 110
August 8, 2014

Bose, Dilulio, and Wilson (2013), state that in America, political authority falls under both national and state governments. This division of political authority between the two entities is called federalism. The delegates at the Constitutional Convention were in agreement that some degree of federalism was necessary; however, the amount of federalism that was to be written into the Constitution was rather controversial. After the constitutional Convention, two views of federalism arose. One view of a strong federal government was advocated for by Alexander Hamilton. He believed the national government powers should be largely defined and applied liberally. Thomas Jefferson led the charge on the opposing view. He argued that the federal government existed as an agreement between the states and that the national government should be narrowly defined and limited. These opposing views have been a constant source of political debate in this country (Bose, Dilulio, and Wilson, 2013).
One example of how federalism has evolved from its origins to the American political system in place today can be traced to the state’s rights debates of the early to mid-19th century. The southern states were in favor of a decentralized federal government with the bulk of power belonging to the states. The northern states favored a more centralized government with the power residing at the federal level. State’s rights advocates rejected the notion that the Supreme Court was the ultimate arbiter of disputes related to federalism. According to Purcell (2006), “determinations about the scope of governmental powers were not intended to be surrendered to six men” (p. 11). Nationalists rejected the states’ rights position and defended the Supreme Courts role as ultimate constitutional…...

Similar Documents


...What is a federal form of government? What image do you have of when you think of federalism? \Do you think of the federal level of government? State government? Local governments? All three? Layer Cake, Marble Cake....21st Century View: Intergovernmental Relations Do democratic governments need to be organized as federal systems? Great Britain has a Unitary form of government How does this differ from the U.S.? Powerful central government with federal or central government mandates (laws) that are implemented (put into place) throughout the whole country= Unitary govt. Examples: National Health Policy throughout the whole country so that you can go from city to city in Great Britain and use your health card at any hospital. (Portability of health insurance in U.S.: can get care anywhere in our country) Current American example of an issue that is being discussed as a national issue: elections Should we have Congress pass federal rules for identification, times polls are open, voting ahead of time, etc.? Do you personally tend to look to the federal government to solve problems in the U.S. ? (synonyms for federal govt.: national govt. and central govt) OR Do you tend to focus on your state government or on your city or county (local) government? We do not have good political theories of when federal minimum national standards are appropriate...

Words: 1421 - Pages: 6


...Federalism What’s Important? Focus on Power/Autonomy and Money The Supremacy Clause Article VI of the Constitution: The Constitution and the laws of the U.S. are the “supreme law of the land” Federalism—Key Questions * 1. What does the “Supremacy Clause” really mean? * 2. How much “power” does Congress (or the national government, generally) have, particularly to “regulate” interstate commerce under Article I, Section 8? * What “power(s)” do states on their own still have? * 3. Which “level” of government is best-suited to handle various issues? (That is, who should do what?) * 4. Should there be “national” standards or rules in some areas? Which? Can this change? * 5. Which level of government is going to be responsible for funding the ever-growing array of programs in response to demands by the people? * “Types” of Federalism * “Cooperative” Federalism * Modern roots in New Deal Programs; * “Competitive” Federalism * Can be both a battle for scarce resources (money, primarily), but also for power/responsibility * “Coercive” Federalism * Action dictated by national government (“mandates”) McCulloch v. Maryland (see text, pp. 101—102; p. 809) * Expansion of implied powers doctrine, giving the national (federal) government more power; see Article I, Section 8 (last part) * “Power to tax is power to destroy.” States can’t take action, such as a tax, that would put the......

Words: 772 - Pages: 4


...important jobs to do that effect the whole nation and the rest of the world, so if they give the states more power they can concentrate on improving the nation and to promote better living. Each state has different needs; it should be up to their governor and the citizens to decide what needs to be done. In McCullouch v. Maryland (1819) the Supreme Court concluded that Congress had the right to establish a national bank as an implied power of Article I, Section 8, because the bank was being used to further Congress' constitutional authority to tax and distribute funds, as provided in Article I, Section 8, Clause 1. The Court also prevented states from taxing the federal government, by declaring Maryland's legislation unconstitutional under the Supremacy Clause of Article VI. Chief Justice Marshall stated that the state's power to tax was the power to destroy competition by taxing it out of existence, which was being used unconstitutionally against the federal government. This ruling is a prime example how the federal government has been given more power than the states. This country was founded with an idea to separate the federal government and the state government, known as federalism. The goal of federalism is to divide the power of state and federal governments, protect the rights of the state (through the 10th amendment), to prevent tyranny of the majority, and have a government that is close to its people. The commerce clause of the US constitution, under Article......

Words: 2145 - Pages: 9

What Is Federalism

...What is Federalism? Jennifer Siminski Professor El-Yacoubi POL 110 5 November 2013 In the beginning federalism was brought up by the framers. They wanted it to be a way of organizing the nation so that two or more ways of government can have a type of authority over the same people. The power is shared between the units of government. Federalism has held much tension over who should control policies, individual states or national government as a whole. To the framers, federalism was important in the design of the constitution. Federalism would foster custom-made laws that would fit the special needs of particular communities; they would do this by ensuring that all the activities of the public life would directly affect the people taking place within the states and their local governments. Also the people of the states would remain involved in the process of making laws at the local and state levels. They thought that if they kept the government close to the people, they would be more comfortable with it. One change that Hickok pointed out is that “Today the national government dominates the American political system.” (Hickok 1991) Another change that federalism has gone through is that the states and the national government’s relationship has actually changed because of the clashing of political interests, rather than changing by the political principles that are contained within the constitution. Another change that federalism has gone through is that...

Words: 1171 - Pages: 5

What Is Federalism

...What is federalism-the idea of a federal organization of more or less self-governing units Rational choice theory, also known as rational action theory, is a framework for understanding and often formally modeling social and economic behavior. It is the dominant theoretical paradigm in microeconomics. It is also central to modern political science and is used by scholars in other disciplines such as sociology and philosophy A positive statement is a statement about what is and that contains no indication of approval or disapproval. Notice that a positive statement can be wrong. "The moon is made of green cheese" is incorrect, but it is a positive statement because it is a statement about what exists A normative statement expresses a judgment about whether a situation is desirable or undesirable. "The world would be a better place if the moon were made of green cheese" is a normative statement because it expresses a judgment about what ought to be. Notice that there is no way of disproving this statement. If you disagree with it, you have no sure way of convincing someone who believes the statement that he is wrong A Federal mandate is a requirement set by the Federal government. It usually is in the form of a new Federal Law. In some cases the Federal government doesn't have the authority to do something, so they will find a way to change something else. Drinking age is defined by the states, but the Federal Governmet passd a law that they wouldn't provide highway funds...

Words: 892 - Pages: 4

What Is Federalism

...of the document here. The abstract is typically a short summary of the contents of the document.] | What is federalism? The federal principle or system of government. A question that many American individuals are asked and don’t have a general understanding of what it may mean. I think federalism is a great government Institution It makes difference in the state government agency. it's also self-sufficient government to every state In the United states, people choose every elected Official Government for equal Opportunity most of the society In the world are federalism it's very Important to distribute the wealth to the state and the local community, and much more. Since its inception more than 200 years ago, American federalism has undergone tremendous change. Today, all governments -- federal, state and local -- play a greater role in the lives of their citizens, expectations about what kind of services and rights people want from government have changed, and relations among the federal, state and local governments have become infinitely more complex. In this brief essay, Ellis Katz, professor of political science and a fellow of the Center for the Study of Federalism at Temple University, explores the origins and development of American federalism, its contemporary practice and problems, and the forces that seem to be moving it in new directions. How does federalism play a part today? Many local towns and villages are dissolving or consolidating. In doing so they are...

Words: 1015 - Pages: 5

What Is Federalism

...FEDERALISM | | Introduction Federalism has consistently revolved since 1789. The national and state government has shared different points of disagreement. The evolution of federalism is divided into the categories of dual, civil war, industrialization, cooperative and the current federalism. The essay will further cover the factors led to evolution and discuss how states and U.S federal government influenced the American politics. Furthermore, federalism is deemed as the power concentration on several individual states. Most of the clauses of federal government of U.S have been laid down in Tenth Amendment of 1791. Evolution and Factors involved in Federalism Federalism has consistently debated throughout the period starting from1789. The national and state government has shared different points of disagreement, but time empowered national government. Dual Federalism (1789-1946) occurred during the World War II. This era marked with two separate rules of state and the national government. The national government stressed on the defense dynamics of the politics where as states dealt with economic growth. Hence, national and state dealt matters distinctively (Romano, 2010). The Civil War (1862-1868) occurred, where by many felt that state should anticipate to dissolve the disputes. The other decisions include the issue of slavery; whether is legal or not. The states felt that the separate state government had the authority over federal......

Words: 823 - Pages: 4


... What is Federalism? Strayer University Debra Gordon To fulfill the requirements for POL110 Professor August 10, 2014 Abstract Federalism is an ideal structure of government for a nation whose citizens are divided by specific values or interests such as culture, distance or resources. In fact, federalism is a governmental system with different levels that are supreme or largely sovereign in different areas. In this essay, the main idea of federalism is described. In addition, advantages and disadvantages of federalism are identified throughout the essay. Moreover, the problems of government of a nation divided by culture, distance or resources are discussed. It is concluded that federal systems ought to distribute a balance of power between the general and constituent governments in order to fulfill different level requirements. Provide three (3) examples of how federalism has evolved from its origin to the American political system in place today. Federalism refers to the form of government that unites separate political entities or states within a single national system. However, federalism has a principle which allows each political entity or state to retain its independence. There are a number of countries that adopt the idea of federalism to form their government. A state that follows the federal system is known as federation. In fact, a federation is a political union of several states, by which effect is given to a certain state or stage of political......

Words: 3947 - Pages: 16

What Is Federalism

...Assignment 1: What Is Federalism? Strayer University U.S. Government – POL110 November 16, 2014 This paper will be a discussion about federalism and how it has evolved to the American political system that is currently in place today. Based on the concept of federalism, this paper will also describe how political behavior has been shaped throughout history. Lastly, it will describe how U.S. policies are influenced by the relationship between the states and the Federal government. Federalism is the division of authority between two or more governments. Many countries (roughly 25) follow this type of split government in order to provide checks and balances (aka “double security”) for the rights of the people. Federalism is very important because it prevents any one form of government from becoming too powerful. American Federalism is the division of authority between the national government and the states. The United States constitution defines the powers that each of these two governments has the right to enforce. The national government has the powers to print currency, declare war, establish military, manage international treaties, regulate national and international commerce, manage postal, and make laws to enforce the constitution. The state government has the power to establish local government, issue licenses, intrastate commerce, conduct elections, ratify amendments to the U.S. Constitution, public health/safety, exercise powers neither delegated to the......

Words: 1126 - Pages: 5

What Is Federalism

...Assignment 1: What Is Federalism? What is federalism? Federalism is a political system where all levels government including state and national government make final decisions on at least some governmental activities. The concept of federalism is a principle the United States has been built on since the beginning of time and has also evolved with time. The beginning the style of government started off as what is called dual federalism. This version of federalism was used and implemented after the civil war, the deemed that the national government was supreme in its sphere and the states were equally supreme in theirs and these spheres should be kept separate. This Federalism style was popular from the 1790s to about 1930. As time change so does the federalism type cooperative federalism was most popular from the 1930s to 1960. In the style the federal government and state government shared functions and collaborated on major national priorities, this was during the time of the Great Depression and different style of ferderalsim was birth to create cohesiveness between the national and state governments to help the country proper. Creative federalism, also known as "picket fence federalism," became popular during the period of 1960 to 1980. This relationship was characterized by overloaded cooperation and crosscutting regulations. During this time the federal government provided aid to the states using grants, categorical grants, to block grants to revenue sharing. A......

Words: 785 - Pages: 4


...What Is Federalism? POL110 Federalism defines a concept contrary to the federal government that takes all the authority of control. Federalism implies division of command among the levels of government. The central government does not take full control of the relationships of the nation but there is sharing of command between the governments at national and state levels. The Federal association has members from diverse groups represented by their heads and leaders and are held together by a required covenant. (Wilson/Diiulio/Bose,2014) Before the political system was in place today, the colonies was later formed the United States have their own government and political system based on the traditions and culture of its citizens. Before the alliance, every state exercises its own command governed by laws unique to its citizens that may be not practically relevant to the other states (Bohm & Haley, 2007). The birth of United States as an integrated nation brought changes to the system. Federal government evolved following the creation and implementation of the United States Constitution. The state governments were not abolished with the conference that states will partially lose their sovereignty or independence. (Wilson/Diiulio/Bose,2014) American Federalism ever since then has been observed constitutionally conceding the national and state governments to apply their exclusive powers but also mandatory to share in other powers. For example, the power to print money,......

Words: 1044 - Pages: 5

What Is Federalism?

...| What is Federalism? | | | | | | Federalism Federalism is a term that is timeworn, but is quite important in American history due to its lineage and how it affects government-both Federal and State. American Federalism is not a static set of arrangements, frozen in time by the United States Constitution but a dynamic, ever-changing, multi-dimensional process that has economic, administrative and political aspects as well as constitutional ones (Katz, 1997). So, what is Federalism? Federalism is a system that power is distributed between the Federal Government and the States. Years ago, many new Americans were scared because they feared that the new government might turn out to be another form of a monarchy. Also, the small states were quite scared that the larger states would overrule them in this new form of government (Wilson, Dilulio, Bose, 2014). So, when the Constitution was approved, certain provisions were added to the Constitution to ensure a balance between the larger states and the smaller ones (American Government, Wilson, Dilulio, Bose, 2014). As stated earlier, the power between the Federal Government and the State Government is shared. Much of the power the Federal Government has stems directly from the Constitution. The Constitution tells the states pretty much what they can do as well. An example of what the Federal Government can do is the ability to print and coin money, as well as......

Words: 3500 - Pages: 14

What Is Federalism

...What is Federalism? Diana Reed POL110103 Professor Julie Waldon May 17, 2015 There are several systems of governments in the world today. Examples include Federalism, Monarchy and Democratic. Federalism is a form of command where two or more governments share authority over the same territory. In this system, the autonomy to carry out any state directive is given to State governments. In addition, there are other functions, which have to be made in relation to the regulations of the reigning regime. The constitution stipulates all the services done by central government and the roles conducted by the state government. The state authority had the mandate of controlling roads, sanitation and education duties. The Central government, on the other hand, contains its power, which includes standard defence and the supremacy clause. Federalism has undergone changes and its part of the American history. The role of national and state governments has also evolved over time. Furthermore, the federal government has been given more mandates in the 21th century. Dual federalism emerged after the Americans got their independence from British rule at the end of World War 2. The Constitution was created, and it provided for two types of government in the United States. The national government had powers to handle issues related to national security, foreign policy, and promoting commerce. State government, on the other hand, dealt......

Words: 1005 - Pages: 5


...Strayer University POL110 Week 6 Assignment 1: What Is Federalism? Federalism is the type of government where there is segment of different powers between a state government and the central government. The United States is a federalist government where the states have their own individual powers and authority that they are able to exercise and the federal government has its own circle of authority that it tends to exercise. The evolution of Federalism in the United States was a gradual event that had definitions of federal government being given in federalist 46 and 28 which gave definitions of a federalist government to the United States. As stated by James Madison one of the architects of the federal kind of government, “the state and national governments are in fact but different agents and trustees of the people, constituted with different powers." The purpose of such a kind of government was to protect the rights of the people in all its earnestness. The evolution of the United States can be seen over a specific time period. Between 1970 and 1930 the form of government was known as layer cake federalism or dual federalism. There were clear powers divided between the states and the centre and there was sovereignty given in equal measure to both. Between the years 1930 and 1960 the structure was known as Cooperative federalism or marble cake federalism where the state and the central government shared functions and collaborated on issues of national importance...

Words: 828 - Pages: 4

To What Extent Can Spain Be Callled Federal When Compared with German Federalism?

...To what extent can Spain be called federal when compared with German federalism? This paper will serve to answer the question in the subject. It is important to bear in mind that this question will be answered via a comparison. Because of this comparison a certain structure is maintained during this paper. It will discuss the key points of the German political form first, where after the key points of Spain will be discussed. These two forms will be compared to each other, to expose to what extend Spain is a federal State. For the purpose of this paper, federalism entails that there needs to b e a form of political integration whereby the states, transfer sovereign powers to the federation. The federation then would control the actions from the states from a central government. Key-marks of federalism will be broad competence for the states, limited competences for the central government and entrenchment of divided power in the constitution. For this paper the distinction between co-ordinate federalism and co-operative federalism is made. In co-ordinate federalism each state is separate, has its own exclusive competences, its own administration, its own taxes and a minimal need for co-operation. Co-operative federalism on the other hand entails more collaboration between the states and the central government. Competences between states are mostly shared, the central government legislated and the states are to implement this legislation in most fields, the states are......

Words: 2297 - Pages: 10