What Is Animal Experimentation and Why Is It Important?

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What is animal experimentation and why is it important?

The use of animals in scientific research has greatly contributed to the medical and educational progresses that were achieved until now. There is a long history of using animals in scientific research, along with it a debate concerning its moral and ethical justification dates back to the moment, when animals were first used. Attitudes towards testing on animals scoped from absolute acceptance to absolute rejection and this seemed to have logical explanation. Both sides had strong arguments. For instance, involving animals in research has a positive effect, resulting in increasing of human health standards. Experience obtained from working with animals helped scientists to improve their general knowledge of mechanisms of how do living organisms function. On the other hand, the remaining scientists claimed that methods used to obtain those results were not only cruel and inhumane, but the majority of them could have been done using non-animal methods. This essay will prove that animal experimentation is a necessity, having led to numerous breakthroughs, it will also provide information about animal testing and alternatives that are now used to make the use of animals less harmful. Animal experimentation refers to any type of experimental procedures carried out on living animals. Using living animals in research started long ago, in ancient times. The main aim was to satisfy the curiosity of scientists in anatomy. Ibn al-Nafis, arab physician, who was interested in medicine and anatomy, was first to use animals for his experiments. In 1242 he demonstrated the circulation of blood in mammals. Nowadays there is a variety of applications of animal testing. This include basic and applied biomedical research, uses for education, for testing drugs, products, biological and chemical substances.…...

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