Virtual Manufacturing

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Glossary of Computer Terms
Published for the Faculty and Staff of Cheyney University of Pennsylvania

Cheyney University of Pennsylvania

Glossary of Computer Terms

As the office continues to undergo a series of rapid technological changes, a whole new vocabulary continues to evolve. The following glossary has been prepared for the faculty, managers and staff of Cheyney University of Pennsylvania to provide a brief and simple definition of the key computer terms and concepts that are most often used. You have heard our workshop presenters use many of these terms. This glossary should be of assistance to you as you advance in computer knowledge. We recognize there are many additional terms and words that are not included in the glossary, however we have included the most often used terms. Note: when bold type is used to highlight a word within a definition, it signifies that the highlighted word is defined in another location of the glossary. Glossary of Terms and definitions
Access. To call up information out of storage. Random access. Technique that permits stored information to be directly retrieved, regardless of its location on the storage medium. Sequential access. A technique for retrieving stored information that requires a sequential search through one item after another on the storage medium. Access time. The amount of time it takes a computer to locate stored information. Adapter. A circuit board that plugs into a computer and gives it additional capabilities. Antivirus software. A program designed to look for and destroy a virus that may have infected a computer’s memory or files. Application. A program designed to perform information processing tasks for a specific purpose or activity. Archive. A file compressed for more efficient use of storage space. Ascending sort. Sorting records from A to Z or 0 to 9.…...

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