Traffic Cases

In: Science

Submitted By eliem
Words 14560
Pages 59
Traffic Cases
Charging System 5.0

CUSTOMER PRODUCT INFORMATION

2/1551-FAV 101 72/4 Uen B

Copyright © Ericsson AB 2010, 2011. All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced in any form without the written permission of the copyright owner. Disclaimer The contents of this document are subject to revision without notice due to continued progress in methodology, design and manufacturing. Ericsson shall have no liability for any error or damage of any kind resulting from the use of this document. Trademark List All trademarks mentioned herein are the property of their respective owners. These are shown in the document Trademark Information.

2/1551-FAV 101 72/4 Uen B | 2011-02-11

Contents

Contents
1 1.1 1.2 2 3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 Glossary Reference List Introduction Purpose and Scope Typographical Conventions General Common for all Traffic Cases Mobile Number Portability Community Charging Location Based Charging Notifications SDP Selection Subscription ID Independence Traffic Cases Real-Time Charging Services Offline Charging Services Voucher Refill and Enquiry 1 1 1 3 5 5 5 6 8 10 11 13 13 47 48 57 61

2/1551-FAV 101 72/4 Uen B | 2011-02-11

Traffic Cases

2/1551-FAV 101 72/4 Uen B | 2011-02-11

Introduction

1

Introduction
This section describes the purpose and scope of this document, as well as typographical conventions used.

1.1

Purpose and Scope
The purpose of this document is to describe exemplify signalling sequences for different traffic scenarios in the Charging System. The signalling sequence examples provided in this document are not meant to cover all possible scenarios. The purpose is to give a general overview. The main target groups for this document are as follows: • • • • Network administrators System administrators Application administrators Operation and Maintenance (O&M)…...

Similar Documents

Traffic

...witnesses and drivers 7. Exchange information and complete the crash report 8. Tow vehicles 9. Re-establish traffic flow as soon as possible, especially on major roads and around rush hours 10. Cite the violator I would like to go over each of these and give what they mean. An officer's responsibility to conduct a motor vehicle collision investigation begins at the time he or she is directed to the collision scene. It is at that precise moment that the officer should begin to obtain as much information as it is available from the radio operator, such as type of collision, location, extent of injuries, traffic condition, etc1.then the officer should at the set speed for the department procedures of running code to a scene proceed to and secure the scene. If medical attention is needed, the officer will call it in, but assuming that there is no such need, the officer’s first job is to. This is the 1st of the 10 things we as police should do. the patrol vehicle is the first available tool to use in traffic control, other devices such as plastic traffic cones and flares can also be used. They help to channel other cars away from the scene. when the first responding officer has evaluated the injuries involved and rendered medical assistance if necessary, they should begin divert cars from the scene then he should try to get the cars out of traffic as soon as possible. But he should take a few quick photos of the crash site with them untouched. Then move the cars......

Words: 773 - Pages: 4

Traffic

...as the semi-annual coupon, 4%. The bond equivalent yield to maturity is 8%. Effective annual yield to maturity = (1.04)2 – 1 = 0.0816 = 8.16% c. Keeping other inputs unchanged but setting PV = –1050, we find a bond equivalent yield to maturity of 7.52%, or 3.76% on a semi-annual basis. Effective annual yield to maturity = (1.0376)2 – 1 = 0.0766 = 7.66% 16. Since the bond payments are now made annually instead of semi-annually, the bond equivalent yield to maturity is the same as the effective annual yield to maturity. The inputs are: n = 20, FV = 1000, PV = –price, PMT = 80. The resulting yields for the three bonds are: [pic] The yields computed in this case are lower than the yields calculated with semi-annual coupon payments. All else equal, bonds with annual payments are less attractive to investors because more time elapses before payments are received. If the bond price is the same with annual payments, then the bond's yield to maturity is lower. 17. [pic] Nominal return = [pic] Real return = [pic] | |Second year |Third year | | |[pic] |[pic] | |Nominal return: ......

Words: 20287 - Pages: 82

Traffic

...Background: Traffic congestion is not a new problem. The number of automobiles and trucks have been increased during the last few decades after the car boom period. So there was an urgent need for constructing more highways and bridges , improving traffic-signal controllers, making changeable highway signs, rerouting rush hour traffic, creating traffic-control centers that monitor and display the overall traffic conditions, using preplanned alternative traffic solutions based on repeated daily traffic patterns, etc. However, some strict financial sanctions or fines must be applied to eliminate the problem of traffic jam. For Jeddah city, the streets are overcrowded with cars and people. At the same time, the airports are welcoming a large number of newcomers all over the world every day. Moreover, the number of roads and bridges is not sufficient to the increasing number of vehicles. In addition, in Jeddah there are approximately four million people both Saudis and expatriates who use over one million vehicles to move around the city. We also expect more. Causes of traffic congestion inside the cities Saudi Arabia is a modern Country, but it also has a modern and serious problem. Every day in the morning and evening, the roads and streets are so crowded with cars, taxis, buses and trucks. In this part will mention the causes of traffic congestion in Saudi Arabia’s major cities. In the next lines, we will speak about the several reasons for traffic problems in......

Words: 1731 - Pages: 7

Traffic

...responsible for this? Traffic Jam is that magician. Traffic jam has become a great monster in our modern life. Traffic jam has turned daily trips into nightmares. The business community inevitably suffers for the constant waste of its most precious resource of time. Others commuters complain of being stuck in jam for hours an end, while residents breathe in a lat more lead and almost 10 percent of its population seeks medical treatment each year for air pollution related respiratory illnesses. I. Drivers don’t comply with traffic rules. II. Allegations of police support to makeshift shops on footpaths and street sidelines and illegal automobile and rickshaw parking, which occupy more than a third of the streets. III. Some police officers are busy for extracting money for allowing illegal parking. IV. Lack of automatic traffic signals, slow-moving illegal rickshaws and rail crossings are also causing serious traffic jam. Many roads of Dhaka city are not spacious according to the necessity. As aresult, traffic jam occurs very now and then in the congested areas even of the highways. Overtaking tendency is another reason which causes traffic jam. Moreover, our traffic system is not so modern and the number of traffic police is insufficient. It is a matter of shame that some so-called politicians., student leaders and selfish persons also create traffic jam in order to fulfill their evil desires Rickshaws also reate traffic jam. Traffic jam stops our normal......

Words: 549 - Pages: 3

Traffic Accident

...Nowadays traffic accidents in United States become a worse problem resulting in many deaths, injured, disabilities and damage to both private and public property. According to data from National Committee for Road Traffic Safety, in 2007 the total number of traffic accidents increased to 9449 cases, which killed 1545 persons, injured 24815. This makes traffic accident and death rates in United States are higher. Traffic accidents are caused mainly by drinking, speeding, and cars going off-road while drivers failed to use car’s facilities properly, especially, disobeying the traffic laws. Drunk Driving is not only illegal, but completely preventable. Alcohol-impaired driving is a serious national problem that unfortunately affects many victims yearly. Often, people believe they feel well enough to drive after drinking only a small amount of alcohol. They should be careful not to drive even if they slightly intoxicated after the party. A slight intoxication can reduce one’s response time to maneuver a vehicle. For example, alcohol causes the body to relax and sometimes can blur one’s vision. While in a car, it takes longer for some intoxicated drivers to slow down or to see what cars and obstacles may be in front, behind, or on either side of them. Moreover, Seat safety belts are designed to reduce injuries by stopping the driver from hitting hard elements inside of the vehicle. By not wearing a seat belt, they are also putting their self......

Words: 554 - Pages: 3

Traffic Jam

...responsible for this? Traffic jam is that magician. Traffic jam has become a great monster in our modern life. Traffic congestion is not only affecting our business but the education sector as well. Students cannot do other tasks such as photocopying or collecting notes before attending class in the morning because a lot of time gets wasted on traffic congestions. It wastes lot of working hours of students as well as teachers. In many occasions, students and teachers fail to attend classes in due time. And it is more painful when students fail to reach exam halls and fails just due to a social problem. Now just think everyday how much national time is wasting, how much economical activities are losing, for the traffic congestion problem. This assignment is focusing current situation of traffic congestion problem in Dhaka city. What is Traffic jam? A traffic jam is a long line of vehicles that cannot move forward because there is too much traffic, or because the road is blocked by something. Over the last few years the traffic congestion problem of Dhaka City has visibly been deteriorating steadily. Limited resources, invested for the development of transport facilities, such as infrastructure and vehicles, coupled with the rapid rise in transport demand, existence of old transport and also huge number of non-motorized vehicles on roads, lack of application of adequate and proper traffic management schemes are producing severe transport problems in almost all the traffic route......

Words: 3286 - Pages: 14

Traffic

...Traffic has always been a problem when driving in a big city. There are many improvements that can be done to fix or lessen the amount of traffic throughout a city. Such things as wider roads (i.e. super highways), monorails, and even for some to re-take their driving tests. The use of monorails within a city as a means of public transportation would be a great way to get from point A to point B, without having to use a personal vehicle and therefore decreasing the amount of vehicles on the road. A downside to using a monorail is the cost. Currently the Bombardier MVI that is being used in Las Vegas, NV, costs $88 million per mile. Expensive yet effective. This would help cut down on the amount of stop and go traffic. Another helpful agenda that would reduce the flow of stop and go traffic is if each state were to issue a bill, stating that a driver after a certain age must retake their driving test. As stated by Moore, Peter in Front Page and Life, “Most Americans think that 75-year olds should have to re-sit their driving tests in order to keep on driving, while people also it’s about as difficult as it should be to get a license in the first place.” Can you think back to a time where you were on your way to say either a doctor’s appointment or running a tad bit late for work and you happen to get stuck behind a slow moving elderly person that clearly wasn’t even driving the speed limit? Having a set age limit by each state for the elderly to retake their driving test......

Words: 521 - Pages: 3

Air Traffic Control Case Study

...of stress that air traffic controllers face on the job? Why or why not? No, I don’t think I would be able to handle the stress of being an air traffic controller. After reading the case study, I understood just how much pressure and responsibility that is put on their shoulders. According to the National Air Traffic Controllers Association (NATCA), on an average day, controllers handle 87,000 flights. That’s a couple million people’s lives in my hands on any given day and if I make any kind of small mistake, 400 people could lose their lives just like that. On the last case study I was asked if I would want to manage an IKEA store because I didn’t think I could handle watching over all of the employees, so I definitely wouldn’t be able to or want to handle millions of people’s lives. 2) In your opinion, which causes of work stress, or organizational stressors, are likely to be among the most common experienced by air traffic controllers? Explain your reasoning. I would say that Task Demands are the most common stressors experienced by air traffic controllers. I say this because they have such a highly demanding job which depends upon high levels of responsibility, quick decisions, and critical decisions. On the job, air traffic controllers have to make decisions quickly while realizing that the wrong one may endanger, or even end, the lives of hundreds and thousands of people. 3) Controller Pete Rodgers says that any gathering of air traffic controllers is......

Words: 752 - Pages: 4

Traffic Forecasting

...TRAFFIC FORECASTING The essence of port traffic forecasting is to find out: (a) What kinds and tonnages of commodities will move through the port? (b) How will these commodities be packaged and carried as maritime cargo? (c) What ship types, tonnages and frequency of calls will this result in? Traffic forecasting requires a combination of commercial and economic knowledge and the mathematical techniques are of minor importance and can often be omitted entirely. Far more important is the need to bear constantly in mind the very high degree of uncertainty in any forecast, and to take steps to minimize the risk which this causes. Any forecast of future trade will be uncertain, and ports are particularly vulnerable in view of their long planning time-scale and limited ability to influence demand. All forecasts should be linked with the overall national development plans. Furthermore, maritime trade is going through a period of rapid change which critically affects the volumes and types of traffic likely to use any port. Errors in forecasting can be serious, and the consequences of overestimating and underestimating are not equal. To over-build may add only a few dollars, at most, per ton to freight costs, but to under build may cause congestion leading to additional costs of $100 per ton. Even when all precautions have been taken to reach realistic and well-reasoned forecasts, the remaining uncertainty usually produces a wide variation of possible levels of traffic......

Words: 1426 - Pages: 6

Traffic

...Traffic Fines Notification Dear Users, you can now register in Traffic Fines Notification service by receiving a notification through different channels such as: 1. Email. 2.Short text message (SMS)on your mobile phone. 3. Fax. (How to register) First: If you were registered before in the Traffic Services through Dubai Police website 1. If you were registered before in the traffic services through Dubai Polic website, you will automaticly receive a notification through your Email in additional to other methods you selected before such as the SMS or the Fax as shown in figure 1. Figure 1 2. Also, you can renew your previous registration details by entering Dubai Police website > Online Services >Road and Transportation Authority-Traffic services as shown in figure 2. 29 / 5 /2007 Traffic Fines Notification manual Figure 2 3. When you click the Traffic E-Services link, you will be converted automatically to the Road and Transportation Authority website. Press the User login link on the left of the page as shown in figure 3, the User login screen will appear as shown in figure 4. Figure 3 4. When you login using your user name and password, you will be known by your traffic file. Figure 4 5. When you complete you login steps to your personal file, you will get the following page as shown in figure 5. Press the User Details link on the left of the page. 29 / 5 /2007 Traffic Fines Notification manual Figure 5 6. If you did not register in the Traffic...

Words: 593 - Pages: 3

Controlling Noise and Air Pollution from Traffic: a Case Study

...CONTROLLING NOISE AND AIR POLLUTION FROM TRAFFIC: A CASE STUDY 1. INTRODUCTION Pollution is defined as the introduction into the natural environment that cause adverse change. Pollution can take form of chemical substances or energy, such as nose, heat or light. Pollutants, the components of pollution, can be ether foreign substances/energies or naturally occurring contaminants. Pollution can kill plants and animals, it may be muddy landscapes, poison soils, waterways, noise, air, etc. People are also regularly harmed by these pollutions. Long-term exposure to these pollutions may lead to any diseases such as lung cancer. Chemicals that accumulate n top predators can make some species to eat for humans. In fact, more than one billion people lack access to clean water these days and 2.4 billon don’t have enough clean sanitation, putting them at risk of contracting deadly diseases. 1.1 Objective of the Study This study aims to examine the problem of noise and air pollution from traffics in the wake of its all effect on the life of the people by planning on how to control pollution at source to the maximum extent possible with due regards to technological achievement and economic viability as well as sensitivity of the receiving environment. It also aims to minimize adverse effects of nose and air pollution by selecting suitable locations for the establishment of new industrial projects. 1.2 Statement of the Problem Associations has...

Words: 1906 - Pages: 8

Traffic Engineering

... Traffic Engineering Design This page intentionally left blank Traffic Engineering Design Principles and Practice Second edition Mike Slinn MVA Limited, MVA House, Victoria Way, Woking GU21 1DD, UK Paul Matthews MVA Limited, Third Floor, One Berners Street, London W1T 3LA, UK Peter Guest 8 The Grove, Farnborough, Hampshire GU14 6QR, UK AMSTERDAM • BOSTON • HEIDELBERG • LONDON • NEW YORK • OXFORD PARIS • SAN DIEGO • SAN FRANCISCO • SINGAPORE • SYDNEY • TOKYO Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann Linacre House, Jordan Hill, Oxford OX2 8DP 30 Corporate Drive, Burlington, MA 01803 First published by Arnold, 1998 Reprinted 2003 Second edition 2005 Copyright © 2005, Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any material form (including photocopying or storing in any medium by electronic means and whether or not transiently or incidentally to some other use of this publication) without the written permission of the copyright holder except in accordance with the provisions of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 or under the terms of a license issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency Ltd, 90 Tottenham Court Road, London, England W1T 4LP. Applications for the copyright holder’s written permission to reproduce any part of this publication should be addressed to the publisher. Permissions may be sought directly from Elsevier’s Science and Technology Rights Department in Oxford, UK: phone: (ϩ44) (0) 1865 843830; fax: (ϩ44) (0) 1865......

Words: 83129 - Pages: 333

Traffic

...Traffic is Fatal In the middle of Iglesia ni Cristo’s controversial rally along EDSA last week, one netizen tweeted about how his friend’s mother died because the ambulance cannot get through the heavy traffic on EDSA. This incident started when Jim Paredes tweeted: “If anyone dies in this traffic right now, or an ambulance can’t make it to the hospital, who will answer? Does anyone care?” Sadly, one netizen which is named as @badet_cardona on twitter replied and managed to make Paredes’ tweet to be reality. It was said that his mom’s friend, died at a hospital along Reliance EDSA. Supposedly, it will only take 15 minutes to go there but it took them 1 hour and 27 minutes to reach the hospital. They had to endure the mass rally that Iglesia ni Cristo was doing. And in order to just make it to the hospital, they had to ask favor to the rallyists to at least let them pass through but one woman from the rally replied, “So what?” This response made them so shocked and disappointed for someone who has a religion who strongly believes in God’s teaching and practices them. They also said that they do respect what INC is fighting for but they do have to consider what others are going through as well. In line with this, CNN Philippines also reported that emergency medical service have turned down over 50 requests for ambulances when it has to pass through EDSA. It was estimated that six people died in the past five days of INC rally. All of these tragedies is......

Words: 339 - Pages: 2

Traffic Jam

...city facilities in spite of their living in the ambit of the city. They throng to the city just to earn their living. Driven by extreme poverty, insecurity, river erosion, serious unemployment problem have sent them to this city. Quickly this situation cannot be changed. Environmentalists have expressed concern that the encroachment on the river Buriganga, the life line of Dhaka city, traffic congestion, pollution and diseases are turning this once majestic city into a choking hell. About fifty percent of the river's pollution load comes from the industrial source while sewerage and domestic wastes contribute to the remaining fifty percent. Between 1980-2009 the population of Dhaka has swelled from three million to more than ten million and its importance has increased manifold but the basic amenities have not kept up with the changes.. Water from the river Buriganga and Shitalakhya that would have supplemented the need of drinking water and other purposes such as cooking and washing has been fouled as much by raw sewerage as by a number of industrial and chemical units and even pesticides. Traffic jam stands as the number one problem of Dhaka city. 93%city dwellers are directly related to it. It was followed by pollution 62 percent, higher fares 46 percent, and frequent accidents 26 percent, hijacking 26 percent The city's vehicle population has almost increased ten times since 1992 as a result of our failure to introduce mass transport. Eighty percent of the vehicles are......

Words: 1933 - Pages: 8

Traffic Jam

...Term Paper on Traffic Jam in Bangladesh TERM PAPER ON Traffic Jam in Dhaka City Prepared For Mohd. H.R. Joarder United International University Prepared By MD. Aminul Islam Ariful islam MD. Mesbahuddin Shahanaz Parvin Mou Jeenniifeerr Islam Date of submission Name of Group Members Letter of Transmittal May 5, 2012 Mohd. H.R. Joarder Faculty School of Business Administration United International University Dear Sir, It is a great pleasure for us to submit our Term papers on “Traffic Jam in Dhaka city”. It is a great opportunity for us to implement the knowledge that we have learned in our academic career to work a Term papers on “Traffic Jam in Dhaka city”. We try our level best to make this Term papers to the required standard. We hope that this report will fulfill your expectation. We therefore, hope that you would be kind enough to go through this report for evaluation Sincerely yours ------------------------- --------------------- -------------------- MD. Aminul Islam Ariful Islam Shahanaz Parvin Mou ----------------- ------------------- Jennifer Islam MD. Mesbah...

Words: 3508 - Pages: 15