Theater Ch8

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Ch8 Study Guide 1. Directors started having rehearsals to work on the play as well as trying to make a more organized and natural approach to staging rather than the artificial acting style that was being used. Actor-managers and pageant masters were in charge of the play before directors. Actor-managers had little concern for a production that was unified, unlike directors who believe the acting should be unified. 2. Gesamtkunstwerk literally means “total art work”. The union of all the theatrical elements to create a thematically unified stage work. Richard Wagner developed the term. It unified the theatrical work and set the tone and mood for the characters. 3. A) Weimer Classicism: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe is related to this type of movement. He made rules for actors to follow on stage so the piece would be well-composed. All the actors had to read the text together rather than memorizing it on their own.
B) Meiningen Players: Georg II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen, ran this company. He wanted his costumes and setting to be very accurate to history. Crowd scenes displayed each actor as an individual character, while at the same time working in unison with the other actors.
C) Naturalism: Andre Antoine used naturalism in his productions. In La Terre he used real hay and live chickens in a farm scene. He also used natural lights from candles showing that a real barn is being presented. 4. A) Choosing the Text: This is the first job of the directors. They may want to address an important issue or present themes that the director wants to explore. A director may want a script that accommodates a particular actor or theatre space. The director also has to take into account the audience as they play a key role, having to decide what they might enjoy or if there are any problems in the community that should be addressed in the text. B)…...

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