Social Behaviour

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By aayesha
Words 2326
Pages 10
Social behavior
Lecture - 11
Reference; Chapter 16, Essentials of Psychology by Coon

What Is Social Psychology ?
• Scientific studies of how individuals behave, think, and feel in social situations; how people act in the presence (actual or implied) of others • Need to Affiliate: Desire to associate with other people; appears to be a basic human trait. • Experiment

contd

Experiment
• We may conclude - „Misery loves company‟ • Later experiment – women expected to be shocked were given choice to wait with shock victims, others or alone. • In short „misery loves miserable company‟ • In General – We prefer to be with people in circumstances similar to our own

Social Comparison and Attraction
• Social Comparison:
Making judgments about ourselves by comparing ourselves to others (e.g., comparing our feelings and abilities to those of other people)
• Group membership fills needs for Social Comparison.

• Compared notes after exam.
• Example-Tennis player

Interpersonal Attraction
• Social attraction to another person.
• Birds of a feather flock together, opposites attract
• What does attract people to each other? Basically, we look for friends who are kind and understanding; have attractive personality, and who like us in return, and some other obvious factors

Interpersonal Attraction
• Physical Proximity: Physical nearness to another person in terms of housing, school, work place.
– Closer people live to each other, more likely they are to become friends – Probably found a best match in a certain radius. – Frequency of contact. – Internet-romance at a distance

Interpersonal Attraction
• Physical Attractiveness: Person‟s degree of physical beauty as defined by his/her culture. • Naturally, beautiful people are more appealing than average-looking people
• Halo Effect: Tendency to generalize a favorable impression to other personal…...

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