Serial Communication over Parallel

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EEL201 Term Paper: Serial Communication Over Parallel

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Serial Communication Over Parallel
Sachin Garg Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi-110016 E-mail: ee2110527@ee.iitd.ac.in
 Abstract—Communication is the essence of today’s technologically advanced world. The two most basic methods of digital communication are: Serial and Parallel. Parallel communication involves multiple wires running parallel to each other and can transmit data on all the wires simultaneously. However, Serial communication requires a single wire for transferring data bits one at a time. A natural question arises out of human curiosity: which one of the two methods is better. This term paper discusses these two methods, their various applications and the advantages of the Serial Communication method over the Parallel one. Index Terms—Parallel Communication, Serial Communication UART, RS-232 DTE, Synchronous, Asynchronous.

Parallel counterpart have been resolved. Although the Parallel Transmission Method is still used within internal buses and for devices such as printers, but the latest devices, ports and technologies are mostly based on Serial Techniques. For example - Universal Serial Bus and WAN, both make use of the Serial Type Data Transmission.

II. TERMS USED IN DATA COMMUNICATION A. Transmission Distance The transmission distance of a communication signal is the length of path the signal travels as it goes from transmitter to the receiver. B. Data Terminal Equipment (DTE) Data Terminal Equipment (DTE) is a device or equipment that acts either as a source or as destination during the transmission of data signals. A DTE controls the communication channel. However, DTEs don‟t directly communicate with each other. For this purpose, the DTEs need Data Communication Equipment (DCE). Some examples of DTEs are: computer, printer, dumb terminals, file and application servers etc…...

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