Sarbanes-Oxley Act Questions

In: Business and Management

Submitted By jakeiagriffin
Words 2955
Pages 12
Team Project: Financial Reporting and Ethical Practices
Rakel Raigns, Jakeia Griffin, Victoria Jones, Samirah Merritt
University of Maryland University College
November 9, 2013

Author Note
This paper was prepared for AMBA630 Economics Management Decisions, Section 9045, taught by Professor Victor Bahhouth.

Executive Summary
In order to avoid fraudulent reporting, the Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) has mandated that auditing for organizations must be completed by independent accountants. Today scrutiny of the accounting industry is more intense as laws are created to punish those that choose to falsify information. This paper aims to explain the importance of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) as it relates to the internal control, Chief Executive Officers and Chief Financial Officers. We will also identify the pros and cons of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) and changes that could be made in order to pose arguments from both sides of the act.

Introduction

In the early 2000’s, one of the darkest times ever experienced in the history of accounting occurred due to numerous scandals. The results of these scandals from companies lead to terrifying actions, which included the downfall of one of the largest accounting corporations, Arthur Anderson, for their help with Enron. Companies such as Enron, Tyco, and WorldCom have led to the passing of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) due to their financial reporting scandals (Forbes, 2013). With the passing of SOX in 2002, the falsification of financial statements by companies became a criminal offense.
The passing of the SOX act posed as a challenge to many companies as it enforced businesses to make ethical decisions. If companies fail to comply with this law, they will be accountable for their actions. Prosecution and jail time are some of the punishments put in effect if CEOs and CFOs are found guilty of…...

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