Ruby-Throated Hummingbird’s Color Preferences

In: Science

Submitted By jencooper
Words 485
Pages 2
Jennifer Cooper
American Intercontinental University
Unit 1 Individual Project
Ruby-throated Hummingbird’s Color Preferences
11/17/13

Ruby-throated Hummingbird’s Color Preferences
Introduction:
Ruby-throated hummingbirds are found primarily in the middle to eastern part of the United States. They are the only hummingbirds found in this region. Birds.audubon.org, (2013) states they are quick little birds that are always in motion and they are approximately nine centimeters in size. Bastone (2012) shared they are the only birds can that hover in one place and can fly up to thirty mile per hour. Like other hummingbirds, they mainly eat nectar from flowers. Do the hummingbirds prefer some colors over others when selecting flowers for feeding?
Hypothesis:
If red flowers are present; then birds will ignore other colored flowers in the area. Prediction: If the birds flock to the red flowers more than other colors; then they select their food based on color.
Controlled Experimental Method: This test will include three bird feeders made of the same material, same size, placed at the same height but three different colors; red, blue, and green. Hummingbird feeders are made of glass or plastic. The feeders will be hung outside in the bird’s normal feeding environment near the woods. All three feeders will be filled with the same source and amount of water and equal amounts of sugar so that only the color will differentiate them apart. The feeders will be hung out for one week and observed at the same times of day. The times chosen were morning and dusk; 7 a.m. and 7 p.m.
Results:
Since this is a "thought experiment," you will make up results according to what you think might happen if you actually did the experiment. Results should include detailed raw data (numbers) rather than just a summary of the results. For example, if data are collected…...

Similar Documents

Colors

...I enjoy color, whether it is my crisp clothes or the blinking light of my alarm clock. Like some grand accomplishment of constructing an Academy Awards outfit, I stare in awe at my closet, my source of pride. “Okay, school-bus yellow is darker than lemon yellow,” I tell myself as I meticulously rearrange my color-coordinated clothes. As I look at my variegated shirt selection, I revel in my need for joyous color and expression. Because, you see, my everyday life is colorless, gray - dark and full of challenges. Catching the bus at 6:35 (nope, no car for me) and helping my mom (single parent at that) cook, budget, and pinch pennies - these are the realities of life. It’s not unfair, but it’s hard nonetheless. I make the best of it in my search for color, my search for illustration, my search for self. Taking a look at my closet, which is essentially a reflection of my chirpy persona, one would notice that I own few solid shirts. That would be boring - the antithesis of everything I represent. I need vibrancy; I need sizzle; I need dimension. Plaids, stripes, and eye-boggling outfits fulfill this yearning. Each color contributes to my message. Although most guys would be frightened to wear one, I’m not afraid to sport a salmon-pink rugby shirt or a rich Tyrian purple T-shirt. Because my father was never around and I didn’t have the whole father-son experience with football and no-girls-allowed playhouses, my colorful world has taken a new hue. So, while the “big game” is......

Words: 453 - Pages: 2

Ruby Tuesday

...Ruby Tuesday A SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats) analysis is a strategic planning tool that can help a business to boost profits and productivity by understanding its competencies (strengths and weaknesses) as well as the competition. The restaurant that I am going to choose for a competitive advantage is Ruby Tuesday. The Strengths about Ruby Tuesday are they have a great promotion, great customer service and great food. The weakness about the restaurant are they need different promotions, need more variety of food choices and The first strength about Ruby Tuesday is their great promotion. The 2 for 20$ promotion is good for couples or any one that is on a budget. They have great choices of food to choose from on that special. Most of the time whenever my boyfriend and I would want to eat out, we will choose Ruby Tuesday. We will choose them because of that special. We can both spend $20 and get a good meal. The next strength that Ruby Tuesday has is their great customer service skills. Whenever I go to that restaurant to eat, I always feel comfortable about going their. They are very nice and the workers will hold conversations with you. One time there was a problem with my food. I asked them if I don’t like what I am ordering can I get something else. The manager was nice enough to tell me yes and that made me feel really great about them. The last strength that they have is great food. The times I have visit Ruby Tuesday, I was always satisfied...

Words: 313 - Pages: 2

Ruby Tuesday Swot Ananalysis

...Ruby Tuesday Ruby Tuesday is one of many chain restaurants that we as people can go out, enjoy and eat at. Ruby Tuesday, Inc. has 783 Company-owned and/or franchise Ruby Tuesday brand restaurants in 45 states, the District of Columbia, 11 foreign countries, and Guam, in addition to 24 Company-owned and/or franchise Lime Fresh brand restaurants in six states, the District of Columbia, and one foreign country. As of June 4, 2013, they owned and operated 706 Ruby Tuesday restaurants and franchised 77 Ruby Tuesday restaurants, comprised of 33 domestic and 44 international restaurants. They also owned and operated 18 Lime Fresh restaurants and franchised six Lime Fresh restaurants, comprised of five domestic and one international restaurant. Their Company-owned and operated restaurants are concentrated primarily in the Southeast, Northeast, Mid-Atlantic, and Midwest of the United States, which we consider to be our core markets(rubytuesday.com). Ruby Tuesday, in my own personal opinion is a very decent restaurant to eat at with your family. Like all restaurants it has its strengths and weaknesses. Being worldwide is definitely one of its strengths and also it’s very homely, from personal experience. From the website, rubytuesday.com, the franchise philosophy is to leverage the strength of their proven, casual dining restaurant and culture to deliver a lower risk, solid return offering to select investment partners. Ruby Tuesday, Inc. began their franchise program in 1997......

Words: 421 - Pages: 2

Ruby Tuesday

...Welcome to Ruby Tuesday 1 Welcome to Ruby Tuesday BUS 100 Dr. Etta Steed Welcome to Ruby Tuesday 2 Ruby Tuesday is a casual dining restaurant that I often visit with my family. On most occasions I am overwhelmed with the menu items. I tend to take long at ordering my food due to indecisiveness. The things that I noticed to be Ruby Tuesday’s strengths are the quality of customer service they offer and the salad bar option. Although the restaurant is one of my favorite I think that the lighting could be better and the pricing on the food can be lower. Overall Ruby Tuesday is a great restaurant as they are able to stand out by including the salad bar in casual dining. As most restaurants do Ruby Tuesday is no different when it comes to making the menu editable. I love to try different foods when I go out with my family and it tends to be harder when all menu items look good. Like most restaurants Ruby Tuesday has pictures on the menu and they also have signature daily dishes. Implementing daily food items makes the restaurant meet fine dining expectations to be in the market of competition with restaurants like Arizona’s. Arizona’s is a very high end restaurant that have chefs that decide on daily menu items. With Ruby Tuesday picking up this as an option it is giving fine dining restaurants some competition because they have lower prices. The salad bar offered by Ruby Tuesday is an amazing experience as most restaurants serve salad with meals but you are......

Words: 648 - Pages: 3

The Hummingbird's Daughter

...In Luis Alberto Urrea’s novel “The Hummingbird’s Daughter”, one observes the telling of how one young woman evolved from being a nobody to being a somebody to almost everybody around her. The protagonist of the story, Teresita, went from being the abandoned daughter of a poor, uneducated single woman, to being the saint of her people. Her journey through this transformation was abound with many mentors who helped guide her to her destiny of becoming a saint and healer. The main teachers were: Huila and Tomas, who taught her about how to be a woman and a daughter, Don Aguierre and Manuelito, who educated her academically, and her religious followers, who taught her the meaning of true friendship and loyalty. Throughout her young adolescent life, Huila was the only true teacher and companion that Teresita had. Thus, it could be argued that Huila was the most influential of all of Teresita’s teachers. Although she herself was a medicine woman with exceptional healing powers, it appeared that she did not teach Teresita too much in the art of healing. Instead, she seemed to have become a sort of mother figure to Teresita. As a mother figure, one would be expected to teach the child manners, teach her about religion, men, and so on. In the book, it was evident that Huila did these things, and more. For example, during one of their first encounters together, Huila offered Teresita a cookie. One of the things Huila said to Teresita in this moment was, “When an adult asks you a......

Words: 1246 - Pages: 5

Colors

...My preferred color is blue. This color is known to be spiritual, insightful, patient and accepting. This color has a very nurturing side and is very Intune with other people and what they are feeling instead of what they are saying. I would describe this color as being gifted with connecting with people on a deeper level. Many people that are creative with vivid imaginations are most likely blue. This color is a true romantic and follow their heart. I would say I fit in this color in every aspect of its characteristics. I do everything I can to avoid conflicts. I don’t like to argue or debate at all. I’m very creative and love to talk with people. I have a big circle of friends and I value those relationships as well as the ones with my family. I tend to be the peacemaker in difficult situations. I think Blue has great qualities and a few that can be challenging. For example if you can use the good characteristics such as: empathy, sensitivity, accepting and be sympathetic when talking and listening to people this is an excellent quality to have. I think most people would be more likely to confide in you and ask you for help with issues as you won’t react in a negative, judgmental way to their issues. The negative effects of the color blue is the non-confrontational view. Sometimes there needs to be a debate in order to solve a problem. It’s part of the process to finding a resolution. I see myself learning to accept the debating process however it’s not natural to me at......

Words: 337 - Pages: 2

Color

...emits light. "the lights flickered and changed color" synonyms: hue, shade, tint, tone, coloration More one, or any mixture, of the constituents into which light can be separated in a spectrum or rainbow, sometimes including (loosely) black and white. plural noun: colours "a rich brown color" the use of all colors, not only black, white, and gray, in photography or television. "he has shot the whole film in color" a substance used to give something a particular color. "lip color" synonyms: paint, pigment, colorant, dye, stain, tint, wash More HERALDRY any of the major conventional colors used in coats of arms (gules, vert, sable, azure, purpure), especially as opposed to the metals, furs, and stains. 2. pigmentation of the skin, especially as an indication of someone's race. "discrimination on the basis of color" synonyms: skin coloring, skin tone, coloring; More a group of people considered as being distinguished by skin pigmentation. "all colors and nationalities" rosiness of the complexion, especially as an indication of someone's health. "there was some color back in his face" synonyms: redness, pinkness, rosiness, ruddiness, blush, flush, bloom More 3. vividness of visual appearance resulting from the presence of brightly colored things. "for color, plant groups of winter-flowering pansies" picturesque or exciting features that lend a particularly interesting quality to something. "a town full of color and character" synonyms: vividness, life,......

Words: 520 - Pages: 3

Ruby Tuesday

...Ruby Tuesday’s is a bar and grill style of a restaurant that was founded in 1972, by a 22 year old man named Sandy Beall, in Knoxville, TN (Our history). The concept of the first location that was opened in Knoxville had a strategy to be known as a comfortable and casual environment where guests could get quality food that tastes good (Our History). Over the past years different marketing strategies have come and gone for the business. Some strategies have worked in means of increasing sales and others didn’t work at all. In order to maximize profit and continue to bring in more revenue to the business a company has to know its place in the market. Conducting an analysis that involves the company knowing its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats will assist a company with important information that is needed to boost sales and gain a better presence in the market. Target Market Before conducting a SWOT Analysis, Ruby Tuesday would have to identify their Target Market. This is critical mainly because without this being known, they wouldn’t know what types of people are their current customers and they won’t know how to promote their business to bring in future customers. When it comes to their menu Ruby Tuesday has always tried to promote healthy recipes which means that their target market seems to aim for individuals 35 and up. Their current menu has a couple of dishes on there now that have the caption by them “Taste of the Islands”, which could be......

Words: 982 - Pages: 4

Learning Preferences

...Learning Preferences Learning styles and preferences have great influence on the way an individual will learn. Your individual preferred learning styles “can guide the way you learn and change the way you internally represent experiences, the way you recall information, and even the words you choose” (Brown, 2003, para. 1). Learning styles group ways that people learn and describe strategies that help with learning. Some people find that they have one main style of learning. Others will find that they use different styles in different circumstances. There is no right or wrong style. By being able to recognized and understand your personal learning preferences, you can use strategies better suited to you. This will improve the speed and quality of your learning experiences. The VARK learning styles questionnaire is a tool that can help learners identify their preferred learning styles. VARK learning styles, consist of four styles of learning preferences. Visual learning (pictures, movies, diagrams), auditory learning (music, discussion, lectures), reading and writing (making lists, reading textbooks, taking notes), and kinesthetic learning (movement, experiments, hands-on activities) complete these styles (Cherry, 2014). After completing the VARK questionnaire the author discovered that her prefer learning style was multimodal. Aural and read-write were equally strong focuses for her, which VARK puts into the category multimodal (Fleming, 2011). An aural or auditory......

Words: 804 - Pages: 4

Colors

...and help us discern what colours around us mean. We need to always be aware and looking for colours which can give us clues and messages in this amazing world. Reference: Color Meanings ...... not always what you expect. (2014), Retrieved April 8, 2014, from http://www.color-wheel-artist.com/color-meanings.html Color meanings and their customs. (2014), Retrieved April 8, 2014, from http://clanofdanu.tripod.com/colors.html Color Meanings in Business. (2014), Retrieved April 8, 2014, from http://www.empower-yourself-with-color-psychology.com/color-meanings-in-business.html Color symbolism, color and personality, gemstone color & meaning. (2014), Retrieved April 1, 2014, from http://crystal-cure.com/color-meanings.html Different Colors and Their Meanings. (2014), Retrieved April 1, 2014, from http://www.infojug.com/articles/different-colors-and-their-meanings.html Meaning of Colors. (2014). Retrieved April 8, 2014, from http://www.stgeorgegreenville.org/OurFaith/Icons2/Icon%20Display/PDF%20Documents/Color.pdf. Table of Colours and their Common Associations and Meanings. (2014), Retrieved March 31, 2014, from http://www.picturetapping.com/PTT_Colour_Chart.pdf Understanding the Meaning of Colors in Color Psychology. (2014). Retrieved March 31, 2014, from http://www.empower-yourself-with-color-psychology.com/meaning-of-colors.html. Communication. Research Paper The Power of Colours and their Meanings. Dhakshani Dharmadeva (2614) Hishani Raveendran......

Words: 2318 - Pages: 10

Color Blind or Color Brave

...Color Blind or Color Brave? Carrie Rawdan SS236-05 Professor Burnett February, 24th, 2015 The story of Mellody Hobson “Color blind or Color brave” is a powerful speech about the reality of current day racism. She choose to share her brilliant ideas and life experiences by giving a speech on TED. Her stories of racism and her triumph of becoming one of two black woman running a fortune 500 company are intriguing. Mellody Hobson delivers a powerful speech that touches the heart and encourages the mind to decide if we are Color blind or Color brave”. “TED began in 1984 as a conference where Technology, Entertainment and Design converged, and today covers almost all topics — from science to business to global issues — in more than 100 languages” (TED, 2014). This is an amazing opportunity for people to share their views, life experience, and intelligence in a global community setting. Mellody Hobson, the chairwoman for DreamWorks, started her speech on TED with a full audience. She spoke of a story supporting a friend at a predominantly white meeting and was mistaken for the kitchen help. “This experience made her ask herself and friend, is this a good enough reason why we need more racial diversity in the U.S Senate” (Hobson Mellody, 2014)? The daughter of a single mother and five other siblings, Mellody said she was taught at a very young age the realness of the world from her mother. One day after a birthday party, Mellody’s mother did not ask the normal......

Words: 621 - Pages: 3

Preferences

...Assignment 1: Preferences By: Professor Name: Course Title: Introduction to Psychology 105 Date: Briefly describe your like or dislike (one to two (1-2) sentences). My dislike is pubic speaking; it has been a very difficult thing to do throughout my entre life. Public speaking is some what terrifying to me and I would try to run the other way every time. Describe the subfield (e.g., cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, psychoanalytic psychology, etc.) you believe is best suited for providing psychological insight into your preference (the fact that you like or dislike the thing you do) and why you believe it is so. I would choose Experimental psychology for my subfield. I believe it would relate to my fear of public speaking. The Experimental psychology is pertaining to all basic psychological process including perception, learning and motivation. My main fear of public speaking is based of the perception of others. And all I can think at the time is what they think of me and what I am saying. The learning part would be based of the passed my childhood. I could of learned the to fear public speaking due to other around me fearing it as well. And the motivational peace of it could come from no one acutely motivating me and teaching me how not to fear public speaking. Discuss how biological bases of behavior (including sensation and perception) have contributed to your preference. The biological bases of the behavior of my public...

Words: 865 - Pages: 4

Aunt Lou and Ruby

...Text A is a transcript of Ruby, aged 3 years and 4 months. I believe the language shown in this text shows that Ruby is in the telegraphic stage of development. However she expresses signs of post telegraphic language. Repetition is used throughout the transcript. Lou often repeats what Ruby says to her if she happens to make a grammatical error within her speech. Ruby says “yeh”; Lou reinforces the correct way to pronounce what Ruby is trying to articulate, by saying “yes” as soon as she has said it. Lou is doing this purposely in order to cushion the idea in Ruby’s head, that she has made an error when pronouncing a certain lexical choice. In this case “yeh” is described as more of a slang word, whereas “yes” is seen as the correct Standard English term. Lou is encouraging that when you say “yeh”, which has the same meaning as yes, it should be pronounced with an ‘s’, as it may be seen as more polite, this supports Skinners theory of language acquisition, he suggested that imitation and reinforcement helps develop a child’s knowledge on how to pronounce and say lexis. We can predict by reading through the transcript that Ruby has taken what Lou has reinforced on board. Ruby later on says “yes”, when Lou asks her if she wants apple juice, Lou again repeats after Ruby “yes”, she does this in order to emphasise the reinforcement that you pronounce “yeh” like “yes”, she has done this more than once as it is more likely to stay in Ruby’s head. This is acting as a kind of ‘role......

Words: 736 - Pages: 3

Ruby Tuesday Ethical Issues

...STRAYER UNIVERSITY Ruby Tuesday Ethical Issues Multiple lawsuits [Type the author name] 6/8/2016   Ruby Tuesday is a successful national restaurant chain specializing in “American” type cuisine, enjoyed by many on a daily basis. While they are able to thrive in a very tough industry, they have been in the news for some possible ethic conduct violations, one regarding employee wages and another regarding gender bias hiring. In 2012 a law suit was filed against Ruby Tuesday Inc. (RTI), by what the industry refers to as “front of house” employees, which covers waiters/waitresses/food runners and bartenders. These type of employees are paid on a different type pay scale, as a good part of their wages are made from tips from the customers they serve. Since these “tipped” employees focus on customer service, the las states they are only allowed to spend no more than 20% of their work day performing “side work”. (ROC n.d.) The suit claims that RTI would have employees punch out and continue to work or perform tasks before they punched into work. The suit was settled out of court, with RTI paying about 3 million dollars to workers for lost wages. In another suit, Ruby Tuesday, Inc has been accused of discriminatory hiring against men. The company placed an ad in a Utah newspaper looking for seasonal bartenders and servers, actually indicating a preference for women (Phillip 2015). The company was providing housing for the employees and......

Words: 583 - Pages: 3

Preferences

...Preferences I like my sense of humor, my friendliness, my dedication toward things and imagination. I like my ability to help others and give worthy advice. I hate I have ever hurt people when I never meant to, being dishonest at times and mistakes I have made in the past. I hate manipulating people and those who are not straight forward. I will be discussing the personality trait of being straight forward. This is a trait that I believe I possess and something I like very much. The subfield that this like fits in is personality psychology. Personality psychology puts together the pieces of the person--perceptions, thoughts, motives emotions, relationships--into one unified picture of the whole person. The three major kinds of puzzle pieces, thinking, feelings, and behavior are what personality psychologists are trying to explain, and we do this by referring to consistent patterns of thoughts and feelings that give rise to behaviors. But the relations between thinking, feelings, and behavior are not always as straight forward. People can show similar behaviors for many different reasons. Also we are not always perfectly consistent in our personalities. And the inconsistencies among our thoughts, feelings and behaviors are the puzzling part of the personality puzzle. Engaging the personality trait of being straight forward affects my state of consciousness in a positive way. By being straight forward one can avoid many pitfalls of negative personality traits, such as,......

Words: 895 - Pages: 4