Rice Farming

In: Business and Management

Submitted By cubogu
Words 1027
Pages 5
Rice-fish farming systems in China
Both rice and fish cultivation have long histories in Asia, where many species and varieties of each originated and were first developed for human use. Fish can be raised in rice fields, either concurrently with the rice crop or in rotation with rice. Ricefish farming can also be practised at different intensities. Not only do rice-fish systems use one habitat to produce both an important grain and a protein resource, but they also promote some very beneficial interactions: rice plants provide shade for fish, while fish oxygenate the water. The systems also minimize risks for resource-poor farmers, protect natural resources and promote biodiversity. As world rice production increases, so too does the adoption of rice-fish farming systems.

THE SITUATION THE SITUATION

Rice is the dominant staple crop of tropical Asia, where it has a long history of domestication and a rich diversity of cultivated ecotypes based on three types of Oryza sativa (indica, japonica and javanica), which are cultivated in different agro-ecological zones for their differing growth, grain and yield characteristics. There are four basic rice agro-ecosystems in China, each with its own peculiar edaphic conditions: irrigated ecosystems, terrace ecosystems, lowland rainfed ecosystems, and flood-prone (very deep water) ecosystems. In addition, many freshwater fish species originated in tropical Asia, especially carps, catfishes and air-breathing fishes. In China there is now a rich variety of rice-fish farming systems, which are adapted to the country’s various cultural, environmental and economic conditions. Rice-fish farming systems form a striking landscape and integrate ecological features and services (e.g. land–water interactions, biological control, nitrogen-fixation) in ways that ameliorate some of the inherent limitations. Fish culture in rice fields…...

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