In: Film and Music

Submitted By dunnit10
Words 3200
Pages 13
Tim Dunnigan
Dr. Frye
Reggae Music
Reggae isn’t just a genre of music, it’s a way for Rastafarians to express their way of life in their own unique way. The most famous Rastafarian and Reggae artist of them all was Bob Marley. His way of expressing his political opinions and messages in hit songs not only influenced in Jamaica, it had an impact on the entire world. He gave Rastafari an international identity and is the reason some people converted. Famous groups like the Rudeboys and Maytals helped Reggae to become what it is today.
Reggae music was not always the most popular form of music in Jamaica. Reggae was influenced by the music genre of Jazz that was sweeping the nation. A lot of Jamaicans used Jazz to entertain the tourists. In the 1950’s Jazz Bebop became the new fad music for the youth of Jamaica and Jazz orchestras weren’t as common as in years past. In the 1960’s Ska was introduced and was the first style of music created by Jamaicans, this gave them a sense of identity. Ska was created by working class Jamaicans and they used it to express themselves and tell their stories. It was important because R&B singles weren’t being released as often, and didn’t attract as many listeners as it once did. Ska music consisted of the combination of Caribbean mento, calypso, and Jazz. The main reason for Ska’s popularity was because the music fit the moods of the time. People had the mind state to accept anything unique to Jamaica especially because they just got their independence. The only downside of Ska music was that it was very fast and people exerted so much energy so they couldn’t stay on the dance floor for too long. This led to the popularity of the new musical genre Rocksteady. Its popularity can be contributed to a very hot summer where the people had to dance to a slower type of rock music instead of a more wild pace of…...

Similar Documents

Bob Marley

...Bob MarleyFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, search For the American comedian, see Bob Marley (comedian). Bob Marley. Bob Marley performing in concert, circa 1980. Background information Birth name Nesta Robert Marley Also known as Tuff Gong Born (1945-02-06)6 February 1945 Nine Mile, Saint Ann, Jamaica Died 11 May 1981(1981-05-11) (aged 36) Miami, Florida, U.S. Genres Reggae, ska, rocksteady Occupations Singer-songwriter, musician Instruments Vocals, guitar, piano, saxophone, harmonica, percussion, horn Years active 1962–1981 Labels Studio One, Upsetter, Tuff Gong Associated acts Bob Marley & The Wailers, Wailers Band, The Upsetters, I Threes Website Nesta Robert Marley, more widely and commonly known as "Bob Marley" OM (6 February 1945 – 11 May 1981) was a Jamaican singer-songwriter and musician. He was the rhythm guitarist and lead singer for the ska, rocksteady and reggae band Bob Marley & The Wailers (1963–1981). Marley remains the most widely known and revered performer of reggae music, and is credited with helping spread both Jamaican music and the Rastafari movement to a worldwide audience.[1] Marley's music was heavily influenced by the social issues of his homeland, and he is considered to have given voice to the specific political and cultural nexus of Jamaica.[2] His best-known hits include "I Shot the Sheriff", "No Woman, No Cry", "Could You Be Loved", "Stir It Up", "Get Up Stand Up",......

Words: 297 - Pages: 2

Caribbean Music

...Unlike many other forms of art, music is universal and can be reached by anyone, anywhere. It is recognized as one of the earliest art forms due to the several mentions of music in the Bible. When you ask anyone the question, “What is music?” many of them will reply, “Music is life!”, “Music is the voice of the world!” and I totally agree with them in saying that. In my opinion music is a powerful art form that uses one of the most vital senses to portray a message. Music evolves feeling; it is a mean by which individuals (artiste) express their beliefs and ideas, address issues and share stories and experiences to the world. In this essay, I will be assessing the role that reggae has played in the development of the Caribbean identity. Music is part of our cultural identity, it’s prevalence in the region helps define the Caribbean civilisation and identity gained through time. The root of Caribbean identity lies in slavery, race, language and the ecology of the region but the term transcends further to include the various types of cuisine, music, ethnicities, religions and cultures present in the Caribbean today. The Caribbean remains one of the most diverse regions on earth, it can be referred to as multi-racial, multi-lingual and some might even say, multi-cultural. The history of music in the Caribbean dates as far back as the Neo-Indians who inhabited the region pre-Christopher Columbus. They had a ceremony referred to as “areito” at which the indigenous people......

Words: 1862 - Pages: 8


...neighborhood as a child allowed me to constantly become aware that I was different. Through interactions with my peers in elementary school, I noticed that my hair was a different texture, that my color was a lot darker than most, and that I was different. “Give the horse back its hair” were comments that lingered throughout my junior high days, where I struggled to fit in by putting hair extensions in my hair. Although I longed to feel a part of the bigger group, I kept sane by hanging with other minorities, they were my clique. We were all ethnic minorities and all felt that we belonged in this clique on the basis of 2 feeling excluded from the majority of whites in the school. Based on this exclusion, ethnic symbols such as hip-hop and reggae music were what set us apart and what defined us. Not only was this alienation felt among my peers, but it was also felt in the classroom. Growing up I never quite felt that I could really speak up in class and show my outgoing persona, for fear of people making fun of me. I knew I was different and did not want to do anything that could cause them to focus their attention on that difference. For projects in school, I would always take the role that required speaking the least, so that I wouldn’t have to speak in front of them. I got along with everybody, but was not truly myself until I set foot inside my home, my private domain. At home, I could get let loose, I could eat all the patties and hardo bread I wanted to, listen to......

Words: 1444 - Pages: 6

World Music

...the African dance musical genre-reggae, which was first developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. The music of Jamaica includes Jamaican folk music and many other popular genres. Therefore, Jamaican popular music since 1960 can be roughly divided into four eras each of which had a distinctive beat – ska, rocksteady, reggae, and dancehall. (Chang and Chen W, 1998, x) But this African dance musical genre “reggae” has gained immense popularity since it was first introduced in the music world and since then it is one of the most popular genres of music. Hence, it is one of the most significant music genres in Western musical market. In my paper, the focus of the reggae music genre is from 1965 till 1975 as these were considered as the major years or a decade for reggae music when it flourished. This was the time period during which the culture of reggae music was civilized and spread widely in the parts of Jamaica. Bob Marley is known as one of the best artists of this genre and the impact he made and contributed has made beyond the shores of Jamaica and globally as well. Reggae was created by the Jamaicans and still it is the only music genre which is so much popular and not created by Europeans or Americans. It has gained immense popularity since its introduction and in the recent years as well that it is the first model in which a third world country is exporting, selling, and trading its culture to various audience and market. ORIGINS Reggae was created by the Jamaicans......

Words: 2013 - Pages: 9

Proliferation of Ska

...The Proliferation Of Ska The music most commonly associated with Jamaica is reggae. However, this was not the first type of music to emerge from the island nation. Mento, ska, and rock steady all preceded reggae. “Mento was Jamaican folk music that combined sacred and secular elements. The styles mixed Pocamania church music, Junkano fife and drum sounds, the European quadrille, slave-era work songs, and even elements of American jazz. It was the first type of music recorded in Jamaica.”[i] In contrast rock steady is, “roughly half the speed of the standard ska beat, and the texture of the instrumentation is much less dense. Also, in rock steady the reggae accent patterns started to emerge. The guitar was played on the second and fourth beats of the four-beat measure while the bass guitar emphasized the first and third beats. The role of the drums was absorbed by the percussive playing of the guitar and bass, so the drummer’s role was diminished.”[ii] Ska music would come about in the early 1960’s, about the same time Jamaica was in the process of gaining it’s independence from England. “The general ska band lineup was a core of singer, guitar, bass, and drums, with the addition of a horn line of varying size. At barest minimum, the horn line included a saxophone, trumpet, and trombone. The style itself was a mixture of influences including Jamaican mento, American rhythm and blues, jazz, jump bands, calypso, and others. The ska beat was fast, appropriate for......

Words: 2449 - Pages: 10

Wahaha Ah

...MCs, created a distinctive culture known as hip-hop. For the most part, hip-hop culture was defined and embraced by young, urban, working-class African-Americans. Hip-hop music originated from a combination of traditionally African-American forms of music--including jazz, soul, gospel, and reggae. It was created by working-class African-Americans, who, like Herc, took advantage of available tools--vinyl records and turntables--to invent a new form of music that both expressed and shaped the culture of black New York City youth in the 1970s. Rap shares its roots with other forms of traditionally African-American music, such as jazz, blues, and soul. Rap may also be closely linked to reggae music, a genre that also developed from the combination of traditional African drumming9 and the music of the Buropean ruling class by youth of limited economic means within a system of African economic subjugation. In an ironic circle of influence, Jamaican reggae was played on African-American radio stations in New York in the 1960s. DJs used rhymes to introduce reggae songs. These AM stations could be received in Jamaica, where listeners picked up on the DJs' rhyming styles, extending them over reggae songs to create "dub"--another forerunner of rap10. Kool DJ Herc, before introducing his innovative turntable style, brought his dub style to New York, but it failed to gain popularity. He concentrated on developing his DJing skills, which later allowed for the acceptance of MCing and,......

Words: 829 - Pages: 4


...have a high interest in music from the Caribbean. The diverse sounds of the musical genres such as Reggae, Dancehall, Soca and Chutney are great examples of the growing musical trends that distinguish Caribbean music from other musical cultures. Dancehall music isn’t for the “boring” folk. You either are ready to sing and chant, or perform one of the latest dance moves, if applicable to the song. I recently attended an event for a friend’s birthday at a local nightclub, which featured performances from both signed and unsigned dancehall artists. Attendees, both young and old, raved all night long and sang the songs of each performer with enthusiasm. Being that typical West Indian parties last all night, there was an abundance of music to be played. A few of my fellow dancers and I displayed some dance moves and event taught some of the guests how to do them. I is a wonderful feeling to see people of different ethnicities enjoying themselves, whether they understood the lyrics to the songs or not. To gain a better understanding of the rise of Dancehall music, you first have to explore the genre that led to its birth: reggae. Reggae is a long-established art form that has a huge influence on Caribbean culture and other musical styles. It was first introduced in the Jamaica in the late 1960’s which was distinguished by regular chops on the back beat, known as the skank. Reggae lyrics focused on the constant struggles people on the island were faced with. The music told......

Words: 1033 - Pages: 5

Transformation of the Bass Culture

...However, historical analysis shows the period 1898 to 1992 as the period of “cross pollination” of the bass culture. This period saw the incorporation of the UK hard-core sound into the bass culture. The process included incorporating hard-core sounds from different countries such as the Belgium, Germany, and the Holland. Therefore, this essay discusses the ways in which the bass culture had developed in the UK and period when it witnessed greatest significant influence on the culture. How the Bass Culture occurred in the United Kingdom over the Last 6 Decades The bass culture was introduced in the UK by the influx of the Jamaican reggae musicians in the early ages of the 1950’s. However, it did not emerge as expected due to constraints such as violence against minorities. In the year 1980, a larger population of the UK was exposed to the reggae with core intentions of spreading the message of rebel against the state. Introduction of the industrial techno and the hard house or the happy hardcore brought new scenes into the bass culture in the years 1985 and 1990. The breakbeat hardcore of the United Kingdom memorial scene (the acid house rave scene of the year 1980) produced significant transformations in the UK’s drums and bass. The process included the introduction of the Roland TB-303 one of the electronic synthesizer that facilitated the incorporation of the hip hop and dance styles into the bass culture. However, it is appreciable that, the earlier ages of the......

Words: 1531 - Pages: 7

Has the Current Crop of Musicians in the Caribbean Region Deviated from This Practice of Being the Voice of the Voiceless

...racism and prejudices were prevalent and relentless, one can clearly see how these songs served as sources of inspiration and motivation. Marley’s music served as a catalyst for change in the manner in which Rastafarians were treated, he made their plights and suffering known to the rest of the world. Today the reggae music of Bob Marley, Peter Tosh and groups like Burning Spear can still be heard over the radio waves, however they, are now competing with current musical trends that in so many ways have failed to raise the level of social consciousness that these great icons once did. If anything, today’s music have turned many people away from Caribbean music as they fail to capture the listening ear of the masses. In essence, the early harmonious melodies associated with reggae has become globalized and transformed into the fast, pulsating beat of what we now call ‘dancehall’ music. According to Knight and Martinez-Vergne (2005) reggae, in its truly globalized form, has morphed into dancehall, which can be characterized less as a purely counter narrative to western hegemony and more as a medium for patriarchical heterosexuality. This implies that the reggae music which we once used to tell the story of our struggles against the conglomerates of this world has been replaced by current music which has become solely about selling records, sex, money and boosting the ego of men. Popular present day artists like Mr. Vegas, Beenie Man and Movado; have become......

Words: 1854 - Pages: 8

Ska Work Cited

...wave erupted in the early 1960s out of the energetic dance hall culture of urban Jamaica among working-class youth cobbling together old island traditions and new forms of expression from arrange of materials found in American, British, and Jamaican popular culture. I was introduced to the real definition of Rude Boy they said they were a suit and tie hooligan bent on turf protection and the defiance of adult authority. This matched what I had in mind when I thought of the rude boys I know today. I learned that many artists associated with the global reggae explosion of the 1970s, such as Bob Marley, Bunny Livingstone, Toots Hibbert, and Lee “Scratch” Perry, got their start as young Rude Boy instrumentalists in ska bands. By the late 1960s, Marley and other stars began to slow down the tempo of ska, launching experiments with the genre that would result in rocksteady and reggae music. Before reading this I had always thought that reggae and rocksteady came before the upbeat ska music was formed. This article gave me a lot of good information about the first wave of Ska and how Ska came to be in the first place. I never knew about a lot of the things that influenced the youth to come up with the music they did. I feel like after reading this article I got more then enough information to write a very good page about the first wave of ska for my website. Stambuli, N.S. (n.d.). Rude boy style moving ska into the postnational world. Retrieved from......

Words: 2034 - Pages: 9

Jimmy Cliff

...Jimmy Cliff Jimmy Cliff | Cliff performing in 2012 | Background information | Birth name | James Chambers | Born | (1948-04-01) 1 April 1948 (age 66) Somerton District, St. James, Jamaica | Genres | Ska, reggae | Occupations | Musician, singer, actor | Instruments | Vocals, guitar, piano, conga, keyboards | Years active | 1962–present | Labels | Island, Columbia, Trojan, EMI, CBS[1] | Jimmy Cliff, OM (born James Chambers, 1 April 1948)[2] is a Jamaican reggae musician, multi-instrumentalist, singer and actor. He is the only living musician to hold the Order of Merit, the highest honour that can be granted by the Jamaican government for achievements in the arts and sciences. Cliff is best known among mainstream audiences for songs such as "Wonderful World, Beautiful People", "The Harder They Come", "Sitting in Limbo", "You Can Get It If You Really Want" and "Many Rivers to Cross" from the soundtrack to The Harder They Come, which helped popularize reggae across the world,[3] and his covers of Cat Stevens' "Wild World" and Johnny Nash's "I Can See Clearly Now" from the film Cool Runnings. He starred in the film The Harder They Come. Cliff was one of five performers inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2010. Early life, 1960s and 1970’s Jimmy Cliff was born in Somerton District, St. James, Jamaica.[4] He began writing songs while still at primary school in St. James, listening to a neighbour's sound system. In......

Words: 645 - Pages: 3


...Do The Reggay A Brief History of Reggae Music In 1968 the Jamaican music rocksteady gave way as a new rhythm started to emerge from Jamaica – Reggae. The defining characteristic of this new sound was the ‘shuffle’- choppy sounding chords that give reggae music a distinctive sound (Chang & Chen, 1998). According to the Oxford Dictionary the term Reggae is used to refer to all popular music coming from Jamaica since the sixties. However, it also refers to the certain style that was extremely popular in Jamaica from around 1969 to 1983. Jamaican music can be divided into four styles that are distinguishable from one another, ska, rocksteady, reggae and dancehall (Chang & Chen, 1998). Ska became popular in 1960 and lasted to1966, rocksteady from 1966 to 1968 and reggae from 1969 to 1983. Reggae being divided in two time periods, "early reggae," from 1969 to 1974, and "roots reggae," from about 1975 to 1983. From 1983 until now the music has been called dancehall (Chang & Chen, 1998). For the purpose of this paper I am mainly focusing on early and root reggae. During the period of early reggae, the Rastafarian inspiration of roots reggae had not yet taken full effect. While it had similarities to rocksteady and ska, it had a faster and more distinct beat, making it nearly impossible not to move to the music. The lyrics focused on similar topics as rocksteady during the early stages of reggae, songs about love and life in Jamaica were prevalent. However the......

Words: 1155 - Pages: 5

Implement and Monitor Whs Policies, Procedures and Programs to Meet Legislative Requirements

... .……………………………………………….…………………………… 3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Following report shows sales for CINDY’S CDs, it specializes in reggae, indie, Latin, world, blue and jazz. The music shop is located in the city, which is a major retail/ commercial area. It will focus and concentrate on the different types of genres and artists in the music industry to become a rapidly growing trend in the market. Though the location is perfect, it is more important to understand what the customers want from a CD shop. Period if sales: MONTH | REGGAE | WORLD | INDIE | LATIN | BLUES | JAZZ | January | 23 | 16 | 34 | 12 | 29 | 6 | February | 14 | 17 | 36 | 10 | 27 | 5 | March | 10 | 18 | 35 | 8 | 22 | 11 | April | 16 | 19 | 33 | 11 | 27 | 10 | May | 19 | 20 | 32 | 5 | 26 | 13 | June | 24 | 21 | 31 | 0 | 24 | 9 | Total Sales | 106 | 111 | 201 | 46 | 155 | 54 | CONCLUSION CINDY’S CDs Style Guide offers the target the customers to have the best quality popular CDs make them well known and can be available to all aged groups with different music influences. To gain more popularity in different countries and spread cheaper but in high quality music and have a top quality service in the music business. The CINDY’s CDs Style Guide is a becoming well known in the music industry. Having popular genres such as Indie, Blues, World, Reggae, and Jazz and having an excellent customer service to client making them in style and trendy. Having the shop located in the city making it......

Words: 404 - Pages: 2

The History of Reggae and Jazz

...The History of Jazz and Reggae In the history of music the smooth sounds of jazz and reggae has influenced listeners all over the country for many years. Although some prefer to listen to Hip Hop and R & B the genuine sounds of Jazz and Reggae is some of the most delightful music to listen to. Jazz and Reggae has been two of the most popular and unique musical categories with similar styles but different in their own way. When these particular styles of music was introduced they made great impressions in the music industry. In the early 1800’s jazz was born in the city of New Orleans where it was performed in festivals such as the Mardi gras also at funerals. In 1940 they began to broadcast the music over the radio when the music was played people found themselves dancing, clapping, and singing to the musical sounds being played. Jazz is considered to be a mixture of blues and marching band music when it first started out it was played by african americans and creole. When jazz hit the music charts and became more popular the europeon and african culture got together and presented a new sound for jazz to make it even more exciting. It has continued to be performed in the streets of new Orleans, night clubs, dancehalls, and concerts throughout the countries up until this present time jazz is still popular more than ever. The roots of reggae music originated in Jamaica in the 1960’s introduced in dancehall clubs where people danced to the low beats and rhythm of this......

Words: 903 - Pages: 4

Jamaica Reggae Music Band

...Jamaica Reggae Music Band Makita Johnson Music of the World Prof Malfatti August 31st, 2012 Jamaica Reggae Music Band This paper will focus on the history of reggae music and focus on the group Jamaica Reggae Music Band." In the early 1960’s, a new form of music, blended from a religious movement, Rastafarian, and numerous musical influences such as rhythm and blues, rock steady, African, and ska, emerged in Jamaica and spread quickly throughout the world. The music known as reggae, defined a nation of people for decades and helped develop various musical movements worldwide. This paper discusses the history of reggae and the major artists of the art form. Further, the writer discusses how the art has changed, both in its original nation as well as how the music has been altered for American audiences. "Reggae music, born of a combination of R&B, blues, jazz, and traditional African music, and combined with a religious tradition, was unique to Jamaica at a time when the country was looking for her identity. The combination of political messages, religious connotation, and raw sound was ideal for the changing society of the time. However, to be pushed to international stardom, the music was altered and rerecorded by milder, less powerful white British artists who helped internationalize the genre. Jamaica music can be divided into several genres. The most notable genre of Jamaica music is reggae music, which incidentally it can be divided......

Words: 1332 - Pages: 6