Reference Havard

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Harvard Referencing System

In your written work, when you are drawing or referring to or quoting from the ideas of another writer you must provide a reference following the guidelines laid out below. Always cite the author(s) of a book. If the book is an edited collection, you should cite the author(s) of the individual chapters you have used and NOT the editors(s) of the book.

1. Harvard method of citation in the text: (author year)
When you are drawing from, paraphrasing or summarising another writer’s work, but NOT quoting directly from them, you must provide a reference as follows:

1.a. Single author of book or chapter:

In a book by Said (1978) Orientalism was investigated as....

Orientalism was investigated (Said 1978) as....

When an author has published more than one cited document in the same year these are distinguished by adding lower case letters after the year within the brackets, which should also be used in the bibliography (see 4.i. below):

Blunt (1994a) has discussed the impact of travel, gender and imperialism. He has also examined the impact of globalization on travel (Blunt 1994b).

1.b. Two or three authors:

In the book by Driver and Rose (1992), .....

1.c. More than three authors:

Benner et al (1996) conclude that ....
If more than one citation is referred to within a sentence, list them all in the following form, by date and then alphabetically: There are indications that passive smoking is potentially threatening to the health............ (Francome and Marks 1996; Bunton 1995; Lupton 1995)

2. Harvard method of quoting in the text: (author year, page)
When you are quoting directly from another writer’s work you must provide a reference as follows.

2.a. Short quotations (less than 40 words) can be included in the body of the text and…...

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...Wiley & Sons, Milton, Qld. Which style does my faculty or school use? Some Schools require a different style from the one outlined here. Use the citation style required by your Faculty or School. Why reference your sources? It is important to reference the sources you use for essays and reports, so that the reader can follow your arguments and check your sources. It is essential to correctly acknowledge the author when quoting or using other people’s ideas in your work. How do I use Harvard? 1. In-text citations are made like this Paraphrasing and in-text citations Example: The point made by an analytic philosopher (O'Connor 1969, p. 32) is that values cannot be justified in this way. However Kneller (1963b, p. 102) insists that the theorist will inevitably be involved in value claims. Note: Page, chapter or section numbers may be included in the in-text citation if the cited work is long and information helps the reader locate the relevant information. When the authors name is mentioned in-text (e.g. Kneller in the example above) add year and page numbers only to the in-text reference. Entries that have the same author and year are noted by adding a, b, c etc. to the year, both in-text e.g. Kneller (1963b, p. 102) and in the Reference List (See entries in Reference List below). rev. Nov. 2009 1 Direct quotes and in-text citations Examples: ‘Having a solid plan as part of research design is essential’ (Hatch 2002, p. 46). Or Hatch (2002, p. 46) believes......

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References

...University Library Guide to the Harvard Style of Referencing July 2008 http://libweb.anglia.ac.uk Anglia Ruskin University 1. GENERAL INTRODUCTION .................................................................................. 4 1.1 1.2 1.3 2. Explanation of citation and referencing .....................................................4 Plagiarism .................................................................................................4 Referencing systems.................................................................................5 CITING REFERENCES IN TEXT USING THE HARVARD SYSTEM..................... 6 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 3. Author’s name cited in the text ..................................................................6 Author’s name not cited directly in the text................................................6 More than one author cited in the text .......................................................6 More than one author not cited directly in the text ....................................7 Two authors for the same work .................................................................7 More than two authors for a work..............................................................7 No date .....................................................................................................8 Page numbers ...........................................................................

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Reference

...University of Phoenix Material APA Reference and Citation Worksheet Write a sentence to illustrate each of the following. Refer to the appropriate Center for Writing Excellence resources. Sentence 1: Include a quotation from a source in your annotated bibliography. Cheri: Kenneth Gergen states (1994), that “More Broadly, we may say that in daily life there are no acts in themselves, that is, actions that are not simultaneously supplements to what has preceded.” (p. 609) Period at the end of the sentence is in the wrong place. Naiche: According to "Apple - iOS 7 - Design" (2013), "When something is designed to work beautifully, it tends to look that way, too.” (Open/Headline). Bianca: As stated in, The Journal of Higher Education Vol. 40, No. 1 (Jan., 1969) pg. 16, “Responsibility, as we are defining it, is voluntaristic. The individual, not some legal code, determines what obligations are to be assumed and what the limits of adherence to those obligations are.” This is too much information for this. Sentence 2: Paraphrase information from a source in your annotated bibliography. Cheri: In daily life there are no acts that occur that are not a direct result as what has come before those actions (Gergen, 1994). Naiche: Look for .edu, .org, .gov, etc... and avoid Wikipedia.org & ask.com. ("Grammar And Writing Guides", 2007-2010).  Bianca: When it comes down to personal responsibility, it is important to accept the action or the decision you......

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References

...In a list of references, you need to include: (with each type of text there are some examples) 1. Books: Author, Year. Title of book. Edition (only include this if not the first edition). Place of publication: Publisher. Ulrich, W., 1983. Critical heuristics of social planning. 2nd ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 2. Newspaper articles: Author, Initials., Year. Title of article. Full Title of Newspaper, Date. Page numbers. Slapper, Gary., 2005. Corporate manslaughter: new issues for lawyers. The Times, 3 Sep. p.4-5. 3. Scientific articles: Author, Initials., Year. Title of article. Full Title of Journal, Volume number (Issue/Part number), Page numbers. Website Address [Accessed date] Beaver, M., 2000. Errant greenhouse could still be facing demolition. Building Design. 24 Nov., p.3. Boughton, J.M., 2002. The Bretton Woods proposal: an indepth look. Political Science Quarterly. 42 (6). Hamill, C., 1999. Academic essay writing in the first person: a guide for undergraduates. Nursing Standard. 21 Jul., 13 (44), p. 38-40. Jenkings, R.,1989. Clashing with caching. ARIADNE. Issue 21,10 September. Wright, A. & Cottee, P., 2000. Consumer understanding of US and EU nutrition labels. British Food Journal [Online] 103 (8), p. 615-629. Emerald. Available at: <http://www.emerald-library.com> [accessed 8 September 2001]. 4. Other sources on the Internet: Author, Initials., Year. Title of......

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Reference

...CITING REFERENCES INTEXT 1一个作者在文章中的注明,有两种方式: 1)作者姓氏在文章中直接标注,如: In general, when writing for a professional publication, it is good practice to make reference to other relevant published work. This view has been supported in the work of Cormack (1994). 如果直接引用原文,则必须用‘’号标注引用部分,并标注引用部分所在的文献页数,如: Cormack (1994, pp.32-33) states that 'when writing for a professional readership, writers invariably make reference to already published works'. 2) 作者姓氏不在文章中直接标注,如 Making reference to published work appears to be characteristic of writing for a professional audience (Cormack, 1994). 2一个作者以上在文章中的注明,如: Jones (1946) and Smith (1948) have both shown … 或者: Further research in the late forties (Jones, 1946; Smith, 1948) lead to major developments…… (Collins, 1998; Brown, 2001; Davies, 2008) 3 二、三、四个作者写同一篇文献, 如: During the mid nineties research undertaken in Luton (Slater and Jones, 1996) showed that... or Earlier research (White and Brown, 1966) demonstrated that the presence of certain chemicals would lead to... 4 多于4个作者来自同一篇文章, 如: Green, et al. (1995) found that the majority … or: Recent research (Green, et al., 1995) has found that the majority of … 5 同一个作者不同时期的文章should be cited in chronological order (i.e. earliest first) ,如: as suggested by Bloggs (1992, 1994) who found that … or: research in the nineties (Bloggs 1992, 1994) found that … 6 同一个作者,同一年份,不同作品,如: Earlier research by Dunn (1993a) found that…but......

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Havard Negotiation

...Gaudin's negotiating strategy in their deliberations with Reliant Chemical Company. 3. Identify the strengths and weaknesses of Hauptman and Zinnser's negotiating strategy. 4. What action should Fontaine take at the end of the case? The format of the report is to be as follows: 1. Typed, double spaced, Times New Roman font (size 12), one-inch margins on all sides, APA format. 2. Use headers for each of the criteria, followed by your response. 3. In addition to the 8-9 pages required, a title page is to be included. The title page is to contain the title of the assignment, your name, the instructor’s name, the course title, and the date. 4. Written assignments must have a title page, abstract, section headers, introduction, conclusion, and reference page. 4 of 10 12/13/2012 4:24 PM Concourse | Negotiations http://webster.campusconcourse.com/view_syllabus?course_id=12777 NOTE: You will be graded on the quality of your answers, the logic/organization of the report, language, and writing ability. Grading Rubric for Case Study - “Pacific Oil Company” 0 Criteria 1. Describe the problem the Pacific Oil Company faced as it reopened negotiations with Reliant. Unacceptable Did not complete the assignment or did not describe the problem Pacific Oil faced; omitted key information and/or included irrelevant information. Discussed with less than 70% accuracy, thoroughness, and logic. Did not complete the assignment or did not identify the strengths and weaknesses of......

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Reference

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Reference

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...Assignment Cover Sheet 200336 Business Academic Skills School of Business Student last name: | Wang | Student first name: | Zhentao | Student number: | 18322718 | Unit name and number: | 200336 Business Academic Skills | Workshop day: | Wednesday | Workshop time: | 11:30am | Workshop room: | EB.G.38 | Workshop Tutor: | Nadine Campbell | Title of assignment: | Researching Section 2: Reference List | Length: | 10 References | Date due: | Week 6 - Thursday2April400pm Online (Turnitin) | Date submitted: | 2 April 2015 | Campus enrolment: | Parramatta | Declaration: X | I hold a copy of this assignment if the original is lost or damaged. | | | X | I hereby certify that no part of this assignment or product has been copied from any other student’s work or from any other source except where due acknowledgement is made in the assignment. | | | X | I hereby certify that no part of this assignment or product has been submitted by me in another | | (previous or current) assessment, except where appropriately referenced, and with prior permission from the Lecturer/Tutor/ Unit Co-ordinator for this unit. | X | No part of the assignment/product has been written/produced for me by any other person except where collaboration has been authorised by the Lecturer/Tutor/Unit Co-ordinator concerned. | | | X | I am aware that this work may be reproduced and submitted to plagiarism detection software programs for the purpose of......

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...(Jurevicius, 2013) References Dalavagas, I. (2015, May 11). McDonald's Corporation : A Short SWOT Analysis. Retrieved from Value Line: http://www.valueline.com/Stocks/Highlights/McDonalds_Corp___A_Short_SWOT_Analysis.aspx#.VZawLfmqqko Jurevicius, O. (2013, February 16). SWOT analysis of McDonalds. Retrieved from Strategic Management Insight: http://www.strategicmanagementinsight.com/swot-analyses/mcdonalds-swot-analysis References Dalavagas, I. (2015, May 11). McDonald's Corporation : A Short SWOT Analysis. Retrieved from Value Line: http://www.valueline.com/Stocks/Highlights/McDonalds_Corp___A_Short_SWOT_Analysis.aspx#.VZawLfmqqko (McDonalds SWOT Analysis, n.d.) References Dalavagas, I. (2015, May 11). McDonald's Corporation : A Short SWOT Analysis. Retrieved from Value Line: http://www.valueline.com/Stocks/Highlights/McDonalds_Corp___A_Short_SWOT_Analysis.aspx#.VZawLfmqqko Jurevicius, O. (2013, February 16). SWOT analysis of McDonalds. Retrieved from Strategic Management Insight: http://www.strategicmanagementinsight.com/swot-analyses/mcdonalds-swot-analysis McDonalds SWOT Analysis. (n.d.). Retrieved from Assignment Point: http://www.assignmentpoint.com/business/mcdonalds-swot-analysis.html (History, n.d.) References Dalavagas, I. (2015, May 11). McDonald's Corporation : A Short SWOT Analysis. Retrieved from Value Line: http://www.valueline.com/Stocks/Highlights/McDonalds_Corp___A_Short_SWOT_Analysis.aspx#.VZawLfmqqko History. (n.d.). Retrieved from I'm......

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...University of Sydney Business School Referencing Guide This referencing guide has been prepared by the Business Programs Unit for use in Units of Study within The University of Sydney Business School. It is based on the Harvard referencing style. Contents 1. How to use this guide...........................................................................................................................2 2. Some basic referencing terms and rules ..............................................................................................2 3. Examples – when and how to reference ..............................................................................................3 3.1 Placement of in-text references....................................................................................................................3 3.2 Summarising a source ..................................................................................................................................3 3.3 Paraphrasing a source .................................................................................................................................3 3.4 Short quotation .............................................................................................................................................4 3.5 Long quotation ...........................................................................................................................................

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...POLI3001 Short Essay: A Guide to Sources It is expected that you will use a minimum of eight (8) scholarly references (books and/or journal articles) as well as other sources. The following represent a sample of scholarly journals (in no particular order) in which to find articles to write your essay: * Applied Econometrics and International Development * International Economic Review * Industrial and Labor Relations Review * Journal of International Economics * World Competition * Business Law Review * Journal of World Trade * Journal of Economic Growth * Journal of Chinese Economic and Foreign Trade Studies * Business and Politics * Journal of Asia-Pacific Business * International Journal of Economics and Business Research * Global Business and Economics Review * Journal of Global Business Issues The following sources may also be useful (but note that these are not regarded as scholarly references so cannot be counted in your minimum): * The Economist - www.economist.com/ * The Wall Street Journal (Asia Edition) - asia.wsj.com/home-page * The International Economy - www.international-economy.com/ * MIT Sloan Management Review - sloanreview.mit.edu/about/ * China Brief - www.jamestown.org/chinabrief/ * China Development Brief - www.chinadevelopmentbrief.com/ * Business Standard [on India] - www.business-standard.com ...

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Havard Referrencing

...both in-text references and a list of references at the end of your work. 1. Within the Text—In-text Citations The Harvard referencing system requires you to include three pieces of information about a source within the text of your work. This information is: • the name of the author or authors • the year of publication • the page number (when the information/idea can be located on a particular page, or when directly quoted) 2. At the End of the Text—List of References At the end of your text, you must include a List of References, a list of all the books, journal articles and other sources of information you have used to research your assignment. 1. In-Text Citations How to Cite ‘In-Text’ Citations may be placed at the end of a sentence (before the concluding punctuation) in brackets: The theory was first developed by Browne (Gibbs 1981). Another way of including a reference in your text is to integrate the author’s surname into your sentence, followed by the year of publication and page number, in parentheses: What is Referencing? Referencing is a system that allows you to acknowledge the sources of information you use in your writing. If you do not reference your sources you are plagiarising. When to Reference You must provide a reference whenever you quote, paraphrase or summarise someone else’s ideas, theories or data. You must also reference any graphic information you use. Some of the sources you will need to reference......

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...References American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Nutrition, “Prevention of Pediatric Overweight and Obesity: Policy Statement.”Pediatrics 112, no. 2 (August 2003): 424-430. American Academy of Pediatrics, Prevention of Pediatric Overweight and Obesity, 2003 (Outside Source). Downloaded June 18, 2012. American Heart Association, “Exercise (Physical Activity) and Children.” American Heart Association, http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=4596 (accessed June 10, 2012). Associated Press, “State study suggests national child obesity problem.” CNN.com, June 4, 2004,http://edition.cnn.com/2004/HEALTH/diet.fitness/06/04/obese.children.ap/index.html (accessed June 15, 2012). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Preventing Obesity and Chronic Diseases Through Good Nutrition and Physical Activity (PDF; Outside Source). Accessed May 2012 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/aag/aag_dash.htm (accessed June 8, 2012). “Community Nutrition: Obesity Prevention Program.” Duval County Health Department, http://www.dchd.net/obesity.htm(accessed May 31, 2012). Just, David R. and Brian Wansink (2009), “Better School Meals on a Budget: Using Behavioral Economics and Food Psychology to Improve Meal Selection,” Choices, 24:3, 1-6 Wansink, Brian, and David Just (2011), “Healthy Foods First: Students Take the First Lunchroom Food 11% More Often Than the Third,” Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, Volume......

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