Reaction to "Sketch of the Progress of the Human Mind"

In: Historical Events

Submitted By kayteeroo
Words 1441
Pages 6
Reaction Paper
“Sketch of the Progress of the Human Mind”

Marquis de Condorcet (1743-1794), mathematician, philosopher and revolutionist was said to be the most famous prophet of progress in the Enlightenment period. Condorcet was born in Ribemont, France, and was taught at the Jesuit College in Reims and at the College of Navarre in Paris. He was skilled in various different areas, and when the Enlightenment came, he was enthralled by the idea of democracy. In Condorcet’s article “Sketch of the Progress of the Human Mind”, he demonstrates his strong opinions on the idea of progress and change for society. Excerpts from “The Ninth Epoch” and “The Ten Epoch”, also written by Condorcet, help to portray these ideas. In the introduction to the article, Condorcet explains general thoughts about the history and ideology of society. He says that generally people did not want to go against tradition, but they did believe that religion and government could change. By change they did not necessarily mean moving forward with new ideas, but resorting back to features of previous “golden ages”. People believed that history repeated itself, and the way of life would always be the same. It was not until the 18th and 19th centuries in the West that people began to believe in beneficial changes, they began to believe in progress. This belief in progress dates back to the 18th century Enlightenment; people thought they could better humanity by eliminating cruelties, superstitions, and prejudices that had existed in the past. The excerpt from “The Ninth Epoch” demonstrates Condorcet’s beliefs that scientific achievement was the contributing feature of change in human thinking during this time. Science gave people the opportunity to voice their opinions openly. They realized that the information provided to them by authority and tradition does not necessarily need to be…...

Similar Documents

A Theory in Progress

...A Theory in Progress Every theory begins with just a thought. One thought can change the course of history and the lives of many. Aristotle had a thought when he saw the shadow cast by the earth upon the moon. This thought led to the theory that the world is round, which people know to be true. There is no brilliance in coming up with a theory, only a thought that leads to a larger idea, which soon becomes a theory. Sigmund Freud's theories about the unconscious mind led him to what he calls psychoanalysis. In layman's terms, psychoanalysis is little more than a patient sitting in a room with another person discussing the issues that bother him or her in his or her life. When thinking about this on a broader scale, psychoanalysis is much more. Psychoanalysis with a well educated and trained individual can open the eyes to see deeper into the patients psyche. When the psychoanalyst gives the patient the right tools, he or she can help the patient overcome the obstacles that hold him or her hostage. Thought to Theory Some of the brightest minds in history made their theory into scientific data that people of all ages learn from. Each one; forming an idea in their mind and putting their idea into practice, and then ultimately becoming a theory. Theories are always changing and making better the ideas of the past. Not one person can truly know the human mind to its fullest, but with practice and theory people can learn more about the mind and obtain a better understanding of......

Words: 2247 - Pages: 9

Work in Progress

...Work In Progress Title: "Inner Beauty" Size: 18" x 14" Medium:  Charcoal, Graphite, Carbon on White Paper Step One:  I am using charcoal for the background and graphite for the subject. I'm using Arches 140 lbs hot press watercolor paper for this drawing. This is one of my favorite papers. It has enough tooth to create dark values yet is smooth enough for very delicate textures. In this first step, I have cut out the shape of my subject(s) in frisket film and applied it to the paper. Then, I applied 3b soft charcoal to the background to begin creating a wood texture.   Step Two:  Next, I blended the charcoal with a piece of felt and added the beginnings of wood grain. I repeated this several times to build up a solid tone. After pulling out some highlights with a clic eraser, I used a sharp hard charcoal pencil to create shadows to help create slivers and chips in the wood. I also applied masking tape at this point. I will be drawing masking tape in these areas later. Some of the wood texture will show through from the previous step and give my drawn masking tape a little more transparency. Step Three:  Then, I sprayed the drawing with fixative, Peeled off the frisket and began rendering the subjects. I used a 6h graphite pencil to add tone to the paper and blended with a chamois. In some areas, I applied the graphite with the chamois. For those of you that haven’t tried blending with a chamois, it can produce incredibly subtle tones – almost like an air brush. I...

Words: 583 - Pages: 3

Reaction Paper: Human Sexuality

...another human life too. We can assume that these people also have relationships with others who may be indirectly affected as well. So are they good consequences or bad consequences? Of course, it depends on the situation. I suggest that “the right to fuck” is only a moral action so long as it does not produce harm to any person. Leigh’s other examples may be used to extend this argument - the drug user is acting morally only as long as they are not hurting themselves or others by their actions. Suicide is a trickier case in that it it inherently harmful, or perhaps we need to reassess our definition of harm. Upon realizing this, sex seems a much easier issue to tackle. Overall, Leigh’s “right to fuck” is only a moral right if it is done safely and with consent. The difference between this and her rights to “get fucked up” and “fuck herself up” is that the “right to fuck” involves not just her body and mind, but at least one other person’s as well. If no one is harmed or the good consequences outweigh the foreseeable bad ones, then from a consequentialist perspective she not only has the right to do so, but is also morally permitted. 3) Selling oneself: a problematic argument If a woman works as a prostitute, she is selling a sexual service. Advocates of some paradigms use the argument that she is in fact selling herself, and therefore she is no longer a whole human being if she engages in sex work. This is impossible. Of course, it depends on how one views the human......

Words: 1177 - Pages: 5

Progress

...Progress Walking through the school doors as a freshman on my first day of high school, I wasn’t thinking about who I would be walking out of those same doors four years later and a senior. I didn’t know what I was going to have to overcome. I wasn’t worried about college applications or SAT tests. I had no clue. The Pilgrim’s Progress by John Bunyon demonstrates that knowledge is gained through travel. Christian is the central character of the book and the hero of the pilgrimage. Christian represents one aspect of the human experience: the search for religious truth. He is his faith (hence his name). Christian’s motivation, the search for salvation in the Celestial City, is comparable to the pilgrimage of high school. A pilgrimage depends in travel, and so a pilgrim, or high school student, must be prepared to go far and wide. High school is a pilgrimage, every student is a pilgrim united under a common goal: Graduation. The obstacles that are overcome in The Pilgrim’s Progress by the main character, Christian, correlate to the obstacles a student faces on her way to Graduation. In The Pilgrim’s Progress, the pilgrims face a series of obstacles and thwarters on their way to the Celestial City. They have to overcome their obstacles one by one. For me, achieving the grades that I needed to be successful in high school was not an easy thing for me to do. Over the course of my high school career I struggled to maintain a grade point average (GPA) that I thought would......

Words: 518 - Pages: 3

Reaction

...What is a reaction paper? Reaction or response papers are designed so that you'll consider carefully what you think or feel about something you've read or seen. Instructions Read or view whatever you've been asked to respond to read or view. While reading or viewing think about the following questions: • How do you feel about what you are reading (seeing)? • With what do you agree or disagree? • Can you identify with the situation? • What would be the best way to evaluate what you read or see? Pre-writing for Your Reaction Paper Keeping your responses to these questions in mind, complete as many statements as possible about what you read or saw. 1. I think that ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. I see that ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. I feel that ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 4. It seems that ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 5. In my opinion ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 6. Because _______________...

Words: 361 - Pages: 2

What Is the Human Mind?

...affairs threatened the stability of the Republic. He urged Americans to subordinate sectional jealousies to common national interests. George Washington wrote a farewell speech in 1769, marking the end of his leadership of the United States of America.This speech was originally intended to be read at the end of his first term tells us how he wanted to retire four years earlier, but how he had been begged to stay. He states how he never considered himself as being worthy enough oto lead a country, and then goes on and gives his thoughts and opinions about many issues in the government. looking at the way he had led the country for the previous eight years. George washington was a great man always with the country's best interest at heart and mind and he only gave his honest opinion regarding many subjects such as, the importance of national union and the constitution. He also spoke of the evils and dangers of the political parties and debt, and stressed the importance of religion and morality of our government. No man left a more dignified farewell. Many people fought and died to make this country a nation. George washington was right in the middle of that, and he pressed the importance of unity in a nation and warns against anybody dividing it. This country is one country, not the east or the west, the north or the south. Eeverybody needs each other and if it is all divided it cannot accomplish what it could as whole nation. Seperation and dividion would only bring......

Words: 289 - Pages: 2

Darkness Inside Human Mind

...Darkness inside Human Mind Joseph Conrad, who wrote The Heart of Darkness, once said, “The mind of man is capable of anything.” What he is telling us was that a person will do any actions by any means regardless of its consequence. There is always an evil side living inside the human soul, and this evil side breaks out during times when there is a difference in culture; for example, during World War II, Nazis killed any Jews that appeared in Europe, and their reason was Jews were not considered Germans, and they were believed to be disloyal and untrustworthy. This shows the difference in culture that created darkness inside the mind of the Nazis, who told them to do unimaginable things. The madness, fear, imperialism, death, escape, and difference in culture are the main theme of Heart of Darkness and Apocalypse Now; although they were written in different times, settings, and purposes, they both express how savage the human mind can be when he confronts with darkness. Both the novel Heart of Darkness and the film Apocalypse Now address the idea of imperialism. Imperialism, defining as a country’s political, military, and economic domination over another, is the theme that talk thoroughly in both works. For instance, in Heart of Darkness, richer nations are robbing the goods in Africa, such as ivory and slaves, while in Apocalypse Now America is trying to subvert Vietnam from being Communism. A modern example that relate to the idea of imperialism is America showing......

Words: 1490 - Pages: 6

Progress

...A rose for Emily In his short story, “A Rose for Emily,” William Faulkner intends to convey a message to his audience about the unwillingness in human nature to accept change and more specifically the secretive tendencies of aristocrats in the South during the early 20th century. In order to do this, Faulkner sets up a story in which he isolates and old aristocratic woman, Miss Emily, from her fellow townspeople and proceeds to juxtapose her lifestyle with theirs. In doing this he demonstrates her stubborn refusal to change along with the town, but also Among several literary devices the author employs to achieve this contrast, Faulkner sets up his narrator as a seemingly reliable, impartial and knowledgeable member of the community in which Miss Emily lives by using a first person plural, partially omniscient point of view. The narrator is present for all of the scenes that take place in the story, but does not play any role in the events, and speaks for the town as a whole. Faulkner immediately sets up his narrator as a member of the community in the first line of the story, saying that when Miss Emily died “our whole town went to her funeral.” Although it’s never directly explained, it appears as though the narrator is an older member of the town. This is demonstrated in statements like “the next generation, with its more modern ideas;” because the narrator does not say “with our more modern ideas” he makes it clear that he is not one of the younger members of the......

Words: 855 - Pages: 4

Life Sketch

...W.B. Yeats's "The Second Coming" W.B. Yeats' poem "The Second Coming" was written in 1919, just one year after WWI ended. The beginning of this poem reflects on how evil has taken over the minds of good Christians, and the world has turned into chaos. It is apparent that Yeats believes that a Second Coming is at hand, and he spends the last half of the poem discussing what that Second Coming could look like. Turning and turning in the widening gyre (line 1) Yeats imagines the world in a cyclical sphere known a gyre (shape of a cone). In Yeats' note on the text, he states that "the end of an age, which always receives the revelation of the character of the next age, is represented by the coming of one gyre to its place of greatest expansion and of the other to that of its greatest contraction" (2036). Yeats believes that the two thousand years of Christianity will be coming to an end, and after a violent reversal a new age will take its place. The widening part of the gyre is supposed to connote anarchy, evil, and the loss of innocence. The falcon cannot hear the falconer; (2) The falconer in this analogy is most likely God (or Jesus), and the falcon is the follower (or devotee). Humanity can no longer hear the word of God, because it is drowned out by all of chaos of the widening gyre. A wild falcon can symbolize an unconverted Gentile; someone who has sinful thoughts, and does sinful things. A tame falcon (one who listens to the word of God) is a Christian convert. In......

Words: 23171 - Pages: 93

The Benefit of Sketch

...SUMMARY – “The benefits of sketching for knowledge management” By Inggrid Amelia Farandi BACKGROUND The literature survey is based on a search for the title term "sketching" on the ISI Web of Knowledge online database, from which 406 articles were found on March 21, 2011. After topic filtering and eliminating all articles where sketching was used in the sense of a project proposal or a theoretical sketch, there were only 48 articles left related to the keyword "sketching". Based on the awareness of important contributions in the field of sketching, which did not appear in their database search, the inclusion criteria was extended to include grey or conference literature and examined the reference sections of highly cited articles. ISSUE OR PROBLEM Knowledge management (KM) can be considered to have at least partly grown out of the understanding that the mere reliance on information management infrastructures is probably not sufficient to enable organizations to utilize their intellectual capital effectively. While modern knowledge management applications (such as contextaware applications or collaborative filtering systems) are an important element to solve many knowledge management challenges (such as the on-demand retrieval of experiences codified in documents), it is not a panacea for all knowledge-related problems that companies face today. Many genuine KM problems - such as enabling teams to use all of their members' expertise when solving a problem - cannot......

Words: 1281 - Pages: 6

Minds

...Viewing Guide to Misunderstood Minds EDT 343 Winter, 2008 Answer the questions associated with each case study or as assigned by the instructor. Be sure to think about how your answers relate to what we you have read & have discussed. Nathan Vanhoy 1. What opportunities provided by his family helped him to “mask” his disability? 2. What were Nathan’s parents’ reactions to the teachers’ pronouncements about Nathan’s performance? What was Nathan’s reaction? 3. How did the diagnosis of Nathan affect his family? 4. What did the educators do to assist Nathan and his family? 5. What did Dr. Levine offer that was helpful to the Nathan & his family? 6. What strategies helped Nathan over time? Lauren 1. How was Lauren affected socially by her problems? 2. How was Lauren’s family affected by her problems? 3. How did Lauren & her family try to cope with her problems? 4. What did Dr. Levine provide for Lauren & her family? 5. What dilemmas are presented by the use of medication for Lauren? 6. What educational strategies are of assistance to Lauren? Sarah Lee 1. What impacts in the classroom did Sarah’s problems present for her & for her teacher? 2. How does her mother & family history provide support for Sarah Lee? 3. What does the speech & language specialist discover about......

Words: 449 - Pages: 2

Artificial Intelligence Versus the Human Mind

...Table of Contents Introduction………………………………………………………………………...3 Global Development………………………………………………………………..4 Technology in the 21st Century……………………………………………..4 Intelligence in the 21st Century……………………………………………..5 Artificial Intelligence and Modern Society……………………………………….....6 Advancements in Technology………………………………………………..7 Advancements in Human Education and Growth…………………………..8 Technology and its Role in Developing Human Minds…………………………..…9 Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………...10 References…………………………………………………………………………....11 Introduction During the onset of what has been dubbed the Digital Age, a debate has arisen over the ethical and developmental implications of technology and the dependence of the human world on Artificial Intelligence. This paper serves as an added voice to the debate of Artificial Intelligence versus the Human Mind. The fundamental question being addressed is that of whether the rapid technological advancements that have and are still being made are stifling the growth of human innovation. The realization that technology is increasingly becoming a huge facet in the day to day lives of billions of people around the globe makes it ever more necessary to evaluate how dependent the world will be on it in the near future. For example, technology is used to determine weather patterns, determining the direction the global economy is taking and so forth. So it is pertinent for an......

Words: 2894 - Pages: 12

Reaction About the Human Brain

...The Human Brain: Reaction Paper Human beings are regarded as the ultimate life form on earth. Why is that? How different are we from other living creatures that make us superior from them? It’s simple, our brain. The human brain is a fascinating subject, and the videos shown to us on Thursday, February 18, 2016 were only a fraction of what is to learn about the brain. What distinguishes us from other animals that have brains is the ability to reason, to think, to process, to speak, and many more. I learned that there are different regions in the brain that control different functions in our body. The fact that a single organ controls me, and is aware of itself, it is so amazing to me. We were shown a caricature of person, where it shows that the largest parts are the parts of the body that are given a lot more attention by our brain, the lips and the hands in particular. It makes sense that our hands require more brain activity because we use it for almost everything we do every day. The brain works to keep us alive and functioning all the time, and it never rests. I learned that the brain is symmetrical on both sides, and the two sides of the brain are referred to as the left hemisphere and the right hemisphere. I learned that the left side of the brain controls the right side of the body, and is focused more on things that require logic. On the other hand, the right side of the brain controls the left side of the body and is focused on more creative tasks.......

Words: 514 - Pages: 3

Progress

...Progress I'm a work in progress; you could even say we all are works in progress. As there are different kinds and types of animals, there are also different kinds and types of us human beings. A lot of things have changed on our planet Earth since God created it, and we, the mankind, are for certain not an exclusion. Many are even of the opinion, that we are the beings who have changed the most, and to tell the truth, I would not disagree to it. In Denmark, we have gone from being hunters and gatherers to farmers, building up towards the modern society and then further on to our current post-modern society, where we, the new generation, now, with all the different options and possibilities we have, focus a lot more on developing ourselves as individuals based on what we like to do, instead of what is expected and needed of us to do. The outcome of this has been, that our point of view on working has changed a lot, because we have invented all this technology that can replace some of the work we need to get done, and which contemporary also has caused a great increase of unemployment. It's not that we do less work, no; we still work a lot, and we work hard, but now, it's on a more science-based area, where the goal is to develop technology more than it already is. The work we do is on a complete other level than the pre-historical hunters and gatherers and it does not consist of the same basis, meaning that we now mostly work for our own satisfaction and curiosity rather...

Words: 792 - Pages: 4

Human Minds

...Dequavise Staggers Individual Project Week 1 American Intercontinental University Abstract Ever wonder how the human mind operates. It all started with early perspectives. Early perspective is the starting foundation of our modern day psychology. These perspectives will be the building blocks to a wide world of figuring out the mind and how we as humans think. The study of psychology is so deep, that we will not fully understand it all. In this paper I will inform you about each perspective and provide examples. Individual Project Week 1 Psychology is the study of the mind and behavior. The discipline embraces all aspects of the human experience — from the functions of the brain to the actions of nations, from child development to care for the aged. In every conceivable setting from scientific research centers to mental health care services, "the understanding of behavior" is the enterprise of psychologists (APA, 2011). There are many early perspectives that surround psychology. These are behaviorism, cognitive, culture and diversity, evolutionary, functionalism, gestalt, humanistic, physiological, psychodynamic, and structuralism. Behaviorism is a theory of learning based upon the idea that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning. An example of this perspective is learning how to tie your shoes, because it is a learned behavior that must be practice to achieve. Cognitive is form of psychology that examines internal mental processes, such as......

Words: 710 - Pages: 3