Pyc4805 Mindmaps

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PYC4805 DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY (Child development) April 2015 Assignment 1 Unique number: 576231 Student number: 33692513 Liezel van Beek

Ques%on 1: HOW COMPLEX ABILITIES OF NEWBORNS AND INFANTS CONTRIBUTE TO THE FORMATION OF FIRST SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS EXAMPLES: CULTURAL DIFFERENCES -­‐Co-­‐sleeping -­‐Soothing techniques -­‐Sling carrying -­‐Motor development

SLEEPING

-­‐5 STATES (NREM, REM, Drowsiness, Quiet alertness, Waking ac^ve/crying) -­‐Dev. Nervous System -­‐(Dis)organised behaviour

CRYING STATES -­‐Physical needs (hunger, temperature, noise, pain) -­‐Crying when other babies cry -­‐Abnormal crying -­‐Communicate with caregivers -­‐React to other’s suffering (empathy)

EXAMPLES: -­‐Eye blink -­‐Roo^ng -­‐Sucking -­‐Swimming -­‐Moro -­‐Palmar grasp -­‐Tonic neck -­‐Stepping -­‐Babinsky

REFLEXES

Parent/child bonding Sensory s^mula^on – alert, calm disposi^on Rhythm affect Actude & interac^on

-­‐Communicate baby’s health Survival: feeding, floa^ng, clining

Adapt to cultural norms/ expecta^ons

DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS MOTOR DEVELOPMENT Reaching & Grasping (ulnar / pincer) Survival technique Communicate pain, discomfort. Touch: Convey affec^on/…...

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