Psy 100 Study Guide Exam #3

In: Other Topics

Submitted By brianbarnez
Words 1427
Pages 6
PSY 100 STUDY GUIDE EXAM #3
CHAPTER 8
Memory Retrieval
Serial Position Effect: Recall is superior for the items at the beginning and end of a list
Primacy Effect: superior recall for items at the beginning of a list
Recency Effect: superior recall for items at the end of a list
Retrieval Cues
Recall: individual must retrieve previously learned information (essay test)
Recognition: individual only has to identify (“recognize”) learned items (multiple choice test)
Encoding Specificity Principle: associations formed at the time of encoding or learning tend to be effective retrieval cues (ex. Mnemonics, semantic encoding)
Priming: activating particular connections or association in memory
Flashbulb Memories: memories of emotionally significant events that people often recall with more accuracy and vivid imagery than everyday events
Factors involved in forgetting
Challenges of Forgetting 1. Absent-mindedness: inattention to details produces encoding failure 2. Transience: storage decay over time 3. Blocking: inaccessibility of stored info
Challenges of Distortion 4. Misattribution: confusion about source of info 5. Suggestibility: lingering effects of misinfo 6. Bias: belief-colored recollections
Challenge of Intrusion 7. Persistence: unwanted memories
Proactive Interference: info learned earlier interferes with recall or newer material; material that was learned earlier disrupts the recall of material learned later
Retroactive Interference: difficulty in recall of info because of later exposure to different material; material learned later disrupts retrieval of info learned earlier
Memory Construction: Constructive process: memories are influenced by the meaning that we give to events
Schemas: organized bodies of info stored in memory that bias the way new info is interpreted, stored and recalled
Study Tips
Mnemonics:…...

Similar Documents

Hsm Exam Study Guide

...340 Final Exam Study Guide YOU MAY WANT TO PRINT THIS GUIDE. 1. The final exam is "open book, open notes." The maximum time you can spend in the exam is 3 hours, 30 minutes. If you have not clicked the Submit For Grade button by then, you will be automatically exited from the exam. In the final exam environment, the Windows clipboard is disabled, and so you still will not be able to copy exam questions or answers to or from other applications. 2. You should click the Save Answers button in the exam frequently. This helps prevent connection timeouts that might occur with certain Internet Service Providers, and also minimizes lost answers in the event of connection problems. If your internet connection does break, when you reconnect you will normally be able to get back into your final exam without any trouble. Remember, though, that the exam timer continues to run while students are disconnected, so students should try to re-login as quickly as possible. The Help Desk cannot grant any student additional time on the exam. 3. Final exams are closed Thursday of Week 8. 4. Reminders: • You will only be able to enter your online Final Exam one time • Click the "Save Answers" button often • If you lose your Internet connection during your Final Exam, logon again and try to access your Final Exam. If you are unable to enter the Final Exam, contact first the help desk and then your instructor. • You will always be able to see the time remaining in the Final Exam at the......

Words: 1189 - Pages: 5

Study Guide 3

...Study Guide Test #3 Chapters 8, 9, 10, and 11 Chapter 8 *One of the essays at the end of this Study Guide will be used on the exam. You did these for homework last week. Please also know the definition of Gold Standard Fixed Exchange Rate Floating Currency Exchange Rate Balance of Payments (BOP) Chapter 9 International Strategy Competitive Advantage Strategic Planning Value Chain Analysis Mission Statement Vision Statement Values Statement Scenarios Contingency Plans Varying Strategies and Challenges in Walmart Minicase: The Globalization of Walmart. We discussed in class. Summary of International Planning Process - New Direction in Planning from McKinsey Observations Chapter 10 Organizational Design Organizational Structure International Division Hybrid Organization Matrix Organization Strategic Business Unit Virtual Corporation Horizontal Corporation Subsidiaries Affiliates Transfer Pricing Chapter 11 Global mindset Leadership Competencies for Global leadership Team norms 1. Briefly outline the advantages and disadvantages of the gold system. The gold system is simple, imposes monetary discipline on nations, and is widely trusted. On the other hand, gold is unwieldy, especially with large trade flows, it has holding costs and security costs, and it does not generate interest. 2. Was the Bretton Woods system bound to fail if it were successful? (this helps with #1) This question goes to the Triffin Paradox. <para...

Words: 1318 - Pages: 6

Exam 3 Study Guide

...The Governor and the Executive Branch 1. What are the formal requirements for a governor? Age- 30 Citizenship- US Texas Resident- 5 years 2. What are the informal requirements? W.A.S.P. –White Anglo Saxon Protestant Male Middle aged (30) years Lawyer/ Businessmen 3. Terms of office 4 years 4. Maximum length that the governor may serve No term limit 5. If the governor does not complete his (or her) term of office, who becomes governor? Lt. Gov. 6. How many women have served as governor of Texas? 2 7. Who is the only woman who has served as based strictly on her own ability? Ann Richards 8. How does the governor’s salary and housing arrangements compare with the president? | Governors | President | Salaries | 150,000 | 400,000 | Housing | Governor’s Mansion | White House | 9. When does a bill become law? After being signed by the governor 10. Distinguish between the types of vetoes that a governor may exercise? The Veto = Veto the entire bill (Line) Item Veto = Mark out only certain parts on the bill Gubernatorial Veto can be overridden [by a 2/3rds vote] 11. What veto power does the governor not have? No “Pocket Veto”- governor ignores legislation and it becomes law 12. Can the governor effectively influence legislation with the mere threat of a veto? Explain. Yes, because both the veto and the item veto are tools that simply kill bills or programs. However, by threatening to use these formal......

Words: 634 - Pages: 3

Study Guide Chapter 3

...Study Guide Chapter 3 MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Which of the following is an advantage of seniority pay systems? 1) _______ A) they reward exemplary performance B) they encourage employees to continue to increase their skillsets C) they reward employees on an objective basis D) they help to promote product quality 2) This term refers to a difference between the output of a human judgment processes and that of an objective, accurate assessment. This difference could be due to bias, prejudice, or other subjective, extraneous influences. 2) _______ A) content validity B) a first-impression effect C) rating error D) the performance appraisal process 3) In 2009, employees were expected to earn average merit increases of what percent? 3) _______ A) 8.3% B) 2.9% C) 5.2% D) 1.3% 4) Management by objective is part of which type of performance appraisal system? 4) _______ A) behavioral observation scale B) behaviorally-anchored rating scale C) goal-oriented system D) trait system 5) This occurs when a rater generalizes good performance behavior in one aspect of the job to all aspects of the job. 5) _______ A) negative halo effect B) positive halo effect C) first-impression effect D) similar-to-me effect 6) ...

Words: 1268 - Pages: 6

Nt2670 Exam Study Guide

...NT2670 EXAM Study Guide Jeopardy style study guide 1. What is Mail User Agent (MUA)? E-mail is typically created and sent using an e-mail client program, such as Microsoft Outlook or Eudora, called a __________. 2. What is Schema Master? The two forest-wide FSMO roles that must be present on a single DC in the forest are the Domain Naming Master and the __________. 3. What is Mailbox? Unlike other Exchange servers within your Exchange Organization, servers that host the ______ role cannot communicate directly with Active Directory. 4. What is Connectors? To relay e-mail within your organization and across the Internet, your Hub and Edge role servers must have __________ that specify how to send and receive e-mail. 5. What is POP3? __________ protocol is designed to download e-mail from an e-mail server to a client for viewing 6. What is Servers and Clients? Two basic types of computers that can be on an enterprise network are: 7. What is Site? GPOs are applied to user and computer objects based on the link in the following order: ________> Domain> Parent OUs> Child OUs. 8. What is x64? Is a required platform for a production Exchange Server 2007 environment. 9. What is EdgeSync? Edge role servers must use ADAM to periodically obtain AD and Exchange information using the _______________ protocol from a server that hosts the Hub role. 10. What is 143? POP3 uses TCP port 110 while IMAP uses TCP port ____ by default. 11. What......

Words: 591 - Pages: 3

Exam #3 Study Guide

...BUSI-502: EXAM 3 STUDY QUESTIONS 1. According to your professor: a. Greenleaf's servant leadership is humanistic, relative, and without foundation b. biblically based servant leadership rooted in the life of christ. c. you have been offered a clear contrast between Greenleaf and a biblical view of servant leadership d. all of the above e. none of the above 2. Spiritual reasons for leading like Jesus include all except the following: a. servant leaders seek first the kingdom b. servant leaders are better than non servant leader c. servant leadership honors god and his commandments d. servant leadership puts the love of Jesus into action e. servant leadership models Jesus to others 3. All of the following are spiritual reasons for leading like Jesus: a. servant leaders are better than non servant leader b. servant leaders are more in touch with their spiritual selves c. servant leaders put the love of Jesus into action d. servant leaders become achievers e. all of the above. 4. All of the following are practical reasons for leading like Jesus except: a. servant leadership provides better service b. servant leadership is more spiritual c. servant leadership provides better leadership d. servant leadership closes the gap between success and significance e. all of the above 5. All of the following are practical reasons for leading like Jesus: a. servant leadership provides better service b. servant leadership...

Words: 1824 - Pages: 8

Study Guide Exam 1

...Dr. Lane Study Guide for Exam #1 Feb 2014 In brief, Exam #1 will cover two broad areas: (1) Everything we have covered in class on the Pentateuch. (2) The nature of covenants, and which OT covenant is which, so far. Here are the handouts the exam will cover: #12.2 Genesis 1–4, Creation & the Fall The exam will not ask about the different views of creation, but the other material is testable. #14 Essential Passages in the Pentateuch #16 Basic Nature of OT Covenants & ANE Treaties #17 Thirteen Propositions Re: . . . Covenants #19.1 Conclusions from the Pentateuch Be able to identify each of the five books we've covered, by way of main events (esp., the covenants), the main characters, and where the books fit into the redemptive-historical context of the Pentateuch. Know which sort of covenant is which (esp. H/O #16), and esp.(!) what are the specific covenants we have seen so far in the OT. What are their features, whom are they with, etc. A few must-know chapters & verses: (These are not the only ones; these are the must-know chapters). Gen 12, 15, 17 & 22 Exod 19, 20 & 24 Exod 34:6 Lev 26:12 Lev 26 Deut 7 Otherwise, be able to identify the chapters in boxes . Other items / ideas we have stressed: Israel's religion and cosmology and cosmogeny (vs.( that of pagan religions. Be able to......

Words: 479 - Pages: 2

Exam 3 Study Guide Busi 502

...Biblical Integration: Servant Leadership Group 3 BUSI 502 – Servant Leadership Liberty University 2014 Abstract Biblical Integration: Servant Leadership Servant leadership teaches that there must be a balance between serving and leading; a focus on putting the needs of others first (Spears, 1996). The philosophy enriches the lives of not only individuals, but builds better organizations by making it a priority to serve others. The greater contributions of quality service exemplify the determination to create an exceptional institution (Greenleaf, 2009). Providing service to communities is one of the primary focuses of a servant leader, which will develop and enhance more self-growth in their communities. Servant leadership is an act of service, and the embrace of feedback as a source of useful information on how to better serve people (Blanchard & Hodges, 2003). Greenleaf’s revolutionary view on the new topic of servant leadership offered a shift from the traditional role of leadership (Duby, 2009). Part 1: Greenleaf’s Theories Robert K. Greenleaf popularized the term servant leadership, in his 1970 essay, The Servant Leader (Spears, 1996). According to Duby (2009), Greenleaf envisioned servant leaders as being driven and motivated to serve first with the end result being an empowered, serving society. Greenleaf introduced the term ‘servant leadership’ and proposed that great leaders are first servants to others (Spears, 1996; Dierendonck, 2011). ......

Words: 2413 - Pages: 10

Exam 1 Study Guide

...PSYC 2010 Exam 1 Study Guide Chapter 1 The Science of Psychology * Be familiar with the definition of psychology as discussed in class and in the textbook. * The study of mind, brain, and behavior * Mind – mental activity that facilitate perception, memory, thinking, & feeling * Brain – the physical structure that coordinates the nervous system. “The mind is what the brain does.” * Behavior – anything that an organism does. Usually associated with actions observable to others. * Dead man test. Generally, if a dead man can do it, it isn’t a behavior. * Goals of psychology: Description, Understanding, Prediction, Control * Known the distinction between critical thinking, anecdotal information, & empirical evidence. * Critical thinking – systematically evaluating information to reach reasonable conclusions * Ex: Consumer Behavior (is it really a deal?), Anti-vaccine advocates * Take in information in 3 ways: * Inert information – “don’t drink and drive” * Activated ignorance – “actually, I drive rather well when I’m drunk” * Activated knowledge – “alcohol impairs your reaction time and ability to reason.” * Anecdotal information – information that is not scientifically based * Ex: A story * Pseudoscience – a set of ideas put forth as scientific when they are not scientific; often claimed to be empirical evidence when it has not......

Words: 4352 - Pages: 18

Final Exam Study Guide

...YOU MAY WANT TO PRINT THIS GUIDE.  1. The Final Exam is "open book, open notes." The maximum time you can spend in the exam is three  hours, 30 minutes. If you have not clicked the “Submit for Grade” button by then, you will be  automatically exited from the exam. In the Final Exam environment, the Windows clipboard is disabled,  so you will not be able to copy exam questions or answers to or from other applications.   2. You should click the Save Answers button in the exam frequently.  This helps prevent connection timeouts that might occur with certain Internet Service Providers, and  also minimizes lost answers in the event of connection problems. If your Internet connection does  break, when you reconnect, you will normally be able to get back into your Final Exam without any  trouble. Remember, though, that the exam timer continues to run while students are disconnected, so  students should try to re‐login as quickly as possible. The Help Desk cannot grant any student additional  time on the exam.   3. See Syllabus "Due Dates for Assignments & Exams" for due date information.  4. Reminders   You will only be able to enter your online Final Exam one time.  Click the Save Answers button often.  If you lose your Internet connection during your Final Exam, logon again and try to access your  Final Exam. If you are unable to enter the Final Exam, first contact the Help Desk and then your  instructor.  ......

Words: 1333 - Pages: 6

Week #3 Study Guide

...GM545 Week 3 Quiz Study Guide ------------------------------------------------- TOC-A Chapters 3 & 5 ------------------------------------------------- Given a demand function and a supply function, illustrate how the price mechanism, in response to changes in other demand or supply factors, leads to a new market equilibrium price and level of output. 1. ------------------------------------------------- Explain why the difference between the similar-sounding terms, quantity demanded and demand, is so critical to understanding the model of supply and demand. (P.58) Changes in Demand * Note that a change in demand is different from a change in quantity demanded. * A change in demand occurs when the entire curve shifts. * This means that the quantity demanded at every given price will be different from what it was before. Demand * Demand refers to the quantity of products people are willing and able to purchase during some specific time period, all other relevant factors being held constant. * Price and quantity demanded have an inverse relationship known as the Law of Demand, depicted as a downward-sloping curve. * A market demand is the horizontal sum of all of the individual demand curves. * Demand curves shift when one or more of the determinants of demand change. * The determinants of demand are: consumer tastes and preferences, income, prices of substitutes and complements, the number of buyers in a market, and......

Words: 5306 - Pages: 22

Psy Study Guide

...PSY 200/203 Study Guide for Final Exam Chapter 1 - Scientific method A. Psychology has four basic goals regarding behavior and mental processes 1. Describe 2. Explain 3. Predict 4. Control B. Scientific method - set of assumptions, attitudes, and procedures that guide researchers in investigations 1. Events are lawful (follow consistent patterns) 2. Events are explainable 3. Events are approached with scientific skepticism (critical thinking) a. Minimize the influence of preconceptions/biases while evaluating the evidence b. Determine the conclusions that can be reasonably drawn from the evidence c. Consider alternative explanations for research findings Steps in the scientific method A. Formulate a testable hypothesis 1. hypothesis 2. variables 3. operational definition B. Design the study and collect data 1. descriptive methods 2. experimental methods C. Analyze the data and draw conclusions D. Report the findings Descriptive research methods – strategies for observing and describing behavior A. Naturalistic observation – systematic observation and recording of behaviors as they occur in their natural settings 1. Allows study of behaviors that cannot be easily or ethically manipulated in an experiment B. Case study – indepth investigation of an individual or small group of individuals 1. Allows study of rare, unusual or extreme conditions C. Surveys 1. ......

Words: 5603 - Pages: 23

Study Guide Exam 5

...EVAN 101 EXAM 5 STUDY GUIDE All questions are taken from Evangelism Is… by Dr. Earley and Dr. Wheeler. You do not need to memorize these passages. Only be familiar with the content. Be able to identify the following verses as they are written in the textbook and have an understanding of Dr. Earley’s and Dr. Wheeler’s teachings on the following verses.  John 1:14 (ch. 22) And the word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten father, full of grace and truth  Acts 1:8 (ch. 22) But you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be witness to me in Jerusalem and in all Judea and Samaria; and the ends of the earth  Proverbs 11:30 (ch. 23) The fruit of the righteous is a tree of life, And he who wins souls is wise  John 13:35 (ch. 24) By this all will know that you are my disciples, if you have love for one another  John 2:1–10 (ch. 25)  Luke 19 (ch. 25)  John 6:1–14 (ch. 25)  Matthew 25:38–40 (ch. 27) Chapter 22  According to Dr. Earley, the United States has shifted from a Christian nation to a _Post Christian_ nation. (Be able to fill in the blank.)  Jim Peterson defines our “secularized society” as _people without a religious framework_. (Be able to fill in the blank.)  According to Dr. Earley, the “peanut butter and jelly approach” to evangelism requires both proclamation and _Affirmation. (Be able to fill in the blank.)  Proclamation evangelism is......

Words: 1181 - Pages: 5

Psy 205 Exam1 Study Guide

...PSY 205 Exam1 Study Guide Click Link Below To Buy: http://hwaid.com/shop/psy-205-exam1-study-guide/ Course Life Span Development Attempt Score 147 out of 150 points Instructions This exam consist of 50 multiple choice questions that cover the material in Chapters 1 through 5. • Question 1 3 out of 3 points Infant mortality in the United States: • Question 2 3 out of 3 points Based on your understanding of brain plasticity, what would you say to frantic parents whose baby has suffered an injury to the language centers of the brain? • Question 3 3 out of 3 points Which child is MOST at risk of having problems adjusting to day care? • Question 4 3 out of 3 points The branching structure at the end of each neuron is the: • Question 5 3 out of 3 points Link the correct attachment style to the following descriptions: (1) thrilled when reunited with a caregiver, (2) confused, erratic response when reunited with a caregiver, and (3) doesn't care when reunited with a caregiver. 3 out of 3 points Name the theorist who would give each piece of advice: “Don't respond when your one year old cries out from the crib,” “Be as responsive as possible during the first year of life.” • Question 7 3 out of 3 points You put a compelling object in front of your baby nephew, then cover it, and he acts as if it's no longer there. Your nephew is: • Question 8 3 out of 3 points Which of these people is likely to......

Words: 1311 - Pages: 6

Exam Study Guide

...Study Guide: Exam #4 PSY 100 EMOTION 1. Important Concepts: Emotion, Facial Expressions, Physiological Measures, Autonomic Nervous System, Sympathetic & Parasympathetic Nervous Systems, Fight-or-Flight Response, James-Lange Theory of Emotion, Basic Emotions 2. What four components make up what we think of as emotion? 3. What are some types of physiological measures psychologists use to measure emotion? 4. What is the purpose of the autonomic nervous system? 5. What roles do the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems play? When is each system most active? What physiological changes occur? 6. What is the fight-or-flight response? When does it occur and what types of reactions does it typically cause in people? 7. Are polygraphs good at detecting lies? What do polygraphs actually measure? 8. According to the James-Lange theory of emotions does feeling an emotion cause our body to physically react, or do physical reactions in the body cause us to feel emotions? What evidence do we have that this is the case? 9. What are basic emotions? What do psychologists look for when they try to identify basic emotions? 10. How do we know facial expressions for basic emotions are not learned through experience? PERSONALITY 11. Important Concepts: Personality, Unconscious, Id, Ego & Superego, Defense Mechanisms, Repression, Denial, Rationalization, Projection, Personality Traits, Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, Big Five 12. What is the......

Words: 859 - Pages: 4