Phineas Cage

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By daunique
Words 718
Pages 3
Phineas Cage Paper Daunique Irvin
Psych 360
3/21/2013
Dr. Gayle Ball-Parker

“The cognitive perspective focuses on the way people perceive, process, and retrieve information” (Kowalski & Westen, 2011). Cognitive psychologists are interested in how memory functions, how people solve problems and make decisions, and similar questions. Cognitive function would include any and all characteristics of an individual ’s perception, such as, sensing, reasoning, conception, imagining and remembering (Willingham, 2007). Different areas of the brain serve different cognitive functions. The thalamus is a relay station for sensory and motor information. For all senses except smell, the receptors first send information to the thalamus, which passes it on to the cortex. The Amygdala is believed to be important in the processing of emotion and probably information about social functions. Hippocampus is important in memory. The cerebellum is important in motor control (Willingham, 2007).
Phineas Gage worked on a railroad and had an accident on September 13, 1848 where an explosion caused an iron from the railroad to penetrate straight through the frontal part and on the left region of 25 year old, Phineas Gage’s head (Van Horn, Irima, Togerson, Chambers, Kikinis, & Toya, 2012). A iron rod shot upwards, through the left cheek of Gage, passing behind his left eyeball, piercing his cranial vault under the left basal forebrain, passing through his brain, and then exiting the top and front of his skull. A large amount of brain tissue was expelled from the opening. After receiving treatment and care from Dr. John Martyn Harlow over the following weeks, Gage was able to recover sufficiently from his physical injuries and return to his family in nearby New Hampshire. However, reports of extreme personality changes indicate that he was unable to return to…...

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