Pepto Medication Critique

In: Other Topics

Submitted By beatyt
Words 1253
Pages 6
Medication Critique
Tammy Beaty
Grand Canyon University
NUR-641
September 24, 2013

Medication Critique
Pepto Bismol (Pepto) is a popular gastrointestinal medication that has been around since the early 1900s (History of Pepto Bismoth, 2013). It is an over the counter medication that is found in many households. Proctor and Gamble is the pharmaceutical company behind this medication. The company has presented many catchy advertisements over the years. The marketing team began with advertising the claims that Pepto is the stomach first aid medication, and aids in relief of most stomach issues (2013).
An active ingredient in Pepto is bismuth. This was used in as a salve as early as 1733, and in digested form in Europe in the 1700’s (Bierer, 1990). In the early twentieth century a doctor came up with a mixture of pepsin, zinc salts, salol, wintergreen oil, and a pink color, and promoted it as an agent to treat Cholera Infantum (History of Pepto Bismoth, 2013). The added wintergreen flavor, and pink color was chosen to be appealing to children, as this was the targeted population (1990). This was an illness that affected infants, resulting in diarrhea, vomiting that could be fatal (2013). Following the promotion of this medication, evidence showed that this illness was caused by a bacteria that was treatable with antibiotics (2013). The pink liquid known as Pepto Bismoth in 1919 (2013) changed slightly since this time, however it still claims to provide relief from the same gastrointestinal problems. Presently Pepto is presented as a soothing digestive drug with many positive benefits. Claims of the benefits include relief of nausea, heartburn, indigestion, diarrhea, and upset stomach. Some view this medication as a cure all for common gastrointestinal symptoms, and it is a staple in many homes. Proctor and Gamble became the owners of Pepto Bismol in 1982 (2013).…...

Similar Documents

Critique

...Below is a free essay on "Website Critique" from Anti Essays, your source for free research papers, essays, and term paper examples. The website I decided to critique is the Wal-mart.com. Wal-Mart was founded in 1962, with the opening of the first Wal-Mart discount store in Rogers, Ark. The company incorporated as Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., on Oct. 31, 1969. The company's shares began trading on OTC markets in 1970 and were listed on the New York Stock Exchange two years later. The company grew to 276 stores in 11 states by the end of the decade. In 1983, the company opened its first Sam’s Club membership warehouse and in 1988 opened the first supercenter -- now the company’s dominant format -- featuring a complete grocery in addition to general merchandise. Wal-Mart became an international company in 1991 when it opened its first Sam's Club near Mexico City. The Wal-Mart incorporators then made a website called Walmart.com where they sell products online to people that prefers to shop that way. Walmart.com feature selections of high-quality merchandise like clothing for children, teens, women and men, electronics, jewelry, shoes, household products, and much more. They also sell class rings via internet to those that want to buy it online. They have ways to ship their products but they first have customers choose a payment method. Their first option is by using a credit card. They have their customers put all their information at first and verify if they accept their card......

Words: 352 - Pages: 2

Medications

...Medications 1. Protonix (pantoprazole) – antiulcer agent (proton-pump inhibitors) a. Indications – Erosive esophagitis associated with GERD. Decrease relapse rates of daytime and nighttime heartburn symptoms on patients with GERD. Pathologic gastric hypersecretory conditions. b. Action – Binds to an enzyme in the presence of acidic gastric pH, preventing the final transport of hydrogen ions into the gastric lumen. Diminished accumulation of acid in the gastric lumen, with lessened acid reflux. Healing of duodenal ulcers and esophagitis. Decreased acid secretion in hypersecretory conditions. Pg. 990 2. SynTHROID (levothyroxine) – hormones (thyroid preparations) a. Indications – Thyroid supplementation in hypothyroidism. Treatment or suppression of euthyroid goiters and thryroid cancer. b. Action – Replacement of or supplementation to endogenous thyroid hormones. Principal effect is increasing metabolic rate of body tissues: Promote gluconeogenesis, increase utilization and mobilization of glycogen stores, stimulate protein synthesis, promote cell growth and differentiation, aid in the development of the brain and CNS. Contain T3 (triiodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine) activity. Replacement in hypothyroidism to restore normal hormonal balance. Suppression of thyroid cancers. Pg. 1219 3. Dulcosate Sodium (colace) – laxative (stool softener) a. Indications – prevention of constipation (in patients who should avoid......

Words: 650 - Pages: 3

Hart Critique

...those who struggle with the after-effects of stress to find and maintain a balanced life of tranquility (p. 254). This critique explores Hart’s theoretical and theological approach, the strengths and weaknesses of this model, and this author’s plan to integrate information from the book into a personal theory of Christian counseling. Hart describes anxiety as “a disease of stress” that can result in a multitude of physical and emotional symptoms and illnesses (p. 139). They include panic and panic attacks, post traumatic stress disorder, adrenaline exhaustion, and obsessive compulsive disorder (p. 9-10) Anxiety strikes the strong and leaders among us, male and female, young and old, day or night (p. 37, 42). Anxiety is a warning to change our fast-paced, adrenaline pumping, stress-filled lifestyle (p. 3, 144-145). Scientific understanding of anxiety begins in the brain where neurotransmitters send information resulting in emotional responses (p. 19-20). Hart teaches that stress robs us from “happy messengers” or neurotransmitters that keep us tranquil. Balance between happy (GABA) and sad messengers (Cortisol) is determined by levels of stress which causes a chemical imbalance allowing anxiety to dominate. Prolonged stress causes a biochemical change that can start a panic attack. Hart insists that in order to be free from panic, the right medications must be used, stress must be lowered by changes in thinking and lifestyle, and relaxation must be learned (p.......

Words: 757 - Pages: 4

Medication Teaching

...Swift. Medication: Lisinopril Pharmacologic Category: Angiotensin- Converting Enzymes (Ace Inhibitor) you need to know the class of this drug in case you ever have surgery. Some doctors like to give are hold it. This drug may cause Hypotension with mayor surgery. Reason for medication: Treatment for Hypertension (Elevated Blood Pressure). Dosage Range: 10-40mg daily You have been prescribed 40mg daily. Take the first dose at bedtime. Then daily in am at the same time. This drug has other usages but in your case Hypertension. Managing your Blood Pressure. Things to watch for while taking this medication: Hypotension: Medication takes effect within 1-3 hours. (Low blood pressure) Signs will be dizziness, lightheadness. Don’t stop taking the medication without first consulting your doctor. Monitor your blood pressure daily and record it until your next visit with your doctor. He then can determine if the dosage it to how. He and only he can make the changes. Possible Side Effects: Angioedema: signs of swelling involving head & neck this would compromise the airway. Cholestatic Jaundice: A rare toxicity associated with Ace Inhibitors. (Yellowing of the skin or eyes). Cough: A dry hacking cough that persists. (This occurs the first few months of treatment.) Hyperkalemia: Renal dysfunction. (Increase Potassium Levels) Use of potassium- sparing diuretics, potassium supplements and/or potassium containing salts. Use cautiously if at all with this medication. Have......

Words: 753 - Pages: 4

Critique

...Introduction In this assignment the author is going to explore and critique the article “School Nurses in New Jersey: A Quantitative Inquiry on Roles and Responsibilities” (Appendix 1). Main Body The author feels that the title of the critique article is limited. It does not clearly identify the methodology used for gaining the information throughout the article. It does however state the method of research used which in this case is quantitative research which would be beneficial knowledge when reading the article. In the authors opinion it is a very broad title that does not interest the reader to continue to read it. There is no heading to identify the abstract which in the authors opinion makes it difficult to know where to begin or end reading. The abstract differs from the what the title states as it does not mention the exact role of the nurse instead it mentions the efforts brought about by school nurses to benefit the students. The abstract is brief however it mentions the number of schools included in the study which would be beneficial to the reader. The article states the sample number of schools is 63 which in the authors opinion is hard to make a realistic or accurate study as it is a low number in relation to the number of schools in New Jersey. In relation to the problem, the author feels it has not been stated clearly. The opening paragraph only states the changes and challenges that school nurses are facing but not the actual problem this is......

Words: 1332 - Pages: 6

The Critique

...Final Paper Today I will discuss my final peer critique of Aaron, as written and evaluated by me,. As I set and prepared for Aaron’s speech, I notice his dress and demeanor. He appeared well to do with his jacket and slacks. As I further examined him I couldn’t help but notice that he was wearing a pair of work boots. I took this as to be the way Aaron is and nothing else. For if you know Aaron, you know he has a casual attitude and always ready with a smile. Before the class started that day we talked about our speeches and if we could convince ourselves of the topics we had decided on. He seemed a little nervous about his topic because he did not fully agree or disagree with the appearance of tattoos. We talked about both pros and cons of this idea but could not agree on one side. He told me that he had chosen the topic and was going to do what he could to convince us, though you could tell he was nervous. As Aaron stepped up to do his speech, that’s when I noticed his nerves set in on him. He didn’t seem as if he could loosen up and I believe the main reason why was because he wasn’t too sure of his topic. I do believe if he was convinced about it himself, he would have delivered a much better speech. His speech was well organized and prepared and followed the main ideas of what a speech should be, yet he was allowing his nerves to make him loose eye contact. As his speech proceeded Aaron settled down enough to allow his words to flow better. Here is......

Words: 949 - Pages: 4

Critique

...CRITIQUE The following is a critique of the Joomla! User Manual 1.0. The URL of the page is as follows http://help.joomla.org/images/User_manual/user_manual_v1%200%201_10%2021%2006.pdf. This a critique of the installation portion. It also covers some features of the Joomla! Installer that is based on browser and the Manual Installation. The links for these are http://help.joomla.org/content/view/39/165/ and http://help.joomla.org/content/view/40/132/ respectively. Only recently, I installed the software Joomla!. At first I tried the “easy browser install”. But I couldn’t do it and I failed. I then tried using the manual for instructions to help me to install the software. But, the installation procedure through the user manual took me over 15 hours. I later realized, it was not entirely the mistakes of the install process of the software due to which I consumed so much time, but rather the user manual was fairly out-of-date, deceptive and deficient. Overview: • The first and major fault with the document was that it was a “fair weather friend”. If everything operates smoothly, then you rarely need to consult the installation portion. But if some trouble arises, the user manual is ill-equipped to handle it. A quick scan of the Installation part of this manual gives the idea of many users who are having trouble installing the software because they have broken and incomplete installs. • The attempt of the manual to make itself user friendly is actually a drawback for it.......

Words: 985 - Pages: 4

Critique

...Critique of Research Article Name Instructor Unit Date Medical articles can be well analyzed based on the content, the reputation of the authors among other useful information. However, it is paramount that evidence based practice (EBP) be adopted when analyzing an article. According to Sackett et al (1996, pg 71-72) “Evidence based medicine is the conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients”. The best available and current research is utilized in making a judgment about the article in question (Drisko and Grady2012). The research article, Healthcare Providers’ Intentions to Engage in an Interprofessional Approach to Shared Decision-Making in Home Care Programs: A Mixed Methods Study by Legare et al., presents views of the healthcare providers in the implementation of the interprofessional approach to shared decision-making (IP-SDM). In addition, it evaluates their intention for engaging in the program. The IP-SDM program has been gaining popularity in Canada but it is yet to be incorporated into the healthcare system (Reeves et al., 2008) Interprofessional approach entails the engagement of different professionals within the healthcare system, where all contribute towards the achievement of a common method of patient care. In addition, the aspect of shared decision-making entails the development of a system that involves the patients in determining the type of treatment that is......

Words: 4221 - Pages: 17

Medication Error

...Medication preparation errors in outpatient pharmacy at a local private centre Introduction The National Coordinating Council for medication error suggested that medication error can be defined as any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate use or patient harm while the medication is in the control of healthcare professional. The error can happen at any point namely during prescribing, transcribing, preparation and administration. In Malaysia, certified pharmacy assistant is a trained personnel who routinely involved in day-to-day activities such as medication preparation and delivery. According to Senders (1991), the particular error at particular instant cannot be prevented and that even the most skilled individuals make mistakes. There are suggestion by Pharmacy Council(2005) on the creation of hierarchy of ‘levels’ that technician can achieved, each with prerequisite skills and experience, responsible and pay. The aim of this study is identify why medication errors are high at the preparation stage. The objectives are to rank factors that contribute to the errors. Secondly, to determine whether these factors differed by work settings or personal characteristic. Thirdly, to identify the PA training needs to mitigate the errors 1. The National Coordinating Council for Medication Error, (NCC MERP) 2008, About Medication Error. Available at http://www.nccmerp.org. AboutMedErrors.html 2. Allard J et al,(2002)Medication errors......

Words: 283 - Pages: 2

Medication Errors

...decided to administer the 10pm medications as a way of helping me. This however was key in me making the error that I did. If I had been left to do the 10pm medications by myself, this error would not have occurred. Patient PF was given her medication by the late staff, however she had spat them out. On going to give her these again, I also repeated her liquid medication which she had actually taken with the late shift before she spat out her tablets. PF took half the liquid before giving it back to me saying that she had already taken it and it was just her tablets that she didn’t take. She accepted the tablets no problem from me. I checked the BNF to see limits of medication and knew the extra that she had was well within the maximum dose. I also knew that she was not naive to medication and had been taking this medication for some time without any adverse effects. I checked her observations and BP, pulse and temp were all within normal limits. I continued with getting the other ladies ready for bed and carried on with my regular night time duties and once the ward was settled I filled in the datix form to report the error. It was at this time that I realised I should have notified someone earlier of the error. I contacted the AMART team as it was my understanding that they triage the calls to the duty doctor overnight. I discussed the situation with them and we mutually agreed that as PF had suffered no adverse effects from the medication that the duty doctor did not......

Words: 496 - Pages: 2

Medication Safety

...Medication Safety Medication plays a key role in healthcare but can also be an important key cause of medical error. Patients are entitled to receive safe care including receiving the correct medications. The administration of medication is a daily routine for nurses therefore, it is vital to remember the “Five Rights” of medication safety. The other issue that we are facing on the medical surgical floor is stress. The last issue is that staffs are being interrupted in medication room. Many different things can go wrong when it comes to the administering medication, for example communication between the patient and the nurse could go wrong, or the labeling of the medication, even the dosage can cause improper usage of the drug. The question is what role do nurses play when it comes to medication safety? Nurses play many different roles in the world of medicine; however the most important role is to assure that patients are receiving their medication safely. One of the recommendations to reduce medication errors and harm is to use the “Five rights: the right patient, the right drug, the right dose, the right route, and the right time” (Choo, Hutchinson & Bucknall, 2010). Verifying the patient’s identity ensures that the correct patient is receiving the medication, confirming that the medication written on the order is the same medication being prepared, ensures the right drug, dose and route is given. Some medications must be given at specific time, so it imperative to......

Words: 648 - Pages: 3

Medication Errors.

... Tragic Medication Errors: Accidental Abortions and Premature Birth Lynn Fernandez December 7, 2014 Professor Martinez Miami Dade College Tragic Medication Errors: Accidental Abortions and Premature Birth Medication errors within the healthcare system have become increasingly pervasive throughout the years yielding adverse effects to corresponding patients. Medication errors refer to an “unintentional significant reduction in the probability of treatment being timely and effective or increase in the risk of harm when compared with generally accepted practice” (Velo & Minuz, 2009, p. 624). These effects may vary from virtually no harm with minimal inconveniences to inexorable toxic fatality for the patient. This article focuses on a prescription error that mistakenly took the life of 11-month old Tranlya Sampson as her mother was prescribed a drug that is commonly used to force dead fetuses out of the mother’s womb as well as two unborn twins that lost their lives due to the same medication error in the same day. Due to this drug, Tranlya suffered brain damage and remains hospitalized due to health complications. A wrong medical decision made by a healthcare provider is a probable cause for medication errors, which can derive from a lack of knowledge or inadequate training. Lacking experience in the healthcare workforce or lack of skills to complete certain tasks can be associated with prescribing faults (Dean, Schachter, Vincent, & Barber, 2012). In a......

Words: 1676 - Pages: 7

Medication Safety

...Improving The Safety Of Using Medications In Hospital Settings Background Improving the safety of using medications was the third Joint Commission safety goal for 2014 (Hospital National Patient Safety Goals, n.d.). Every year medication errors are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitals. Simply put, medication errors come from incorrect dosing by physicians on prescriptions, administration of the wrong dose of the prescribed medication to the patient, failure of the healthcare provider to administer prescribed medication, or failure of the patient to ingest said prescribed medication (Choo, J., Hutchinson, A., & Bucknall, T., 2010). Role of the Nurse According to the Journal of Nursing Management, nurses should practice the five rights of administration that they are taught while in school. Those rights are: right medication, right dose, right route, right time, and right patient (Choo, J., Hutchinson, A., & Bucknall, T., 2010). While checking the five rights is useful in the final stages of the administration process, the rights do not reflect the other complex steps to medication administration, such as preparation, labeling, determining interaction, etc. Normally medication errors are never the result of an isolated human error. They may come from workplace stress, distractions, interruptions, insufficient training, and misinformation (Choo, J., Hutchinson, A., & Bucknall, T., 2010). The individual nurse should make sure that...

Words: 1122 - Pages: 5

Critique

...Mobile health or mHealth is a technology that concerns about health objective. It is a health service delivery in mobile phone. Most people usually have their own phone. They use their phone to play game, send message, call someone or use their phone for their health. This essay is a critique to “Mobile technology is changing healthcare in developing nations” by Puddak Thomas published in Berkeley Science Digest on December 23, 2012. This paper criticize the weakness of the essay, which is the usage of SANA, and the two fallacies, which are appeal to the crowd in paragraph two and non-sequitur in paragraph five.         Firstly, the omission of this article is the writer did not show a method of SANA. It is a tool that uses video, image and text for helping people, and people are able to download it for their health. Sana is a cell phone facilitated clinical information system that connects community health workers and medical specialists (Behar, 2012). Author wants to demonstrate that SANA helps people, but he did not tell the readers how SANA saves people life. One study shows that SANA collects data and interviews the patient through the clinical protocol by healthcare workers. When the data is collected and uploaded, the partner hospital’s doctors will read the information about the patients and make an effective diagnosis recommendation for the patients. If the doctors has a question, they are able to ask the patients by using SANA application (Dmjue, 2014). According......

Words: 1135 - Pages: 5

Medications

...PRINCIPLES OF MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION | 1. The knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the body is essential for the safe administration of the injection. | | a)To avoid Injury to the underlying tissues | 1. Numerous blood vessels and nerves to are lying below the skin. Careful selection of the site can avoid injury to these areas. The common sites for the injections are as follows : a) Intradermal injections are given at the Inner aspect of the lower arm, upper aspect of the anterior chest, and upper aspect of the posterior chest. b) Subcutaneous Injections are given on the outer aspect of the upper arm, posterior chest wall Just below the scapula, anterior abdominal wall (from below breasts to the iliac crests), and the anterior and lateral aspect of the thigh. c) Intra muscular injections are given on the deltoid muscles of the shoulder, gluteal muscles of the buttocks, (Inner angle of the upper and outer quadrant) rectus femoris muscles of the anterior aspect of the thigh, and the vastus lateralis muscle on the lateral aspect of the thigh d) To give the Intravenous injections, any visible and palpable veins are used. The most convenient veins are the basilic and median cubitus veins In the antcubital space of the arm 2. The injections are never given in the medial aspect of the limbs for fear of nerve injuries.Choose long needles for obese patients and short needles for emaciated patients, especially when lntra-muscular injections are......

Words: 1798 - Pages: 8