Outline Some of the Policies Introduced by the Governments to Create an Education Market in the Uk

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Outline some of the policies introduced by the governments to create an education market in the UK
Educational policies are strategies for education introduced by the government, the state have become increasingly involved in education and its policies now have a major impact on pupils’ opportunities and achievements.
Firstly in 1944 the government introduced the Tripartite system (also known as the butler act) this policy stated that children aged 11 and above would be selected and allocated to three types of secondary school based on their aptitudes and abilities. These were identified by the 11+ exam, which was taken by every child at the age 11. The three schools were; grammar school who offered non-manual jobs and higher education. They were for pupils with academic ability who passed the 11 plus. Another school is the secondary modern schools, who offered a non-academic “practical” curriculum and access to manual work for pupils who failed the 11+. The third type of school was the technical school, existed in a few areas only.

Another policy is The Education Reform Act, introduced in 1988 by the conservative government, established the principle of marketization in education favoured by the new right. This policy aimed to marketise education through increasing increase independence, competition and parental choice. Marketisation means that schools are run more like businesses, that have to attract customer (parents) by competing with each other in the market.
To conclude, there are other policies such as the comprehensive school being enforced in 1965, which aim was to overcome the class divide of the tripartite system and make education more meritocratic. The 11+ was abolished with grammar and secondary moderns, to be replaced by comprehensive schools that all pupils within the area would attend. These social policies stated above are introduced…...

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