Organisation & Behaviour

In: Business and Management

Submitted By NelsonMandella
Words 3980
Pages 16
Organisational Behaviour
Structure and Culture
HND in Business Management (Assignment 1) Lecturer- Damir.jovic Eindray Kaung

[Type text]

Ealing, Hammersmith and West London College Hammersmith Campus Page 1 4/8/2011

Organisational Behaviour

Introduction
The purpose of this essay is to understand the term of organistion and how it is important in forming a business. Moreover, it also describes the organisational behaviour, which means how people behave in an organisation, and why it involves a major role of within the organisation in general. Furthermore, why organisation is essential for every business and how it can make the company successful in the business area. What is more, it expresses why people need to study organisational behaviour and how it is important to a certain extent for every business. In addition to this factor, it compares and contrasts different organisational structures and cultures which have a great impact on culture as well as performance. This essay concludes by presenting how different types of leadership styles stand in both organisations and their effectivness.

Marks & Spencer's background
The company of Marks & Spencer is a well-known retail store in the UK with 21million people visiting each week. The profitable UK company, Marks & Spencer, operates over 600 stores in the United Kingdom employing over 75,000 people in the UK and abroad with the support of 2,000 suppliers globally. The largest store is located at Marble Arch on London's Oxford Street. Moreover, stores range from the large out of town and flagship stores of over 100,000sq ft, to simply food stores of around 7,000 sq ft. It is true that Marks & Spencer is a number one provider of womenswear and lingerie in the UK and market share is significantly growing in menswear and kidswear. Furthermore, the company offers stylish with great value clothing to…...

Similar Documents

Organisation and Behaviour

...distinction the team and group in that case? People think team and group that means can interchange to each other. So that they always misunderstand team and group the definition. Team and group are always making us complicate when we use it. If you want to make distinctions clearly, we are always following some theories to help them classified the team and group. Let us discuss as the below: * Team – Occur when a small number of members with shared leadership, who perform interdependent jobs with individual and mutual accountability of group members, become together evaluation and discussion problem, making decision for solving the problem at the planning, and reward. In practice meaning, the full tension and counter-balance of human behaviour will need to be demonstrated in the team. Related to the case Ratchetts Ltd has three departments team: Car sales and After-sale separate with service and parts. Car sales team mangers whose lead their team individual and mutual accountability of three groups, and also need to solve out the problem. For example: Car sales manager has to solve the problem with new-car sales department members argue after-car sales department can make profit more than them and others arguments is within the customer is belongs to who? * Group – Two or more with a clear leader who perform independent jobs with individual accountability, evaluation, and rewards. A collection of people who interact with one another, accept rights and......

Words: 1865 - Pages: 8

Organisation Behaviour

...objectives of the organisation. Therefore, it is important for an individual to learn to function within a group. In order to highlight to us how to function within a group, we had to take part in group exercises throughout this subject, culminating in having to make a presentation to the class as a group. The given task that we had to present to the class was to observe and analyse the functioning and interactions of another group. This paper looks at my behaviour within our group as we undertook this task, and analyses it as it relates to management theories on groups. When we were initially informed that we would be taking part in a group exercise I felt that it would allow me to critically and logically observe the functioning of a group, and that it would be interesting to know how a group functions. I felt that this would allow us to get useful information about the functioning of our group as well and enable me to critically observe my behaviour in a group, something I had never done before even though I had participated in group tasks previously. Generally, a group can be defined as “two or more persons who are interacting with one another in such a manner that each person influences and is influenced by each other person” (Shaw, 1981, p.8). In life, everyone belongs a group be it a family, a neighbourhood or a community which has a great impact on their behaviour (Wood et.al, 2006, p.190). Groups form or are created for a purpose, and in an organisation groups......

Words: 2700 - Pages: 11

Organisation and Behaviour

...Faculty of Business and Management Studies BTEC HNC IN BUSINESS Assignment Organisation and Behaviour Tutor: Dr N Ahmed Submitted by: Imran Sohail Student ID: 152 Content List: Page No 1- Task Type of Culture & Structure 03 2- Task Relationship Between Culture & Structure 10 3- Task Behaviour & Various Factors 13 4- Task Management & Leadership 15 5- Task Different Approaches to Management & Leadership 19 6- Task Identify Various Motivation theories 20 7- Task Benefits and application of motivation theories 22 8- Task Team & Group 24 9- Task Various Factor of Team ...

Words: 7414 - Pages: 30

Organisation and Behaviour

...Organisation and behaviour Organisational Structure:It is the group of activities which are done to achieve the organisational goals and aims.Such like source usage,conversations styles,co operations between the groups and teams. Many structures may be in an organisation according to their goals and achievements.An organisational structure works in an organisation in two ways.First,it provides the leading ways to achieve the goals and second it fixes the individuals who can share and participate in the process of organisational decision making and actions after that. TYPES OF STRUCTURE IN AN ORGANISATION There are three type of organisation structure which are commonly used recently. Functional Structure: It is the structure in an organisation which is established according to the departments in an organisation.it is always slow moving structure due to the lack of communication between the staff and team working.There is a central department in the functional structure and all other departments have to report that central department.Effiencies of the functional structure are measured according to the staff sale performance that should be at low cost. Divisional Structure:This structure is also called the product structure.This structure is cattegorised according to products made in the organisation.All the divisions in the divisional structure perform their duties according the products and facilities provided to them in the division.For example there can......

Words: 1645 - Pages: 7

Organisation Behaviour

...Organizational Behaviour Unit 4 Sikkim Manipal University Page No. 58 Unit 4 Learning Structure: 4.1 Introduction Objectives 4.2 Learning and Learning Cycle 4.3 Components of Learning 4.4 Theories of Learning 4.5 Summary 4.6 Glossary 4.7 Terminal Questions 4.8 Answers 4.1 Introduction In the earlier units you have learnt about organizational and interpersonal behavior. In this unit we will get an understanding about the concept ‘learning’. Let us relate it with a small example - you pick up a cat and take it to a new environment such as a new house or a new garden and leave it there. Immediately the cat begins to move around slowly looking and sniffing at various objects, identifying avenues to enter and escape, places where food may be available, and objects that are dangerous and hence are to be avoided. The cat is learning. Thus we see that learning is natural, spontaneous, important and beneficial. It is wrong to assume that only human beings learn, or that learning is unnatural or that it is not important. A cat is looked upon as a great survivor and it is its natural instinct to learn which helps it to survive. Like the cat we human beings too have to learn not just in schools, but in every walk of life including within organizations. An organization where people learn the right things quickly is successful. An organization where learning is neglected falls apart. Since learning is so essential for the well-being of an organization it is not surprising......

Words: 5131 - Pages: 21

Organisation Behaviour

...through the formation of teams for maximum effectiveness through creative development (eHow.com, 2012) and this is done through the Directors priority to continually implement and improve the company’s “Corporate Governance” (Syngenta’s Annual Report, 2010). The culture of an organisation is dependent on the structure adopted by the organisation. The culture is developed through the leadership or management style, values, socialization, rites etc. The culture feeds the bloodline (structure) of any organisation and the proper development and alignment of same is crucial in the success of any organisation (Howard, 2007). Syngenta’s culture is a mixture of task and person which speaks to the goals of the organisation; therefore it fits well with the structure. The task culture encourages teamwork, problem solving and creativity through the expertise of its members whereas the person culture encourages the development of leadership and other management skills which act as a motivator for employees. The Grenada Industrial Development Corporation (GIDC) was a result driven organisation and was aligned with the functional structure, during 2011-2012 the company realigned itself to a project driven organisation to which the adoption of the matrix structure was introduced but not fully implemented. Having adopted this new structure Management did not readjusted its culture of role and power to compliment its structure and continued to operate though a hierarchical......

Words: 3565 - Pages: 15

Organisation and Behaviour

...St. Patrick’s College London HND BUSINESS MANAGEMENT (ORGANIZATION AND BEHAVIOUR) Lecturer: Sujata Omwenga Student: CONTENTS PAGE INTRODUCTION…………………………………………………………….….p. 3 1.1 ……………………………………………………………………………….PP.4-5 1.2 ……………………………………………………………………………….P.6 1.3 ……………………………………………………………………………….PP.7-8 2.1 ………………………………………………………………………………pp.9-10 2.2 ……………………………………………………………………………….pp.11-12 2.3 ………………………………………………………………………………PP. 13-14 REFERENCE LIST………………………………………………………………p.15 INTRODUCTION Organizational behaviour is an interdisciplinary field or study, which explores individuals, group and organizational behaviour and the impact of individuals, groups, organizational and society, in creating, shaping and controlling behaviours. www.business –school.exetere.ac.uk./modules. 1.1 Thompson J [ 2013] said that structure "is the internal differentiation and patterning of relationships." He referred to structure as the means by which the organization sets limits and boundaries for efficient performance by its members, by delimiting responsibilities, control over resources, and other matters. Katz and Kahn [1978] say that "structure is to be found in an interrelated set of events which return to complete and renew a cycle of activities." The different organizational structures are Functional, Divisional, Product based, Geographical, Matric , Project/team based , Virtual......

Words: 1300 - Pages: 6

Organisation Behaviour

...EXPLOITS UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF COMMERCE Human ResourcesManagement Student Name; Mischeck Stanley Mtonga PROGRAM ;BHRM year 3: 2nd SEMESTER MODULE: Organisation Behaviour ASSIGNMENT QUESTION; Organisation Behaviour is a multidisciplinary in nature meaning that it uses principles,models,theories and methods from other disciplines, identify these disciplines and discuss how they cotribute to organisational behaviour… LECTURER: Maneka Moyo DATE OF SUBMISSION: 15th februar 2014 Introduction; An organization is a collection of people who work together to achieve a wide variety of goals, both goals of the organization and goals of the various individuals in the organization. Organizations exist to provide services and goods that people want. These goods and services are the products of the behaviors of workers. Organizational behavior usually known as ‘OB’ is the study of the many factors that have an impact on how individuals and groups respond to and act in organizations and how organizations manage their environments. Organization is somewhat defined as “Organisations comprise two or more people engaged in a systematic and coordinated effort, persistently over a period of time, in pursuit of goals which convert resources into goods and/or services which are needed by consumers” such definition implies the organization exists with the presence of people consists of diverse cultures, character, perception, intelligence and...

Words: 1820 - Pages: 8

Organisations& Behaviour

...ORGANISATIONS& BEHAVIOUR CASE STUDY 1:Dimension of Organisational Structure Changing the rules at BOSCO PLASTICS Case Questions(AO 1.1,1.2 &1.3) * Do you think Jill Thompson’s proposal to decentralise the rules and procedures of Bosco Plastics will work?if so,why and how?Give reasons.What,in your opinion,are the requirements to make decentralisation effective? Organisational structure and organisational culture have a dependent relationship with one another.In the business world management structe determines the behaviours,attitudes,dispositions and ethics that create the work culture.If a company’s organisational structure is strictly hierachical,with decision- making power centralized at the top,the company’s culture will likely reflect a lack of fredoom and autonomy at the lowest levels.If a company’s managment structure is descentralized ,with shared power and authority at all levels,the culture is likely to be more independent,personalized and accountable.For this in my opinion decentralise the rules and procedures of Bosco Plastics will work because every department manager have different aproach with the people in their department and also different ideas of how they can make that department work more efficient.In each business it’s important to be good manager and leader both in the same time, thats why in my opinion it is a very good goal if each department manager knows their people that they work with, and will also make them feel more confident if the......

Words: 3369 - Pages: 14

Organisation and Behaviour

...10.10.2013 Unit number and title Unit 2- Organisations and Behaviour H/601/0551 Assignment Report on Organizations and their Behaviour title In this assessment you will have opportunities to provide evidence against the following criteria. Indicate the page numbers where the evidence can be found. Criteria referenc e 1.1 To achieve the criteria the evidence must show that the student is able to: Compare and contrast different organisational structures and culture Explain how the relationship between an organisation`s structure and culture can impact on the performance of the business Discuss the factors which influence individual behaviour at work Explain how organisational theory underpins the practice of management Evaluate the different approaches to management used by different organisations Compare the effectiveness of leadership styles Discuss the impact that leadership styles may have on motivation in organisations in periods of change Compare different motivational theories Task no. 1 Evidence 3-4 1.2 1 4-5 1.3 2 5 2.2 2 6 2.3 3 6 2.1 4 7-8 3.1 4 8-10 3.2 8-10 3.3 Evaluate the usefulness of motivation theory for managers Explain the nature of groups and group behaviour within organisation Discuss factors that may promote or inhibit the development of the effective teamwork Evaluate the impact of technology on team functioning within a given......

Words: 3699 - Pages: 15

Organisation Behaviour

...----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 05 5.5. Focusing on the biggest resource ------------------------------------------------------------06 5.6. Resolving intergroup conflict --------------------------------------------------------------- 08 5. S.W.O.T --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 10 6. Summary -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 11 7. References ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 12 Executive Summary Borthwick Contacting is a civil engineering company and Australia’s most successful road and bridge building enterprises. It is a fine organisation that boasted a core workforce of around 400 highly skilled construction staff. The key to Borthwick Contracting’s survival in the industry is through tendering and securing new contracts. Unfortunately, they are currently facing some difficulties in meeting tender deadlines and employees find it hard to cope with managing requests. Toby Jenkins, an employee who has been with the company for more than 30 years, identified the cause of the unpleasant workplace and raised the issue to Libby Mitchell, Deputy Manager of the company. However, Libby focuses too much on tendering deadlines and neglected her employees’ welfare and difficulties in accomplishing the task set by the......

Words: 2913 - Pages: 12

Organisation Behaviour

...Introduction Organisation definition: “Individual gathered towards under the similar circumstances to achieve common goals”. (Schein, 1999). In this vain organisations must have structure to determine the level of hierarchy in the responsibility and accountability also a developed culture of running the organisation. At the same time a well-designed structure makes easier to see what every department or division does in an Organisation. Organisation Culture Culture is human behaviour pattern, tradition, religion, values, institutions and is mainly individual or groups. Cultures must have history. There are many types of culture which I am going to mention but a few. Power Culture This culture concentrate power in among small group or a central figure so the control is from the centre in a sense few rules is needed and less bureaucracy. Operators of this culture are usually small businesses or organisations. Control is the basic element here, no consultancy needed decision are swift as to react to any threatening danger. However this type of culture seems to generate high staff turnover for some organisation. Role Culture Here we have power delegation as form of authority within highly designed structure, such organisation form hierarchical bureaucracies. Culture is based on individual heading a particular function in the Organisation after a split into various functions. This peculiar to multinationals like the Apple Corporation. Task Culture This is where we......

Words: 2283 - Pages: 10

Organisation Behaviour

...SANRIZZ Organisational Power and Politics Power is the capacity to influence the behaviour of others Politics is when power is exercised First Dimension of Power (Defeat Resistance)The source of power is having control over scarce resources People controlling the resources can have power over others dependent on them Requires resources to be gathered This form of power is relational and the conflict is obvious Outcome of power: Enforce or encourage new behavioursLimits to power: Behaviour may revert to previous behaviour without continually using resources to encourage a certain type of behaviour Bases of power: Coercive power – injuring someone physically or psychologically Authority power – compliment, promotion, bonus Authority power – form all position in the hierarchyExpert power – have specialised knowledge that is valued Information power – have information that others do not haveReferent power – establishing a personal rapport with another person Affiliation power – connected with powerful peopleGroup support – have the support of many peopleBudgets & equipment – you can allocate budgets | Tony uses First Dimension on Power against Ozzie and Ricci when they are in meetings. Tony has Authoritive power. This arises from the fact that he is in charge of most of the “managerial/strategic issues associated with the position” and also because he is the eldest brother. When the brothers argue about where to open the next branch, “Ricci, I am not interested in...

Words: 2355 - Pages: 10

Organisation Behaviour

...Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation behaviour Organisation...

Words: 2140 - Pages: 9

Organisations and Behaviour

...Introduction This report is built to evaluate the perceptive of organisational structure and culture on business. It embodies various detailed concepts regarding the different approaches of management and leadership. The paper will also present a study on the impact of different leadership styles in organisations. Furthermore, the issue which impact the individual behaviour in an organisation will be present along with the nature of groups and their behaviour within organisations. The paper will also present study on the procedures for developing effective teamwork in an organisations. It will also highlight the factor that encourages the growth of efficient teamwork in organisations. In order to conduct the study, the paper will present the strategies used by Tesco PLC to function in UK and global market. Information for Task 1 The objective for this task is to address and exhibit an understanding of the Organizational structure and culture on businesses. You are required to address the task as specified and research CAPCO or an Organisation with which you are familiar with to address the learning outcomes as specified. Please note that the research, subjective and transferable skills are exhibited by reflecting it to the chosen organization. Answers reflected without reflective practice will be referred LO1. Understand the relationship between organisational structure and culture. 1.1 Compare and contrast different organisational structure and culture......

Words: 1402 - Pages: 6