Organic and Mechanistic

In: Business and Management

Submitted By happyhsing
Words 2351
Pages 10
Total words: 2126
Organic and Mechanistic
The post-bureaucratic organisation (see Grey, 2009, pp. 85-89) is one in which everyone takes responsibility for the success of the whole. Discuss the significance of such an approach within current organisational environments, making reference to the Organic and Mechanistic perspectives.
The purpose of this essay is to describe the organic and mechanistic perspectives theories what I have studied with my own experiences and discuss the significance of such an approach within current organizational environments. During this process, the first part of this essay will describe the basic meaning of organic and mechanistic organization with what I have understood from the class and own opinion. And the second part will discuss the difference between the organic and mechanistic organization such as structure, characteristic and conditions. Finally, the last part is focus on discuss what will influence the organizational choose the organisation design and which will match with the post-bureaucratic organisation. This essay will use some case study or company as example to explain the perspective.
The first part is clearly explaining meaning of mechanistic and organic organization. Mechanistic organisation, also known as a bureaucracy organization (Morgan, 2006), is a system that integrated use of principles of traditional organisational design. The traditional organizational, look organization as machines (Morgan, 2006) insist the result under unified command, so it produced a formal terms of rigid hierarchy chain (Lunenburg, 2012) which each person only control and supervision by a superior. This mean organization need to maintain a narrow margin management, as well as the improvement of organisational level then narrower the management margin, so that it forms as an impersonal structure. In this situation, increase the use…...

Similar Documents

Mechanistic and Organic Structures

...are two basic forms of organizational structure or designs mechanistic and organic structures. Mechanistic structure is characterized by extensive departmentalization, high formulization, limited information network and centralization. (Robbins and Judge 2009) The term mechanistic suggests that organizational structures, processes, and roles are like a machine in which each part of the organization does what it is designed to do. An organization that uses a mechanistic structure is likely to have the some of the following attributes, such as clear specified tasks, precise definitions of the rights and obligations of members or clearly defined line and staff positions with formal relationships between the two. Conversely (Burns and Stalker1961) defined the organic organizational form as characterized by a lack of formally defined tasks and an emphasis on horizontal as opposed to vertical coordination, which has become the exemplar structure for firms operating in unsettled environments. The term "organic" suggests that organizations change their structures, roles, and processes to respond and adapt to their environments. Organic structures are appropriate in unstable, turbulent, unpredictable environments and for non-routine tasks and technologies. For organizations coping with such uncertainty, finding appropriate, effective, and timely responses to environmental challenges is of critical importance. Mechanistic structures are identified by individual specialization;......

Words: 1142 - Pages: 5

Mechanistic Versus Organic Structures

...Mechanistic versus Organic Structures a. Mechanistic Structure is appropriate for organizations focusing on a cost- minimization strategy through tight control, extensive division of labor, high formalization and centralization. The information network is limited and employees rarely participate in decision making process. b. Organic Structure is decentralized and has low complexity and formalization. It has an extensive information system, and employees rarely participate in decision making. It tends to be flexible and adaptive. c. Structure in function of the organization’s fundamental strategy. 1) Innovation Strategy focuses on developing important new product or services. An organic structure provides the flexibility for this strategy. 2) Cost-minimization Strategy imposes tight controls over expenses and reduces product prices. The mechanistic structure is appropriate. 3) Imitation strategies are not adopted by true innovators but rather by organizations that move into new markets after smaller competitors have demonstrated the potential for success. Limitation best suited to a structure that combines mechanistic and organic. d. Structure is also a function of 1) Size. Larger organizations tend to be mechanistic because greater formalization is needed. Strategies also change as sizes changes. Growing organizations often expand activities within their industry. 2) Technology. An organic structure may be...

Words: 748 - Pages: 3

Organic Food

...Organic foods have become very popular through out the United States. There are many different things that make organic food better, but there are bad things about it as well. I will be telling mostly about the good in organic food. Organic must pass a certain standard to be labeled organic. The food must pass a test given by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Crops have to be grown natural meaning not using any pesticides, artificial fertilizers and irradiation. As for animals they must be on an organic farm and eat organically grown food, they also must have space to be freely and not always stuck in a barn. The biggest thing that animals cannot have is antibiotics or synthetic grown hormones. I choose to talk about why organic is the best option because of many different reasons. Even though organic foods cost more money it is still a good option. There is a lot more you have to do with organic foods and that's why it cost more money. The first being labor cost rising because they are not using chemicals the crops need more care and attention. The workers have to spend more time at work doing harder labor, so they are paying more money for labor then conventional farms. The second reason is the demand of organic food has highly increased since 1997. They can't produce organic food as fast as other foods. If they can't produce organic food fast enough then their is a shortage, instead they have to work harder and longer to meet the demands of......

Words: 1325 - Pages: 6


...Title: to get organic food Specific purpose: Organic food advocates claim that organically grown foods are safer and more nutritious than foods raised with non-organic methods such as pesticide and non-organic fertilizer use, or antibiotic and hormone use. Thesis statement: Many people just don't trust these chemicals and don't want to put them into their bodies. Since virtually all non-organically produced foods contain residues of pesticides, fertilizers and other chemicals, the only way to avoid them is to buy organic foods. Introduction Organic foods are grown without using most conventional pesticides and fertilizers. A product that is identified as being organic is not produced by genetic engineering. Ionizing radiation and sewage sludge cannot be used in organic production or handling. Organic farming practices include soil and water conservation measures. Crop rotation, manure, and compost are used to improve the soil in place of using conventional fertilizers. Instead of using commercial insecticides or herbicides, organic farmers might use companion planting to discourage insects and mulch and hand weeding to control weeds. To be certified as organic, food products need to come from farms and processing plants that are certified as organic. This means that they are inspected by certified government officials to ensure that organic farms are up to USDA organic standards. The USDA is responsible for the organic labeling program and allows one of three possible......

Words: 775 - Pages: 4

Organizational Structure: Comparison of Organic and Mechanistic Structures

...two primary structure types; organic and mechanistic. There are four main elements to organizational structure; centralization, formalization, hierarchy, and departmentalization. These elements often coexist in organizational structures and their configuration will determine whether an organization is organic or mechanistic. Organic organizations are less formal and more flexible than traditional organizations and are characterized by such things as flexibility, informality, and knowledge based authority. An organic structure is laid out like a network and emphasizes horizontal specialization, personal coordination, and extensive communication. Organic organizations are generally flat and decentralized, with little reliance on formal authority, which enables faster decision making. Mechanistic structures are primarily hierarchical, with an emphasis on specialization, and vertical communication. Mechanistic structures also place an emphasis on control by relying on rules, policies, and procedures in conducting operations. Mechanistic structures are highly formalized and centralized and as a result are more rigid and resistant to change. Determining which structure is best is dependent on the stage of development the organization and its industry are in. Firms in mature, stable environments may find greater success with the mechanistic structure while established firms in dynamic or turbulent environments may find greater success with the organic structure. Organizational...

Words: 1792 - Pages: 8


...Organic foods are foods that are produced using methods of organic farming -- that do not involve modern synthetic inputs such as synthetic pesticides and chemical fertilizers. Organic foods are also not processed using irradiation, industrial solvents, or chemical food additives.[1] The organic farming movement arose in the 1940s in response to the industrialization of agriculture known as the Green Revolution.[2] Organic food production is a heavily regulated industry, distinct from private gardening. Currently, the European Union, the United States, Canada, Japan and many other countries require producers to obtain special certification in order to market food as organic within their borders. In the context of these regulations, organic food is food produced in a way that complies with organic standards set by national governments and international organizations. Evidence on substantial differences between organic food and conventional food is insufficient to make claims that organic food is safer or more healthy than conventional food.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9] With respect to taste, the evidence is also insufficient to make scientific claims that organic food tastes better.[5][3] Many supporters of the organic foods movement believe that pesticides, herbicides and artificial additives found in non-organic food might be carcinogenic. The American Cancer Society (ACS) has said "whether organic foods carry a lower risk of cancer because they are less likely to be contaminated......

Words: 263 - Pages: 2

Go Organic

...would be impractical to attempt to persuade America to become vegetarians, but another solution to this growing problem would be to promote and eat organic meat. Organic is a term used for food that has not been genetically modified or altered, and that the organic fed animals have access to the outdoors. The treatment to these animals is considerably better. They are not treated with antibiotics, growth hormones, or chemicals. Like I previously stated though, these foods are significantly more expensive than a burger at the local McDonalds. According to the Organic Consumers Association, the prices of the organic version of meat are about 20 percent more expensive. These farmers, that provide a healthier and better lifestyle, are faced with the competition of low factory farm rates and the struggle to find a way around this price obstacle. In order to support and popularize these organic farms, they need more consumers. In spite of the price barrier, organic food is one of the fastest growing products in the food industry, increasing 20 percent annually. The U.S. sales for organic food and beverages have increased from 1 billion in 1990 to 26.7 billion in 2010. However, not everything you read at the supermarket is true. For example, if the meat is misleadingly labeled “free-range” or “free-roaming,” it is far from being organic. This label just means that the animals are allowed outdoor access for an undetermined period, each day. Many consumers are also deceived with the......

Words: 1530 - Pages: 7


...Taiwanese Market for Organic Food & Drink © Organic Trade Association 2006 This report is the intellectual property of OTA and for the use of US companies only. No part of this report may be reproduced or used in other commercial publications without written consent from the OTA. For information regarding permission, write to: Organic Trade Association PO Box 547, Greenfield MA 01302 Table of Contents I. Introduction 3 II. Market Overview & Summary 5 III. Industry Analysis 6 Industry Development Organic Farmland 6 7 IV. Market Analysis 8 Market Forecasts Market Drivers Market Restraints Product Categories 8 10 12 14 V. Sales Analysis 16 Distribution Structure Sales Channels 16 17 VI. Competitive Profiles 20 Producer Analysis Importer Analysis 20 22 VII. Pricing Analysis 24 IX. Business Recommendations 26 X. References 28 XI. List of Key Companies 29 © Organic Trade Association 2006 Organic Monitor ( 1 2 Organic Monitor ( © Organic Trade Association 2006 I. Introduction This report analyzes the Taiwanese market for organic food & drink. The report has been prepared by a combination of primary and secondary research. About 90 percent of the data was derived from primary research, which was in the form of trade interviews with leading producers, wholesalers, importers and retailers of organic products. Interviews...

Words: 8180 - Pages: 33

Organic firms make Organic products? -Organic food is made with less chemicals and food without chemicals are viewed as an attractive, more healthy choice. -Companies are making organic products because organic products have a growth rate of 5 times that of conventional packaged foods. -This information has led to some large chain grocers to even create their own brand of organic products. “Organic grocery products are ringing up sales growth of 15 percent a year, that is five times the growth rate of conventional packaged foods. Several major supermarket chains have begun offering their own brand of organic pasta, cookies and juice. Now, giant food processors and packagers of national brands are getting in on the organic action. Wal-Mart. the nation's largest retailer decided earlier this year to expand its organic offerings in the produce and grocery aisles across all its outlets and is doubling the number of organic items in 10 percent of its stores.” The reason why people don’t buy Organic product. -Some consumers don’t buy organic due to the higher price of the products. -Organic products can cost consumers 20%-100% more than the typical non-organic products. -It is expensive for traditional farms to be converted to organic farms. -Only 0.9% of farmland throughout the world is organic. -Organic farms produce less than traditional farms so there are less organic ingredients available to make these products. “America's appetite for organic food is so......

Words: 293 - Pages: 2

Mechanistic and Bureaucratic Organisations Will Probably Struggle to Encourage Organisational Learning. Critically Evaluate This Statement in Relation to the Mechanistic and Learning Perspectives.

...Mechanistic and bureaucratic organisations will probably struggle to encourage organisational learning. Critically evaluate this statement in relation to the Mechanistic and Learning perspectives. Brocka and Brocka (1992, pg.2) suggests that organisations are “revolutionary compared to the strict, hierarchical, authoritarian organisations that existed in the past”. Mechanistic and bureaucratic organisations follow the same traits where the structure is needed for “efficiency, conformity and compliance” (Spencer, 1994, pg.448). The revolutionary aspect to organisations is shown by introducing learning into the organisation promoting the development for “searching for information, assimilating, developing and creating new knowledge on product, processes, and services” Wang and Ellinger (2011, pg.512). According to Sun and Scott (2003 pg.202) “the terminologies organizational learning and learning organization were once used interchangeably. However, in the mid-1990s there was a bifurcation into two streams” for the purpose of this assignment the terms learning organisation and organisational learning will be used on an interchangeable purpose. This assignment will show a clear definition of mechanistic, bureaucratic and organisational learning structures of organisations. By using my personal experience, examples and the use of case studies, then linking to relevant theories an argument will be made whether mechanistic and bureaucratic organisations struggle to encourage......

Words: 2759 - Pages: 12


...Organic From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Look up organic or organics in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Organic may refer to: Of or relating to an organism, a living entity Of or relating to an organ Contents [hide] 1 Chemistry 2 Farming, certification and products 3 Computing 4 Economics and business 5 Military 6 Law 7 Music 8 Other 9 See also Chemistry[edit] Organic matter, matter that has come from a once-living organism, is capable of decay or the product of decay, or is composed of organic compounds Organic chemistry, chemistry involving organic compounds Organic compound, a compound that contains carbon Farming, certification and products[edit] Organic farming, agriculture conducted according to certain standards, especially the use of stated methods of fertilization and pest control Organic certification, accreditation process for producers of organic products Organic clothing, clothing produced from organic fibers such as organic cotton Organic horticulture, the science and art of growing fruits, vegetables, flowers, or ornamental plants by following the essential principles of organic agriculture Organic food, food produced from organic farming methods and often certified organic according to organic farming standards Organic baby products, organic products intended for babies and toddlers Organic wine Organic movement, movement of......

Words: 663 - Pages: 3

Organic Products

...WHY ORGANIC PRODUCTS? A healthy outside starts from the inside. Hence, making a commitment to healthy eating is a great start towards a healthier life. Beyond eating more fruits, vegetables, and good fats, however, there is the question of food safety, nutrition, and sustainability. How foods are grown or raised can impact both your health and the environment. This brings up the question: Is “organic” always best? It is all very well to go organic when we’re eating, but what about skincare? If we do not intent to put in harmful chemicals inside our body, should we really be putting chemicals on our skin? With researchers estimating that women put over 500 chemicals on their face daily, should this raise concern amongst us? The Food & Drug Administration (FDA) establishes the regulations and standards in the United States regarding the manufacture of drugs & food. The problem is that they don’t pay as much attention to skin care and make-up as they should, thereby allowing some very harmful chemicals to be used in creating almost every product that is mass marketed. Taking care of our skin is essential, as after all it is the body’s largest living organ. However, many of the personal care products available in the market contain toxins and chemicals that suffocate the skin. Many main-stream products contain chemicals that are easily absorbed into the skin and can enter the blood stream. Most of these compounds are absorbed easily by the skin, which inhibit the......

Words: 1323 - Pages: 6

Organic Farming

...Organic Farming The organic industry has become popular in recent years, but some do not know there is a difference between organic and natural. The word "organic" refers to the way farmers grow and process agricultural products ( Organic farming methods encourage soil, water conservation, and reduce pollution; farmers who grow organic produce and meat don't use conventional methods to fertilize, control weeds or prevent livestock disease ( With consumers looking for healthier options, organic seems like it would be a perfect option. However, with so many guidelines farmers need to follow the price for buying organic exceeds that of non-organic. Demand for organic milk and dairy has grown universally since the society has become more aware of what hormones and genetically modified organisms (GMO) have gone into the items we eat and drink. For example, in the case of GMO’s food is altered to a form that does not occur naturally in nature ( Plants repel insects, resist viruses while others are treated in a way that allows herbicides to be sprayed without harming the crop itself ( Although demand for organic is on the rise buyers have to do research on the items they are buying is truly organic and not just labeled as natural. In order for a farm to be natural all they have to do is put a label on their products. In the United States neither the FDA nor the USDA has rules or regulations for......

Words: 1178 - Pages: 5

Organic Food

...CANADIAN SOCIAL SCIENCE Vol. 6, No. 1, 2010, pp. 70-79 ISSN: 1712-8056 Purchase Intention of Organic Food; Perceived Value Overview INTENTION D'ACHATS DES ALIMENTS BIOLOGIQUES; VUE D’ENSEMBLE DE VALEUR PERÇUE Mohd Rizaimy Shaharudin1 Jacqueline Junika Pani2 Suhardi Wan Mansor3 Shamsul Jamel Elias4 Abstract: Organic food consumption among consumers is becoming popular nowadays. The attitude has emerged in today’s modern world due to the increased in awareness of the importance to maintain a healthy lifestyle by consuming foods without unsafe additives, preservatives, flavor and coloring. Organic food is produced without using most conventional pesticides; fertilizers made with synthetic ingredients or sewage sludge; bioengineering; or ionizing radiation, therefore promotes the healthy food characteristics. However, based on the reviewed of literatures, there were some inconsistencies in the previous research findings. In terms of perceived value towards organic food product, most of the research found positive and not less also discovered negative result mainly due the lack of some special value in the eyes of consumers. For instance, higher in price, not value for money, satisfied with the existing conventional food, doubts on the product guarantee and unclear declarations of the organic status. The research aims to identify the perceived value factor and its impact towards the customers’ purchase intention in Malaysia. The findings of the......

Words: 2515 - Pages: 11

Organic vs Mechanistic Structure

...Analysing Organisation Published: 23, March 2015 1. INTRODUCTION: An Organisation is social arrangements for achieving controlled performance in pursuit of collective goals (Buchanan & Huczynski 1997). The organization can also be defined as, social element developed by humans to serve some purpose. An organization usually consists of more than one people. According to Rollinson, the organizations are goals directed i.e. they are created to serve some purpose. However, this does not mean that everyone in the particular organization has the common goals and neither does it follow that everybody is aware of the goals pursued by the organization. Achieving the purpose or the goals for the organisation normally requires that human activity be deliberately structured and coordinated in some way, thus there will be identifiable parts or activities (Rollinson, 2008). For example, let us take our University as an organisation. The students, teaching staffs, non-teaching staffs, top management, workers, buildings and other resources available in the university form the organisation. The purpose of the university is to provide the quality education to the students. There is a culture being followed up in this organisation. The culture plays a major role in the organisation. But this culture is different from one organisation to another. What is Organisational Behaviour? It is the study of human behavior in organisational contexts, with a focus on individual and group......

Words: 2767 - Pages: 12