Oop Stack

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By sevendev
Words 853
Pages 4
Group Assignment
Introduction
Object Oriented Programming is a type of programming in which programmers define not only the data type of a data structure, but also the types of operations (functions) that can be applied to the data structure. In this way, the data structure becomes an object that includes both data and functions. In addition, programmers can create relationships between one object and another. For example, objects can inherit characteristics from other objects.
One of the principal advantages of object-oriented programming techniques over procedural programming techniques is that they enable programmers to create modules that do not need to be changed when a new type of object is added. A programmer can simply create a new object that inherits many of its features from existing objects. This makes object-oriented programs easier to modify.
There are five characteristics of OOP such as below.
Class & Object – Allow programmer to look at a system in a whole different way.
Encapsulation – Encapsulation is capturing data and keeping it safely and securely from outside interfaces.
Inheritance - This is the process by which a class can be derived from a base class with all features of base class and some of its own. This increases code reusability.
Polymorphism - This is the ability to exist in various forms. For example an operator can be overloaded so as to add two integer numbers and two floats.
Abstraction - The ability to represent data at a very conceptual level without any details.
We are going to describe and solve two problems using Encapsulation. First we need to define what encapsulation is. The term "encapsulation" is usually used to point up the advantage of Object Oriented method in computer programming approach. It means that in Object-Oriented approach, an object is encapsulated from any other object there is. Everything…...

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