Objectives of Punishment

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Objectives of Punishment

There have been many rules throughout history some choose to follow those rules and some choose to break the rules. The big question is the product to those who should break the rules. There was a day when parents could spank their children freely and accepted as simply normal. As the years went on, society started to see how people would take it too far. Therefore, laws had to change. It is the same within today’s prison system. Individuals are in prison because they broke the rules and would have to serve their time. Some go to federal prison and some go to state prisons. It depends on the type of crime that a person commits; because these prisons harbor different types of criminals they also have different guidelines to follow in terms to punishing the inmates. How does sending one person to state or one person to federal prison affect the correctional system altogether?

The State of California’s main goal of sentencing is to match the community sanctions with the offender. The types of community sanctions include: Criminal offenders who benefit from prevention services and are at risk of committing more crimes include: juvenile offenders with learning difficulties, high school dropouts, and urban youth gang members. Prevention services may include activities such as special education programs, and big brother programs. Criminal offenders who have received and benefited from these early intervention services are mostly first time offenders. Early intervention programs can significantly decrease the offender’s chances for committing crimes in the future. Offenders need substance abuse and alcohol counseling-related services, work skill development, and education, (Nieto,…...

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Objectives of Punishment

...Overall the goal of a punishment is to enforce a penalty of some kind on persons whom violates the laws, with the anticipations that the consequence or penalty will have an effect on that person thus convincing he or she to not to break the laws anymore, or instigating any extra destruction to the public (Foster, 2006). Though there is an abundant amount of disagreements that occurs around the ideas and goals of punishment and as well the effectiveness it has on modifying a criminal’s actions. The idea of deterrence being a form of punishment is attained by the inevitability of incarceration. Seemingly discourages the effects on those whom have committed illegal corruptions or whom might commit offenses. People incline to evade reiterating the same criminal doings, or illegal acts overall once the penalties are identified (Foster, 2006). The panic of sentence confines some people or criminals from doing criminal acts or the same act again. To protect society we imprison criminals who commit illegal acts so that these individuals will no longer become problem to the public and this is called the Incapacitations’ objective. Society is now safer since the offenders have been locked up. Rehabilitating those while they are confined helps, reduce illegal doings, and removes illegal activity plane for a later time. This is the Reformations idea of punishment. Achieving this is only accomplished through a number of programs in which endorse positive behavior. ...

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Objectives of Punishment

...Objectives of Punishment CJS/230 6/4/2013 Objectives of Punishment When trying to determine what most people think the objective of punishment is in the Criminal Justice system, the answer will usually be “to punish” the criminal. In all actually, punishment does not have to mean physical punishment, but could mean retribution in the form of monetary payments, or loss of certain freedoms. Deterrence is also an objective of punishment so the criminal will not want to conduct criminal behavior any further. Punishment also has the objective to rehabilitate, reform, or incapacitate an offender. Punishment applies to the overall criminal justice system in that it is designed to prevent citizens from preventing more crimes in the future. Punishment should be designed to show future criminals that the criminal justice is serious and to the community that they are safe from offenders. Punishment is also intended to rehabilitation offenders so that the criminal justice system does not have to have continued contact with the rehabilitated offender. By reducing the number of offenders in the system, we can ideally achieve a state of reduced offenders. Punishments assist with achieving institutional objectives by the outcome of the punishment. Three strike rules keep habitual offenders off the streets to hurt citizens. Supervised released assist in helping offenders to stay on track and make......

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Punishment

...precursor to another form of punishment but now it is an end in itself. Punishment can be effective either instrumentally or expressively. It can either reduce crime itself or it can be retributive, expressing society’s outrage. Crime can be reduced in three separate ways. Offenders themselves are discouraged from committing future crimes because they don’t want to undergo the punishment again; Mrs Thatcher instigated the ‘short, sharp shock’ regime in young offenders’ institutions in the 1980s. Some states in America go further and make the time in prison physically unpleasant. The rest of the community is deterred because they see the result of criminality. Prison can also bring about reform or rehabilitation of the prisoner through education, training or behaviour modification courses so that the ex-prisoner can integrate successfully into social life on release. Prison also works because the prisoners are not free to commit crimes against the general public. America uses the ‘3 strikes’ rule to remove habitual offenders from the community. Other countries use other forms of punishment to incapacitate offenders. America also uses the death sentence, a rather permanent solution, chemical castration for sex offenders and Muslim countries, in particular, still remove the hands of thieves so they cannot steal. At times the focus is on rehabilitation and the reduction of future crime, at others societies seem to be keener on punishment for its own sake. Offenders...

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...Punishment and Sentencing Philosophies Punishment and Sentencing Philosophies Chandra Walker Axia Online-UOP Abstract In this paper we will discuss the various punishment and sentencing philosophies that are used within the criminal justice system. The process that is used to apply justice is determined for the most part by punishment philosophies. These philosophies are used to express a variety of different concerns and arguments regarding the use of appropriate sentencing and treatment. Rehabilitation is a philosophy that predominantly rues the juvenile justice court system, but do not carry as much weight and is widely scrutinized within the adult courts sector. Rehabilitation may be scrutinized in the juvenile justice court system when the criminal behavior of the juvenile continues to escalate, but when rehabilitation is successful then it can be both beneficial for the criminal and society. When the appeals process is exercised it provides the fair practice of law, ensures those at trial the rights of due process, and gives clarity and provides full understanding of justice and the law. Punishment and Sentencing Philosophies In any nation that strives for great democracy, the major concern is the guaranteed universality of justice. For the US this is an ongoing process that is pursued largely in the court systems on an ongoing basis. Many criminalists state that if it the general basis for an action to constitute a crime really...

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...Punishment A Discussion Paper Submitted to Chase Porter In Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements for PSC 205 University of Alabama By Anna Yslava November 17, 2015 Discuss Nietzsche’s explanation for how we derive punishment and what role it serves. Do you agree or disagree with its analysis. We are generally tempted to see things as having inherent meanings. For instance, punishment is at once the act of punishing and the reason behind the punishment. However, Nietzsche argues, these things have had different meanings at different times. For instance, the act of punishment has been at times a celebration of one's power, at times an act of cruelty, at times a simple tit-for-tat. We cannot understand a thing, and we certainly cannot understand its origin, if we assume that it has always held the same meaning. Punishment was not meted out on the basis of guilt, but simply as a reprisal. The concept of punishment, for instance, has an aspect that is enduring and an aspect that is fluid. Contrary to what we might otherwise assume, Nietzsche suggests that the act of punishing is what endures, and the purpose for which we punish is what is fluid. Punishment has such a long history that it's no longer clear exactly why we punish. Nietzsche provides a long list of different "meanings" that punishment has had over the ages. In this list, Nietzsche nowhere mentions the development of "bad conscience," and suggests that even today, punishment does not awaken a......

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...Week Five: Punishments By: Kevin Hubbard University Of Phoenix CJS/230 Instructor: Ray Bynum October 23,2011 What is the Objective of punishment in the criminal justice system? I think it depends on the nature of the crime. The harsher the crime the more they should serve. Today in society I show that we have many innocent victims that are behind prison walls, does this make it right, NO, shall something be done, yes, but the question remains what? I do like the fact that they rehabilitate the inmates and help them to establish some type of trade to allow them to be accepted back into community because without this form of rehab it will slim the chance for them being accepted back into our society! The criminal can give back to society in some form whether it be their time, for some an apology, but let it be something given back even if it’s just hard labor. This will show that the inmates maybe of sorrow for the crime they commit. How does Punishment apply to the overall criminal justice system? The first contact an offender has with the criminal justice system is usually with the police (or law enforcement) who investigate a suspected wrong-doing and make an arrest, but if the suspect is dangerous to the whole nation, the FBI is called in. When warranted, law enforcement agencies or police officers are empowered to use force and other forms of legal coercion and means to effect public and social order. The term is most commonly associated with......

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...Objectives of Punishment Sherri Porter Introduction to Corrections December 11, 2011 Amanda Eicher Axia College of University of Phoenix Objectives of Punishment There is a set of beliefs that a majority of the members of society share and make into laws. These are what are considered right and wrong in a community. They use these to base what is acceptable and not acceptable in their society. The people who can not abide or break these laws must be punished according to the severity of the crime they committed, which is determined by the members of society. There are fire categories of punishment and the objectives that they are meant to achieve. These five categories are Fines, rehabilitation, retribution, deterrence, and incapacitation. The sum of money ordered by the court to be paid to the state by the offender is called a fine. They are quick, cost-effective, and flexible, create minimal disruption, and appropriate for many offences. They tend to be more biased and effective toward the poor and therefore do not seem to deter the rich from committing the same criminal offense again. Rehabilitation is trying to change how an offender views the crime that they committed. They have rehabilitation faculties all over the world and some even have weekly meetings to help people stay on track. The most famous of these are Alcoholics Anonymous which helps people with a drinking problem stay sober. You also have a Narcotics......

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Objectives of Punishment

...Checkpoint: Objectives of Punishment CJS/230 Objectives of Punishment The overall objective of punishment is to impose some kind of penalty on an individual for violating a law or rule, in the hopes that the penalty or punishment will result in that individual not committing future violations of the laws or rules, or causing any further harm to society (Foster, 2006). However, much controversy exists about which objective of punishment is effective for correcting criminal behavior. The deterrence objective of punishment is achieved by the certainty of imprisonment, which seems to have a discouraging effect on those who commit crimes or who may commit crimes. Individuals tend to avoid repeating criminal acts, or committing criminal acts altogether when the consequences are known (Foster, 2006). In other words, fear of punishment restrains certain individuals from committing or repeating criminal acts. Incapacitations’ objective is to protect society by imprisoning those who commit criminal acts, so those individuals no longer pose a threat to society. Therefore, society is safer because the criminals have been removed. Reformations’ objective of punishment is to rehabilitate individuals while they are imprisoned which aids in reducing criminal activity and may even eliminate future criminal activity for some individuals. This is achieved through various programs in which promote law abiding behavior. How Punishment Applies to the......

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Punishment

...How would you define punishment? How do the variations of punishment affect convicted criminals? What recommendations would you suggest regarding sentencing to help reduce recidivism rates? Punishment is a penalty for wrongdoing. Punishment can come in many forms including a verbal warning, probation, monetary fines, or incarceration. The type of punishment in the criminal justice system depends on the crime committed as well as the background of the offender. Convicted criminals may be less likely to commit the same offenses based on the punishments they are facing. If a criminal is facing life in prison, they may make the extra effort to avoid criminal activity. A criminal who is incarcerated and still participates in illegal activities faces further punishments that are meant to shock the inmate into following the rules. Additional time added to the criminal’s sentence, segregation, and loss of privileges are all possible outcomes a criminal faces for committing violations while incarcerated. In order to reduce recidivism rates prison systems could begin programs that slowly introduce inmates back into a society like setting as the end of their sentence draws closer. When a criminal goes to jail they undergo changes to adapt to the prison system in order to survive. They get used to the rules of the prison system and become accustomed to the structure of when to eat, where to go, and how their day to day life functions. Once their sentence is finished they are......

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The Principle Objectives of Punishment Within

...The Principle Objectives of Punishment within the Correction System The Principle Objectives of Punishment within the Correction System This analysis will cover several topics. The paper will compare objectives of punishment between state and federal. Another part of the discussion will cover how sentencing impacts the state and federal correction system. The last section will cover sentencing models. What are the state and federal objectives of Punishment? Each year thousands of individuals appear before a judge for sentencing of a crime one committed. Sentencing for felony offenses normally carries a punishment of incarceration of one year or more. Misdemeanors crimes carry incarceration sentencing of less than one year. Judges must review and consider complicated sentencing laws for each individual’s case, prior to sentencing. Judges of the 21 st century have less discretion in sentencing options than the past. There are mandatory minimum guidelines a judge must follow for sentencing. The judges must also follow the three-strike laws for repeated offenders. There are sentencing for some crimes that have little consideration to personnel factors regarding offenders, their crimes, and the victims. There are six general categories of sentencing under state penal codes that are available to judges for sentencing options. 1) Economic sanctions – offenders pay a fine or restitution to the victim or complete community service. These are standalone sentences without......

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Objectives of Punishment

...Objectives of Punishment In the criminal justice system punishment is used to help prevent people from committing more crimes in the future. The punishment is intended to be sufficient enough to show future criminals and the community that the criminal justice system is serious about crime prevention and keeping the community members safe. In most cases punishment is delivered in the form of incarceration. Punishment can be used to help achieve institutional objectives by applying the correct punishment to the appropriate crime. The original concept of the penitentiary system was to rehabilitate the offenders to help keep crime rates down. The original concept of rehabilitation was to help change the offenders’ thoughts and opinions about the crimes that they committed. This way they learn to change their habits and hopefully become an honest member of society. Incapacitation of the offenders is used in order to protect the community by reducing the chances of the offenders committing the same type of crime. However, if the offenders are just incarcerated and not offered any type of rehabilitation their thoughts remain the same and in some circumstances can become even more negative. This affects the overall criminal justice system by creating a backlog of cases in the court system which in turn can take up valuable space inside all jails and prisons across the United States. By offering different types of punishment like rehab, anger management, and......

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Punishment

...is continued there will be consequences or punishment. Punishment is used to keep control or order so that everyone, no matter the circumstance will be protected. Punishment is divided up into four types: retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, and societal protection. Since every crime or wrong doing is not created equal and almost every person reacts to the different types of punishment differently, the four types of punishment can be distributed according to the person and the crime. Retribution is the oldest form of punishment used. Retribution is described as an act of formal vengeance by which society makes the offender suffers as much as the suffering caused by the crime. For example: if a person kills another person, the dead person’s family suffers a greatly. Therefore, the murderer is most likely to punish by death as well. This form of punishment, in my opinion, is contradictive. If the crime one person commits is wrong, doing the same to that person is also wrong. This form of punishment does not help any of the persons involved, nor does it teach those who experience the crime through the media or hear say a lesson. Retribution is confuses all that it encounters and only make matter worst. Deterrence is defined as the attempt to discourage criminality through the use of punishment. Deterrence is another form of punishment used to persuade people to not engage in criminal activities or wrong doings. This form of punishment brings attention to all types of......

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Punishment

...History of Punishment According to (Seiter, 2011) Cesare Beccaria is known as the founder of the classical school of criminology, the first organized theory of crime causation linked to appropriate punishments. According to (Seiter, 2011) Beccaria suggested that the purpose of punishment is utility or the prevention of crime. According to (Seiter, 2011) Jeremy Bentham is the creator of the hedonistic calculus suggesting that punishments outweigh the pleasure criminals get from committing crime. According to (Seiter, 2011) another way to remove offenders from society was through transportation or deportation. Transportation started in England and was used throughout the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries to send undesirables to the colonies in America. According to (Seiter, 2011) the first response to crime in the American colonies was based on the English criminal codes and incorporated the Puritans linking of crime with sin in developing a rigid and strict system of punishments. Violations of expected community behavior were death with severely using corporal and capital punishment carried out in public to deter both individual offenders and the broader community. According to (Seiter, 2011) whipping at the town center whipping post or placement in stocks and pillories was common punishment for minor offenses such as drunkenness, slander, or stealing something of minor value. Pillories were wooden frames with holes for offender’s hands and head. According to (Seiter,......

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