Nuclear Weapons

In: Social Issues

Submitted By zacklistoman
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Have nuclear weapons reduced the number of worldwide conflicts?
The correlation between nuclear weapons and world stability has been a controversial topic and the subject of heated discussions in recent years – there is a growing widespread belief that nuclear weapons create a more secure world by preventing hostilities from escalating. However, while nuclear weapons certainly do bring positive aspects, there is a good amount of evidence to suggest that they might not discourage but actually increase armed conflicts. This report will go over the benefits and downsides of nuclear weapons, and will examine specific examples in order to determine whether they have had a positive or negative effect in the number of worldwide-armed conflicts.
Nuclear weapons were first created in the form of a bomb, during World War 2. They were the product of extensive research, known as the Manhattan Project, funded by the United States government and under the direction of J. Robert Oppenheimer and the military supervision of General Leslie Groves. Created by means of atomic fusion and fission, they were intended to give the US the upper hand in the war and mark the beginning of American hegemony in the world. The atomic bomb was tested on July 16, 1945 at Trinity site, in New Mexico. After a successful explosion, the bomb was ready to use against Japan and end the war in the Pacific. Officials agreed the attack had to be powerful and shocking so the world would see the United States was in control; the city Hiroshima became the target due to its size and importance. However, Leo Szilard, in conjuncture with other scientists who worked in the Manhattan Project, signed a petition urging not to use the bomb – they warned there was no limit to its destructive power and predicted it would open the door to a whole new era of destruction. The first atomic bomb, codenamed “Little Boy”, was…...

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