Ntc 362

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Protocol Paper

NTC/362 Fundamentals of Networking

Protocol Paper

Introduction
Switching, whether it is packet or circuit, is an essential portion of any network. By not using the right equipment, or using it properly, you can cause massive lag time or jitter within your own system. This will result in packet collision, loss of data, and could result in loss of business.

Open Systems Interconnection Protocol Model

In order for two computers to be able to interchange data and information, they first must establish communicate with each other. Protocols allow for this communication to take place (Goleniewski). The Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Model gives a logical design that is used for communication between systems. The OSI Model is layered with seven subcomponents: Application (7), Presentation (6), Session (5), Transport (4), Network (3), Data Link (2) and Physical (1). Each one of these layers presents a collection of services. These services are provided to the layers that are above and below that specific layer. In addition to these, the OSI Model also details the transfer of computer packets using layer protocols (Goleniewski).

The Application layer has the role of maintaining the exchange of information between a computer’s programs and services on the network. The Presentation layer makes it possible for software applications to read information by formatting it. Support for connections between sessions is handled through the Session layer. It also takes the role of handling administrative tasks and providing security. When transmission errors occur, it is the transport layer that corrects the issue. Then it reliably delivers that information to the target destination. The Network layer serves as a routing service by identifying computers on the network and directs the information throughout the network. To prepare data for transfer…...

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