New Testament Culture and Historical Background

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By gracebaspnes
Words 322
Pages 2
Grace
Knowing the cultural and historical background of the New Testament should be a requirement in the studying of the New Testament. Without knowing the cultural and historic background of the New Testament would be reading the Bible and making a lot of our own interpretations. Before reading the assignment for this module, I believe I was making a lot of interpretations based on the writings in the New Testament. As long as I have been reading the Bible this is the first that I have read about knowing the cultural and historic background of the written text of the Bible and how they affect the interpretation.
The New Testament was written about AD 45 to approximately AD100 and contains 27 books. Leather Scrolls and Papyrus sheets were uses to write down the information. ((The Essence of the New Testament: A Survey). Towns and Gutierrez)).
The first pages were written in the language of the intended audience. Over time, the audiences’ changes and new translations are made so they can understand the writings. Each time a new translation is made it is for a different culture with a different history. It is difficult to say how many times our culture, historical background and biblical beliefs, has changed since AD 45. Copies were made from the original pages and forwarded through the country. God managed for the original signed papers to disappear.
Translations only change the language of the text, not the meaning, that God had the text written. The biblical meaning was for the audience of the time .The original pages were written and later placed in a Canon (Book). We have to remember, as we study the Bible, who the original audience was and their history. The text is intended for all cultures with different historical backgrounds. We have to remember that today’s versions are for our culture and our historical background. The meaning of the text…...

Similar Documents

New Testament

...Summary of the books of the Old Testament books Ruth The Book of Ruth is a narrative material. The key theme of this book demonstrates how non- Israelites were to be accepted into the nation. The story begins with Naomi, Elimelech ( her husband) and their sons moving to Moab from Israel in search of a better life due to famine. Their sons marry Moabite women, named Ruth and Orpah . Shortly after Elimelech dies, her two sons die as well. Naomi declares she is heading back to her homeland. Ruth insists she is going with her as she states her love for Naomi and her God. Upon arrival Ruth gleans the fields, after the harvesters, on Boaz’s fields. Boaz was very kind to Ruth. Ruth learned that Boaz was a kinsman-redeemer and proposed to him. But, he knew there was a closer kinsman-redeemer. He facilitated a deal so he could marry Ruth. Boaz and Ruth were blessed with a son named Obed, who became the great-grandparents of David. Joshua The Book of Joshua is a narrative material. The key theme of this book is about Joshua conquering the Promised Land through God’s commands. Jericho was the first land they conquer after crossing the Jordan River. Rahab, a Canaanite, helped two Israelite spies escape. Due to her loyalty, the Israelites spared her and her family. Ai was next, although the first battle was lost. Ai’s first battle was lost due to Achan’s sin. After Ai was destroyed, Joshua renewed the Covenant of Moses. Joshua then went on to defeat the different kings......

Words: 747 - Pages: 3

New Testament

...Bible Book Summaries New Testament Matthew Matthew is that of the gospel genre. Matthew is the first book of the New Testament. The book of Matthew proclaims the good news that God is Emmanuel ("God with us"), that Jesus is God's Messiah whose teaching, healing, suffering, death, and resurrection now constitute a new disciple community, and that this Jesus Messiah, with all power and authority, commissions this community with the promise that he will be with them forever. Matthew uses the OT to clearly show that Jesus fulfilled the words of the OT prophets. Matthew showed the Jewish the love Christ had for them. Matthew intended to show through his recordings such as the Sermon on the Mount, and a collection of parables spoken by Jesus, as well as the arrest, crucifixion, and resurrection of Christ, that Jesus was the true prophesied Messiah for the Jewish people. Luke Luke is that of the gospel genre. Luke is known for being one of the most beautiful books of the Bible. The book of Luke compares Jesus to that of the gospels. His accounts start with a brief insight to the parents of Jesus, the birth of His cousin, and John the Baptist. Luke also records the journey of Mary and Joseph to Bethlehem, where the birth of Jesus took place, and a genealogical record of Jesus through His mother, Mary. Luke also records some of the more narrative stories of Jesus, displaying His love and compassion for forgiveness, such as The Prodigal Son, The Rich Man and Lazarus,...

Words: 349 - Pages: 2

David Trobisch and David Parker on the Origin of the New Testament the Historical Jesus, and How Manuscripts Can Reveal What Texts Conceal

...the New Testament, the Historical Jesus, and How Manuscripts Can Reveal What Texts Conceal Tom Dykstra I grew up with a picture of Paul traveling through Asia and Europe, founding congregations, counseling and teaching the men and women who had given their life to Jesus. If he could not visit them, he sent letters. When Paul died, his letters were kept as treasures. Each church that had received one of his letters saved it, had it read during worship services, and exchanged copies of the letter with other congregations close by. Later the congregations tried to complete their collection. But this view does not match the uniformity of manuscript evidence. --David Trobisch 1 It is even more remarkable that attempts to reconstruct the supposed document 'Q' (the lost collection used by both Matthew and Luke postulated by those who argue that Matthew and Luke are independent) use text-critical terminology to describe their activities. However, since all they are doing is making selections from a twentieth-century printed text, which does not even presume to provide confidently the text of the four-Gospel collection, never mind that of the independent first-century texts, this use of language must be dismissed as illusory. --David Parker 2 Modern scholarship has produced detailed biographies of Paul, massive multi-volume inquiries into “the historical Jesus,” and mountains of exegetical literature that claims to extract the author’s meaning from each word of each New Testament......

Words: 12334 - Pages: 50

Historical Background of the Garment Industry

...Historical background of the Garment Industry Like other 3rd world countries Bangladesh is a developing country. Her economic development depends firstly on agriculture and secondly on industry. Although Bangladesh is not developed in industry, it has been enriched in Garment industries in the recent past years. In the field of Industrialization garment industry is a promising step. It has given the opportunity of employment to millions of unemployed, especially innumerable uneducated women of the country. It is making significant contribution in the field of our export income. Historical background of the Garment Industry:  Once the cloth of Bangladesh achieved worldwide fame specially muslim and jamdani cloth or our country was used as the luxurious garments of the royal figures in Europe and other countries. The British rulers in India didn’t develop our cloth industries at all. Rather they destroyed them and imported cloths from England. Garment Industry Large-scale production of readymade garments (RMG) in organized factories is a relatively new phenomenon in Bangladesh. Until early sixties, individual tailors made garments as per specifications provided by individual customers who supplied the fabrics. The domestic market for readymade garment, excepting children wears and men's knit underwear (genji) was virtually non-existent in Bangladesh until the sixties. Since the late 1970s, the RMG industry started developing in Bangladesh primarily as an export-oriented...

Words: 865 - Pages: 4

The Canonization of the New Testament

...The Canonization of the New Testament When we think about the New Testament in our Bibles today most of us pay little attention to, or have little regard for the history that surrounds how it came to be. This is partly because of the high position we as Evangelicals have for our Bibles. We are taught that the Bible is infallible and never contradicts itself. I agree whole heartedly that the Bible is God's Holy Word and infallible non contradictory. But two weeks ago if you were to ask me how the Bible was put together or "canonized", I would have told you that there was some sort of council that decided which books should be in there, but ultimately it was God's sovereign will. Now the last part would be correct, but the rest is at best debatable. So how was the Bible put together? Since the argument is extremely complex and much of the details are lost or were never recorded, we will be exploring the different events that drove the movement, along with several different opinions of when the Bible was Complete or Canonized. There were two particular movements during the second century that made the Church realize a need to have a compilation of books that were universally accepted. The first movement, although not as well know, was Marcionism. This heretical sect was started by Marcion who was born into Christianity but had a deep dislike for Judaism and the material world. He believed that the God and Father of Jesus are not the same as the creator Yahweh, and it was...

Words: 1777 - Pages: 8

The Historical Background of Communism

...Post-Soviet Space Mariam Gamdlishvili The Historic background of communism (According to Richard Pipes) The Communist system of the Soviet Union derived from the Russian tradition and the ideology of Marxism-Leninism. However neither of these can explain the behavior and structure of Communist regimes. The Russian monarchy of 16th and 15th centuries was influenced by the relation between the state and the society in the medieval Russia, where the society represented a military force which conquered new territories from the neighboring states and protected the land from foreign assaults and enjoyed neither legal status nor any kind of rights. Russia was expansionist and felt no allegiance to any supranational community. This way the state and the society led separate existence. Russian government regarded law as a device for controlling the population rather than a principle regulating relations between the authority and the society. Besides it, Russia experienced dispersion of authority among different princes. Territorial expansions were a hallmark of sovereignty for the country. The northwestern parts of Russia were poorly populated and were colonized by the princes and were regarded by them as private property. The state was unfamiliar with the distinction between political authority and the rights of property. Until the middle of 18th century Russian state was patrimonial, (a regime in which sovereignty and property are fused). Afterwards it began to undergo an......

Words: 905 - Pages: 4

Knowing the Cultural and Historical Backgrounds of the New Testament

...Cultural and Historical Backgrounds of the New Testament It is my belief that it is necessary to know both the cultural and historical background of the New Testament.  This would help in giving invaluable insight into the core understanding of what the scriptures are saying to us with the cultures and history as the backdrop.  Culture was a large influence on the mindset of beliefs and practices during those times. This caused tradition to set in that was not easily changed.  Jesus shook up this mindset by going against what was the normal culture and historical practices by showing and proving that He is the way, the truth and the life.  The story of the woman at the well gives us a clear example of this.  When Jesus encountered the woman at the well, Jesus broke three cultural customs.  First He spoke to a woman; second, she was a Samaritan who the Jews traditionally did not like; and third, He asked her to get Him a drink of water, which would have made Him ceremonially unclean because He used her cup. He Jesus showed that his mission was to the entire earth, not just the Jews.   In studying the historical background of the New Testament, we can tap into the occasions and events of the divinely inspired writers’ views.  For we know that history itself is a lesson that can provide real-time life changing answers.  For there to be a culture, there first had to be a history to build upon.  The history that the New Testament builds upon is the laws of the old......

Words: 374 - Pages: 2

Cultiral and Historical Background of New Testament

...Rhonda Parker 10/22/2014 Bible 110 D11 Cultural and Historical Background of New Testament Although Christ would want us to have full understanding of both New and Old Testaments, there is still a separation between them. The Old Testament people had different laws, and were under an old covenant. Law was central to them. Whereas, we as New Testament believers under the new covenant approached God through the sacrifice of Christ. (Duvall and Hays 2008, p. 12) yet still Christians today have some differences through cultures, languages, situations, and time. Which is why cultural and historical background is important. When we study scripture we have to be able to interpret the message of the original text. Problems that arise from misinterpreting the text are: 1) we will not have the true meaning of the scripture, and 2) we will go on to begin to teach others our interpretation. Henceforth, causing a domino effect of confused believers. When I began to study the bible I became so confused, trying to sift through just those scriptures that seemed familiar to me. Why? Because, so many different interpretations of various scriptures had been thrown at me that my head was swimming. Hence the desire for a deeper understanding of the word. The cultural and historical background of the New Testament are the directions on a map, but just as a navigator needs to learn how to interpret every symbol of a map. We have to be able to understand how the Bible......

Words: 254 - Pages: 2

Old and New Testament Exegesis

...Old and New Testament Exegesis The author of Daniel intended to restore hope to the nation of Israel during a time of horrifying persecution. This was done through a combination of narrative stories and apocalyptic revelations, both involving the wise and religious character known as Daniel. The lessons of faithfulness and obedience throughout the book transcend generations and still affect readers today. The setting of Daniel takes place during the “Babylonian exile” within the “courts of Babylonian, Median, and Persian kings” (Collins 33). This exile took place the around the sixth century B.C. Contrary to the setting, though, “critical scholarship has established that the book actually comes from the 2nd century B.C.” (33). During this era, the Jewish population was persecuted by Antiochus IV Epiphanes, who went so far as to desecrate the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem by constructing a statue to the Greek god Zeus, much like King Nebuchadnezzar does in chapter 3 (Porteous 57). The biggest clue that Bible scholars notice when questioning the authorship is how accurate the succession of kingdoms is mentioned throughout the book. The author’s ability to hint at events that occur centuries after Daniel’s lifespan lead scholars to suspect an alternative author (Jeffrey 349). The book of Acts seems so straight forward as a mere history of the early Church that one can hardly imagine the controversy behind the tedious details in the critical examination...

Words: 3131 - Pages: 13

Historical Background ( Jewish)

...Historical background /discussion of statistics of the problem and/or sociology demographics features of the population selected. Major ethnic groups in US (Jewish) The Jewish nation was the most singular that was in the world and even negligible for political but in many ways is worthy of consideration for humanity. It is the only peoples who live scattered and without alliance with any nation are perpetuated between foreign and constitute a people apart from the rest of the world. Almost everyone who wrote the history of the origin of this nation have referred through miracles, everything is miraculous in it. What distinguishes the Jews from other nations is that their God is the only true, which it is not lawful for us to doubt. The Christian religion and the Muslim recognize the Jewish as their mother. Solomon's time was the most flourishing of the Jewish people, and all the kings of the world together could not hold an equivalent treasure possessed Solomon, his father was King David. When Solomon died twelve tribes that made up the nation were divided; it was torn in two small provinces kingdom, one Judah and the other Israel was called. Nine and a half tribes formed the Israelite province and half past two composed only of Judah. Then there was between the two provinces and implacable mutual hatred because although they were relatives and neighbors professing different religions. Jerusalem was sacked many times; was tax; slave; three times taken...

Words: 593 - Pages: 3

The Nature and Significance of the New Testament

... The Nature and Significance of the New Testament Marshall Suddarth Indiana Wesleyan University New Testament by Definition. As defined the New Testament is “the second part of the Christian Bible comprising the canonical Gospels and Epistles and also the book of Acts and book of Revelation” (Merrium-Webster.com, 2015); however, the meaning goes much deeper than that. It is the testimonial recollection of the life, death, and resurrection of Christ; a guide to salvation and eternal life. The New Testament is the canonization of several manuscripts written over a fairly large period of time after the death of Christ. A process of study, group debate, and political influences brought the New Testament to the twenty-seven books we see today. While some debate still exist as to the authorship of the individual books, most believe that God directed the early founders of Christianity to form the text as a basis for others to find the truth of God and Christ. Canonization. Early founders of the church consisted of multicultural backgrounds, each with its own set of political influences, cultures, and belief structures. The word of Christ was very important as a common theme; however, the authority and authorship of the individual works was just as important (Schenck, 2010). Early founders of the book we currently see as the Bible wanted the scripture to be a true recollection of the original testimony of Christ’s life, and the purpose for which he died and was resurrected. ......

Words: 791 - Pages: 4

New Testament Studies

...B111 New Testament Task: B Rebecca Chambers 1st March 2016 Explore how the use of the body metaphor in the ancient world impacts interpretation and application of Paul’s body of Christ motif in 1 Corinthians 12:12-31, proposing at least one implication for the church today. Word Count: 1500 Contents Introduction 3 Historical context of Paul’s writings 3 Why Paul wrote his letter to the Church of Corinth 4 Body metaphor in the Ancient World 5 Interpretation, application and implication of 1 Corinthians 12:12-31 6 Conclusion 7 Bibliography 8 Introduction “Just as a body, though one, has many parts, but all its many parts form one body, so it is with Christ.” (1 Cor 12:12). This essay will explain how Paul’s body of Christ motif was informed by the body metaphor in the ancient world. It will also explore how it was applied to the church of Corinth and understood by them in their contemporary cultural setting. Furthermore, it will examine the reason for Paul writing this epistle at the time, focusing on his desire to cultivate a more Christocentric community in Corinth. Lastly it will draw on the ancient texts that influenced Paul’s writing on the body of Christ and look at the implications of this for the Church today. Historical context of Paul’s writings Paul was an outstanding leader of the early Church and a person of many gifts. He was the leading missionary and theological teacher of his time and through his letters was the most......

Words: 1778 - Pages: 8

Historical Background of Pepsi

...HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Born in the Carolinas in 1898, Pepsi-Cola has a long and rich history. The drink is theinvention of Caleb Bradham (left), a pharmacist and drugstore owner in New Bern, NorthCarolina. In the late1890's, he had been experimenting withCoca andKola extracts in thesyrup form. By mixing this syrup with carbonated water, he produced a very pleasingbeverage that not only tasted good but also made his customers and friends feel good. Hepromoted it as a cure of dyspepsia (indigestion). Initially called Brads Drink by his local friends, the drink was formally titled PEPSI COLAin 1898. By 1902 the syrup was so popular that Caleb was devoting most of time in the preparation, packaging, marketing, advertising, and overseeing thedistribution of it to other pharmacies. His sales increased rapidly and in1904 he boughtthe Bishop Mill and converted it into his bottling plant for Pepsi Cola. In 1907, hepurchased adjoining land and built a three-story addition to the factory to serve as office space for his new company. By the end of1909 Caleb Bradham had250 franchises in24 different states, hisbusinesses continued to grow till1920 when volatile sugar prices caused the beginning ofthe rapid decline in his fortune. Bankruptcy was declared in March,1923 and the PEPSIformula passed through the series of folding companies until1931, when Loft CandyCompany in New York purchased it. In1934, Pepsi began offering twice as much softdrink for the same 5-cent price and sales......

Words: 1116 - Pages: 5

Ephesians Historical Background

...Ephesians Historical Background Perry L. Julian Colorado Christian University Ephesians Historical Background We must understand Ephesus if we want to understand the Book of Ephesians. Ephesus was a large prosperous city in Asia Minor. One of the seven wonders of the world was in Ephesus. It was a large temple dedicated to a goddess named Diana (Artemis). The temple and streets were lined with immoral goddess prostitutes. It was a very wicked city and immorality flourished and flooded over into society and families. Paul was clever in using the concepts of holiness, service, and temple to reveal the power of the Gospel in how it creates a new people born of God dedicated to His holy purposes. While Paul was imprisoned on house arrest around 60-62 AD he wrote what has been called the prison epistles. While imprisoned he wrote Colossians, Philemon, Philippians and Ephesians. In Duvall & Hays (2012) on page 135 it says, “We study the historical-cultural background of the Bible because God chose to speak first to ancient peoples living in cultures that are radically different from our own. As we recapture the original context of God’s Word, we will be able to grasp its meaning and apply that meaning to our lives. In the NIV Study Bible (2011) on page 1983 it says, “Having explained God’s great goals for the church, Paul proceeds to show the steps toward their fulfillment. First, God has reconciled individuals to himself as an act of grace (2:1-10). Second, God has......

Words: 957 - Pages: 4

New Testament

...Summary of the New Testament Books John John is a gospel genre. Written by John, “whom Jesus loved,” in Greek primarily to reach the new believers and seekers of Jesus. The theme of John demonstrates the miracles of Jesus’ incarnation, crucifixion, and resurrection to the early believers. The characters are Jesus, His disciples, John the Baptist, Lazarus, Jewish leaders, the five thousand, Pilate, Mary, and Mary Magdalene. John the Baptist testifies Jesus is the Lamb of God. Jesus calls for His disciples. Jesus changes water to wine. John tells of the healings of the blind and the lame, the official’s son. Jesus feeds the five thousand with five loaves and two fishes. John writes of Jesus’ walk on water. John tells of the unbelief of the Jewish leaders, and Jesus makes claims about Himself. Lazarus dies and Jesus brings him back. Jesus prayed. Judas betrays Jesus and Peter denies Jesus. Pilate crucifies Jesus. John is responsible for Mary, Jesus’s mother. Jesus, after three days is seen by Mary Magdalene. He eats with the twelve in upstairs room. Acts Acts is a narrative genre. The theme; God is in control. The purpose; illuminate the works of the Holy Spirit during the persecution of the apostles. The characters are Jesus, Holy Spirit, Peter, Steven, Saul (Paul), Philip, believers, the apostles, King Agrippa. On Pentecost, the apostles receive the Holy Spirit. Peter begins his ministry with John. Their arrested for preaching the resurrection of Christ. They will...

Words: 854 - Pages: 4