Music and Its Effect on the Learning Experience of Children from Early Childhood to Adulthood

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By asimmo30
Words 2468
Pages 10
Music and Its Effect on the Learning Experience of Children from Early Childhood To Adulthood

Abstract

Research proves that music has a major impact on the brain of individuals of all ages. This work focuses on how the use of music, melody, and song can play a positive role in the learning experiences of children throughout all grade levels if implement by teachers and instructors. With the assistance of three children, one from each age group (early childhood, middle to late childhood, and adolescence) it is proven that music does have an effect on the learning experience. It is also proven that ideas can be drawn from the developmental theories of Jean Piaget, Lev Vgotsky, and Sigmund Freud to correlate with the responses of the three children about how music effects their learning.

Introduction

If you were told that two groups of students in a case study were found to improve at significantly different rates in learning subjects such as reading and math in an elementary school what would you think was the independent variable used in the case study? Would you suspect that the independent variable was a difference curriculum? Maybe you would suggest that it could have been a difference in teachers? Or perhaps the groups were in different schools, private or public, urban or suburban. But how likely would you think it that the significant difference in progress could be attributed to the use of music instruction throughout the learning process? In a 1988 case study done at Oxford University it was proven that children who were taught using musical instruction performed 79% better at reading and math than students who were not taught using music instruction. Many researchers, such as those at Oxford University, have observed that the use of music instruction…...

Similar Documents

Childhood to Adulthood

...------------------------------------------------- Childhood to Adulthood [Author Name] Table of Contents Introduction 3 Literature Review 4 Complex Relationship 4 Role of other external agents 5 Division of role between parents (Mother and Father) 5 Major problems 6 Social Interaction 7 Difference in child personality 7 Discussion and Conclusion 8 References: 11 Introduction We are born as child and then gradually transformed to adults. This transformation, from Childhood to Adulthood is often dependent upon lot of factors, both internal and external. This transformation depends a lot upon the inputs given by parents and family members. Through out the research we have tried to figure out the role played by parents and parenting in this transformation. The purpose of the project is to figure out that what are the behavioral aspects of parents that have an impact on the upbringing of child and how parents can effect the transformation of children from childhood to adulthood. The literature tells us that parents who understand their children and who has got control over children tend to shape the future of their kids in a positive way, whereas parents who treat their children as liability and are engage in scolding them losses control over their children. Some of the things worth mentioning for research are: - * There are several factors that parents should consider about the upbringings of their children. * First they should realize......

Words: 2153 - Pages: 9

Early and Middle Childhood

...Early and Middle Adulthood Over the course of the lifespan people change daily and change at different paces. Where we come from as well as who we come from, molds us into adults. We just discussed the middle childhood and adolescence phase. In this paper, we will examine the psychological adjustments to aging and the lifestyle that occur within individuals during early and middle adulthood (emerging adulthood), which can be looked at as a separate developmental stage. Social and Intimate Relationships The social and intimate relationships that people experience during early and middle adulthood can change greatly. As I will explain later in this paper, role changes affect these relationships as well. As Erikson has stated in his intimacy versus isolation phase, humans are “social creatures.” The social relationships that people have at 18 will likely be different from those they have at 25. As emerging adulthood takes place, personality changes are evident. Many early and middle adults seek a mixture of education, friendship, and achievement. If this combination is attained, self-esteem will surely improve. For example, I was 19 when I enlisted in the Marine Corps. I had grown up in a small town in Wisconsin and was living in my own “bubble.” I received my first set of station orders and was sent to Iwakuni, Japan. It was exciting but also scary for me to think about being so far away from my hometown friends as well as my family. After I had gotten to......

Words: 1151 - Pages: 5

The Effects of Fairy Tales in Early in Childhood

...Fairy tales come from all parts of the world. Many are similar in content, with the same under lying moral or message, but with different characters and situations. Fairy tales tell a lot about a culture and how it views the world. Folklore helps to define how a culture thinks and reacts, Fairy tales are an important part of that. Fairy tales and similar stories are an integral part of human tradition. Few stories have changed very little since there original telling, while many have grown more fanciful over time as they were elaborated on. Fairy tales have been around for millennia, and were originally handed from one generation to the next by storytelling. The oral tradition of storytelling allowed each teller to make adaptations that pertained to current conditions, or to add different morals depending on the audience. The most common fairy tales were not originally written for children. They were later adapted by different writers or edited to make them acceptable for the younger generations. In 1697 Charles Perrault wrote fairy tales intended to be presented at the court of Versailles, each story was followed by a verse with a moral (Fairy Tales). His work was published and includes modern classics like Cinderella and Sleeping Beauty. Fairy tales were originally told by women, and were often more inventive and nastier, then the tales first put into print. The title Fairy Tales first appeared in the Oxford dictionary in 1749. The term actually arose from a book......

Words: 304 - Pages: 2

Early Adulthood

...Span Social Clock: Ravena Helson Social And PD In Adulthood : Daniel Levinson Intimacy Vs Isolation: Erik Erikson Relationship Development: Bernard Mursntein Triangular Theory Of Love: Robert Sternberg Selecting A Partner   Marriage Conflict Divorce UNIT 4 EARLY ADULTHOOD PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT   Career         Choose And Embarking On Career Identity During Young Adulthood Career Development Holland’s Theory Ginzberg’s theory Gender And Career Choice Why People Work Career Transition Learning Unit Objectives  Development Across the Lifespan     Discuss about the personality development of early adulthood. Explain Social clock: Ravena Helson, Social and PD in adulthood : Daniel Levinson, Intimacy vs Isolation: Erik Erikson, Relationship development: Bernard Mursntein and Triangular Theory of Love: Robert Sternberg Discuss on issues about selecting a Partner as well as Marriage, Conflict in marriage and divorce Discuss issues related to Career.   What makes people happy? Money? Materials? Objects? According to research, happiness in young adulthood is usually derived from feelings of independence, competence, or self-esteem (Sheldon et al, 2001). Therefore, the components of happiness: Fulfillment of psychological needs.     Building relationships in Early Adulthood: Liking and Loving During early adulthood, romance, love, marriage and children are often the focus of life. The development......

Words: 4800 - Pages: 20

Infancy and Early Childhood Development

...and Early Childhood Development The brain of infants and early childhood development is empty and absorbable like a sponge throughout adulthood. At infancy stage, the brain develops according to exposure to verbal expression exposure and visual physical observation exposure. The human being brain will utilize the exposures throughout the developing stages in life (Feldman, 2010). Parenting interaction with an infant and environmental condition affects the way infants develop. Hence, it is fundamental to set positive structure from the beginning because the exposure cannot be undone when raising a child. It is significantly important to provide a nurturing environment. The Affect Families Have On Infants and Childhood Development From infancy, the brain instantaneously goes through developmental change. The progress is an effect of genes and the environment the infant is exposing to and as an outcome of experiences (Feldman, 2010). Early childhood experiences have two categories; experience-dependent and experience-expectant. Experience-expectant refers to the development of the nervous system and it is predictable to develop in a certain way. Standard cognitive growth is reliant of the positive type of environmental exposure. With the exception of any type of fetal damage to the brain, in order for the experience-expectant to be within usual range of development; when an infant is exposed to a loving gesture (as an example), it should respond cognitively.......

Words: 1106 - Pages: 5

Early and Middle Adulthood Paper

...Early and Middle Adulthood Paper Morgaine Smith PSY280 April 17, 2012 Early to middle adulthood is a time of independence, identity seeking, and lifestyle forming. During this time people strike out on their own, building relationships and establishing social and health-affecting habits. Middle adulthood differs from young adulthood in social needs (although the basic need for socialization remains the same), and represents a shift in attitude about relationships and vocations that moves from fluidity to stability. Health practices are also at work here, with factors such as diet, exercise, and drug use in young adulthood impacting middle adulthood later on. Erikson believed that people need constant contact with others throughout their lives, from birth to death, whether that contact is romantic intimacy or a relationship with friends and family. In romantic relationships, young adults tend to be “serially monogamous” [ (Berger, 2010) ], or remaining emotionally or sexually involved with only one person for a period of time, though the relationship is rarely permanent, and the young adult may have many of these relationships during this stage of his or her life. This is typical for the age group, which is characterized by an unwillingness to commit permanently to a job, a spouse, or even an educational program. Young adults today are markedly different from young adults in the previous generation, in that they marry later and may not start families or enter a......

Words: 1498 - Pages: 6

The Effects Parents Have on Early Childhood Education

...The Effects Parents Have on Early Childhood Education Grand Canyon University: UNV501 January 8, 2014 The Effects Parents Have on Early Childhood Education Berger, E. (1999). Supporting parents with two essential understandings: attachment and brain development. Early Childhood Education Journal, 26(4), 267-270. Early childhood development begins as an infant. A parent should love and have supportive interaction with their child to enhance the development. A child learns more and is willing to engage more when they are shown love. Attachment from the parents allows brain development. This article has been in the peer-reviewed process which is a collection of scholars. Martinez-Pons, M. (2002). Parental influences on children’s academic self-regulatory development. Theory Into Practice, 41(2), 126. Parents play a tremendous part in early childhood development. Parents are social models for their children which can begin children’s self-regulatory development. Children learn by observing their parents and/or siblings which allows them to be models. If the parents are unsure of how to promote self-regulatory development they can be taught how to enable their children goals. This is a peer-review article that is scholarly under Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Sukhram, D. & Hsu, A. (2012). Developing reading partnerships between parents and children: A reflection on the reading together program. Journal of Early Childhood......

Words: 351 - Pages: 2

Early Childhood Education

...Deborah Hawkins Early Child Development Chapters 6-11 Sharon Garrett Models-These are the models that are used for Early Childhood Development 1. Head Start: Empowering for Change from Within 2. The High Scope Foundations: Planning, Implementing, and Reviewing Best Practices 3. The Project Approach: Active Inquiry in Early Childhood 4. The Schools of Reggio Emilia: A Child’s World 5. Montessori Education: Environment, Materials, and Methods 6. Waldorf education: Harmony and the Whole Child Head Start- In 1964 under President Lyndon Johnson Sargent Shriver assembled a committee and put together a group of sociologists, psychologists, and pediatricians to design a system that would assist children to overcome their setbacks or obstacles caused by poverty. Before the name Head Start was establish, the committee had tossed around several different names, e.g., Kiddie Corps, and Bay Corps however the name Head Start was chosen by the academics who understood the achievement gap between middle class students and their lower class peers (Kagan, 2002). President Johnson announced Project Head Start in May of 1965, President Johnson and Mr. Shiver used the (Office of Economic Opportunity) to establish the Head Start program (Kagan, 2002). It started as an eight week summer program for children from low income communities that were going into public school in the fall (Styfco and Zigler, 2003). In the first summer of the Head Start Program it served......

Words: 1943 - Pages: 8

Early Childhood Experience, an Indicator for Distress?

...Early childhood experience, an indicator for distress? We live in a busy world with all kinds of life events competing for our attention. It is no wonder that we drop the occasional ball when juggling different needs. Sometimes stressors converge and can overwhelm us. We are unable to bring the usual resilience to meet the challenges we are faced with. It may be that home and work life stressors are just too much to bear and we need the help of outside agencies. This bucks our natural tendency to shoulder the problems and work through them independently to bring about successful solutions and outcomes. Just talking through our problems with a good friend can be enough to support us through but on occasions resorting to a counsellor and sometimes medication is necessary and helpful. What neuroscientists are finding is that there are some people who are more susceptible to stress than others. Brain imaging techniques [functional Resonance Imaging (fRMI)] show that structures in the limbic system of the brain associated with emotional responses , can suffer damage. This predisposes some individuals to significantly more emotional affects by stressors. The HPA axis controls our reactions to stress and comprises of the hypothalamus, pituitary gland and adrenal glands. When a perceived threat is experienced the HPA axis produces a number of hormones to engage the body in “flight or fight “mode. Exposure to chronic stress will cause neuronal damage in structures......

Words: 451 - Pages: 2

Effects on Childhood Development

...distinct and definitive and effects on childhood development. These factors vary widely, and encompass social, economic and ecological areas, as well as the physical environment in which a child is raised, influenced by neighborhood location, home life and educational facilities. Lorraine Maxwell, associate professor of design and environmental analysis at Cornell University defines these environments as "settings where a person spends a great deal of time and establishes important relationships." (Ulrich 12) When combined, these factors directly and indirectly influence the physical and emotional development of children. Negative impacts of environment on early upbringing have been shown to affect many areas, including behavior and academic performance, social and emotional issues, as well as actual physical development of the brain. Urie Brofenbrenner defined this relationship between development and the environment in his "Proposition 1" which went on to say, "especially in its early phases, and to a great extent throughout the life course, human development takes place through processes of progressively more complex reciprocal interaction between an active, evolving biopsychological human organism and persons, objects, and symbols in its immediate environment." (Brofenbrenner 38). In this early work Brofenbrenner explains the ecological model of human development, and his Proposition 1 explains the importance of the environment in the process of early human......

Words: 1461 - Pages: 6

Effective Communication as an Early Childhood Educator

...the skill of effective communication is an asset. As an early childhood educator effective communication is paramount. The essay will examine what effective communication is, and how and why it is important for an early childhood educator to possess this skill. Grellier & Goerke (2010) describes effective communication as consisting of speaking clear and concise with the correct use of tone, the ability to give and receive feedback productively, active listening, non-verbal communication such as gestures, body language and eye contact. Speech is a complex process that is an important component in communication, speech is the outcome of sounds made in the voice box and stung together to make intelligible words. Without the appropriate use of tone, pitch, volume and speed of delivery, the impact of what is trying to be said will be greatly affected (Verderber, Verderber, & Sellnow, 2007). A speaker should be engaging, passionate and animated whilst remaining calm and collected. The tome of a speaker should remain conversational, so as to keep listeners attention and avoid the boredom of listeners. Bleile (2004) explained that speech is the foundation of language. Approximately 60% of brain growth occurs during the first few years of life, during this time the brain is shaped by children’s environment. Up to this point in a child’s life, parents have been the primary source of sounds and expressions. Once children are of school age this responsibility becomes shared......

Words: 1684 - Pages: 7

Changes in Body and Mind from Childhood to Adulthood

...Bodies and minds change from early to late adulthood Student’s name Course name and number Instructor’s name Date submitted BODIES AND MINDS CHANGE FROM EARLY TO LATE ADULTHOOD Introduction After human beings are born, they experience many changes both their mind and physical bodies. The changes in the human mind and the physical body are the main reason for the development that humans undergo in their lives. People should be conversant with the changes that take place in their bodies hence be able to cope up other types of changes such as emotional, physical and psychological changes in their development stages. The human development in mind starts right after fertilization and continues up until the person dies. This paper is a study on the development of human mind and the physical growth. A human mind identifies as the cognitive faculties that help people in perception, thinking and effective judgment. Additionally, the human mind is also attributed to the consciousness and memory ability. However, it is true that both the physical and mind development differs between boys and girls where their developments depend more on the gender that one holds. During the development stages, children's bodies tend to develop making them look less like an adult. In the womb, male babies are born with as much as testosterone as a 25-year-old man (Black, 2003). Alter after birth. The testosterone plummets until the boy reaches the age of puberty. The testosterone is......

Words: 2333 - Pages: 10

Negative Effects of Pop Music to Children

...of this research is to state the effects of pop music (and music videos) to overall well being of children and teens. This paper will focus on the negative side, on two major fields: Behavior (including health) and Interpersonal relations. I picked 10 current Pinoy music videos of varied genres. I formulated a mini questionnaire and let random children and teens answer it. It took me almost 3 weeks to gather information and make conclusions. I chose to do a research on the effects of listening and watching pop music/music videos because me, myself is an avid listener and viewer of pop music. It will be much easier for me to do a research if I choose a topic, which is very relatable/close to my heart and to my being. And also, the reading assigned to me in the class, which is an experiment to pop music video viewers and its effects to gender and sexuality of teenagers, influenced me to do this paper. Below is the actual survey questionnaire that I gave to 8-20 year old children and teens, to be followed by an explanation of why I chose those kinds of questions. Questionnaire 1. State your gender: _____M _____F 2. Age range: _____5-12 _____13-25 _____26-30 3. Do you watch music videos? _____Yes _____No 4. How often do you watch music videos? _________Hours 5. Where do you watch music videos? _____TV _____Phone/iPod _____Youtube 6. Do you like to see dance routines within a music video? _____Yes _____No Why?...

Words: 2796 - Pages: 12

Early and Middle Adulthood

...Early and Middle Adulthood Marianne Williamson said, “In our society, as people pass out of young adulthood, they tend to relate to themselves more in terms of what they are no longer than what they are now, and that’s psychologically low-grade devastating”. As we age, we tend to look at the future, that growth with fear or trepidation. We mourn the loss of our “youth” rather than embrace the new changes we are heading toward. These changes we will experience are vast and necessary for each stage of development. As we grow become adults we will experience a variety of psychological changes as we adjust to aging and any changes that will happen to our lifestyle. These changes should not be feared, they simply mark the growth and experience that we will go through. During early and middle adulthood these changes are the most apparent. These changes can affect our relationships, the roles we play, and our later life. The way that people adjust to the changes of growing older and how this affects the rest of their life is what we will examine here. Social and Intimate Relationships During early and middle adulthood the way people view and interact within their relationships will be affected by a variety of factors. During middle to late adulthood, people will enter the fifth stage of Erik Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory of Development. During this stage people will face a crisis where they will face being alone or being involved in meaningful relationships, called intimacy......

Words: 1210 - Pages: 5

Early Childhood Development

...IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION  The family seems to be the most effective and economical system for fostering and sustaining the child’s development. Without family involvement, intervention is likely to be unsuccessful, and what few effects are achieved are likely to disappear once the intervention is discontinued.1 —Urie Bronfenbrenner This brief is dedicated to Urie Bronfenbrenner (1917–2005) whose pioneering research influenced the work of Harvard Family Research Project. Introduction Family involvement matters for young children’s cognitive and social development. But what do effective involvement processes look like, and how do they occur? This research brief summarizes the latest evidence base on effective involvement—that is, the research studies that link family involvement in early childhood to outcomes and programs that have been evaluated to show what works. The conceptual framework guiding this research review is complementary learning. Harvard Family Research Project (HFRP) believes that for children and youth to be successful from birth through adolescence, there must be an array of learning supports around them. These learning supports include families, early childhood programs, schools, outof-school time programs and activities, higher education, health and social service agencies, businesses, libraries, museums, and other community-based institutions. HFRP calls this network of supports complementary learning.......

Words: 7085 - Pages: 29