Moral Development Paper

In: People

Submitted By armstbro
Words 921
Pages 4
Brooke Armstrong
M. Lakin - Child Development
Period 2
October 7, 2015
Moral Development Moral development is the growth of how one may incorporate wise decision making, and a knowledge of right from wrong. This is one of the most important parts of developing because if you don’t know which decision is right or wrong, good or bad, you may make the wrong decision ending up with serious consequences. Also, moral development encompasses more than knowing right from wrong. It is also about showing others respect and treating them how you want to be treated. A big part of parenting is teaching respect and good decision making because they are key skills in maturing and learning how to live in the real world through the developing years. A psychologist of the name Lawrence Kohlberg formed ideas and stages of moral development according to the age of a child as they are growing.
There are three stages; preconventional morality, conventional morality, and postconventional morality. Preconventional is centered around the ages of nine years old and up. This stage states that a child makes their decision based on rewards and punishment, and they also realize that adults have different rules and viewpoints. An example of preconventional morality is a child deciding whether or not to leave their timeout chair based on the punishment that would follow their choice of action. This is an example of preconventional morality because the child thought ahead about what the punishment will be based on their decision making. This reminds me of a time that I had to decide whether to tattle on my brother for hitting me or not because if I did get him in trouble, I would be in trouble too because I started hitting him first. I had to think about what the consequences would be if I brought this to my mother’s attention and then I based my decision from there.
Conventional morality…...

Similar Documents

Moral and Cognitive Development

...Running Head: Cognitive And Moral Child Development Cognitive And Moral Child Development Case Study Tanya Coleman Psy 200A Teaching and Learning Does a child’s biological factors influence their behavior? My case study is about an 8.6 year old boy who faces biological, social, and emotional issues at the early stages of his cognitive and moral development. The observation takes place at Tyrell’s school. I am going to apply Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological approach, and Kohlberg’s theory of moral development as it applies to my case study. Besides, I will give an insight of the stages that Tyrell has undergone thus far. In Tyrell’s case environmental issues played a major part in his early development. Tyrell is an African American boy that is 8.6 years old in the 2nd grade. The school he attends is P.S. 36 in Manhattan. He is asthmatic. Tyrell is currently being raised by his mother. His father is incarcerated for assault and robbery. Tyrell recently lived with his grandmother. He is currently living in a shelter with his mother. Tyrell attended the same school since pre-k. He has seen a lot of his friends go on to the 3rd grade while he remains in 2nd grade. Tyrell has a displacement issue at home because he lives in a shelter. Tyrell likes basketball. Tyrell aspires to be a......

Words: 1326 - Pages: 6

Kohlberg's Moral Development

...Joshua Westcott Kohlberg’s Moral Development April 30, 2012 As children’s cognitive abilities mature and expand, so does their ability to reason about moral issues. If we can begin to understand the ways children reason about moral issues, it might help parents and therapists better attune themselves to each child, so as to help each child develop in a positive direction. By attuning to children, the parent or therapist will be better equipped to reason with children at ‘their’ level of development; otherwise, what the adult is trying to communicate will get lost in translation. If we can learn to speak the child’s language, than we can help each child use his or her ‘logic/reasoning’ to effect change in his or her world. Who are the major theorists in the area of moral development? A few of the major theorists in the field of moral development are John Piaget, Lawrence Kohlberg, Elliot Turiel, and Carol Gilligan. Gilligan is a brilliant feminist psychologist who is best known for her 1982 work, “In a Different Voice” (see Turiel is best known for developing his ‘domain theory’, which is discussed in his exceptional work, “The Development of Social Knowledge: Morality and Convention” (see......

Words: 6264 - Pages: 26

Moral Development

...out why some children acted how they did when it came to some moral dilemmas Stages of Moral Development Kohlberg theorized the development of moral behavior into six stages. The first stage is considered the preconvention level. At this stage a person behaviors morally or unmorally depending on the consequences of their behavior and rewards and self-interest (Coon & Mitterer, 2013). There are two stages at this level: obedience and punishment and stage two individualism and exchange. The conventional level is the second level and consists of two stages called Good Interpersonal Relationships and maintaining the social order. People act at this level to please others and to follow the rules and values of the group. The post conventional level is the highest level and consists of social contract and individual rights and Universal principals. Kohlberg states that the behavior of individuals at this level is directed by ideas that they chose to follow that are universal principles that relate to dignity, justice and equality (Coon & Mitterer 2013). Article review Kohlberg’s explanation of moral development is arguably lacking the important context such as to how important social relationships are extremely important to which a person will develop morals. The article, Moral Psychology is Relationship Regulation: Moral Motives for Unity, Hierchy, and Equality how the development of morals and the significant relationship it has to social......

Words: 1026 - Pages: 5

Social and Moral Development

...Social and Moral Development In this project we going to cover all different stages of life of Albert Einstein and provide background of his early life and how he grew up always fascinated by objects movement and a great passion for mathematics and the universe and all stages of his life from childhood all the way to adulthood. Albert Einstein was born in a Jewish family in Ulm, Württemberg, Germany, on March 14, 1879. His father, Hermann Einstein was a salesman and an engineer, while his mother’s name was Pauline Einstein. In 1880 they all family moved to Munich, where his father founded an electrical equipment manufacturing company, Elektrotechnische Fabric J. Einstein & Cie, along with his uncle. As a child, Einstein never observed Jewish religion practices and attended a Catholic elementary school. But he faced speech difficulties in elementary school, but he always remained as the most top student. At the age of five, Einstein was influenced by a pocket compass that was given to him by his father. The movement of the needle had an impression on his young mind, as he grew, he started building models and mechanical devices, showing deep interest in mathematics. By the age of twelve, he had learnt Euclidean geometry and studied calculus. After his father’s business failed, Einstein’s family moved to Pavia. During this time, he wrote his first scientific work, "The Investigation of the State of Aether in Magnetic Fields. Einstein did not even complete his high......

Words: 573 - Pages: 3

Justice and Moral Development

...individuals will see law enforcement agencies, especially the officers that work for an agency, to be the tool that will be used to garner their justice. Kohlberg’s stages of moral development theory can help to explain criminal behavior in that a criminal that acts out for a particular reason will not be able to understand the stages that are beyond the one that they are in, such as only being interested in pleasing themselves. Using this information, a plan of deterrence can be made for criminals and arrive at justice for the victims and their families involved. The concept of justice can mean something a little different to everyone, but it conveys a sense that when a person is wronged by another they will receive some type of recompose in either the person being punished; they received their item back or other compensation that fulfills the feeling of being wronged. According to Nidich, R., Nidich, S. and Alexander (2005): Citing Socrates and Martin Luther King, Jr. as examples, Kohlberg points out that their willingness to uphold moral principles was based on both their faith in these moral principles as expressions of human reason and on their faith in justice, which was rooted in a cosmic perspective. (p. 139) This concept is something that many use to determine their own moral compass on issues in their life. The concept of justice relates to the field of criminal justice, especially law enforcement officers, in that most victims and families......

Words: 934 - Pages: 4

Moral Development in Management

...Moral Development in Management Hai Dao MGMT-8010-1: Management in Human and Societal Development Dr. Donna Brown Walden University June 29th 2014 Moral Development in Management Today organizations face great challenges in managing their workforces effectively. With the trend of globalization in business, managers are required to update their knowledge and education on how to make the most use of organizational resources, including human and materials. However, humans are probably the most important resources of any organization. They are the ones to operate equipments; handle materials; and produce output. They are also the ones to provide customer service and receive feedback that can be useful for the organization. With that said, management has evolved over the years to adapt to the human development within organizations. Many theories have been applied to help managers manage their workforce more effectively. One of the theories that will be addressed in this paper is Lawrence Kohlberg’s theory of moral development, because one believes that moral development of people is related the success of the organization. Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development The main concept of Kohlberg’s theory of moral development is that it “extended Piaget’s theory, proposing that moral development is a continual process that occurs throughout the lifespan” (Cherry, n.d.). Indeed, learning never ends, especially when people are trying to adapt to the changing environment of the......

Words: 1510 - Pages: 7

Moral Development

...The moral development of a person’s character will have a major impact on society as a whole. If we fail to show children moral responsibility they in turn will lack the moral and ethical sense of values. The critical importance of the early years remains crucial to all later development. With all the violence and unsuitable language in film, television, and music today’s society poses an even larger threat on children. Moral functioning involves self-esteem, self-control, and altruistic behavior. It seems as if children are developing at a faster rate than previous generations. If we fail to instill morals than we may fail to produce children that have the conscience to decide what is right from what is wrong. If children grow up lacking moral judgment it will have an effect not just on them but on society. Moral behavior comes from an interest in and concern for other people. If there is an absence of desire to interact and develop relationships in society it may be viewed as lacking any moral development. There are two theorists that provided several stages of moral development. The first theorist is Lawrence Kohlberg. Kohlberg came up with three levels of moral reasoning, Premoral, Convention, and Principled. Kohlberg collected data by presenting boys with moral dilemmas and asking them to evaluate the situation that is presented to them. The second theorist is Carol Gilligan. Gilligan believed that Kohlberg’s study was flawed because he used mostly boys. Gilligan also......

Words: 589 - Pages: 3

Social and Moral Development

...University of Phoenix | Social and Moral Development | AED 202 Child Development | | Kimberly Thomas | 7/31/2011 | | A child experiences different levels of development morally and socially throughout their growth. Children develop at their own pace however there are different stages developmentally that they experience as they grow. As children grow, they achieve different milestones that determine who they will become as an adult. Learning begins as early as infancy as everything learned during this time contributes to what is learned throughout development. At each stage of growth children learn how to become more socially and morally aware. Their social and moral development becomes stronger at each stage of life. Infancy is during the stages between Birth and two years. In infancy, children become aware of the people that they encounter. Infants began to recognize different faces and sense the difference in different individuals. Through e expressions and actions of others, they can determine what their own reactions should be and learn how to display different emotions. Infants learn early how their actions affect others by the expressions and reactions of others. At the end of this stage, children are aware that their own actions influence others emotions and behavior. As children grow, they begin to play with other children and show different emotions toward other individuals. Early childhood is during the ages of two years to......

Words: 1026 - Pages: 5

Moral Development

...Stages of Moral Development According to Kohlberg Stages of Moral Development by Lawrence Kohlberg (1971) I. Pre-conventional Level At this level, the child is responsive to cultural rules and labels of good and bad, right or wrong, but he interprets the labels in terms of either the physical or hedonistic consequences of action (punishment, reward, exchange of favors) or the physical power of those who enunciate the rules and labels. The level is divided into the following three stages: Stage 0: Egocentric judgement. The child makes judgements of good on the basis of what he likes and wants or what helps him, and bad on the basis of what he does not like or what hurts him. He has no concept of rules or of obligations to obey or conform independent of his wish. Stage 1: The punishment and obedience orientation. The physical consequences of action determine its goodness or badness regardless of the human meaning or value of these consequences. Avoidance of punishment and unquestioning deference to power are values in their own right, not in terms of respect for an underlying moral order supported by punishment and authority (the latter is stage 4). Stage 2: The instrumental relativist orientation. Right action consists of what instrumentally satisfies one's own needs and occasionally the needs of others. Human relations are viewed in terms such as those of the market place. Elements of fairness, reciprocity, and equal sharing are present, but they are......

Words: 5329 - Pages: 22

Explanation of Moral Development

...of moral development is based upon the principles of cognitive development proposed by Piaget. This suggests behaviour is driven by cognitive processing | 1 | Kohlberg’s investigative methods were more systematic than Piaget and therefore the explanation may have greater objectivity. | 2 | Similar to Piaget, Kohlberg suggests that moral development occurs in invariant stages which are culturally universal. | 2 | Snarey’s meta-analysis, which covered both collectivist and individualist cultures, supported the idea that these stages are universal in all cultures. | | | 3 | However, other research has suggested that the theory is culturally biased and Eurocentric. | | | 4 | Kohlberg takes a social constructivist approach to moral development, which means behaviour is affected by interaction This means that ‘good’ development can be promoted and ‘bad’ development can be addressed with therapy. | 3 | Kohlberg suggested that the process is driven by a gradual maturation of thinking skills which enable the individual to take different perspectives. | 5 | Whereas Piaget’s theory suggests that cognitive development occurs until about 12, Kohlberg’s theory of moral development suggests that it continues into adulthood. | 4 | Kohlberg also stated that development necessitates environmental and social interaction. | 6 | Therefore, Kohlberg is incorporating the theories of both Piaget and Vygotsky into the theory of moral development. | 5 | Kohlberg proposed that moral......

Words: 615 - Pages: 3

Moral Development and Justice

...Moral Development and the Justice System As law enforcement officials, we need to understand the moral development of not only those we come in contact with in our job, but also of ourselves. Why? The answer is, as police officers; we may be confronted with hundreds of issues about moral reasoning each day. These may range from the decision a suspect makes about whether to resist arrest to whether or not we issue a speeding ticket to a friend. Every day, citizens, as well as officers, make hundreds of decisions that involve moral reasoning. It is imperative as officers of the law that we understand and recognize the reasons behind the decisions of other as well as ourselves. To change our behavior and appreciate others behavior we must be aware of why we as humans make the decisions we make. A psychologist named Lawrence Kohlberg identified three levels of moral development or reasoning. The first level is pre-conventional morality, and it contains two stages. At the pre-conventional level, one does not have a personal code of morality. Instead, our moral code is formed by the standards of adults in our environment and the consequences of adhering to or breaking their rules. This stage is prevalent in children, but can be seen even in older youth and in some cases, adults. The two stages in Level one are: Obedience and Punishment Orientation and Individualism and Exchange. In the first stage an individual is good to avoid being punished. In the second stage, the person......

Words: 1611 - Pages: 7

Moral Paper

...The Moral Compass Leadership for a Free World Lindsay J Thompson Leadership Ethics Course Manual ~ © 2005 Lindsay J Thompson ~ All rights reserved 2 THE MORAL COMPASS Leadership for a Free World Table of Contents introduction page 5 core learning page 9 the leadership labyrinth page 11 the m oral com pass page 27 values and global value creation page 73 corporate citizenship page 93 bibliography page 109 the case lab page 113 Leadership Ethics Course Manual ~ © 2005 Lindsay J Thompson ~ All rights reserved 3 Leadership Ethics Course Manual ~ © 2005 Lindsay J Thompson ~ All rights reserved 4 introduction Moral Leadership for a Free World If you read a newspaper this morning, you almost surely read something related to morality, leadership, and freedom. From international relations to neighborhood and family life, concerns about leadership ethics and human welfare are the focus of news, political movements, and civic initiatives. Emotionally engaging terms like “moral leadership,” “the free world” and “human freedom” are often used in the media without much explanation or clarification. Momentous decisions are made and life choices established in the name of values attached to these and similar terms. What do we really mean by “moral leadership,” or “freedom?” If two people use these terms in a conversation, do they explicitly share a common understanding of them or just assume common ground? For......

Words: 29833 - Pages: 120

Kohlberg Moral Development

...Kohlberg's Moral Development Crystal Bombay, Ruth A .Buissereth, Steven Odemns, Cherish Powell, and Steven Soranno October 26, 2015 Shawn Davis Kohlberg's Moral Development Today’s discussion will evaluate Kohlberg’s theory on moral development and also Carol Gilligan research on moral reasoning. The topic will first summarize the theory of moral development by psychology’s pioneer Lawrence Kohlberg. The discussion will also have a compelling view of three approaches by Kohlberg to help individuals understand moral development. The topic will also give an explanation of three of limitations of the Kohlberg’s theory and how they work in individual’s lives. The discussion will then give insight on Carol Gilligan and her research on gender differences with moral development and reasoning. This topic will bring delightful stimulations to the mind as there is an in-depth look gender differences in the approach of moral development and reasoning. Kohlberg’s theory Lawrence Kohlberg was a psychologist that extended Jean Piaget's theories. Kohlberg felt that moral development was a process that continues throughout an individual's lifespan. According to Reimer (1977), "Piaget's research dealt mostly with younger children. Kohlberg adopted Piaget's methodology and applied it to older children and adolescents" (p. 61). Kohlberg believed that there were six stages to moral development, within these stages they were classified into three different levels. The......

Words: 1798 - Pages: 8

Moral Development During Adolescence

...Determinants Of Moral Development In Curbing Adolescents’ Moral Decay. Surname: Zondo Initials: G. L. Student number: 43097855 Examination period: October/November 2015 1 The Determinants Of Moral Development In Curbing Adolescents’ Moral Decay. Abstract The study explored the determinants of moral development in curbing adolescents’ moral decay. These determinants included identity development, gender, parental (mother) relationship with adolescent, and ethical and moral values. A mixed-model method (both quantitative and qualitative) was used to conduct the study. Participants were sampled through convenience sampling. The sample of a total of 1387 from the pooled data was used for the quantitative part of the research. While for the qualitative study a sample of 20 adolescents (10 boys and 10 girls) who were high-school students (in grade 10 and 11) from 12 to 18 years of age from Gebeni High School in Swaziland was used. The researcher aimed to investigate the extent of determinants of moral development in curbing adolescents’ moral decay and to make recommendations on the development of socialization structures to curb adolescents’ moral decay. Findings revealed that the determinants played a major role in adolescents’ moral development. However, further research is needed to be conducted with a lager sample for the qualitative study. 2 From a scholarly point of view, the interest in moral development among psychologists was inspired by Kohleberg’s work on......

Words: 8684 - Pages: 35

Moral Development

...Moral Development Many theorists have developed theories to understand and define the ability of people to reason morally. Moral reasoning is defined as the thinking process where the objective is to determine whether an idea is right or wrong and involves the formation of values on which someone bases their decisions. Theorists have different views on moral reasoning and the factors that contribute to an individual’s level of reasoning capabilities. Lawrence Kohlberg and Carol Gilligan developed cognitive theories to explain moral reasoning in a series of stages. The movie John Q, raises the question of what is considered morally right and what is wrong and by whose perspective. The characters in the movie can be classified into either Kohlberg’s or Gilligan’s theories of reasoning. Theorist Lawrence Kohlberg (1973) had a qualitative perspective of moral development. His theory breaks development into three levels, each of which is divided further into two stages. The levels consist of: pre-conventional, conventional, and post-conventional. These can be loosely correlated with age. He theorized that moral growth begins at the beginning of life and continues until the day one dies. He believed that people proceed through each stage of moral development consecutively without skipping or going back to a previous stage. Level One, the Pre-Conventional level, is the level of moral reasoning based solely on a person’s own needs. The person is ego-centric and does......

Words: 4041 - Pages: 17