Millennium Development Goal

In: Business and Management

Submitted By ray520
Words 4794
Pages 20
Millennium Development Goal
INTRODUCTION
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight international development goals that all 193 United Nations member states and at least 23 international organizations have agreed to achieve by the year 2015. The aim of the MDGs is to encourage development by improving social and economic conditions in the world's poorest countries. They derive from earlier international development targets, and were officially established following the Millennium Summit in 2000, where all world leaders present adopted the United.
The Millennium Summit was presented with the report of the Secretary-General entitled ‘We the Peoples: the Role of the United Nations in the Twenty-First Century’. Additional input was prepared by the Millennium Forum, which brought together representatives of over 1,000 non-governmental and civil society organizations from more than 100 countries. The Forum met in May 2000 to conclude a two-year consultation process covering issues such as poverty eradication, environmental protection, human rights and protection of the vulnerable.
A major conference was held at UN headquarters in New York on 20–22 September 2010 to review progress to date, with five years left to the 2015 deadline. The conference concluded with the adoption of a global action plan to achieve the eight anti-poverty goals by their 2015 target date. There were also major new commitments on women's and children's health, and major new initiatives in the worldwide battle against poverty, hunger and disease.
Child mortality continues to decline worldwide. The total number of deaths of children below five years of age fell from 12.4 million in 1990 to 7.7 million in 2010. Mortality in children below five years of age (under-five mortality) has fallen from 89 per 1000 live births in 1990 to 60 per 1000 live births in 2009, representing a reduction of…...

Similar Documents

Mellium Development Goals

...Economic Commission for Africa The Millennium Development Goals in Africa: Progress and Challenges Economic Commission for Africa The Millennium Development Goals in Africa: Progress and Challenges August 2005 © 2005. Economic Commission for Africa Material from this publication may be freely quoted or reprinted. Acknowledgment is requested, together with a copy of the publication. The views expressed are those of the original authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the United Nations. Project coordinator: Adrian Gauci Editorial coordination: Cristina Müller Team: Abebe Shimeles, Workie Mitiku, Vanessa Steinmayer, Reto Thoenen This report was produced with guidance and input from Augustin Fosu, Director of the Economic and Social Policy Division of the ECA. It benefited greatly from the revisions of Bartholomew Armah and Kwabia Boateng. Special thanks to Lorna Davidson for the final editing, to Akwe Amosu for her valuable input, and to Seifu Dagnachew and Teshome Yohannes for creative and efficient lay-out and production. The report was designed by the ECA Communication Team and printed by the Documents Reproduction and Distribution Unit, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Photo credits (left to right): Front cover- R. Zurba/USAID, J. Dunlop/USAID, R. Zurba/USAID, M. Crozet/ILO. Back cover- J. Maillard/ILO, T. Brunette/USAID, I. Getachew/UNICEF. Table of Contents Acronyms .....................................................................

Words: 12663 - Pages: 51

The Millennium Development Goals: Global Health Inequities

...Inequities Introduction: The Millennium Development Goals (or MDG) are a set of 8 goals set by the world’s nations in hope of reducing poverty by 2015. These 8 goals address poverty, education, equality, disease and the environment. Each goal has a targets and indicators we are aiming to achieve by 2015. The purpose of this report is to report on the history, objectives and constitution of the MDG’s and the success and effectiveness of the MDGs. History of MDGs: In the 1990’s the United Nation (UN) member states went through a historically extraordinary UN press conference process. This conference was aimed at building consensus on development priorities for the 21st century. However, at the end of the 1990’s the governments of the conference experienced conference fatigue and feared the process launched by the conferences was losing steam. In September 2000 in New York there was a large gathering of world leaders called the Millennium Summit. This was the largest gathering of world leaders in history including 189 UN member-states. At the Millennium Summit the United Nation Millennium Declaration was adopted as a result of a series of global conferences held during the 1990’s. The UN saw the Millennium Summit as an opportunity to bring back the development of priorities for the 21st century. It was at this Millennium Summit that the Millennium Declaration set in motion a global partnership and was signed by 147 heads of states. The Millennium declaration......

Words: 3629 - Pages: 15

To What Extent Have the Millennium Development Goals Been a Success?

...To what extent have the Millennium Development Goals been a success? by Name Presented to: Instructor Course Institution City Date Introduction The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) provide a comprehensive framework through which the society can address pressing issues of poverty. The MDGs are made up of eight major objectives, which are all related to global development. In 2000, 189 world leaders signed a Millennium Declaration. The leaders set 2015 as the deadline for achieving the set MDGs. There has been a mixed result of the progress towards attaining these goals. One of the major achievements has been achieved is that there has been a major reduction of people living in extreme poverty. Accordingly, the proportion of poverty fell to less than one fifth from nearly a third between 1990 and 2004. However, the results are not consistent throughout the world. For instance, the sub-Saharan Africa has not been able to meet any of the set targets. On the contrary, there has been a significant economic growth in some parts of Asia, especially, the Eastern part. The following is a summary of the progress that has been made so far based on the 2007 Millennium Goals Report. Extreme Poverty The percentage of people living in extreme poverty fell to 19% in 2004 from nearly a third in 2004. If this trend can continue for a long time, there is likelihood that the MDG will meet its target of halving those living on less than 1 dollar per......

Words: 1755 - Pages: 8

Leadership Development Smart Goals

...In health care today nurses are confronted with the challenge of leading a variety of people; whether it is patients, families, co-workers or communities; the need for leadership and organizational skills are in demand more now than ever. The goal of this paper is to further discuss the purpose of my leadership development plan utilizing professionals, peer-reviewed articles, and credible websites that pertain to each of my SMART goals. The SMART goal topics that I have chosen are to improve upon my communication skills and to decrease the length of stay of clients with congested heart failure. Communication is a major component in delivering optimal care to our clients; as well as providing a cohesive and organized workplace. There are benefits to both the hospital and the client in decreasing length of stay; from decreasing stress to the client to decreasing additional work on staff, requiring fewer resources and making more efficient the treatment plan for the patient. Demands for provider’s time lead to distraction and mistakes, further complicating matters. My first goal is to improve my communication skills with my peers and colleagues on a daily basis. This goal will increase the clarity of our vision and common goals of the unit. Nurses must communicate effectively in order to provide appropriate medical care. Effective communication skills in nursing has benefits for both nurses and patients; creating a higher level of patient satisfaction and decrease......

Words: 1236 - Pages: 5

Education and Gender Equality Within Millennium Development Goals

...Education and Gender Equality within Millennium Development Goals: KSA & China Name: Institution: Course: Date: Declaration I hereby declare that this is my work and nothing has been plagiarized. Every aspect of this work has been appropriately referenced using the APA referencing format. Executive Summary Table of Contents Contents of the report with page numbers, list of tables, and list of figures. Introduction to the Research Topic Education and gender equality are critical components of societal progress and development. They reflect basic rights that require no economic justification. This notion is reflected in the inclusion of gender related developmental and propagative objectives in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Yet it is also a case that education and gender equality has broad and positive implications for economic as well as social development to any nation. A significant decline in child illiteracy and maternal mortality remains somewhat elusive and thus the Millennium Developmental Goals initiative that has been deemed to reduce child illiteracy and promote gender equality coupled with the establishment of women empowerment within all regions of the world is poised with inconsistent progress rates within some certain countries. To deliver such Millennium Development goals and MDG3 and its supporting targets which promotes specifically gender equality and empowers women, it will be critical to......

Words: 3151 - Pages: 13

Millenium Development Goal

...escijournals.net/JPPG ACHIEVEMENTS OF MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS (MDGS) IN SOUTH ASIAN ASSOCIATION OF REGIONAL CORPORATIONS (SAARC) COUNTRIES: A CASE OF NEPAL Kushum Shakya* Central Department of Economics, Tribhuvan University, Nepal. ABSTRACT South Asian Association of Regional Cooperative (SAARC) countries have achieved considerable progress in socioeconomic indicators like poverty reduction, educational attainment and improved health facilities. The progress, however, is not uniform across the countries. The aim of this paper is to assess the progress made by SAARC with regard to selected Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and its achievement and gap in Nepal. The paper shows; i) Status of SAARC countries with respect to selected MDGs, ii) Achievements of MDGs in the case of Nepal and iii) the gaps to achieving the targets. The paper shows that the most SAARC countries including Nepal have performed poorly with MDGs. It is therefore concluded that there is need to prioritize to meet all goals in post MDGs for Nepal. Keywords: SAARC, MDG, Post-MDG, socio-economic. INTRODUCTION The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have eight goals to be achieved by 2015 that respond to the world's main development challenges. The MDGs are drawn from the actions and targets contained in the Millennium Declaration that was adopted by 189 nations-and signed by 147 heads of state and governments during the UN Millennium Summit in September 2000. These goals promote basic human......

Words: 5893 - Pages: 24

Un Development Goals

...Management International Management UN Millennium development goals Analyzed country: Brazil Preparatory Seminar Master Thesis By: Gustavo Gonzalez Martin 24.03.2014 Table of contents 1. Introduction 1 2. 1st Goal: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger 2 3. Development of the 1st goal in Brazil 3 4. 2nd Goal: Universal primary education for all 8 5. Development of the 2nd goal in Brazil 9 6. Political programs to achieve the goals 11 7. Conclusion 12 8. References 13 9. Attachments 15 1. Introduction From 6 to 8 September of 2000, in New York, leaders of 189 nations met to sign a worldwide deal to fight against the extreme poverty and other society problems. United Nation consider there are some essentials values for the international relationship and those values are freedom, equality, solidarity, tolerance, respect to the environment and common responsibility. Also peace, security and disarmament, politic of human rights, democracy, good governance, protecting the vulnerable, meeting the special needs from Africa and strengthening from United Nation (United Nations Millennium Declaration [UNMD], 2000). This signed deal turned into the called Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The deal has 8 mainly objectives and should be met until 2015, those objectives has the goal to make this world fairly and better to live. The first goal is eradicate extreme poverty and hunger and the second goal is to achieve universal......

Words: 3376 - Pages: 14

Suggest Reasons for the Variable Progress Towards Achieving the Millennium Development Goal Targets.

...Suggest reasons for the variable progress towards achieving the Millennium Development Goal targets. (10) The United National is an organization composed of many countries all over the world, and was founded in 1945. The introduction of the Millennium Development Goals is one of the major steps the UN has made to achieve some of their aims. The goals include 8 separate targets agreed in the 1990’s set to be reached by 2015. There are however, reasons that have made this target hard to come by. With the exception of the Sub Saharan Africa; all regions are on track to achieve MDG1 (Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty). The main issue is facing the achievement of this particular MDG is the economic strength of certain countries, in addition the climate and geographical features of each country need to be taken into consideration. It is clear some countries will meet the standard needed by 2015 whilst othe§ rs will be left behind. The 2009 global depression costed sub-Saharan Africa’s people £12.8 billion, which as a result makes its MDG hard to achieve. The world bank is said to increase its support to agriculture to between $6 billion, and $8 billion a year over the next three years, up from $4.1 billion annually before 2008. Millennium Development Goals also consist of that related to health e.g health issues, maternal health, HIV/Aid, child maternity etc. These three MDG’s have already been achieved by Thailand; however other countries appear to be struggling. In......

Words: 484 - Pages: 2

Millennium Development Goals

...SGES212 TAKE HOME ASSIGNMENT: “WHAT HAS SOUTH AFRICA DONE TO ACHIEVE THE MDG’S?” INTRODUCTION The Millennium Development Goals are set by the United Nations to be achieved by South Africa. Important global partnerships for development were formed, to ensure productive work for all, commitment, good governance and poverty eradication. Most importantly, “What has South Africa done to achieve the MDG’s?” GOAL 1 – TO ERADICATE EXTREME POVERTY In South Africa the severity of poverty has been reduced since 2002. Malnutrition amongst under 5 year olds had a decline from 88971 cases in 2001 to 30082 in 2005. Households with access to clean water increase from 60% in 1995 to 85% in 2003. By December 2004 10 million people had access to clean water. Access to sanitation increased from 49% to 63% in 2003. 2.4 million housing subsidies were approved and 1.74 million housing units were built by 2005. NERICA (New Rice for Africa) allowed farmers to feed their own families and sell their crops to earn a living, thus becoming self sustaining. GOAL 2 – TO ACHIEVE UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION Education in South Africa has the single largest budget item, approximately R95 billion. An increase in enrolment from 15000 to 280000 in primary level, over 98% of 7 to 13 year olds attended primary institutions. 15 to 24 year old illiterate decreased from 14% to 10 % in 2006. A world food programme was initiated to provide school lunch thus encouraging children to go to school and receive a......

Words: 947 - Pages: 4

Professional Development Goal

...and should be an ongoing part of our lives (p.25).” my education should promote learning and continued learning to ensure the development of our societies. In teaching I don’t want to be like I am simply informing students, according to Cooper (2007),” in perennialism, the teacher’s role is to deliver clear lectures; increase students' understanding with critical questions.” Questions should be there to ensure that the lesson is well-understood. I will every time ask my students what they are thinking on each lesson I will be giving to get views of them. As Cooper (2007) supported,” mastery of questioning skills contributes to students’ learning and thus is important for effective teaching (p.175).”I will inspire my students to be active by asking me questions on what they didn’t get well and I will try to exploit every minute of mine to teach them. The fact is that every student can learn, but it is up to me, the teacher to know the way of learning of my scholars. According to Jean Piaget’s constructivism theories, “the pursuit of student questions and interests is valued” which is a helpful hint from this man on empowering students. Their questions have to be considered too know what they are thing as were not still in subject-centered philosophies (essentialism and perennialism). I will encourage my students to strive always to achieve their goals either in classroom or in their daily life. Students can be empowered when they know their learning weaknesses and strengths;......

Words: 433 - Pages: 2

Leadership Development Smart Goal Setting:

...Leadership Development SMART Goal Setting: Guidelines Purpose The purpose of this assignment is to develop a SMART-formatted goal on a selected professional leadership topic applicable to your current practice setting or future leadership development goals. This goal is about your leadership development needs, not those of the organization. The Institute of Medicine’s quality initiative has identified five core healthcare profession competencies that serve as a framework for identification of the leadership goal. Course Outcomes Completion of this assignment enables the student to meet the following course outcomes. CO 1: Apply leadership concepts, skills, and decision making in the provision of high quality nursing care, healthcare team management, and the oversight and accountability for care delivery in a variety of settings. (PO #2) CO 4: Apply concepts of leadership and team coordination to promote the achievement of safe and quality outcomes of care for diverse populations. (PO #4) CO 5: Apply improvement methods, based on data from the outcomes of care processes, to design and test changes to continuously improve the quality and safety of healthcare. (PO #8) CO 8: Apply concepts of quality and safety using structure, process, and outcome measures to identify clinical questions as the beginning process of changing current practice. (PO #8) Due Dates This assignment consists of the completion of the Leadership Development SMART Goal Setting paper. Submit......

Words: 2055 - Pages: 9

The United Nations Millennium Development Goals

...The United Nations Millennium Development Goals In September 2000, all 191 UN member states have agreed and signed a declaration to try to achieve eight goals by the year 2015. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger, promote gender equality and empower women, reduce child mortality, improve maternal health, combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases, ensure environmental sustainability, develop a global partnership for development are the eight goals developed by the members of UN (World Health Organization [WHO], 2012). The purpose of this paper is to give an overview about Millennium Development Goal 6 which is, Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases. Implication for Millennium Development Goals The eight Millennium Development Goals are a global agenda to improve the wellbeing of people around the world. The progress report on MDG issued in 2009, shows that policies and actions backed by adequate funding and strong political commitment can yield results. Death rate due to AIDS, have significantly reduced and many countries are implementing strategies to combat malaria and measles. There are many challenges still remaining due to the current economic status of several countries (Mattson, 2010) Millennium Development Goal 6: combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases HIV/AIDS, Malaria and TB are major challenges of public health in the poorest countries of the world. Every 30 seconds, a child in Africa is dying due to Malaria. Many children who suffer from......

Words: 1410 - Pages: 6

Millennium Development Goals by United Nation

...Millennium development Goal Progress report of Bangladesh Millennium development goals are the 8 international development goals that are established by the United Nation in 1998 for developing countries.  All 189 United Nations member states at the time (there are 193 currently), and at least 23 international organizations, committed to help achieve the following Millennium Development Goals by 2015. Millennium development goals are: 1. To eradicate extreme poverty and hunger 2. To achieve universal primary education 3. To promote gender equality and empower women 4. To reduce child mortality 5. To improve  maternal health 6. To combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases 7. To ensure environmental sustainability 8. To develop a global partnership for development Now in 2016 if we analysis the Govt. progress report of Bangladesh we can see that Bangladesh had great achievements in these fields: * Reducing extreme poverty * Reducing prevalent of underweight children under 5 years * Reducing under five child mortality * Increasing enrolment in primary school * Increased ration of girls to boys in primary and secondary education * Improved maternal health Analysis of Bangladesh’s achievement in all eight goals of Millennium Development Program: Goal 1: eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Bangladesh has made a praiseworthy progress in eradicating poverty and hunger. GDP growth rate of 6% and above has......

Words: 1576 - Pages: 7

Millennium Development Goals

...Utangulizi Toleo la pili la Darubini ya Dira ya Maendeleo ya Taifa 2025 (au Dira 2025), ni mwendelezo wa kuelezea utekelezaji wa nguzo ya kwanza ya Dira 2025 kupitia mipango na mikakati iliyoandaliwa ili kuleta maendeleo nchini. Mipango na mikakati hiyo, ni pamoja na Mpango wa Maboresho ya Utumishi wa Umma, Mpango wa Kurasmisha Rasilimali na Biashara za Wanyonge Tanzania (MKURABITA), Malengo ya Maendeleo ya Millenia, Mkakati wa Kukuza Uchumi na Kupunguza Umaskini (MKUKUTA), Mpango Elekezi wa Maendeleo ya Taifa wa Miaka 15, Mpango wa Maendeleo ya Taifa wa Miaka Mitano na Mkakati wa Kupata Matokeo Makubwa Sasa (Big Results Now - BRN) ambao pia unaitwa “Tekeleza Sasa kwa Matokeo Makubwa”. Dira 2025 imeundwa na nguzo kuu tano ambazo ni: (i) Kuboresha hali ya maisha ya Watanzania (ii) Kuwepo kwa mazingira ya amani,usalama na umoja (iii) Kujenga utawala bora (iv) Kuwepo jamii iliyoelimika vyema na inayojifunza, na (v) Kujenga uchumi imara unaoweza kukabiliana na ushindani kutoka nchi nyingine. Toleo hili litaelezea kwa kina ni kwa kiasi gani Serikali ya Tanzania imefanikisha utekelezaji wa nguzo ya kwanza ya Dira 2025, ambayo ni kuboresha hali ya maisha ya Watanzania. Nguzo ya kwanza ya Dira 2025 iliweka malengo yafuatayo ifikapo mwaka 2025: (i) Usalama wa chakula (ii) Kutoa elimu ya msingi kwa watoto wote (iii) Kuwepo usawa wa kijinsia kwenye masuala la kijamii, kiuchumi na kisiasa (iv) Upatikanaji wa huduma bora za afya kwa wananchi wote (v) Utolewaji wa huduma bora za afya ya......

Words: 2292 - Pages: 10

Millennium Development

...Millennium Development Goals Introduction: The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight international development goals that all 193 United Nations member states and at least 23 international organizations have agreed to achieve by the year 2015. They include eradicating extreme poverty, reducing child mortality rates, fighting disease epidemics such as AIDS, and developing a global partnership for development. Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) provide concrete, numerical benchmarks for tackling extreme poverty in its many dimensions. The MDGs also provide a framework for the entire international community to work together towards a common end – making sure that human development reaches everyone, everywhere. If these goals are achieved, world poverty will be cut by half, tens of millions of lives will be saved, and billions more people will have the opportunity to benefit from the global economy. Background: The aim of the MDGs is to encourage development by improving social and economic conditions in the world's poorest countries. They derive from earlier international development targets, and were officially established following the Millennium Summit in 2000, where all world leaders present adopted the United Nations Millennium Declaration. The Millennium Summit was presented with the report of the Secretary-General entitled ‘We the Peoples: The Role of the United Nations in the Twenty-First Century’. Additional input was prepared by the Millennium......

Words: 1098 - Pages: 5