Memory Thinking and Language Fill in Notes

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Submitted By tristanm
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Retrieval:

To remember an event requires more than getting the information in (__encoding____) and retaining it(___storage__). To most people, memory is __recall__, the ability to retrieve information not in conscious awareness. To a psychologist, memory is any sign that something learned has been retained. So __recognizing__ or more quickly releasing information also indicates memory.

A. Retrieval Cues The process of retrieving a memory follows a similar principle because memories are held in storage by a web of associations, each piece of information interconnected with others. When you encode information such as your surroundings, moods, and seating position, you can trigger your __retrieval cues__. B. Mnemonic Devices Mnemonic devices are a way to encode information into your memory. The association we have with these ways of remembrance help us create associations to to our goal. For example, ROY G.BIV, serves as a mnemonic for learning the light spectrum. C. Priming I. Philosopher-psychologist __William James__ referred to the process of the activation of unconsciously creating particular associations with events as __priming__. The priming effect occurs when people respond faster or more efficiently to an event if a similar event precedes it. II. The context of these memory encoding stimuli and processes can be seen as another type of memory retrieval:__deja vu__ , or being in a context similar to one we’ve been in before that may trigger our previous memories of the event. Memory and Memories: Associated words,events, and contexts are not the only retrieval cues. Events in the past may have aroused a specific emotion that later primes us to recall its associated events. A. Mood-Congruent Mood congruency suggests that ___our moods states provide an…...

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