Laws of Prostitution in India (1940-1960) in Hebrew

In: Historical Events

Submitted By banditad
Words 966
Pages 4
בעבודה זו אבחן את התהליכים שהתרחשו בהקמת מדינת הודו וכיצד אלו השפיעו על היחס של המדינה כלפי זנות. אבדוק את ההשפעה על ידי בחינת חוקים אשר הועברו ביחס לזנות לפני הקמתה של הודו, תקופת השלטון הבריטי, ואחרי הקמתה של הודו כמדינה עצמאית ב-1947.
הזנות בהודו הייתה נפוצה עוד לפני הקמת המדינה. בתקופת השלטון הבריטי בהודו הייתה רגולציה של הזנות. השלטון הבריטי הבין כי אחת הסיבות העיקריות למחלות של החיילים הייתה כתוצאה מביקורים שלהם אצל זונות. על מנת למנוע את המחלות הוקמו בתי זונות מוסדרים. בתי הזונות הגדודיים נוהלו על ידי נשים אשר היו אחראיות לפקח די הנשים אינן חולות במחלות. הנשים במקום עברו בדיקות תקופתיות על ידי רופאים צבאיים. סוגיית הזנות לא עניינה את הרשויות האימפריליות, האזרחיות והצבאיות של השלטון הבריטי בעיצוב הספרה המגדרית הפרטית. הם אינם ראו בחשיבות גורלן של הנשים אלא התמקדו בעיקר על שמירה על בריאותם של חיילי האימפריה.
האיזכור הראשון שאנו נתקלים ביחס לזנות במישור החוקתי בהודו הוא ב-1860 כאשר הודו נמצאת תחת שלטון קוליניאלי בריטי . לורד תומאס מקואלי (Lord Thomas Macaulay), חבר במועצת השלטון של הודו, ניסח את ספר הדין הפלילי הראשון של הודו. מקרה שהתקיים בבית משפט וזכה לפרסום רב נגע למקרה של ילדות קטנות שהושכרו לבית בושת למטרות זנות. המקרה הסעיר את בריטניה והוביל ללחץ פוליטי להעביר חוק בנושא. כתוצאה, נוסחו הסעיפים 272 ו-273 המתייחסים לסחר בבני אדם ועל האיסור למכור ולקנות קטינים למטרות זנות.
הסעיפים אינם מתייחסים לאיסור הזנות בכלל אלא רק למכירה וקנייה של קטינים למטרות זנות. יש לציין שלמרות האיסור בקנייה ומכירה של קטינים למטרות זנות בסעיף 366 יש התייחסות לחטיפות ורכישות של נשים למטרות מין אך סעיף זה מתייחס רק לגבי נשים ואינו כולל גברים. בסעיפים אין הגדרה למה היא זנות או התייחסות ללקוחות.
תדמיתה של הזנות בהודו, בעבר, לא הייתה בעלת פן שלילי אלא אף קיבלה פן רוחני דתי וחיובי. רחל פייג מתארת כי בעבר, חיי הזנות לא היה רק מקצוע אליו מגיעים כתוצאה מאורח חיים קשה אלא שגם מקומות קדושים לעיתים מהווים מכשיר לדיכוי. בהודו, מערכת של זנות דתית התקיימה במשך שנים רבות ונקראת דאודסי…...

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