Language Teaching

In: English and Literature

Submitted By sherrijeann
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Pages 10
Notes about Vygotsky

Taken from

Sociocultural theory (Vygotsky)

Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory is possibly the theory given the most credence at present. Vygotsky believed the child’s culture and their interactions with others is significant in their overall development – especially in relation to cognitive development.

In particular, Vygotsky views a child’s interactions with adults and more able peers as key to their overall development. He believed that a child would internalise dialogues with others and use this information to guide actions and acquisition of new skills on later occasions. From Vygotsky’s perspective learning is dependent on support from adults.

Key to Vygotsky’s theory are the notions of private speech, scaffolding and the zone of proximal development. Key ideas

❖ the child is viewed as an active seeker of knowledge;

❖ the child and environment interact together enabling cognitive development in a culturally adaptive way;

❖ the mind is perceived to be socially constructed;

❖ the child is born with basic attentional, perceptual and memory capacities;

❖ development occurs as a direct result of contact with the environment;

❖ child as self communicator – leads to higher order thinking;

❖ language and thought develop independently, but eventually merge and interact.

Private speech

Vygotsky believed that in order to learn children must speak to themselves in a self guiding and directing way- initially aloud and later internally. He believed that as children develop and become more competent in a particular area, they begin to internalise this speech and gradually decrease its use. Vygotsky believed that private speech is the foundation for all higher order thinking processes.

Just as we see…...

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