Labor Relationships

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Módulo 6 Tendencias Recientes en las Relaciones Laborales y la Negociación Colectiva a. Decrecimiento del sindicalismo en las últimas décadas del siglo XX. Durante las últimas tres décadas del siglo XX, el sindicalismo ha enfrentado enormes problemas para adaptarse a los nuevos retos planteados por las transformaciones económicas y sociales propiciadas por la globalización y la integración económica, que han transformado las relaciones laborales (Smith, 1998; Munck, 1999). En el caso de Norteamérica, el porcentaje de trabajadores sindicalizados respecto a la fuerza laboral total ha venido disminuyendo drásticamente desde los últimos 30 años. En los países integrantes del Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte (TLCAN): Estados Unidos, México y Canadá, se ha presentado una pérdida de la representatividad sindical a partir de la década de 1970 (actualmente 2 de cada 10 trabajadores están sindicalizados en toda la región); política exterior y comercial. Estas tendencias, han sido propiciadas por diversos factores, más que por uno sólo en particular; el declive sindical ha sido consecuencia de diversos y variados procesos, entre los que destacan: • Cambios en el modo de producción. • Uso de la tecnología en el proceso productivo • Declive o estancamiento de los empleos industriales (propicios para la sindicación) y aumento de los empleos del sector de servicios (poco propicios para la sindicación). • Composición de la fuerza laboral. Incorporación en aumento del número de mujeres trabajadoras y por otra parte, de trabajadores jóvenes con poca conciencia sindical e intereses individualizados.

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• El papel del Estado. Se ha reducido el apoyo de los gobiernos a los sindicatos. • El papel de los empleadores. Han diseñado estrategias anti-sindicales para impedir la formación de nuevos sindicatos en empresas de reciente creación y han obstruido el…...

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