Islamic Spain

In: Historical Events

Submitted By ra05
Words 982
Pages 4
En setecientos once, un ejército de árabes bajo Musa ibn Nusayr derrotó a los visigodos y dentro de cincuenta años, casi todo de España había convertido en Al-Andalus y así comienza la época más influyente en España (Hughes, 74). Los musulmanes dejaron su herencia en la arquitectura, la lengua y las ciencias y matemáticas.

Entre las gran logras arquitecturas de los musulmanes, podemos encontrar La Alhambra, La Mezquita de Córdoba y La Giralda en Sevilla. La Alhambra (o al-Qal’at al-Hamra) era una pequeña fortaleza construido en el siglo nueve en Granada y pues reconstruido en un gran palacio por el rey Badis ben Habus. Algunos de los característicos significantes de este palacio es la decoración tallado en stucco, azulejos geométricos y floreados, y inscripciones del Corán (Sumi, 110). Además, hay muqarnas que es una decoración que consiste en pequeños arcos tallados del material de construcción, sobrepuesto para formar panales- muestra la complejidad artística del época musulmana. Se encuentra en el Patio de los Leones que representan los cuatros ríos del paraíso (Sullivan, “The Alhambra, Granada Spain”). La Alhambra ha retratado en muchas películas, pinturas y novelas y se ha capturado la imaginación del mundo (Ahmed, “Spain’s Islamic Legacy”). Además, los musulmanes dejaron su impronta en La Mezquita Córdoba también. Establecido entre setecientos ochenta y cuatro y setecientos ochenta y seis durante el reinado de Abd-al-Rahman en Córdoba, esta mezquita tiene aspectos arquitecturales muy complejo e innovador para su época (Lapunzina, 82). Estos aspectos incluyen pasillos, una mihrab, quibla y haram (Lapunzina 82). El aspecto más significante de la mezquita es el arco de herradura-una característica que se asoció con la arquitectura musulmana pero ya había utilizada por los visigodos antes de los árabes (Lapunzina, 83). Los arcos de herradura llaman la…...

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