Islamic Revolution

In: Other Topics

Submitted By pizzacheese
Words 701
Pages 3
Persepolis is a memoir written by Marjane Satrapi. Marjane writes a story that describes her life in Iran during the Islamic revolution. Persepolis represents a unique life of a child in Tehran, Iran and the actions she took in order to survive the political upheaval her country was facing. Iran having the Islamic Revolution in 1979 was the end of the old and start of the new. Many changes that took place in Iran during this time period such as mandatory laws stating that women wear veils and how all games, alcohol, and parties were banned. Life in Iran had dramatically changed in just a few years during this time period. The Islamic Revolution and the war that followed the revolution are important in history because they show the causes and effects of war and how it can destroy a country and provoke tyranny and injustice. During the time of revolution there is the loss of government, creating a hostile environment in a society. The events described in Persepolis also inform others of the chaos Iran has gone through to get to its current state. In January 1979, the Shah left Iran; he died abroad several years after. On February 1, 1979, exiled religious leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returned from France to lead a revolution resulting in a new, theocratic republic guided by Islamic principles. Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini back in Iran after 15 years in exile in Turkey, Iraq, and France, became Iran's national religious leader. After Khomeini's death on June 3, 1989, Ali Khamenei was chosen to be his successor as national religious leader in what proved to be a smooth transition.

The December 1979 Iranian constitution defines the political, economic, and social order of the Islamic republic. It declares that Shi'a Islam of the Twelver sect is Iran's official religion. The country is governed by religious leaders and governing bodies, and duties often…...

Similar Documents

Islamic

... conventional banks and Islamic banks. In simple words Islamic banks operate in interest free system. Prohibition of interest is ordained in Islam in all forms and intent. This Prohibition is strict, absolute and unambiguous. The Holy Qur'an in verse 278 of Surah Al-Baqarah states: "O ye who believe! Fear Allah and give up what remains of your demand for Riba, if ye are indeed believers." Verse 2: 279 says: "If you do it not, take notice of war from Allah and His Messenger. But if ye turn back, ye shall have your capital sums. Deal not unjustly and you shall not be dealt with unjustly." It therefore, follows that interest is prohibited as it leads to injustices and Islam is against all forms of injustices and exploitations and pleads an economic system, which aims at securing extensive socio-economic justice. The Islamic law of prohibition of Riba, which includes interest, was originally not based on economic theory but on Divine Authority, which considers the charging of interest as an act of injustice (Dr. Siddiqui). Islamic banks appeared on the world scene as active players two decades ago. But many of the principles on which Islamic banking is based have been commonly acceptable all over the world for centuries rather than decades, as it is evident that Islamic finance was practiced predominantly in the Muslim world throughout the middle Ages, promoting trade and business activities. In Spain and the Mediterranean and Baltic States, Islamic merchants became......

Words: 21336 - Pages: 86

Revolution

...The French Revolution Before the French Revolution, France was ruled and governed by the king and parliament. King Louis XVI ruled by “divine right,” believing that he had been put on the throne by the grace of God. France then was one of the most powerful and wealthiest countries, and had a strong army, and even stronger cultural influence. Louis XVI and his wife Marie-Antoinette were shielded from the daily lives of the ordinary people in France. When Louis XVI inherited the throne in 1774, he also inherited many problems left behind by the previous king, King Louis XV. France was divided into three estates with their own status and role to play in the country. The First Estate involved religious people in the country. The Second Estate involved all the nobles. These two estates had many privileges, and were the wealthiest group, but were only a small piece of the entire population. The Third Estate was everyone else in the country: the peasants, poor city dwellers, and the “middle class”. The Third Estate was the largest group, and had little to no power, even though it was the largest group. In order to pay off national debts, Louis XVI increased taxes in the Third Estate, which impacted many of their lives. Because of the taxes, industry started to lag, and there were bread shortages in many places. They barely had any food and had to live of bread. King Louis XVI was a bad king and the people had every right to hate him and his wife. The people didn’t have......

Words: 472 - Pages: 2

Comparison of Revolutions

...Why and What Do We Compare? The Story of Revolution and Democratization Mehrzad Boroujerdi, Syracuse University Introduction The field of comparative politics starts with the assumption that knowledge in the social sciences must proceed by way of the search for comparisons, or what has been called "suggestive contrasts." Scholars of comparative politics compare in order to discover similarities and explain differences. As infrequent and highly complex events, revolutions have attracted a great deal of attention from comparativists. In this article, we will address the following topics: • The Concept of Revolution • Why Revolutions Happen? • Can Revolutions be Predicted? • What Do Revolutions Accomplish? • What Are some of the Failures of Revolutions? • Comparing Characteristics and Outcomes of Some Revolutions • Questions The Concept of Revolution: According to the American philosopher Richard Rorty "revolution," like such other words as "reason," "democracy," and "socialism" is a "thick word" which can be contrasted with such "thin words" as truth, dialogue, and justice. How do we define a "revolution?" How are revolutions distinct from other forms of political change such as Coup d'état, rebellion, mutiny, insurrection, or uprising? All of the above nouns may denote acts of violence aimed at changing or overthrowing an existing order or authority. However, there are important legal and political differences among them as well. ...

Words: 3593 - Pages: 15

Revolution

...REVOLUTION : FIRST PHASE Rizal and the Revolution : * In June 1896 Andres Bonifacio commanded Dr. Pio Valenzuela to go to Dapitan to comfer with Rizal * June 21 , the ship cast anchor at the part of Dapitan in the afternoon. * He then related the founding of the katipunan and its aims , among which was to overthrow Spanish Authority. Preparations for the Struggle : * Andres Bonifacio ordered the manufacture of Bolos to be distributed to the member of the society. * Interview with Admiral Kanimura * Andres Bonifacio ordered Tito Miguel and Roman who are working in the Maestranza Ramos to steal rifles and pistols. Spanish Suspicion Aroused : * Rumors or such Nocturnal meeting reached Manila , and the Spanish Population particularly the friars , became jittery. * From Batangas a rumor circulated that there were a secret gatherings and that rifles and ammunition from Hongkong and Yokohama were being landed. * In 1895 , Governor-General Ramon Blanco banished all the prominent men of Malolos , as well as those of Taal , Batangas in 1986 * On June 20 , 1896 , a recollect friar in Cavite denounced the alleged existence of a group of men who met at banquets to toast the victory of Cuban Rebels against spaniards. * Another rumor had it that there were some 17,000 rebels in the town of San Juan del Monte , Jan Felepi Neri , San Pedro Makati , Pasig and San Caimito. Discovery of the Katipunan : * The misunderstanding......

Words: 1973 - Pages: 8

American Revolution

...American Revolution Political revolution didn’t occur in my country, I think the revolution happened in United State is a good thing, some of the good things about the American revolution are America gotten its independence, and brought about a freer where there wasn’t a monarch on the throne, the governor was the one who judge every one and do whatever he want, the main cancer of the American is not to be punished without reason or paying too much tax without any reason or protection, because that time British use to send the army to collect money from the colony with no reason or any benefit for the people. In 1765 the Americans clones rejected the authority of the British Parliament to pay the tax, comes at a time when the British was deep in debt from the seven years of war (1756-63) and looking to the North American colonies as a source of money. After a couple of years the American des-obey the order from British Parliament and refuse to pay the taxes and the war began. In Saudi Arabia my country the legal system is not the same of any other country, Saudi Arabia legal system is based on the religion of Islam and holy book Quran it make it the most complicated legal system. The court in Saudi Arabia system was created by King Abdulaziz in 1932, if the issue is simple the decisions are made without juries and usually by one judge. Criminal law punishments in Saudi Arabia are cutting head in public place in front of the people to let the lesson and sermon,......

Words: 487 - Pages: 2

Islamic Teachings

...stake. Mohammed teaching on Islam revolutionized everything. He brought changes in the social security, family and women were given rights. He improved the society that was under Arabic influence. He established both religious and social life for many races. Mohammed made Islam to responsible for providing basic needs for the captives. The women in the ancient societies considered women as inferior compared to men. The Islam teachings revolutionized the idea. The recent world sees women as people capable of doing anything. They are viewed as strong like men. They engage in activities that were meant for men. Women are able to make decisions, provide for the family and even work as engineers and in factories. The laws of Koran brought revolution in social relations. The Koran taught people on the importance of production. This helped in quickening trade. The Koran taught people on tolerance. This kind of faith and believe helped traders to travel distant lands, mingle with other people from different races, and get used to their customs. Tolerance enabled traders acquire skills on observation, freedom from prejudice and ability to think faster. This helped fasten the trade with other people. It also enabled them to conduct trade in a more calm way without conflict with other traders. Because of discovering trade, the Islam was the first to discover coffee. It was discovered from a shepherd in Yemen. Yemen was a Muslim empire in the early centuries. He discovered a......

Words: 2259 - Pages: 10

Islamic

...Proposal: My subtopic is Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) in figuring out the motives of their recent activities. “ISIS” has become a danger to all of Americans. Today the Islamic state of Iraq is proudly showing its hatred against American politicians. This is both interesting and important because our families, friends and loved ones are in danger at this time. This is a major issue for our Country. I plan to research through any search engine which I have access to. This war is well known in our country, it has been occurring for over the past 4 years. Almost every news station, website, social media, journals, online articles and magazines have pieces of information about ISIS terror group. There has been several events as well as presidential conferences pertaining to this issue. Shakira Scott Dr. Selitto Research Paper ISIS Terror Islamic State of Iraq and Syria is a blood thirsty group committed to terror. “ISIS” gained a significant presence. “ISIS” is under the leadership of Abu Bakr al-Baghdad. A relatively unknown and enigmatic figure. Abu Bakr al-Baghdad was born in 1971 in Samarra. He was not raised by a wealthy family but was well-mannered. Growing up, his childhood was mainly spent attending religious courses. Like the rest of his family, Al-Baghdadi’s was a devout Muslim, and faith played a big part in his early life. Al-Baghdadi studied the Koran at Samarra mosques and took courses in Islamic science and the Hadith—the traditions,......

Words: 1483 - Pages: 6

Revolution

...The movement of recovered companies in present day Argentina truly is a “new workers” revolution in Argentina and a viable alternative to neo- liberalism. This movement exemplifies all the qualities that workers look for when part of a company. Equality, growth, and a pleasant working environment are most of the qualities that this movement provides. A revolution is a fundamental change in power or organizational structures that takes place in a relatively short period of time. So this movement of recovered companies is truly a “new workers” revolution in Argentina. After these businesses where closed and caused many people to become unemployed it was up to the people to figure out how to feed their families and get their lives back. To many of the workers the company jobs were an extremely high source of income and also became a way of life due to the years they put in at the factory. So when everything for them hit the wall and it seemed as though they had no options at hand they knew they had to get the companies back up and running and that they could only depend on themselves to get that done. The government was not worried about making sure everyone was employed again and if everyone’s family was feed at that time. The most they wanted to do was collect the funds and any profit that they needed and continue on. This workers revolution is so significant because of the perseverance the people had to sustain in order to get the businesses back rolling. They went months......

Words: 513 - Pages: 3

Revolution

...WEDNESDAY 23RD SEPTEMBER 2015 MORNING DEVOTION. HINDERANCES TO REVOLUTION IN FRIENDSHIPS AND RELATIONSHIPS PART 1 TODAY'S SCRIPTURE."Friends love through all kinds of weather, and families stick together in all kinds of trouble."(Proverbs 17:17 MSG) Friendship is a powerful force that guarantees success! Failure is an orphan. If you know how to keep friends, you will become a success in whatever you do. Your revolution in life is determined by how good you are at making friends and keeping them. If you have a habit of negatively surprising your friends and those you relate with, you will live a lonely life and even God said it is not good for man to be alone. The first thing that destroys friendship is selfishness. Everyone detests selfish people! Selfishness is evident when all you look out for in a friendship or relationship is what you will gain. Friendships do not last when you are selfish. Being a "fair weather" friend is also wrong. The opening scripture says a friend loves at all times; through thick and thin,in bad,good and rough times. A wise man said "a friend in need is a friend indeed"! Do not turn your back on your friends in their dark hours when they need you most. Just like Judas Iscariot betrayed Jesus, betrayal is one of the worst things one can experience from friends . It is devastating to see people you call your friends turnaround and stab you in the back. It is worse when they divulge your secrets and fight you publicly. Today's......

Words: 279 - Pages: 2

Islamic Architecture

...Islamic Architecture in the UAE Many cities all over the world are developing to become important urban areas in all respects like Tokyo, New York and Mumbai. Every city has some reasons for their develop like building factories, importance of the location and much more. On the other hand there are some cities that had decline like Detroit, Flint and Cleveland because they only have depended on one resource for income. Abu Dhabi has grown through its economic vision and it is trying to sustainable its development through diversification to avoid declining. Development and growth in cities is shown through some reasons. The strategic location of the city. For this reason, most major cities are on rivers or at the junction of important overland routes (City, 2008). Moreover some cities owe for the importance of religion and became centers of worship (City, 2008). For example the city of Rome survived the collapse of the Roman empire because it was the capital of western Christendom (City, 2008). Early cities that developed strong military forces added to their territory, wealth and importance by conquest. Favorably located settlements often became large and prosperous through commerce (City, 2008). Also some modern cities owe to their development and to the fact that they were built as national capitals. Like Washington, D.C; Canberra, Australia (City, 2008). Climate also is a an important factor; the cities of Florida owe much of their growth to the state’s...

Words: 1184 - Pages: 5

Iran Revolution

...will arise. As a result of the revolution,women’s transition and integration into the public sphere, gender relations and norms that had been legitimized through societal rules and legal laws became threatened and challenged. Women represent a multi-figured individual that are both,“Active and reactive agents of social change, women respond to and defy state actions” (Segdhi, 2007). This creation of a unique individual puts women at the forefront of the revolution, reshaping and redefining gender relations as well as their own societal position by challenging state actions. It is through westernized and modern influences that change is implemented within longstanding societal structures of the veil, Islam, traditional family, and the labor force, which allow gender stereotypes, norms, and tensions to be challenged resulting in the continuous emergence of modernization and presence of women in the public sphere during and in revolutionary Iran. “Revolutions are not made, they come” (Skcopol,1979), the Iranian Revolution is considered to be a defining movement in Iranian history. In order for a revolution to uprise, there must be underlying social, political, and economic structural tensions that result in the desire for change. In the case of Iran, “Grievance emphasizes that cause of the revolution. The class conflict approach falls into this category and inequality, economic hardship, and adverse economic policies are the main cause of the revolution”(Shadmehr). In its......

Words: 3506 - Pages: 15

Islamic

...ISLAMIC FINANCE INDUSTRY: Over the last decade we have witnessed a rising influence of sharia-compliant products and a growing interest in the Islamic finance as a viable funding alternative. This development has simultaneously seen a growth in the market infrastructure and the interconnection between institutions that offer Islamic financial services and conventional banks. During the financial crises, the global growth in Islamic finance tended to continue and the whole sector demonstrated a marked resilience, or a remarkable resilience. Islamic finance is projected to continue to expand in response to economic growth in countries with large and relatively unbanked Muslim populations. One of the major Islamic finance located in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Malaysia had been introducing the regulatory framework called Islamic Financial Services Act (IFSA) and Financial Services Act (FSA). The introduction of FSA 2013 and IFSA 2013 will place Malaysia’s financial sector, encompassing the banking system, the insurance/takaful sector, the financial market and payment systems and other financial intermediaries, on a platform for advancing forward as sound financial system. The main objectives of both regulatory frameworks are to promote financial stability, strengthen compliancy to Shari’ah and strengthen regulatory framework for Islamic financial institution. Sukuk have been introduced as one of Islamic finance elements. Sukuk is asset securitization based on Syari’ah principle......

Words: 333 - Pages: 2

Islamic Extremists

...Chantal Badie Islamic Extremists English 135-Advanced Composition Devry University Dr. Ralph Monday April 7, 2011 Islamic Extremists Nearly everyone has heard about Islam and the Arab world. In addition, many countries have already faced issues with the Muslim believers. Islam has caused problems, terrorist attacks, anti-democracy all over the world. They were also very successful in sending a message of who they truly are. People who are literally obedient to the Islamic faith are called Islamic Extremists. People, who are of the Islamic faith however desire to survive in peace without tribulations are not considered obedient or dutiful to the Islamic faith, these people are called moderate Muslims. Therefore, the Islamic religious extremists are the major group in Islam who follow the Qur’an word for word and create extreme violence that moderate Muslims do not. Islamic extremism started in Egypt in the late 1920s. During the inter-war years, the country was occupied by the British military. The Nationalist Wafd movement, led by Saad Zaghloul, opposed the presence of the British, as would anyone whose country is being occupied by a foreign military power. (A brief history of Islamic extremism) In 1928, Hassan al-Banna established the term “The Muslim Brotherhood” which was the first Islamist movement. The British government supported the nascent movement in an attempt to counterbalance the Nationalists. In modern Egyptian politics, the Muslim Brotherhood is the......

Words: 2684 - Pages: 11

Islamic Revoulation

...The Islamic Revolution 1979 Has the Islamic Revolution in Iran subjugated woman? Subjugated past participle, past tense of sub·ju·gate (Verb) |Verb: | Bring under domination or | | |control, esp. by conquest. | | |Make someone or something subordinate | | |to. | | | | The Revolution Irans capital is Tehran and on January 19, 1979 it was in a state of mayhem. Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Iran’s Shah (which means ruler or king) for four decades, fled the country during this state of revolt. Ayatollah Rebollah Khomeini worked for many years to overthrow Iran’s Shah and saw this as the perfect time to do so but he was in Paris during all of this. Regardless of where Ayatollah was at that moment, many people wanted him to overthrow the current Shah so millions of people went to the streets to cheer on his efforts. Ayatollah returned to Iran and replaced Mohammad the original Shah. He changed Iran’s secular government (separation of religion and government) to theocracy and had Islamic religious leaders called Mullahs to be the divine guidance. Woman lost what they previously gained socially They had to resort back to strict rules and regulations such as: Wearing Hijab and Chadors 1967 Family...

Words: 615 - Pages: 3

Islamic Finance

...New Steps in Islamic Finance jìÑíá=jìÜ~ãã~Ç=q~èá=rëã~åá Islamic banking industry has grown rapidly during the past three decades spreading its operations in many parts of the globe. Making its first debut in the small Savings Association of Mitghamr (Egypt) in 1963, its strength has now reached over 250 financial institutions operating in more than 40 countries with assets valuing USD 750 billions, and an annual growth rate of 15 per cent. Almost all the giant conventional banks are in queue to establish their Islamic units to capture the new emerging market. This rapid growth of Islamic financial industry is, no doubt, encouraging for those who wished to relieve themselves from the prohibition of interest on the one hand and to remain a part of the modern market economy on the other. Now that a substantial period of more than three decades has passed on the experience of Islamic Banks and Financial Institutions, it is imperative to review what they have achieved so far and what they have missed. It is, no doubt, a great achievement of these institutions that they relieved the Muslims from clear prohibition of riba, and came up with some alternatives that might be adopted in financial market without indulging in interest. In an atmosphere entirely dominated by interest-based transactions, it was really a formidable task. I do not agree with those who criticize them on the basis of utopian idealism, and claim that they should have brought an immediate revolution in the entire...

Words: 1576 - Pages: 7