Investigating Public Perceptions of Carbon Dioxide Utilisation (Cdu) Technology: a Mixed Methods Study

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By ericcheng33333
Words 11497
Pages 46
Faraday Discussions
Cite this: Faraday Discuss., 2015, 183, 327

Open Access Article. Published on 11 June 2015. Downloaded on 15/12/2015 18:00:51.
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence.


View Article Online
View Journal | View Issue

Investigating public perceptions of carbon dioxide utilisation (CDU) technology: a mixed methods study†
C. R. Jones,*ac D. Kaklamanou,b W. M. Stuttard,a R. L. Radforda and J. Burleya

Received 5th May 2015, Accepted 10th June 2015
DOI: 10.1039/c5fd00063g

Carbon dioxide utilisation (CDU) technologies hold promise for helping to limit atmospheric releases of CO2 while generating saleable products. However, while there is growing investment in the research and development required to bring CDU to the market, to date there has been very little systematic research into public perceptions of the technology. The current research reports upon the findings of a series of six qualitative focus groups (and an associated questionnaire) held with members of the UK public in order to discuss the perceived benefits and risks of CDU technology. The findings reveal that public awareness of CDU is currently very low and that there is a desire to learn more about the technology. While our participants did, on average, appear to develop an overall positive attitude towards CDU, this attitude was tentative and was associated with a number of caveats. The implications for the findings in terms of the development of communication and broader strategies of public engagements are outlined.

Anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) are a primary cause of current global warming and climate change.1 Carbon dioxide utilisation (CDU) technologies have the potential to help mitigate the release of CO2 to the atmosphere by making use of some of the emissions from…...

Similar Documents

Environmental Studies

...Environmental Studies For Undergraduate Courses Erach Bharucha Textbook for Environmental Studies For Undergraduate Courses of all Branches of Higher Education Erach Bharucha for University Grants Commission Natural Resources i Preliminary Pages.p65 1 4/9/2004, 5:06 PM Credits Principal author and editor – Erach Bharucha Unit 1 – Erach Bharucha Unit 2 – Erach Bharucha, Behafrid Patel Unit 3 – Erach Bharucha Unit 4 – Erach Bharucha Unit 5 – Shamita Kumar Unit 6 – Erach Bharucha, Shalini Nair, Behafrid Patel Unit 7 – Erach Bharucha, Shalini Nair, Behafrid Patel Unit 8 – Erach Bharucha, Shambhvi Joshi Case Studies – Prasanna Kolte Co-ordination and compilation – Behafrid Patel Textbook Design – Narendra Kulkarni (Mudra), Sushma Durve Manuscript review and editing – Chinmaya Dunster, Behafrid Patel Artists – Sushma Durve and Anagha Deshpande CD ROM – Jaya Rai and Prasanna Kolte © Copyright Text – Erach Bharucha/ UGC, 2004. Photographs – Erach Bharucha Drawings – Bharati Vidyapeeth Institute of Environment Education and Research All rights reserved. Distributed by University Grants Commission, New Delhi. 2004. ii Environmental Studies for Undergraduate Courses Preliminary Pages.p65 2 4/9/2004, 5:06 PM Vision The importance of Environmental Studies cannot be disputed. The need for sustainable development is a key to the future of mankind. The degradation of our environment is linked to continuing problems of pollution,......

Words: 125061 - Pages: 501

Mixed Methods of Research

...we were doing, it would not be called research, would it?” Albert Einstein Mixed methods research is fast becoming recognised as a third major research approach or paradigm alongside qualitative and quantitative research. Its philosophy is pragmatic, and in general terms it is an approach which attempts to acknowledge several perspectives, viewpoints and angles. Research methods are a fundamental component of the social sciences which facilitate the understanding of human behaviour. Grinnell (1993, as cited in Kumar, 2005, p.95) defines research as being a “careful, systematic, patient study and investigation in some field of knowledge, undertaken to establish facts or principles”. Grinnell also adds that research is a structured inquiry which employs scientific methodology for problem solving and creating new knowledge. This paper will critically discuss the nature and design of mixed methods research. The essay begins by defining mixed methods before giving an outline of the quantitative and qualitative approaches followed by a discussion on the debate surrounding the multi-strategy approach. Multi-strategy research attempts to combine methods from the positivist- quantitative and the interpretive- qualitative paradigms. Both numerical data, a result of quantitative enquiry and narrative data, a result of qualitative enquiry are collected and......

Words: 2295 - Pages: 10

Carbon Tax

...A carbon tax is a tax imposed on the carbon content of fuels. It is a form of carbon pricing. Carbon taxes are a possible cost-effective means of reducing greenhouse gas emissions. From an economic outlook, carbon taxes are a type of Pigovian tax.They help to address the problem of emitters of greenhouse gases not face the full social costs of their actions. Carbon taxes can be a degenerating tax, in that it may directly or indirectly affect low-income groups disproportionately. The regressive impact of carbon taxes could be addressed by using tax revenues to favor low-income groups. A number of countries have implemented carbon taxes or energy taxes that are related to carbon content. But some are taxed on energy products and motor vehicles rather than on carbon dioxide directly. In June 2010, Julia Gillard defeated Rudd in a leadership challenge thus becoming Prime Minister of Australia. Shortly afterwards she called a federal election. During the election campaign Gillard stated that she supported a price on carbon emissions and that she would prosecute the case for action for as long as she needed to win community support. However, she also indicated that she would not introduce carbon pricing until there was a sufficient consensus on the issue, and she specifically ruled out the introduction of a "carbon tax".(Paul Kelly and Dennis Shanahan, 2010) When it was introduced on July 1, 2012 its primary goal is to reduce the country’s total emissions of greenhouse gases......

Words: 1865 - Pages: 8

Carbon Dioxide in Ecosystems and Organisms

...Carbon Dioxide in Organisms and Ecosystems. Carbon forms the backbone of all organic molecules that make up the bodies of organisms; including carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. The carbon atoms that make up each organism have got there as a result of being part of another organism. Carbon isn’t just in animals, carbon is a fundamental atom found in every ecosystem. An ecosystem consists of abiotic and biotic features in a given area at a given time. The Carbon Cycle shows how carbon is passed up the food chain and is released back into the atmosphere by respiration of the various organisms in the ecosystem. Not all carbon is released in respiration; some carbon is released back into the atmosphere as a result of combustion. Combustion is increasing globally year on year, shifting the balance of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas. Increasing amounts of CO2 can lead to global warming. Recently data has been published by government officials, showing the steady increase in CO2 concentration over the past few years. shows on a graph that in 1955 the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere was approximately 312 ppm. By 2015 it is excepted that the concentration will be approximately 395ppm. Global warming, as a result of increased carbon dioxide concentrations, can cause an endless amount of damage to ecosystems. For example – carbon dioxide itself will become a limiting factor. Every food chain begins with a......

Words: 794 - Pages: 4

Technologies for Alternative Energy

...Technologies for Alternative Energy Climate Change Working Paper No. 7 Ainsley Jolley Climate Change Project Working Paper Series March 2006 Centre for Strategic Economic Studies Victoria University PO Box 14428 Melbourne VIC 8001 AUSTRALIA Telephone +613 9919 1340 Fax +613 9919 1350 Email: Website: Technologies for Alternative Energy 1. Introduction In Papers 5 and 6 technologies for the main sources of energy consumption were discussed. In Papers 7 and 8 the attention is focussed on technologies that impact on emissions from energy production. Table 1 provides data on the main sources of GHG emissions in the advanced economies for the year 2000. Table 1. Sources of GHG Emissions in the Advanced Economies, 2000 Source of emissions Electricity and heat production Petroleum refining Other energy production (coal and gas transformation) Fugitive emissions (coal, oil and gas) Total energy production All sources of emissions Note: (a) energy production as % of all sources of emissions. Source: CSES (2004). Tg CO2 -e 3831.2 420.7 324.6 441.5 5018.1 13175.3 % of total 76.3 8.4 6.5 8.8 38.1 (a) Papers 7 and 8 focus on emissions from the production of electricity and heat, which represent 76.3% of all emissions related to energy production. The other sources of emissions are not discussed in detail in this report. Coverage of the issues relating to these sources of emissions is given in CSES (2004). Incremental......

Words: 30324 - Pages: 122

Uav Public Perception

...Running head: UAV PUBLIC PERCEPTION 1 Public Perception of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles This proposal is submitted to the faculty of Purdue University, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Master of Science in Aviation & Aerospace Management degree Alice Tam November 8, 2011 1105 Anthrop Drive Apt. 4 West Lafayette, Indiana, 47906 (812) 599-2706 UAV PUBLIC PERCEPTION Abstract This study explored public risk perception of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) for civilian commercial operations, including cargo and passenger transportation. Civilian operators are considering the use of UAVs to increase safety while reducing labor costs, but negative perceptions may delay the advancement of these aircraft. To document perception of UAV or 2 UAS aircraft for commercial operations, a questionnaire was distributed to adults (ages 18+) who use commercial air travel. The survey classified age group, gender, and UAV familiarity as demographic variables. This study assessed risk perception of UAVs and its correlation to the variables through statistical analysis to identify whether there was an association between the demographic variables and risk perception. Upon analysis, it was determined that the data from the sample showed no strong evidence that demographic variables influenced risk perception. Many respondents’ risks perceptions involved technology reliability and higher perceived safety with a human pilot onboard. Keywords:......

Words: 4920 - Pages: 20

A Case Study of Public Officers Perception of Motivation in the Belize Public Service

...A CASE STUDY OF PUBLIC OFFICERS PERCEPTION OF MOTIVATION IN THE BELIZE PUBLIC SERVICE CAVEHILL SCHOOL OF BUSINESS UNIVERSITY OF THE WEST INDIES BUSINESS RESEARCH- PSM FINAL PROJECT 2013/2014 JUNE, 2013 Acknowledgements First of all, thanks be to my Lord Jesus for the strength and determination in whom I leaned on to finish this task. My heartfelt appreciation goes out to family for bearing patience and understanding for the times I was not around. Thanks to my lecturer, Dr. Natamisha Goring, for her time and sincere guidance in the completion of this paper. TABLE OF CONTENTS Executive Summary……………………………………. 4 Introduction………………………………………………. 5 -6 Literature Review……………..………………………. 7 - 9 Methodology ………………………………………….... 10 - 15 Study Design Participants Research Instrument Data Collection Proposed Data Analysis Anticipated Limitations and Challenges Bibliography…………………….………….. 16-17 Appendices …………………………………. 18-23 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This case study examines new initiatives aimed at motivating junior officers within the Public Service to be more effective, efficient and productive. These initiatives describe motivation within the context of drive reduction theory and Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs. The study will also measure employee satisfaction as it relates to current......

Words: 2869 - Pages: 12

The Challenges and Effective Methods of Investigating Juvenile Offenders and Delinquents

...The Challenges and Effective Methods of Investigating Juvenile Offenders and Delinquents CRJ 105 August 24, 2014 The Challenges and Effective Methods of Investigating Juvenile Offenders and Delinquents Criminal behavior in juvenile offenders has plagued justice from the beginning. Hagans book Introduction to Criminology discusses the relationship between age and crime in detail. I’ve always been interested in the real effects of a juvenile arrest record and how it will follow them for life. The book also states that “arrest data shows that the intensity of criminal behavior slackens after the teens”. So how are these young adults treated and tracked through the system? There have been many important movements and legislation though history towards the shaping and treatment of juvenile offenders and delinquents. The Juvenile Justice System today is by no means perfect, but it is far greater than what was initially in place. During these times, anyone under the age of seventeen who committed a crime was placed in the same judicial system as adults. As social views began to change, many started to see juvenile offenders as youths who had simply lost their way, rather than hardened criminals. The first large movement involved with removing juveniles from the adults took place with the Houses of refuge. In the early 1800’s reformers became concerned about the overcrowded conditions in the jails and the corruption youth experienced when confined with adult felons. The...

Words: 1786 - Pages: 8

Building Services Engineers Perceptions of Climate Change:

...BUILDING SERVICES ENGINEERS PERCEPTIONS OF CLIMATE CHANGE: THE CASE OF HONG KONG by SHING Kwan Ho DISSERTATION Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Social Sciences (Corporate Environmental Governance), The Kadoorie Institute The University of Hong Kong June, 2009 ABSTRACT This research assessed the local building services engineers’ general perceptions of climate change. The participants’ (1) opinion and knowledge on “global climate change”, “climate change in Hong Kong” and “building services engineering in Hong Kong” and (2) their perceptions towards the perceptions and actions from different groups were measured. In summary, no respondent disagreed with the occurrence of the global climate change but they appeared to be generally not showing strong feelings or opinions towards the climate change issues and their perceptions on different bodies. They may have limited knowledge about the Kyoto Protocol. Developers in Hong Kong were perceived to be the party which did not perceive climate change as a problem and did not take action to mitigate the impacts brought by climate change. Lastly respondents showed different points of view on whether building services engineering has an adverse impact on climate change. Some might be focusing on the actual impact while some might thought the engineers were mitigating the impact on climate change. DECLARATION I declare......

Words: 21144 - Pages: 85

Public Perceptions of Science

...Public Perceptions of Science Nowadays media is having a huge influence on the public perception. Every new information is taken by different types of media and is transmitted to the public in very different ways. There are different sources of media so there are many ways of interpreting new information depending on the media format, the audience, who is founding that media source and also what outcome they want to obtain from the public. Newspaper- is an old way to get your information; its target audience are people above the age of 18. In the newspaper the level of accuracy is not as high because the news are mostly changed by the journalist depending on what the government wants to communicate to the public because they are funding them. The language use is basic so the news can be understood by everyone. * Scare stories- in the newspaper we can find stories that are meant to have a bad influence on the public because they are talking about the rapid spread of the viruses like Ebola. They are mostly there to exploit the public fears because those are also controlled by the government. * Specialist journals- give reports about a specific subject to the public. In here you can find scientific articles of the week. Its target audience are the scientists and also the public. They are written by the people with some scientific knowledge and that’s why the language used is more scientific; they also give more details about the cases. Their purpose is to inform the......

Words: 1911 - Pages: 8

Energy Usage and Carbon Dioxide Emission Are the Largest Problem in the Global Community

...In nowadays, we are facing some global issues regarding the area of environmental and economic. Energy usage and carbon dioxide emission are the largest problem in the global community. Householders use energy in the house consumes the most in the level of emission the total use of energy. The aim of this essay is to define factors that easily affect householders on making decision of the types and source of energy they use. And how they decide on the use of energy efficient appliances. Background Energy is an important element in our global world. It plays a necessary role in our daily life. PJ growth % 2011-12 2010/11- 2011/12 Agriculture 95.8 1.5 Mining 536.2 1.7 Manufacturing and construction 995.2 -3.9 Transport 1512.4 2.0 Commercial 311.2 8.8 Residential 453.2 0.3 Other 58.5 -11.4 Total 3962.5 0.5 (2013 AES Table B) According to the chat above, energy usage in Australia can normally divided into seven parts. Transport is the largest consumption of energy whether manufacturing and construction is the second large. The amounts of mining, residential and commercial in energy usage are quite similar. Residential energy usage is the fourth high of the energy usage of Australia. The most commonly types of residential energy are natural gas and electricity. It include for heating, cooling, cooking…etc. Residential energy usage is 453.3PJ during 2011 to 2012, constitute 11.4% out of the total usage. And the level of residential......

Words: 1084 - Pages: 5

Carbon Dioxide

...more likelihood for change in the atmosphere. More people on Earth means more human activity. If there is more harmful (to the environment) activity there will be a greater change in atmospheric composition and climate. With more humans being produced and survival rates increasing, we can conclude that human activity is also increasing. Humans have a great impact on greenhouse gases in which they are able to increase or decrease the composition of these gases. Many times the effect humans have on greenhouse gases is negative, which increases the likelihood of change in composition of the gases. Well known, long-thrived greenhouse gases include carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and fluorinated gases. Carbon dioxide is released mainly through the burning of fossil fuels. It also can be released through solid waste; carbon dioxide levels increase in the occurrence of soil degradation. Methane is emitted through the production and transportation of fossil fuels (coal, natural gas and oil). Agriculture, fossil fuel and solid waste combustion cause an increase in nitrous oxide. Processes like aluminum and semiconductor manufacturing produce fluorinated gases. The cause of climate change is the greenhouse effect, which is created by greenhouse gases. These gases may naturally be in the atmosphere, but we humans enhance these gases, making them increase or decrease in composition. The greater amount of these gases, the more climate and other environmental factors will change....

Words: 442 - Pages: 2

Mixed Method Research

...The essential goal of mixed methods research is to tackle a given research question from any relevant angle, making use where appropriate of previous research and/or more than one type of investigative perspective. Sometimes referred to as mixed methodology, multiple methodology or multi-methodology research, mixed methods research offers you the best of both worlds: the in-depth, contextualized, and natural but more time-consuming insights of qualitative research coupled with the more-efficient but less rich or compelling predictive power of quantitative research. These approaches are far more comprehensive than attacking a problem from only one point of view and, with the emergence of strategies and tools for blending these different types of data, allow for the crossing of disciplinary boundaries like never before. Anyone who wants or needs to tackle a research challenge from two or more perspectives by deliberate choice or out of practical necessity will benefit from a mixed methods approach. Mixed methods research has been employed with real success in every people-focused discipline, from psychology and sociology to education and health care to human resources and marketing. The essential steps to doing great mixed methods research is as follows: * define the challenge * collect the appropriate data from any relevant source to develop and test hypotheses * rigorously examine those data for obvious and hidden patterns * analyze your findings * Present...

Words: 505 - Pages: 3

Carbon Footprinting & Solar Power Technology

...A REPORT ON CARBON FOOTPRINTING & SOLAR POWER TECHNOLOGY BIRLA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE PILANI A REPORT ON CARBON FOOTPRINTING & SOLAR POWER TECHNOLOGY Prepared By: Saurabh Khandelwal (2008B3A3687P) Utkarsh Goklani (2008B3A1685P) Prepared For: Dr. Ajit Pratap SIngh Report submitted in partial fulfilment of requirements of BITS C323 Study Oriented Project NOVEMBER 2011 Acknowledgement We would like to express our sincere gratitude to all those who gave us the possibility to work on this topic. We would like to thank Dr. Ajit Pratap Singh Sir for helping us choose this topic and guiding us throughout the report. His constant encouragement and infinite support were the key ingredients of our report. We are deeply indebted to Dean ESD Prof. Rajiv Gupta and the faculty members for providing us with the information required in the project. Finally, we would like to thank our college BITS PILANI for providing an opportunity to do this informative report. Abstract Carbon Credits are a tradable permit scheme under United Nations Framework Convention for Climate Change (UNFCCC) which give the owner the right to emit one metric tonne of carbon-di-oxide equivalent. They provide an efficient mechanism to reduce the green house gas emissions by monetizing the reduction in emissions. Rural India has a tremendous potential to earn carbon credits by setting up household......

Words: 4301 - Pages: 18

Calcium Carbonate Analysis; Molar Volume of Carbon Dioxide

...Experiment 13: Calcium Carbonate Analysis; Molar Volume of Carbon Dioxide Abstract: The goal of this experiment was to determine the percent calcium carbonate in a heterogeneous mixture and to determine the molar volume of carbon dioxide gas at 273 K and 760 torr. This is done by constructing a gas generator to collect the CO2 gas evolved from the reaction. The masses of the sample in the gas generator before and after the reaction are measured. The volume of CO2 gas is also collected and measured. As a result, we found that 25L of CO2 was collected, and after further calculations the molar volume turned out to be 13.28L which is very close to the estimated 22.4 L at STP. Introduction: In order to fully grasp the goal of this experiment certain terms need to be understood. Molar volume is the volume occupied by one mole of gas at a defined temperature and pressure condition. In this experiment the percent calcium carbonate in a heterogeneous mixture will be determined. A heterogeneous mixture is a non uniform mix of two or more substances often times in different phases. In this experiment the element Calcium carbonate is used, it is the most prevalent simple inorganic compound in the Earth’s crust. Its common name is limestone and is used for chalk, marble, shells of shellfish and caliche. Another term that is prevalent in this experiment is STP. STP is standard temperature and pressure which is 273K (0 C) and 1atm (760torr). At STP the molar volume of CO2 is 22.4L......

Words: 577 - Pages: 3