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Submitted By em1234
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Outline how industrialisation has caused changes in the family (24marks).

I would here introduce industrialisation- what is it?
Over the years industrialisation has changed the connections between families because of a variety of reasons. Families have changed dramatically due to the main indication being the industrial revolution the process whereby the major form of economic production changed from being predominantly agricultural to being predominantly industrial. This gives us the idea of having three stages of family lives; the pre-industrial families, industrial families and the modified family that we are living today.
During the pre-industrial times families use to be an extended family (consisting of grandparents, parents, and children). For the families to earn an income individuals worked together on agricultural land to try and produce goods to be sold on to earn a profit margin. Sometimes goods were exchanged for other valuables to cover the costs.
Talcott Parsons believes that in pre-industrial societies, an extended family system existed which made it easier to carry out the wide variety of functions required, and believes that dramatic changes have taken place and the three main concepts that Parsons points out are; the loss of functions, achieved status and geographical mobility that the industrialisation has made many changes take place. The loss in functions; are the main reason leading to this idea of isolated nuclear family, this is because back in the pre-industrialisation family’s use to be seen as the ‘production unit’ and now in the modern society the adult members have become individual wage earners. Also back in the pre-industrialisation from a young age children began to work and help product the goods to be sold on. But since the industrialisation has taken place numerous of new laws have been made and to protect everyone from a…...

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