Indigenous Australian Politics

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By caitlinaimee
Words 794
Pages 4
Subject Name: Indigenous Australian Politics
Subject Code: IA2016
Study Period: SP1
Study Mode: External
Campus: Townsville
Subject Coordinator: Sharon Moore
Student: Josephat Magomo Assessment Task 1: Reflective Critique
The European colonisation of Australia over the past two centuries has resulted in violent conflict, forced dispossession, displacement and protectionist policies that denied Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people basic rights, separated families and entrenched discrimination and inequalities. Over the past centuries there have been many changes in the attitudes and rights regarding the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Despite the efforts by Australian government’s initiatives of ‘Closing the Gap’ in an attempt to address the inequalities between indigenous and white Australians there are still vast gaps in terms of socio-economic status, health care and welfare services, life expectancy, education, employment, housing ownership, land tenure and land rights. However, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people still experience an ongoing prejudice and discrimination as a marginalised minority group. Therefore, there is still a great deal of negativity that needs addressing in our society.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people still experience ongoing prejudice and discrimination as a marginalised minority group (Pedersen, Beven, Walker & Griffiths, 2004). Despite efforts by the government to address the inequalities, some Australian research finds a relationship between racism against Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and the belief that such views are shared by the wider population (Pedersen & Griffiths, 2002). It is suggested that many Australians believe that Aboriginal and Torres strait Islander people have the right to equity, but they are perceived as wanting more rights than…...

Similar Documents

Australian Politics

...Running Head: POLITICS Politics: Howards Government [Victoria University] Table of Contents Thesis Statement 1 Introduction 1 Discussion 1 Political Culture 3 Economic Rationalism 4 Social Conservatism 7 Conclusion 8 References 9 Annotated Bibliography 11 Politics: Howards Government Thesis Statement The changes brought by he Howard’s government in social, political, and economical landscape are substantially different from previous regimes and tend to move away from welfare state to free market system. Introduction This paper discusses the changes that have been brought by the 11 year era of 25th Prime minister of Australia, Mr John Winston Howard. This era saw economic expansion that is characterized as longest in the history of Australia. Howard’s policies, practices, philosophies, and decisions have been widely debated specially over the issue of abolishing welfare system, treatment of asylum seeker after the 9-11, and such. This paper discusses the changes in the era of Howard and its consequences. Discussion The 25th Prime minister of Australia, Mr John Winston Howard, was born on July 26th; 1939.he is the longest serving prime minister of Australia after Sir Robert Menzies. His era of Prime Ministership started March 11th, 1996 and ended in December the 3rd 2007. After 1980, it was the first Federal victory of coalition of the National Parties and liberals. The first terms was 1996 to 1998, the...

Words: 2949 - Pages: 12

Australian English

...INTRODUCTION The title of this work is “Australian English” The work which is presented deals with the study of the Australian English Language, about its pronunciation, regional variations, vocabulary. The Australian English is a language with its own peculiarities and it differs a lot from Standard English and the other variants because it has its own history and development. There appeared a large number of new words in each variety of the English language because of historical, political, different socio- economic events and of course it has affected to the Australian English. I wanted to learn more about the appearance, development and using nowadays of the Australian English language. The aims of this work are: -To study the difficulties of using and understanding the words in AusE -To define cultural peculiarities of AusE speakers The topicality of this work is explained by the interest to the difference of Australian English between the other English variants and to the practical usage of the vocabulary. The theoretical value of this work is determined by necessity of the comprehensive analysis of Australian English because every language allows different kinds of variations: geographical or territorial, stylistic and others. It is very important to use up- to –date information of the western scientists who are concerned nearly to the English linguistics. The practical value is seen in rising interest to the......

Words: 9331 - Pages: 38

Special Measures for Australian Indigenous

...Workplace and Employment Discrimination Issues in respect to Indigenous Australians Social indicators measuring wellbeing have shown that, as a group, indigenous Australians are the most vulnerable group of people who have the lowest economic status. The high unemployment rate is one of the main contributing factors to indigenous Australian’s poverty. In 1996, Australian indigenous unemployment rate was nearly 23 per cent in contrast to the non-indigenous rate of 9 per cent. Indigenous Australians suffer discrimination and face prejudices that are often perpetuated within Societies especially in the area of employment. In 1965 Australia signed the International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD). In order to fulfill the requirements of the Convention the federal Parliament passed the Racial Discrimination Act 1975 (Cth) (RDA) and the States have passed the RDA’s equivalent Acts to protect all culture groups and races from discrimination. However, in Queensland the RDA and Anti- Discrimination Act can not adequately protect the interest of indigenous people. In order to achieve true equality among all human races, special measures are needed to protect indigenous people from unfair discrimination. 184 words Part one: Anti- Discrimination Act of Queensland 1.1 Indirect discrimination Section 11 of the Act states indirect discrimination happens if a person imposes or proposes to impose, a term- a) With which an......

Words: 3364 - Pages: 14

Politics

...Politics in Philippines Philippine politics is largely controlled by the economic elite. Electoral competition did not revolve around class differences. Instead, politics was a game played within the elite classes, who manipulated and controlled the political process. The election process is the main mechanism where people participate to select those who will pass laws, formulate policies and govern. Patronage politics and "guns, goons and gold" thwart the people's There is no substantial people's participation in decision-making and governance. The unequal distribution of wealth, unequal participation in decision-making and political power does not contribute to a stable peace and order situation. Communist rebels, Muslim groups, Christian vigilante groups and the Armed Forces of the Philippines still continue their armed conflicts, causing the displacement of thousands of families every year (internal refugees). Most vulnerable in these situations of armed conflict are women, children and elderly - especially those from indigenous tribes. Many rich people in the Philippines lack social responsibility, poor people have been conditioned that they do not have the resources required to help themselves or that change for the better is not possible since these are how things have been done ever since. It has always been this way with many political administrations in the past to the present. Limited development opportunities and options and living daily on a survival mode also...

Words: 299 - Pages: 2

Indigenous Health

...outbreak. Unfortunately the Indigenous Australians were not able to quarantine the European colonists arriving on the first fleet in 1788 and there was no immunisation injections available to protect them from the colds, flus and other infectious disease that arrived with the colonist. In 2015 there are vaccines available to assist people develop a stronger immune system to help prevent some disease and medical technology has progress and people can now live longer than they ever had before. Unfortunately there is still a gap between the life expectancy of an Aboriginal Australian and a non-Aboriginal Australian. In 2010-2012 the average life expectancy for Indigenous Australian male and females were 69.1 and 73.7 while for non-indigenous Australians it was higher, 79.7 for males and 83.1 for females (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2013). This is similar in other indigenous cultures across the world, the United Nations declaration on the rights of Indigenous Peoples makes mention of the health of Indigenous Peoples right to health care “Indigenous individuals have an equal right to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health. States shall take the necessary steps with a view to achieving progressively the full realization of this right” (United Nations, 2007). What is the Australian government doing to assist the Indigenous Australian population to achieve and attain a longer life expectancy like the non-indigenous population? In 2008......

Words: 910 - Pages: 4

Discuss the Process of Reconciliation Between Indigenous Australians and the Federal Government.

...Discuss the process of reconciliation between indigenous Australians and the federal government. Reconciliation is a process for Aboriginal Australians together with Torres Strait islanders and white Australians to be united as one. The reason why the government needed to reconcile is because it should uphold a harmonious and stable development in the society. Though the Australian government has recognised their mistakes and has said sorry to the Aboriginal Australian people in an attempt to reconcile, it is still not enough for the Aboriginal people. The Aboriginal people still need to deal with the agonising memories that the white government has caused. Rather than apologising verbally, they should improve the economic, education and living conditions for Aboriginal people. In this essay will be discussed the government did wrong in the past. Next, a discussion the process of reconciliation, the way they have improved the relationship with Aboriginal Australian people. Finally will talk about why the apology is not enough for Aboriginal people. In order to discuss what the government did wrong thing in the past, we need to understand what the stolen generation is. The stolen generation describe the event where the Aboriginal children were forcibly removed from their families by the government and assimilated into white society (Korff, 2015). In the past the white government did make many mistakes. According the movie ‘Rabbit Proof Fence’ (2000), there was a scene......

Words: 1119 - Pages: 5

Indigenous Australian Cultures

...Indigenous Australian Cultures The Dreaming The Dreaming is the essence of understanding for Indigenous Australians, deeply rooted in the land and all it encompasses; people, flora, fauna and so on. “The Dreaming mythology provides Aboriginal people with answers to the great universal religious questions of humankind- concerning the origin, meaning, purpose and destiny of life” (Clark, 2003, p. 16). Constructions within the Dreaming are as varied as there are language groups, demonstrated in the varying name ascribed to the Dreaming itself, “Ngarinyin people in the north-west of Western Australia refer to it as Ungud, the Aranda of Central Australia as Aldjerinya, the Pitjantjaljara of north-west South Australia as Tjukurpa, the Yolngu of north-east Arnhem Land as Wongar, while in the Broome region it is referred to as Bugari.” (Edwards, 1998, p. 79). (McKay, McLeod, Jones, & Barker, 2001) identify up to twenty or more lessons can be conveyed in one story, including; customs, animal behaviour, land maps, hunting and gathering skills, cultural norms, moral behaviours and survival skills. For example; ‘Alinga the Lizard Man’, a story from Uluru in the Northern Territory, explains the use of the boomerang; or ‘Pikuw, the Crocodile’, from the Cape York Area of Northern Queensland conveys the offence of extra-marital affairs. The Dreaming is as much about informing the history of Creation as it is informing the structure for life itself. “The Dreaming ancestors......

Words: 1037 - Pages: 5

The Role of Empathy and Collective Guilt in Predicting Negative Attitudes Toward Indigenous Australians.

...The Role of Empathy and Collective Guilt in Predicting Negative Attitudes Toward Indigenous Australians. The sustained discord between non-Indigenous and Indigenous Australians has been well noted throughout Australia’s national history. Over recent times there has been a notable increase in interest regarding the social-psychological factors that may contribute to this sustained disharmony (Bretherton, Balvin, & SpringerLink, 2012). In particular, social psychologists have shown explicit interest in the role of empathy and collective guilt as predictors of negative attitudes held by non-Indigenous Australians towards Indigenous Australians. This report deliberates upon what research tells us about the effects of these emotional responses on social attitudes and broadens these findings to include the relevant social-psychological theories of social Identity, Self Categorisation and Social Dominance and how these theories may offer further insight into these attitudinal responses. The report subsequently explores some of the limitations of the applied social-psychological theories and concludes how further social-psychological investigations can assist in the enhancement of the desired reconciliation between non-Indigenous and Indigenous Australians. Empathy in common terms indicates the ability to comprehend the experience of another’s situation from their perspective. It suggests the emotional understanding of another’s feelings ("empathy. (n.d.) ", 2015)...

Words: 2231 - Pages: 9

Indigenous Australian Cultures

...Indigenous Australian Cultures The Dreaming The Dreaming is a time before now, long ago, where spirits that lay dormant under the flat desolate plains of the earth's crust, rose up and took the form of humans and animals. These spirits then roamed the earth performing tasks such as hunting, fighting, building and grazing. Through their roaming and tasks they created and became the current formations, animals, stars, humans and things around us that we see in our world today (Bourke, Bourke & Edwards, 1998). This idea leads the Aboriginals to believe they are tethered to everything in existence. For the Aboriginal groups to gain a further knowledge on what happened during "The Dreaming" Goddard & Wierzbicka (2015) state the Aboriginals must rely on the dreams of the elders. No dream can be changed. Groups of Aboriginals all over Australia speak a different languages. Stories record that this is because the spirits they descend from appointed them their current dialect, meaning every group comes from a certain part of Australia and has their own stories about The Dreaming spirits they descend from that is spoken in their tongue (Bourke, Bourke & Edwards, 1998). Over all, The Dreaming at it's very core is the foundation that the Aboriginals draw upon to create law and rules to abide by, kinships which will determine things like what land you own, obligations, friends and so on, along with giving cultural value and a belief system to Aboriginal groups across......

Words: 942 - Pages: 4

Is the Australian Governme

...Is the Australian government effectively making alterations within the Australian Legal System for the benefit of Indigenous Australians? Introduction The Indigenous Australian population consists of people of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander descent. Prior to European settlement in 1788, Australia was occupied by over 750, 000 Indigenous Australians who spoke 700 languages between them. However, the number of Indigenous people in Australia has transformed since the devastating impact the European settlers had on Australia’s indigenous Australians. They were exposed to new diseases and violent conflicts resulting in a significant number of deaths. Consequently, today Indigenous Australians make up only 2% of the entire Australian population. In 1788, the European colonists settled into Australia as James Cook enforced the doctrine of terra nullius because he believed that it was, ‘no one’s land’ during his journey around Australia in 1770. The cultures of the Indigenous Australians have changed over the past 227 years, as the European colonists of Australia caused very prompt changes to the Aboriginal society and the ways in which they lived. Whilst a number of alterations have been made to the Australian Legal System for the benefit of the Indigenous Australians, they continue to fight to have their rights documented and acknowledged by the Government and the people of Australia. This paper will evaluate the......

Words: 1814 - Pages: 8

Indigenous Australian Aboriginals

...The Dreaming The Dreaming is a term penned by famous anthropologist W.H. Stanner in 1956. (Fryer-Smith, 2002) It defines the conception of mystical spirits of the universe and encompasses everything within. This concept allows for explanations about the ‘Ancestral Beings’ and their travels, creating everything we see today. (Fryer-Smith, 2002) In customary principles, these ‘Ancestral Beings’ hold the power to arbitrate and guide the Aboriginal people’s lives. Indigenous Australians are the oldest inhabitants of the land with the most extensive practise of religion and customs, what we know as the Dreaming. (Edwards, 1998) The role and function of the Dreaming is to teach the Aboriginal people about the norms and mores of the sacred laws. Also known as customary law, these guidelines are an integral part of the Aboriginal culture as it maintains societal normalities. (ALRC, 1986) The Dreaming is a philosophy that binds every aspect of life together, it assists in knowing the past, present and future, and how to make conscious decisions to ensure the world continues triumphantly. According to Korff (2015) white man cannot comprehend the depth of the Dreaming, as it is more an analogy for providing identity and spiritualism to individuals. The diversity within the various communities explains how in-depth the spirituality is and how important this religion is to each Aboriginal person. Each tribe has their own definition and reason behind the Dreaming. The Ngarinyan kin...

Words: 2469 - Pages: 10

Indigenous in Australia

...Australia struggles to bring equality to its indigenous population This article starts by showing us some graphs that represent four different pledges of the “Closing the Gap” commitments made in 2008. The first graph shows the pledge of closing the life-expectancy gap within a generation by 2031. In this graph the blue dots represent the non-indigenous population and the red dots represent the indigenous population. We can see that this target is not on track because, even though the red lines are increasing in a very little measure, it is not enough to close the gap between the indigenous and the non-indigenous, whose life expectancy rate is around 11 points higher. The second graph represents the target of halving the gap in mortality rates for indigenous children under five within a decade by 2018. If we compare the distance between the two dots in 2008 we can see that the difference was very big (100 non-indigenous, 240 indigenous), but today this gap reduced in a great amount because it went from a difference of 140 points to 70 in 10 years, and it still has two more years to keep decreasing. The third pledge shown in the graph is halving the gap for indigenous students in reading, writing and numeracy within a decade by 2018. This target is marked as unclear because the percentage of year-5 students at or above minimum national standards went up around five points, which is not enough to halve this gap. The last graph shows the objective of halving the gap in......

Words: 559 - Pages: 3

Life Insurance Price Discrimination on Indigenous Australians

...Life Insurance Price Discrimination on Indigenous Australians The ethical conflict For many years, the average life expectancy for Indigenous Australians has been lower than the non-indigenous population. Although the life expectancy gap has been gradually decreasing from 2005 to 2012, the remaining differences of 10.6 for males and 9.5 for females are still problematic for the future welfare of the Aboriginal community (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2014). Also, it persists a big challenge to the society as a whole. From the life insurance company’s perspective, the existence of statistical evidence means that insured who belongs to Indigenous population is highly likely to bring more risk to the pool. Correspondingly, a higher premium should be charged to cover the higher death risk this particular group is entitled to. However, discriminating based on Aboriginal status has been increasingly questioned and many people believe that such practice violates the social equality and is simply unfair to the Aboriginal community. The ethical dilemma faced by insurance companies is whether they should sacrifice the benefit of the minority in order to achieve the best possible outcome for the majority. The moral principle of utilitarianism may provide justification for why insurer chooses to charge different premiums for Aboriginal people. However, those who believe more in deontology will argue that the maximum benefit achieved for everyone under the utilitarianism......

Words: 1107 - Pages: 5

Second Languages and Australian Schooling

...Australian Education Review Second Languages and Australian Schooling Joseph Lo Bianco with Yvette Slaughter Australian Council for Educational Research First published 2009 by ACER Press Australian Council for Educational Research 19 Prospect Hill Road, Camberwell, Victoria, 3124 Copyright © 2009 Australian Council for Educational Research All rights reserved. Except under the conditions described in the Copyright Act 1968 of Australia and subsequent amendments, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the written permission of the publishers. Edited by Carolyn Glascodine Cover illustration by ACER Project Publishing Typeset by ACER Project Publishing Printed by BPA Print Group National Library of Australia Cataloguing-in-Publication entry Author: Title: ISBN: Series: Notes: Subjects: Lo Bianco, Joseph. Second languages and Australian schooling / Joseph Lo Bianco ; Yvette Slaughter. 9780864318374 (pbk) Australian education review ; 54. Bibliography. Language and languages--Study and teaching--Australia. Language and languages--Study and teaching—Bilingual method. Education, Bilingual--Australia. Other Authors/Contributors: Slaughter, Yvette. Australian Council for Educational Research. Dewey Number: 370.11750994 Visit our website: www.acer.edu.au Acknowledgment The Author and Series Editor wish to acknowledge the......

Words: 42730 - Pages: 171

Promoting Health - Health Inequalities of the Australian Indigenous Population

...states that the indigenous peoples of Australia are one of the most disadvantaged indigenous groups in the developed world. The health of the Indigenous population of Australia is an increasingly pressing issue. Current research and statistics reveals great inequality in many areas of health care and health status between the Aboriginal people and the general population of Australia. Couzos and Murray (2008, p. 29) report that the Indigenous population has “the worst health status of any identifiable group in Australia, and the poorest access to health systems.” This paper will examine the underlying historical contexts and contributing factors that have lead to the current disparity between the health of the Indigenous Australians and non-Indigenous Australians. Furthermore, the high prevalence of chronic health issues such as diabetes will be analysed and community health initiatives that are needed or currently being enacted will be identified. Many reasons for the current appalling state of health and wellbeing of the Australian Aboriginal people can be explained by examining their recent history to the devastating impacts of colonisation, genocidal policy, loss of land and years of oppression. These several hundred years of cultural destruction, dispossession and social and political upheaval have resulted in generations of trauma and grief (Burke, 2006, para. 4). As reported by Forsyth (2007, p. 35-36), government policies enacted towards the indigenous population in......

Words: 2117 - Pages: 9