Impacts of Human Life Expectancy

In: Science

Submitted By mattbarrett
Words 953
Pages 4
Impact of Human Life Expectancy Increases in life expectancy in the world’s human population has measurable effects on the environment. Since recorded history, the age that people die has expanded to approximately
75 years, on average. Most experts believe that this is due to social reforms and technology, rather than evolution. People did not start evolving to increased life expectancies; rather they became more efficient at using medicines, disease prevention, processing food and energy sources and this had an increasing effect in simply living longer. Sex, age, geographic location, demographic groups, time period and wealth certainly are factors when calculating life expectancy. In the middle ages, a child living past the age of five could potentially live well beyond a projected age of 25 years. This depended greatly on surviving birth or disease and if they happened to be a member of higher social class, having access to better or a higher abundance of food. Statistics for women actually surviving child-birth are much higher in recent history than
200 years ago, Simply because we are better suited medically to overcome the problems they experienced. Geographic and economic status are another big part of the increases. Developed nations have significant increases when compared to many lesser developed nations. The World Health
Organization shows no real large increases in life expectancies in many nations in Africa and the
Mid-East over specific recorded time periods. Barrett 2 There are certainly other variables that can be added to impact the statistical results.
Natural disasters, wars and disease epidemics all have been documented to cause several million premature deaths. Taking war or economics aside, the other factors affect other species at generally the same rates…...

Similar Documents

Reasoning for Differences of Life Expectancy Between Men and Women

...Differences 1 Reasoning for differences of life expectancy between men and women Latesha Mays Dr. Davis SOCI 402 May 9, 2006 Differences 2 Reasoning for differences of life expectancy between women and men In most countries the life expectancy at birth of women is longer than that if men. Historically it has been assumed that this was generally due to biological reasons. But on the basis of my graveyard data which consisted of 50 cases of people from High Point North Carolina, tables and graphs, the relationship between race, gender, and average age of death are summarized with four empirical generalizations that I got from the data. I will only present three to adequately summarize the data because only three have similar commonalities to express why women live longer than men. The first empirical generalization was on the basis of the gender table. The data showed that males have a 36 percent average age of death and females have a 64 percent average age of death and therefore males have 28 percentage points lower average age of death than females. The second empirical generalization was on the basis of the race and gender graph. In this graph females had a higher median age of death than any other category. The last empirical generalization expresses a graph that shows the data of race and sex. The data showed that white females have a significantly higher median age of death than men and black......

Words: 1836 - Pages: 8

The Impact of St. Augustine's Life

...Book Review: The Impact of St. Augustine's Life LIBERTY THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY THE IMPACT OF ST. AUGUSTINE’S LIFE A Paper Submitted To Dr. John Landers Liberty Theological Seminary In Partial Fulfillment Of The Requirements For The Course CHHI 520 CHHI-520 HISTORY OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH I By Dutch Nelson Liberty ID #: L24440559 Lynchburg, Virginia October 7, 2012 Table of Contents Cover Page 1 Table of Contents 2 Introduction 3 The Life of Augustine 3 Madaurus 366-370 3 Thagaste 370-371 4 Carthage 371-383 4 Italy 383-387 4 Thagaste 387-390 5 Hippo 390-430 5 Augustine as a Writer 5 Augustine as a Scholar 6 Augustine as a Pagan 7 Augustine and Marriage 8 Augustine’s Journey to Christiainity 9 Augustine as a Christian 10 Augustine as Saint 11 Conclusion 12 Bibliography 14 Introduction Spiritual leaders exemplify themselves by the way they live and the way they impact the lives of others. This normally determines how their congregation and those who hear their word and see their deeds view them. Augustine’s life has not been totally perfect. He like other humans has erred in some way. However, he has had a positive impact on a number of theologians and philosophers (Smith 2008, 1). This paper looks at his life over his 76 years on earth and seeks to provide evidence that Augustine’s life can be used as an example in the preparation of spiritual leaders. The Life of Augustine Augustine’s life dates from......

Words: 3734 - Pages: 15

Life Expectancy in Medcs

...The average life expectancy in MEDCs is rising. This is due to: * improvements in health care and medicine * increased leisure and recreation time * improved knowledge about the importance of a balanced diet and regular exercise * improved living standards and quality of life Birth rates in MEDCs are falling as people choose to have smaller families later in life. Contraception is easily available and well understood. An ageing population * As people live longer, the structure of a population changes. * Many MEDCs are now experiencing a significant increase in the number of elderly people as a proportion of the population. * As birth rates fall and people have smaller families, the number of young dependants is falling and the number of elderly dependants is rising. * In the near future this will mean that there are fewer economically active people to support the elderly population. * To try to balance out an ageing population, some countries adopt a pro-natalist policy - that is, they encourage people to have more children by offering them benefits, such as access to childcare and maternity leave. * a cash incentive of £675 monthly (nearly the minimum wage) for a mother to stay off work for one year following the birth of her third child * the 'carte famille nombreuse' (large family card), giving large reductions on train fares * income tax based on the more children the less tax to pay * three years paid parental leave...

Words: 348 - Pages: 2

Bicycling: Impact on the Environment and Humans

...Bicycling: impact on the environment and humans More than 40% of the public are convinced that humans are the cause of global warming. “According to the U.S. Forest Service, forests in the United States alone sequester some 827 million tons of carbon dioxide annually, nearly 10 percent of the country’s CO2 emissions.” (Beavan 49) The leading cause of global warming is CO2 emissions produced by humans through transportation. In order to avoid this problem riding vehicles that do not produce any CO2 emissions like bicycling would benefit the globe as a whole. Bicycling could reduce harm to the environment and improve individual’s quality of life. Choosing transportation like bicycling can reduce the harm that it brings to the environment. One benefit of bicycling is the reduction of CO2 emission, which causes global warming. Transportation with a lot of carbon release causes the air quality to go bad. This causes climate changes around the world for example it warms the atmosphere causing the ice to melt in the artic, which then effects the animals that live in that environment. Another benefit is it enables more energy to be conserved. Choosing transportation with less pollution such as a bicycle can reduce the manufacturing of vehicles that cause more pollution like a car; this reduces so much energy such as electricity that is being used by the factories to manufacture these products. Also it saves materials like the metals and plastics that are used for production of......

Words: 658 - Pages: 3

Reason for Disparities in Life Expectancy

...average life span was between the averages of 45-50 years of age in the United States. Apparently in this day and time we live to see 80 years or more. Many people analyze the disparities between people who wouldn’t be able to reach that number. Reasons for disparities in life expectancy: healthcare, race, education, environment, and fitness. The United States health care leaded the nation to ridiculously high rates of insurance with a poor health care outcome which was compare too many other countries. In the United States from 2000- 2007 life expectancy change rates changed around the countries. If United States compared itself against a series of life expectancy in the 10 different nations with the less amounted mortality, United States would range from being close to 15-20 calendar years ahead to over 50 calendar years behind for men and 17-20 calendar years ahead to over 50 calendar years behind for women. Life expectancy for African American males men are ranged from 59.7 to 77.2 years, with counties ranging from seven to over 50 calendar years behind the international frontier; for black women, the range is 70 to 82 years, with counties ranging from eight to over 50 calendar years behind. During the year 2000 through 2007, 90% of males and 92% women of American counties dropped in standing against the international life expectancy standards. The United States have extremely large geographic and disparities. Many communities that have low- life expectancies already...

Words: 359 - Pages: 2

Life Expectancy

...Life Expectancy According to the life expectancy calculator, my calculated life expectancy is 85 years. I have learned that in order to have a long and healthy life, I can’t live all by myself. I expected to have my life longer than the calculated life expectancy’s because I don’t drink, smoke, and avoid most of the things that harm my health. After I used this calculator, I found out that my family’s background plays the important role in my life calculation, and regular medical check-up and exercise can also lengthen my life. I have never learned that it is necessary for me to check the good (HDL)/bad (LDL) cholesterol in every three years which also effects my life expectancy. It is truly beneficial for me to learn that the mean number for total cholesterol level is 180 mg/dl (5 mmol/L). I didn’t know that flossing daily also have the direct impact on our lives to be lengthened. I used to think that it just effects on our dental hygiene. I also realized that having too much red meat as our main course is not good for our health and can shorten my life. I can lengthen my life expectancy by changing my daily diet plans, exercising regularly, and getting regular medical check-up. Additionally, I learned that keeping the family generation record is extremely valuable for not only me but also my future generation. In addition, I need to get rid of my bad habits such as eating too much and sleeping irregularly, and floss daily. These changes will help me to lengthen my......

Words: 598 - Pages: 3

Impacts of Human Behavior on the Environment

...RUNNING HEAD: Impacts of Human Behavior on the Environment 1 Impacts of Human Behavior on the Environment Psy 460 Impacts of Human Behavior on the Environment 2 Environmental psychology is the study of the link between human behavior, the direct impact on the environment, and the psychology of humans. The physical or manmade environment such as building houses or workplaces, and natural environments in nature, are all important parts of environmental psychology. The study that includes environmental psychology is diverse and requires more studies to determine what changes need to be made. Modern technology such as, the development of chemicals, manufacturing plants, population increases, mining and mining processes and other human activities have brought many issues and concerns about the environment. Some of the environmental issues that are impacting our environment negatively are: global warming, climate changes, more intense adverse weather such as stronger hurricanes and tornadoes, while other areas have drought and rainy conditions (Steg, 2013). Technology can create negative impacts to the environment by humans attempting to improve on nature in areas where nature should be left alone. Controlling nature, for example, by building dams over rivers to generate electricity has adverse effects on fish and other water species. The oil and chemicals that are......

Words: 1213 - Pages: 5

Biophilia and Its Impact on the Human Species

...Brandon Moore Biophilia and its impact on the Human Species November 7, 2014 Dr. Henry Zeidan Biology and Society BIO1050 Life on this planet is defined and shaped by a never ending cycle of relationships, and happenings. From live birth, to photosynthesis, to the purification of water, every single element or organism on this planet interacts and bonds with something else in order to produce another creation. As humans we are born with an inherited instinct to nurture, love, and bond with all things needed to survive. When one thinks of bonding they typically think of the physical relationship between two living things. Although this is the most clear and definitive assumption, one could also consider the relationship between humans and our planet as a bond as well. E.O Wilson defines “the urge to affiliate with other forms of life”, as Biophilia which is a great representation of humans and our love for life. Although all life cannot be seen that does not stop the feelings or desire to connect with or to simply embrace the life that our planet provides us each and every day. The term "biophilia" literally means "love of life or living systems" (Fromm, Erich, 1964). Looking back on the history of our planet it would appear that this loving relationship between humans and the planet took a back seat to industrialization, and the globalization of humanity. In doing so populations have skyrocketed, precious resources have been depleted, and pollution has reached levels...

Words: 711 - Pages: 3

Life Expectancy Sa

...Life Expectancy To understand the many ways of life expectancy you have to understand the social determinants that makes an individual live longer it may be due to their gender, region or location, their eating habits, all the way to their income. According to World Health Organization people are actually living longer than the expected rate, based on global averages, a girl who was born in 2012 can expect to live to around 73 years, and a boy to the age of 68. This is six years longer than the average global life expectancy for a child born in 1990. Typically a woman lives longer than a man. Women in Japan have the longest life expectancy in the world at 87 years, followed by Spain, Switzerland and Singapore. Female life expectancy in all the top 10 countries was 84 years or longer. Life expectancy among men is 80 years or more in nine countries, with the longest male life expectancy in Iceland, Switzerland and Australia. Income and the location of an individual can set there life expectancy to be longer or shorter due to resources. For instance, a male in the USA may be able to live longer compared to a man who may live in South Africa due to the simple fact of healthcare whereas here in America medical services are not hard to come by but in South Africa they may not even have medical services to provide. Life expectancy varies for each country and it’s different due to the way that people live and take care of their selves....

Words: 263 - Pages: 2

Understanding Aging and Outliving Your Current Life Expectancy

...Understanding Aging and Outliving Your Current Life Expectancy Connie Tracy English 104 Dr. Baggett April 15, 2014 The Study of Successful Aging Gerontology is the study of the biological, psychological, and social aspects of aging. Gerontologists are interested in the study of human relationships, health, economics, retirement, widowhood, and the care of the aged population. Gerontologists not only focus on studies from all the social sciences—sociology, psychology, economics, and political science--but also want to demonstrate to others that biological changes have an effect on our social characteristics as we age (Quadagno, 2014, p. 4). Aging can be challenging, but research suggests many ways to age successfully. What does that mean to age successfully? According to researcher Quadagno (2014), “ successful aging depends not just on the prevention of disease and disability, but also on the attainment of peak physical and psychological functioning and participation in rewarding social and productive activities. Instead of taking a negative approach to the problems of aging, social gerontologists are now investigating the factors that create a healthy, fulfilling life in old age” (p.4). If we want to grow old gracefully, we need to have personal objectives to accomplish. How well we achieve our personal objectives is a measure of our success. During our lifetimes if we make positive choices in the areas of our own biological, psychological, environmental and......

Words: 2891 - Pages: 12

The Impact of Poverty on Life Chances

...Abstract This research paper describes how poverty influences the lives of children and adolescents. Poverty is viewed as major environmental influence that impacts the opportunities and life chances of children. Young people growing up in poverty may feel justified in engaging in risky behaviors. The research shows how poverty has an effect on parenting, housing, food, health, mental well being, and education. Despite government programs that help many, the author of this paper views economic inequality as a major cause of the problems facing poverty and our nation. Poverty has a major influence on the day-to-day lives of children. It also places young people at risk for poor outcomes in life. At Risk Youth (McWhirter, McWhirter, McWhirter, & McWhirter, 2013, p. 29-39) discusses the economic trend of poverty as one of the major environmental influences placing young people at risk. When one understands the problems of poverty, one begins to understand the people affected much better. McWhirter et al., (2013) presents several “types” of families that may live in poverty. These include the working poor families, vulnerable and underserved families, young single mother families, and homeless families. One interesting concept that the book discusses is social comparisons. Today poor people are faced with constant reminders of their lack of money. By watching television shows that popularize the lives of “the rich and famous” and by seeing the income......

Words: 3212 - Pages: 13

Impact of Second Life

...IMPACT OF SECOND LIFE (A VIRTUAL WORLD) ON BUSINESS PRITAM DEY 2007 Pritam Dey ABOUT THE AUTHOR Pritam Dey has an extensive background in IT and business consultant. He has designed and developed IT solutions for customers across domains and technology platforms. Having joined Tata Consultancy Services in 1999, Pritam has handled complex project assignments for Global Insurance and Financial Services firms. With specialization in Internet technologies and objectoriented design principles, Pritam has led cross-functional teams to execute IT projects for clients such as Tata Internet (India), Prudential Financial (USA), ING Bank (Netherlands) and A.P. MollerMaersk Group (Denmark). Pritam has also played a significant role as a business consultant. To maximize his education during the MBA program, Pritam has led and mentored teams to provide data-driven business consulting and recommendation to deliver bottom-line results to his clients. He has executed a wide array of projects on business strategy, market research, business process analysis, competitive landscape study, new market entry and pricing strategies. He has consulted for Fortune 500 organizations such as 3M, UnitedHealth Group, Thomson-Reuters, and Northwest Airlines (now Delta). Post his MBA program, he has also consulted for a plethora of non-profit and startup organizations and has created marketing and business development opportunities for the respective......

Words: 8323 - Pages: 34

How Does an Increase in Life Expectancy Effect the Economy

...As the life expectancy of the U.K has increased and peoples career opportunities have increased therefore not many people are having as much children, if any, there is an ageing population in the U.K. The ageing population which the U.K is facing can cause great problems socially, politically and economically. The social problems with an ageing population are that there will be a greater strain on the NHS and also the care available will become limited therefore the quality of the care may decrease. There's a greater strain on NHS as elderly people tend to rely on the services as their health deteriorates therefore recourses become scarce. If the ageing population increases massively then the quality of care provided may deteriorate as more people are requiring the care therefore the staff will have a lot more patients than they would originally have so they cannot spend as much time on one patient. The economical problems with an ageing population are; firstly, less people will be paying NI tax but there will be an increase of people taking from the pot via pensions therefore the government will have to take money from other areas in order to pay the pensions to the elderly causing other areas to lose out on development e.g. Transport etc, therefore there may be ‘pensioner poverty’ which will be a huge problem for those who haven’t saved. Secondly, the more elderly people are the more care they need therefore the government will have to provide care for these people......

Words: 596 - Pages: 3

Impact of a Human Service Worker

...The Impact of Job Characteristics on Social and Human Service Workers Reva I. Allen/Eric G. Lambert/Sudershan Pasupuleti/Terry Cluse-Tolar/Lois A. Ventura, Department of Social Work, University of Toledo 1 In many career fields, there is a tendency to try to find the right person for the job instead of trying to make the job right for the person. Koeske and Kirk (1995) wrote, “Social work administrators presume that there are certain characteristics of human service workers that predispose some of the workers to thrive in a particular job while workers with other characteristics are more likely to dislike the job or do poorly” (p. 15). Additionally, some administrators of social and human service agencies appear to be more concerned with the impact of workers on their agency than the impact of the organization on workers. “Blaming the employee” focuses the attention away from the real causes (Arches 1991). It is true that social and human service workers can and do have meaningful effects on their employing organizations. It is, however, naive to assume that employees are not affected by the organization. It is reasonable to assume that many employees who have negative or positive impacts on the employing organization do so because of how they were treated at work. The work environment has real and lasting effects on most employees. It is generally theorized that the work environment influences employees mainly through their attitudinal states, and these...

Words: 6570 - Pages: 27

Effects of Higher Life Expectancy

...Effects of higher life expectancy The survey shows that in many countries, the people are living longer but increased life expectancy has many implications for the aging individuals and for society as a whole. What are the possible effects of longer living for individuals and society ? Answer: People are living longer due to improved medical breakthroughs, healthier lifestyle and other factors. There are some positive effects of longer living. Since we have higher life expectancy, our study life becomes longer which means there is more time for us to choose, try and learn different subjects and to find out what we are passionate for. We also have more time to spend with family and friends, and enjoy doing our favorite things. Furthermore, we devote more time to our careers, and therefore having more possibilities to succeed. For talented people, they can produce more influential works. For example, if Mozart is living in today, he might compose more great songs. Society benefits from increased life expectancy too. When people have more leisure time, depression and stress are reduced, people's health is improved, hence people feel more satisfied with their societies. Moreover, having people work for a longer time will increase productivity and total GDP. But living longer is a double-edged sword. There also are negative effects. In the past, most people had only few years to live after they retired, but now they can live up to fifteen to thirty years. As......

Words: 323 - Pages: 2