Identity in Wasp Factory and History Boys

In: English and Literature

Submitted By gingerfork
Words 1362
Pages 6
Both Banks and Bennett explore identity in their respective novel/play, although both using differing methods to present their ideas and perspectives. For the authors the formation of identity is massive aspect of the growth of an individual through their adolescence, and is the most prominent focus for both Banks and Bennett. Throughout their works both writers explore the many aspects of identity, with a primary focus on the conflict of identities and how this can challenge an individual, and this is explored with the many elements of identity, such as the formation of identity and the importance of education during this stage, how gender plays into someone’s identity, and even aspects of religion. Neither Banks nor Bennett makes a conclusive statement on a definitive cause of the formation of identity, although it can be argued that each work infers a definitive influencer on identity, with both authors choosing a somewhat nurture over nature stance on personal growth although the balance of the formation of identity is differing between the character that is being discussed.
For almost all characters within the works education is the most aspect of their identity in some way. For the boys in “The History Boys” education defines them in that they are all school boys, they are defined by what they do, this is similar for the teachers in the play also, this is contrasting to Frank in “The Wasp Factory”, who is ultimately defined not by his education, but specifically his lack thereof. The characters of both works are in some way changed by their identity, and specifically a focus can be placed on Frank and Dakin. Frank is educated in some ways by his father, and this ultimately influence much of his mannerisms, and Dakin although being taught by both Hector and Irwin, seems to primarily favour Irwin’s education to influence his own. For Frank, this influence is…...

Similar Documents


...As you know, factories usually bring pollution. If this factory is not managed very effectively and efficiently according to specific rules, it's prone to polluting the local air and water. What's more, factories usually make noise. Beside clean drinkable water and fresh air, an ideal community should be quiet. If the factory cannot maintain this situation to the community, it will not last long. A factory that is too noisy or pollutes too much will eventually be relocated to a new area. On the other hand, a factory could bring a lot of benefits to the community. So I would support the plan to build a factory to my community for all the reasons I will describe below. First of all, the factory's construction will surely improve the local infrastructure. To run smoothly, the factory will have to have a steady, reliable supply of water and electricity. Some old pipes will be changed, and some facilities will be renovated. The residents' living standard get improved as a result of these widespread changes, an important benefit in Arroz e Feijao, where many people do not have access to clean water. Secondly, to make the employee commute more convenient, the local roads will have to be rebuilt and broadened, resulting in improved public transportation. The town's residents can take a public bus to go shopping or go to work. As a result, air pollution and fuel consumption might be reduced. Most important, a factory's establishment will bring up a lot of employment......

Words: 318 - Pages: 2

The History of Women

...The History of Women HIS 204 American History Since 1865 The History of Women What would the world be if not for the powerful women who have helped to guide the path of women’s rights in the nation? Would women enjoy the same freedoms or would women still be prisoners to the home? Thankfully women don’t need to spend much time contemplating this as we did have strong, powerful women that fought for women’s rights for centuries. Women encouraged other women to fight for equality, fight for freedom, fight for the opportunity to be a strong independent woman in a nation of strong independent men. This paper will discuss several significant events that shaped the future for women in America. Events driven by women that wanted their voices to be heard through a sea of men, women that wanted men to realize that women had a lot to offer this world we live in. The first event this paper will discuss is the American Equal Rights Association started in 1866 by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton. This association would shine a light on women’s suffrage in the nation and later inspire a more radical group called The National Woman Suffrage Association. World War I was another event that that the shaped the future for women in America and around the world. Women left their homes to become nurses that would care for wounded soldiers around the world. Another event is the passage of the 19th amendment in 1920. The 19th amendment gave women a voice in elections......

Words: 3271 - Pages: 14


...It can be denied that factories have a great importance of poople’s lives. Nowadays, there is a common controversy about where factories should be constructed. In this essay i illustrate not only several shortcomings such as traffic jam, air pollution and excessive noise, but also a few advantages such as job opportunities and cheap access to products. I believe that the disadvantages outweigt the benefits, so i strongly oppose that factories are built near my community. Starting with the advantages, First of all; a factory or an industry area can cause bigger traffic problem which is also called traffic jam. For instance; people who are employee of the factory try to reach their working place every morning. This occurs more cars they use. Although the traffic demand of the road adversaly increases, the capacity of the road is still limited. So short distances take longer trip times. Secondy; people have to face the possible air pollution because of the factory. For example; when the factory is built, it starts to manufacture goods and proporties. It is usual that the factory generates chemical and biological substances which are extremely hazardous. It releases these harmful substances into the atmosphere and environment. As a result; it causes harm to humans and the environment. Thirdly; people have to deal with noise pollution. When the factory starts to generate, there will be a lot of high tracks, manufacturing machines and robots which can be heard. This causes......

Words: 451 - Pages: 2


...Identity In The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man tells the first- person narration of James Weldon Johnson. This autobiography shows a contemptuous point of view about skin color. Johnson clearly expresses his way of thinking as being purely acceptable in that time period. Johnson claimed that it was “most natural” to have children with people who had lighter skin. The problem throughout the novel is a man trying to find his identity which becomes the main theme of the book. In the book, “ I finally made up my mind I would neither disclaim the black race nor claim the white race; but that I would change my name raise a mustache, and let the world take me for what I would”(Johnson 490). By saying this it meant that the ex-colored man could live fearless and from the white man and have a better life than a black person. There were many reasons Johnson had for wanting to pass for a white man. The world was set on this idea that a person had to be white in order to be successful in life. Unlike most blacks, Johnson was very educated so it was easy for him to adapt to the white culture. In the book though, he has the advantage of experiencing the good and the bad of both black and white cultures. When the book was published in 1912 there were very few opportunities in America for African Americans. The most success a black man had back then were those who were porters for the railroad. Johnson, however, was an artist and a scholar as shown by his cigar rolling apprenticeship...

Words: 812 - Pages: 4

Funny Boy

...Funny Boy Analysis English Literature Essay Identity involves recognition of the self. It is not static, but it constantly changes in relation to political, cultural and social events that are occurring. A child's identity is negotiable. Children are presumed innocent and naïve until they have experienced life. Their sense of identity has not been determined if they have not had experiences in which they are able to determine their relationship to and how it affects them. In narrating or privileging a child's perspective in a novel, the language the reader is presented with is simplistic and the viewpoint of the narrator is often minimalistic as it is based upon the experiences which the narrator has encountered. Shyam Selvadurair's Funny Boy is narrated from an adolescent’s perspective, where the presumed innocence and naivety of the child offers an alternative view to the political, cultural, social and historical tensions in India and Sri Lanka and the effect that it has on the developing child in terms of identity. The child narrator in each text is an outsider as they do not merge with the cultural norms imposed upon by society. Arjie, the product of an upper-class Tamil family in Funny Boy, crosses borders in his awakening as a homosexual, falling in love with a Sinhalese, despite his parents attempt to create a masculine identity for him, in order that he may abide by the boundaries and social order that has been imposed upon him. The need to understand identity......

Words: 1511 - Pages: 7

Bra Boys

...How successful is fledgling director Sunny Abberton in his creation of Anthony Hines as antagonist, villain and threat to the harmony of the Brotherhood of the Bra Boys? Abberton’s combined roles of filmmaker and participant, allow for personal bias to influence the controlling scenes, within the documentary Bra Boys, due to the director’s positive affiliation with the gang in two distinct ways. Through a heavily edited montage presented in the introduction of conflict in the narrative, Abberton reinforces the dangerous status of antagonist Hines as a harmful and destructive presence for the Brotherhood. The filmmaker achieves this through the use of composed newspaper scans, criminal photographs, and black and white images of Hines, which presents Hines as an enemy of the family and betrayer of the gang. Accompanying these images, Abberton employs eerie non-diegetic background music to anchor negative associations of this character for the audience. Combined within the montage these techniques assist in supporting the direct commentary by Steve Bligh, which reveals Hines’ dark criminal history and the fact his release jeopardised the lives of the Abberton family. Abberton’s controlled representation successfully engages the audience and influences their perception of Hines to align with the filmmaker’s. Through careful construction of mise-en-scène, the montage creates an authentic sense of......

Words: 1090 - Pages: 5

Boys and Girls

...Boys and Girls Recent history boldly notes the protests and political unrest surrounding the Vietnam Conflict during the 1960s and 70s. However, equally important in this era are the women who pushed for gender role and publicly rebelled against the established social norm of a woman's "place." Although Alice Munro may not have been burning her bra on the courthouse steps, threads of a feminist influence can be found in "Boys and Girls." Munro's main character, a girl probably modeled after Munro's own childhood experiences on an Ontario farm, faces her awakening body and the challenge of developing her social identity in a man's world. "The girl," an unnamed character, acts as a universal symbol for the initiation of a girl into womanhood. Through first-person narrative, Munro shoes the girl's views of her budding femininity and social identity by describing the girl's conceptions of her parents' work, her parallel to the wild mare Flora, and the "mysterious alterations" (Munro 474) in her personal nightly stories. As if to forsake her femininity and forego a life of confinement and housework, the girl reveres her father's work and condemns her mother's duties. The sum of the girl's respect seems to lie with her father, as is evident in her reference to his work outdoors as "ritualistically important" (468). On the other hand, while the girl recognizes that her mother is busy, she still considers her mother's "work in the house [to be] [·] endless, dreary and......

Words: 1011 - Pages: 5

The Meaning of Identity: a Brief History

...The Meaning of Identity: A Brief History The term identity as the dictionary defines it today is almost as new as the sciences devoted to studying it. The definition of the word identity has undergone several transformations since it was first used by European philosophers emerging from the Dark Ages. It wouldn’t be until 1950 that the word would undergo its final stage, the one seen used in psychology textbooks across the world. Erik Erikson’s eight stages of the life cycle gave us its modern meaning. The way the term identity has been used by philosophers in the past has given it definite significance and seriousness. Despite this, its use in relation to the individuality of a person was very casual and lacked depth. Only recently has the term identity come to represent an analytical psychological concept (Gleason, 1983). Before modern social sciences evolved, the term identity was associated with philosophical thought and the ever-present questions about the mind-body connection and the nature of self. The root of the word identity is Latin in origin. The word is “idem” and it means “the same.” The word identity has been found in philosophical texts going back to 1690 with John Locke’s “Essay Concerning Human Understanding” (Gleason, 1983). The term seemed to be used only to describe “self” as the philosophers viewed it. The definition of identity that we have today did not come about until much later and when it did it gave much insight into issues......

Words: 1980 - Pages: 8


...When American schoolchildren are educated about Europe between the years 1936 through 1975, they are taught about the aftereffects of World
War I and about World War II. Europe, in high school history classes, ceases to exist after 1945 and the close of World War II unless, of course, one is learning about the Cold War and the Berlin Wall may be mentioned. They do not learn, however, that World War II era Spain—because Spain was neither an ally or a foe during the war—went through enormous conflict of its own. The three-year Spanish Civil War and the fascist dictatorship that followed are largely kept out of the American history books. Yet, the world is privy to much of its legacy through literature, art, film, and personal memory. Spain certainly remembers three hellish years of war and thirty six years of repression under Generalisimo Fransisco Franco, but how is General Franco remembered by the rest of the world? What legacy did he leave internationally? 2 It is a confused and varied one: to those closest to him he was a husband, father, and statesman; to Hitler, he was an obstacle on the road to world domination; to the Jews who fled from Hitler he was a hero; but to the many Spanish minorities and to his opponents in the Spanish Civil War he was a monster. 3 The answers to the questions posed are addressed in a variety of sources. One of these sources is the book Hitler Stopped by Franco, by Jane and Burt Boyar, who write a relatively straightforward book that explores......

Words: 6971 - Pages: 28


...However, as much of a role as I think it plays in my identity, it is not singularly consumed by filmmaking. It’s consumed by many ingredients. Identity is compiled of endless traits, qualities, concepts, and morals that describe who you truly are as an individual and completely set you apart from the social norm. “My identity is what prevents me from being identical to anybody else” (Reader, pg. 40). A basic concept this is, but with a very specific message. Amin Maalouf, writer of In the Name of Identity, describes his identity as being a way to set himself apart. Maalouf writes heavily on religion and heritage. This relates to the concept of vertical and horizontal heritage. Your vertical heritage is your religious beliefs and morals passed down from your parents. On the opposite, your horizontal heritage is linked by your influences from your environment―the area in which you were raised and grew up in. Maalouf identifies himself as both Lebanese and French. One of Maalouf’s main focus is to praise the human ability to identify oneself in many ways. “...through each one of my affiliations, taken separately, I possess a certain kinship with a large number of my fellow human beings; but because of all these allegiances, taken together, I possess my own identity, completely different from any other” (Reader, pg. 44). This is what Maalouf wants to stress the most; because of his various backgrounds and life elements, his identity has been outlined specific to him and cannot......

Words: 1827 - Pages: 8

Barrio Boy

...Alexandra Ortiz English 120 Professor DiFranco Essay #2 Sacramento Both Ernesto Galarza’s “Barrio Boy” and Joan Didion’s “Notes From a Native Daughter” write about Sacramento’s past. Both authors talk about Sacramento during two different time periods. Joan Didion talks about the mid-century and Ernesto Galarza talks about the early 20th century. Although both author’s perspective of Sacramento differs from era to era, there are differences in certain characteristics described by both authors. Galarza’s essay focuses on an immigrant point of view arriving into Sacramento versus Didion’s experiences as a native decedent of Sacramento. Joan Didion’s Sacramento is a very different place compared to Ernesto Galarza’s , for him it’s an immigrant place where Mexican, Yugoslavs, Chinese and many other different cultures come together to make one home. For Joan Didion, Sacramento is a place that with the pas of time and the changes that has come with time, have forced memories to be lost and most importantly identities. Didion highlights the true nature of Californian lifestyle and how with its gradual disappearance more than the past is being lost, but a new generation is also losing an understanding of its true roots, its true history and as a result a loss of knowledge. The loss of knowledge is equivalent to the loss of identity because if one doesn’t know where they came from how one can truly know who they are. Didion talks about her own experiences as a child in......

Words: 1435 - Pages: 6


...Hao zhan james Esl D.E Elizabeth Raptis 05/16/2015 The identity of immigrants People all over the world have different identities and citizenship. However, identities not right equal to citizenship. America is a deserve country, which have immigrants from all over the world. Some of immigrants consider themselves as American and others still identity themselves as before. The article “ note of a native speaker” and “ American dreamer” described two immigrants who have moved to America. From “ Notes of a native speaker”, Eric liu was born in America, he was the second generation as an “ ABC”, which means American born Chinese. His parents wanted him to be an American. He tried to be like that, but he found that the only way to be an American was to be white. From “ American dreamer”, Bharati Mukherjee, a woman born in India,she thought her identity was fixed when she was born, she immigrated to America for a better life and tried to disobey her family in India, she wanted to change her own identity and came to U.s because the society was more diversity. The identity of belonging based on and influence by culture , family and language. Eric Liu’s was the second generation of immigrates, so his parents were Chinese before they became to U.S citizens. However, his family did not teach him to be as a Chinese, he was totally to be taught as an American. He considered that he has became an American before he was born. “ My own assimilation......

Words: 1411 - Pages: 6

Social Identity

...I am a middle aged white man who is a son, a brother, a husband, a parent, a college student, and a paramedic. I am an American who is part of the lower middle class, but I came from a working class family. My social identities are many and to single one out may prove to be difficult because they all interact with one another in some fashion. I could not become a parent without being a man, or a brother without being a son. If I were to choose just one identity that is important to me, it would have to be that I am a parent. Like many parents, I share the same worries, the same proud parent moments, and the same love for my children. Like many boys of my generation I was fascinated with Matchbox cars, soldier figures, fire trucks and BB guns. If I fell and scraped my knee I was not consoled but rather encouraged to “shake it off.” This is in contrast to when my sister would fall and scrape her knee she was instantly soothed and doted over to ensure that she was going to be okay. Television shows such as Emergency! and CHiPs portrayed how men were the ones that performed dangerous tasks and were the ones who protected the community from dangers. During the summer my friends and I would mimic the motorcycle police officers from the television shows on our bicycles or pretend that we were Johnny and Roy from Emergency! Coming from a working class family, I was given freedom to play with my friends, but it was expected of me to not get into trouble of any sorts. If I were to......

Words: 1147 - Pages: 5


...Sociology Identity A picture is worth a thousand words. Tainted with time and worn down from years of being tossed around in boxes. Smudged with the identities of those who shall remain unnamed. A survivor of floods and even a fire. The picture with the burned edges and the smell of unfinished flames is the portrayal of my identity. A portrait of me as a young kid with three of my closest Caucasian friends. Something is different. I stand out like a needle in a hay stack. My identity is illustrated through my dark skin in comparison to others in the picture. The aspect of my identity that is far from inconspicuous. My racial identity. Three white boys with their pale faces and contented smiles as they stand in an uninspected formation. Their shirts red, white, and blue. And me with my mocha brown skin, bright yellow crew neck and my best hand-me- downs in the near background. My whole life I attended a predominantly white school. For majority of my time there I was one of few black faces. As a child I didn't focus on factors such as race or skin color. Everyone was the same to me except for the occasional girl who had cooties in which in that case I stood my ground. As years past I begin to notice the difference between my peers and myself. Which now looking back at this barely intact photograph is very evident. The idea of being different had a major impact on my identity. I began to withdraw from my surroundings, I became shy and distant from my peers. On a......

Words: 789 - Pages: 4

The Whipping Boy

...The Whipping Boy By Richard Gibney During the American Civil War, big parts of the Afro-American population in the States were held as slaves. It was a dark time in American history, as the white people suppressed the black part of the population. The hatred from the Afro-American was massive in the middle of the 18th century, and we can even draw lines op to the present, where that hatred is still seen in the streets all over America. In the short story The Whipping Boy by Richard Gibney, we have three slaves, who are given their freedom. From one day to another, they’re suddenly free. They don’t know what to do with it, except from repaying what they’ve been put through for many years. Revenge and hate are rough subjects, but at the time, it’s understandable that the three slaves act the way they do. Mikey dreams big about the future with Martha, whereas Martha is showing signs of her being reticent. “When Mikey and Martha lay alone, he offered to smother the old woman in her sleep. Then they could all go north, Mikey, his new wife and his brother, all working for wages in the city. Martha baulked at the suggestion and raised her eyes to Heaven. She looked at him in disbelief.” (Page 2, line 44) One of our main characters is Mikey. He is in love with his girl Martha, another main character, but they don’t share the same view on the future. When the three slaves are granted their freedom, the first thing on Mikey and his friend Tommy’s mind, is revenge. But when......

Words: 1087 - Pages: 5