I/O Psychology

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By dctnwhit
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Industrial Organization Psychology
By: Christy Whitworth
PSY/ 435
May 28, 2012
Frank Del Grosso Jr.

Industrial Organizational Psychology Industrial/Organizational psychology (I/O) psychology is a branch of psychology of which places focus upon workplace behaviors, ways upon which an employer can retrain happy employees, motivated employees and increase employee productivity. A more accurate definition would include that I/O psychology applies to time proven methods that organizations place value and have true concerns upon the work place environment, dealing with anyone who has ever been employed, held a held a job for a significant period of time, or career (Spector, 2008).
Describe the Evolution of the Field of I/O Psychology
According to McMillan, Stevens, and Kelloway (2009), “Almost every account of the development of Industrial/ Organizational (I/O) psychology in the United States emphasizes the formative influence of the military and military requirements particularly during the World Wars it is cited as the catalyst that brought I/O psychology out of the closet of academia.” (pg. 283) The history of I/O psychology has two individuals credited with the start of the field, Hugo Munsterberg and Walter Dill Scott. Both Munsterberg and Scott were experimental psychologist, and university professors whom became involved with the application of psychology to problems within organizations (Spector, 2008). By Spector’s account I/O psychology is a twentieth century invention that has been in existence almost for the birth of psychology (Spector, 2008). The first text book of I/O psychology was completed in 1913, placements based upon mental assessments for employment studies was developed in 1917, and in 1991 the American with disabilities Act (A.D.A) was passed in to law (Spector, 2008). As the workforce grows and develops, the employment…...

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