How Important Is Primary Socialisation

In: Social Issues

Submitted By JessicaKwan
Words 450
Pages 2
Primary socialization is the process of becoming able members of several institutions, including family, religion, culture and education. During primary socialization, language, norms, values and basic expectations of society are learnt, such as the way to dress, eat and communicate, leading to the moral outcome needed to survive. Sociologists have a variety of theories telling us how children understand their role in the social order.
George Herbert Mead developed a theory of social behaviorism explaining how social experiences develop a child's self-concept. He argued that the self does not exist at birth, but develops only through social experience, which is the exchange of symbols. Therefore, we tend to find meaning in every action, and further, imagining the intention of others. Others act as a mirror in which we can see ourselves, according to Mead. The key to developing ourselves is learning to take the role of the other. However, with limited social experience, infants are only able to develop a sense of their identity through imitation. He concluded that the final stage of primary socialization is the generalized other, referring to the widespread cultural norms and values.
Cooley devised the term, 'looking glass self', meaning self image based on how we think others view us. He claimed that we form our self-images through interaction with other people. He was particularly interested in how significant others shape us as individuals. A significant other is someone whose opinions matter to us and who is in a position to influence our thinking, especially about ourselves.
Primary socialization develops an individual's gender identity. A person conforms to what is seen as acceptable masculine or feminine behavior. Canalization refers to boys and girls having different experiences in their early childhood years: it is seen as the norm to dress a baby boy in…...

Similar Documents

Explain How Culture and Socialisation Interact in a Sociological Context

...Explain how culture and socialisation interact in a sociological context? Culture is our knowledge we gain from birth as a result of our immersement into our cultural group. Socialisation is the way in which we learn this information we gain from such contact. When we look at the two ‘Culture and Socialisation’ and study how this interaction occurs, what is gained, changed, modified, etc we are defining the interaction of culture and socialisation and how they react to each other we are using ‘Sociology’. Culture is known to us as the knowledge you learn from birth, from within your own group. It involves learning and establishing our languages, belief’s, norms, mores, sanctions, both positive and negative influences, sub and counter cultures. When we learn a culture we are learning a “peoples values – their ideas of what is desirable in life.”( Henslin, Possamai & Possamai-Indesedy 2011, p. 50) Through culture, people and groups define themselves, conform to society's shared values, and contribute to society. We learn to cope with being thrown into this culture, we learn how to adapt and copy from our family circle, mother, father, siblings, perhaps, extended families including aunties and uncles and cousins. We learn the gestures, so we become acceptable and socialised within this group. Socialisation on the other hand is the process by which people learn the characteristics of their group and their culture, therefore shaping the identity. “We start to become......

Words: 1713 - Pages: 7

Socialisation of Children

...Socialisation of children * Begins at birth and continues throughout life * Involves mixing with others, conforming to the norms of groups/community * Promotes physical, intellectual, social, cultural, emotional and spiritual development, and communication skills. * Development most intense in childhood basic skills and appropriate behaviour are learnt here Definition * Defines socialisation as ‘a development process by which individuals learn and become aware of the patterns of behaviour expected as a member of society * Through socialisation, individuals become familiar with the norms and values of their society * There are many determinants of individual (children) socialisation: * Observing behaviour of others * Imitating actions of family, teachers and peers * Interacting with others * Developing the acceptable manners, habits, attitudes and skills of society * Having positive behaviour being encouraged * Having negative behaviour being inappropriate Primary and secondary socialisation * Two types of socialisation: * Primary – (infancy) * Comes from contact with family * Building relationships from family who offer warmth, food and attention * Family usually have the most powerful and long-lasting influence * Secondary (Out of infancy) * Occurs at kindergarten, school, and sporting groups *......

Words: 266 - Pages: 2

: Explain How Culture and Socialisation Interact in a Sociological Context.

...Teaching Period 3, 2013 SLSS102 Explorations in Sociology Assessment 1: Minor essay Word limit: 1000 (+/- 10%) Due date: 9am AEDT Monday 2 December (Week 5) Weighting: 20% Assessment details Write a 1000-word essay on one of the following topics: TOPIC 1: Which is more important in shaping individual identity: social structure or social interaction? TOPIC 2: Explain how culture and socialisation interact in a sociological context. In your essay you should: • • • • • Demonstrate your understanding of themes covered so far in this unit. Use the three texts listed in the resources box (right) to answer your selected question. In addition you should use a minimum of TWO references to augment the material in these texts. Support your discussions with examples from the social world. Use correct Harvard referencing style. Essay resources To answer your chosen topic, use: Your eText: Sociology: a down to earth approach (Possamai & Possamai-Indesedy 2011). The following eBooks: • • Plummer, K 2010, Sociology: the basics, Taylor & Francis e-library. Back, L, Bennett, A, Edles, L,Gibson, M, Inglis, D, Jacobs, R, Woodward, I 2012 Cultural sociology: an introduction, Wiley. To augment the material in these texts you may use other sociology textbooks, articles from the Swinburne library database and current media articles. 1 SLSS102 Explorations in Sociology Assessment criteria Your essay should clearly address the question and include relevant ideas addressed in...

Words: 820 - Pages: 4

Explain How the Role of the Teacher Changes in the Process of the Child’s Growing Normalisation (Socialisation)

...Explain how the role of the teacher changes in the process of the child’s growing normalisation (socialisation) | Reflecting how the role of the teacher in a Montessori Childcare setting changes considering the moment and type of children’s need is the aim of this essay. The focus will be anchored on what Maria Montessori defined by ‘normalisation’ (Montessori, 2007a) and how the teacher promotes its achievement, analysing how the professional and the child’s performances will develop in consequence of it. I will take in consideration the justifications and advantages outlined in the Montessori principles’, as well as what would be the consequences of the lack of this process. For better understand it, I will briefly re-visit the social embryonic stage socialisation is linked with the growing socialisation of children in pre-school ages, and highlight the importance of consistency and respect of the favourable environment. Montessori (1966) identified children arriving to Casa dei Bambini with several characteristics of behaviour which result in obstacles to the natural development of the child, these where called deviations and identified in categories of as fugues (active) or barriers (passive) - both, would disappear while the process of normalisation is successful. The process of normalisation in a Montessori classroom relates to the period of time that a child takes to focus his/her energies, will and concentration, self-absorbed and disciplined thanks to the......

Words: 1624 - Pages: 7

How Important Is the Role of the Editor Within the Editorial

...How important is the role of the editor within the editorial Commissioning process? 1. Introduction 1. Executive Summary This report discusses the importance of the role of the multi-skilled editor within the editorial commissioning process, whilst analysing what is involved within magazine feature commission. In order to achieve the main objective of gaining a practical feel as well as an analytical view to the tasks and processes involved in a magazine feature commissioning, this report acts as an accompaniment to a case study on ‘Intersection’ magazine, which illustrates and reflects on the role of the editor within the commissioning process. This task involved creating a commissioned feature for the new VW Passat CC, and provided a chance to learn leadership and motivational theories, which are needed for a coherent editorial vision. 2. Terms of Reference The methods of obtaining information for this report will be both primary and secondary research methods. Primary sources include the Intersection case study, focus groups and surveys, and secondary research includes research gathered from reports, textbooks, case studies, and the Internet. 2.0 Methodology This study aims to give an understanding into how an editor’s role within a magazine is of vast importance to the success feature commission. The purpose of this report is to illustrate through a case study and management and motivational theories as to how the role of the editor......

Words: 4466 - Pages: 18

How Communication Is Important in the Decision Making Process

...| Communication & Decision Making Process “How Communication is Important in the Decision Making Process.” | | | Good decision making is an essential skill for career success generally, and effective leadership particularly. If you can learn to make timely and well-considered decisions, then you can often lead your team to spectacular and well deserved success. However, if you make poor decisions your organization can tumble. Regardless of the size of business you are in whether a large corporation, a small company, or even a home based business effective communication skills are essential for success especially when a decision has to be made. Decision making in management is an important skill and making the right decisions is essential. Every manager should be looking to improve their decision making skills and communication skills. The process of business decision making is of the utmost importance for effective management. Decision making process in management must be informed by expert knowledge and experience in all departments. “The decision-making role in organizations is crucial. If things are going smoothly, there is not much for management to do, but if things go wrong or new opportunities arise, somebody has to decide on hiring and firing workers, investing in new machines or scrapping old ones, marketing new products and dropping old ones, and how to raise the necessary finance.” (Fong, Kwok, 2005) The role of management is to take these......

Words: 3001 - Pages: 13

What Is the Invisible Primary and How Important Is It?

...A presidential primary is a state-based election to choose a party’s candidate for the presidency. A presidential primary shows support for a candidate among ordinary voters and chooses delegates committed to vote for that candidate at the National party. In the USA presidential primaries are held every fourth year, the manoeuvrings in preparation for the elections begins months, if not years, beforehand. Due to the fact that there is normally very little to see this stage is said to be the ‘invisible stage’ and therefore known as the invisible primary. The invisible primary is the stage which runs up to the first formal primary in the USA; essentially it begins as soon as the last election ends. It is the period when party candidates position themselves to run for the presidency before the official series of primaries and caucuses start. During this period of time the candidates aim to gain media coverage, endorsements and funding. It is important that candidates gain significant support for their campaigns by establishing name recognition and a political identity in order for their campaigns to be successful. Endorsements establish candidates as credible, reliable ones, for example in 2007 Barrack Obama was endorsed by Oprah Winfrey which helped his public image before the Democratic primaries. Many candidates such as Al Gore in 2000 make specific efforts to boost their image in order to gain support from superdelegates. Firstly the ‘invisible primary’ can be used to......

Words: 623 - Pages: 3

What Is the Invisible Primary and How Important Is It?

...A presidential primary is a state-based election to choose a party’s candidate for the presidency. A presidential primary shows support for a candidate among ordinary voters and chooses delegates committed to vote for that candidate at the National party. In the USA presidential primaries are held every fourth year, the manoeuvrings in preparation for the elections begins months, if not years, beforehand. Due to the fact that there is normally very little to see this stage is said to be the ‘invisible stage’ and therefore known as the invisible primary. The invisible primary is the stage which runs up to the first formal primary in the USA; essentially it begins as soon as the last election ends. It is the period when party candidates position themselves to run for the presidency before the official series of primaries and caucuses start. During this period of time the candidates aim to gain media coverage, endorsements and funding. It is important that candidates gain significant support for their campaigns by establishing name recognition and a political identity in order for their campaigns to be successful. Endorsements establish candidates as credible, reliable ones, for example in 2007 Barrack Obama was endorsed by Oprah Winfrey which helped his public image before the Democratic primaries. Many candidates such as Al Gore in 2000 make specific efforts to boost their image in order to gain support from superdelegates. Firstly the ‘invisible primary’ can be used to......

Words: 623 - Pages: 3

How Important Is Cheese

...Nutrient profile & recommendations Cheese contains the goodness of a number of essential nutrients, including protein, calcium, zinc, phosphorus, magnesium, vitamin A, vitamin B2 (riboflavin) and vitamin B12. The amount of nutrients in cheese may vary depending on the composition of milk used and also how the cheese is made, but the major nutrients found in cheese include: [1,2,3,4]: Protein – is important for growth and development, and helping to build and repair tissues in the body. Calcium – is important for the health of bones and teeth, and for normal nerve and muscle function. Zinc – can contribute to the structure of skin, can assist in wound healing, and can also help support immune function. Phosphorus – is important for the health of bones and teeth. Vitamin A – is a fat soluble vitamin which is important for vision, for maintaining the health of skin, as well as being important for bones. Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) – is involved in converting energy from food, for use by the body. Vitamin B12 – is important for producing cells in the body, such as red blood cells. The Dietary Guidelines for Australians recommend that we enjoy a wide variety of nutritious foods and include milk, yogurt, cheese and/or alternatives (choosing reduced fat varieties where possible), for the nutritional benefits they can provide – particularly calcium [5,6]. According to the 1995 National Nutrition Survey, dairy foods are the richest source of calcium in the......

Words: 1108 - Pages: 5

The Peer Group Is the Most Important Agency of Socialisation.

...Socialization is a process whereby individuals are made aware of behaviours that are expected of them with regards to the norms, beliefs, attitudes, and values of the society in which they live. There are several agencies of socialisation including peers, family, workplace, mass media but is peers the most important agency of socialisation? This essay aims to evaluate this claim. A Peer group is a very important social group. This is a primary agency of socialization. They are those who share a similar social position to you in terms of age, lifestyle, status or job. These are people you are regularly with. In course of a child’s growth, he/she is motivated to be with the friends of his age. It is mainly remarked from teen ages to adulthood. The socialization that takes place with peers is different from those of the family and school. Similar tastes, likes, dislikes and ideas influence of the creation of such groups e.g. those who are into the same sports or the same type of music form into friendship groups. Young people are most influenced by their peers. They feel most comfortable to be around them as they share similarities concluding to them being open with each other. Peer groups play a very big part of socialization because the teenage period of someone’s life is when they start to change and think differently and most of these things they experience together. They discuss certain issues, problems and matters which cannot be discussed with their adults in the family......

Words: 1116 - Pages: 5

How Important Was the Slave Trade to the British Economy?

...The slave trade was very important to the British economy. Without the slave trade, the triangular trade would not have taken place. This is because there would have been no reason to trade slaves from Africa for goods in the West Indies and the USA. Because there were so many slaves being traded, there was plenty of sugar being exported from the sugar plantations to Britain (3,750 tons in 1951 to 9,525 tons in 1669) due to the increase in labour. This trade of sugar had a big impact on the British economy. Because of the large quantities of sugar being produced by African slaves, sugar was able to become a staple food in Britain. “The poorest English farm labourer’s wife took sugar in her tea” which suggests that even the poorest of people in Britain could afford sugar and were paying sugar tax that could flow back into the economy. A poor British family on average would dedicate 6% of their income towards the purchase of sugar. Without imports like sugar, the economy in Britain wouldn’t have been boosted in this way as before the slave trade, only the rich were able to afford sugar. Also without the slave trade another big product, tobacco, would not have made it to Britain in such large quantities. This is because without the slaves to increase labour, tobacco could not have been produced on such a large scale. Tobacco, like sugar, was another tropical staple export that thrived in Britain. Again, tobacco was available to the British public in places like ale houses,......

Words: 692 - Pages: 3

Socialisation

...There are two main types of Socialisation. There is Primary socialisation e.g. Family. Primary socialisation is the first type of socialisation you will come across. With primary socialisation you know that there are often a lot more barriers to do with behaviour and language. There is also secondary socialisation e.g. Friends. Secondary socialisation is socialisation of which you gain outside of your family; you often act differently in secondary socialisation. In secondary socialisation you will often find that you feel ‘free’ and that you can have more fun and do things that you would often be unable to do. This is because you know from a very young age that there are a lot of barriers in your source of primary socialisation. A good example for this would be swearing; when you are in your primary social group this is often frowned upon, whereas when you are with your secondary social group it is often the norm. Three identified Socio-Economic Factors are: Education, Money/Income and Housing. In infancy education is very important for intellectual development. Education is important through all life stages. It is a known fact that if you have a better education, and attended a well known private school you are more likely to get a well paid job. This is because private schools are known to have smaller classes, so teachers are able to help students better. This could also mean that you have a better general knowledge as you can also learn from friends. It is also known......

Words: 928 - Pages: 4

What Is the Bill of Rights and How Important Is It?

...What is the Bill of Rights and how important is it? The Bill of Right is the collective name for the first ten Amendments of the United States Constitution, which limits the power of the US federal government. These limitations serve to protect the natural rights of liberty including freedoms of religion, speech, a free press, free assembly, and free association, as well as the right to keep and bear arms. The Founding Fathers wanted to ensure that no man could obtain excessive power, which could infringe the citizen’s rights. The Bill of Rights retains an important role in American society as it outlines the rights and freedoms of the individuals. This allows them to use the Bill of Rights as a reference point if they ever find themselves in a situation where they need to defend themselves according to the rights that they claim. This can be seen in Amendment V of the Bill of Rights, whereby a suspected criminal has the rights to not be a witness against himself so as to prevent self incrimination. The Bill of Rights shows the rights of the citizens as it gives individuals the right to keep and bear arms, as outlined in Amendment I where the Bill of Rights clearly shows the right and freedoms of the citizens. However the Bill of Rights can be interpreted in different ways which can lead to inconsistencies in the treatment of the individuals, this is most common depending on where that individual lives. This vagueness has caused a clear debate in the death penalty,......

Words: 418 - Pages: 2

Explain How the Role of the Teacher Changes in the Process of the Child’s Growing Normalisation (Socialisation).

...and start to use destructions such as TV in attempt to feed the child. As a result, children have no understanding of what and how much they eat since their mind is fully occupied by the action on the screen. At this stage deviations are not deep and are hidden below the surface. In order for the teacher to bring them out, the right activity must be offered. Then the concentration and discipline can be easily restored. The deviations like untidiness, laziness, and insubordination are very common ones and often-believed do not fostered by adults. Children of strong and weak personality develop deviations of different kind. For example, children of a strong character would more likely to show aggressive, violent and noisy behaviour. Unlike the others, who are quiet, passive and easily bored. Deviations must be corrected, other wise they will progress and finally become permanent (Montessori 2013). The teacher, the environment plays very important role for the child’s normalisation. Even the smallest mistakes can distract the child and prevent its progress. In order to support the normalisation process, the environment should be suited for the children’s needs and abilities (Montessori 2013). For instance, in Montessori schools furniture and work tools are child sized and it offers a wide range of specially designed materials and activities. It’s important that all the activities are real life related, so that children are able to practise skills that might be useful in their......

Words: 1795 - Pages: 8

How Important Is the Inspector

...Inspector Goole has an incredibly important role in ‘An Inspector Calls’ by J.B. Priestly. He is a persistent person with a strong character which allows him to take control of all of the actions of the other characters and the development of the play. Firstly, the Inspector is clearly important because his name is in the title. ‘An Inspector Calls’. Only the most important of character have their names in the title of the play. Priestly wishes to convey the importance of the Inspector before the play has begun. The Inspector arrives in the middle of Birling’s speech in the first Act. He informs the Birlings that a girl called Eva Smith has committed suicide. He says Eva’s diary names members of the Birling family. ‘A girl has died in the infirmary’. Suddenly the whole story changes, from it being a joyful celebration of an engagement into an interrogation. This shows his importance because he has changed the mood of the whole house simply by entering. The Inspector, when interrogating Sheila, makes her feel guilty by repeating everything for more emphases ‘You used the power you had to punish a girl just because she made you feel like that’ Sheila admits that she only conspired to get Eva fired because she was a ‘pretty working-class woman’. The Inspector has made Sheila confess that she has a jealous and spiteful side. The Inspector therefore was important in this instance because he made Sheila reveal a part of her character and forced her into recognising the error of...

Words: 758 - Pages: 4