History of Total Quality Management

In: Business and Management

Submitted By lfiano
Words 1646
Pages 7
We as humans have unlimited wants with limited resources. Everyday we demand more, and we expect it to be better in quality and cheaper in price. For somebody it is relatively easy to build a State of the Art product; however, it is hard to imitate it massively in a way that everybody can obtain the same output. It is a dishonor for a company to offer one level of worth to their product and then a customer receives something similar to the expected. In some way, it affects company’s reputation. It does not necessarily have to be something negative to the customer, perhaps a company ships something better in construction, but that suppose a negative balance to the company, as they could charge the customer more for a better product. Indeed, most companies try to be fair to their clients and to their own interests; they want to earn money out of their sales as well as have all of their consumers happy. That is why quality control exists, to make sure that everybody gets what he or she wanted to get at the stipulated cost. As a matter of fact, quality is a term that existed since the early ages. It can be observed in architecture and articles from ancient civilizations as China, Rome and Greece. For example, the Great Wall of China expands about 13,000 miles and it is similar in both construction and aspect. Also, we can take a look at ancient Greek edifications where all pillars and details are similar among all the temples to keep consistency in Greek architecture. It is noticeable that architects and authorities in charge had quality standards in early ages. On the other hand, not only public goods were the one that were audited the most; Chinese demanded for quality during ancient Chinese ages as well; during the Tan Dynasty, the competent agency for textile trading stated that all craftsmen should live close to each other’s in order to increase likelihood among…...

Similar Documents

Tqm Total Quality Management

...TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT Manufacturing unit of Ashok Leyland BY SELVA PREETHI.P INTRODUCTION Ashok Leyland is a commercial vehicle manufacturing company based in Chennai, India. Founded in 1948, the company is one of India's leading manufacturers of commercial vehicles, such as trucks and buses, as well as emergency and military vehicles. Operating six plants Ashok Leyland also makes spare parts and engines for industrial and marine applications. It sells about 60,000 vehicles and about 7,000 engines annually. It is the second largest commercial vehicle company in India in the medium and heavy commercial vehicle (M&HCV) segment .With passenger transportation options ranging from 19 seaters to 80 seaters, Ashok Leyland is a market leader in the bus segment .The company claims to carry over 70 million passengers a day more people than the entire Indian rail network. In the trucks segment Ashok Leyland primarily concentrates on the 16 ton to 25 ton range of trucks. However Ashok Leyland has presence in the entire truck range starting from 7.5 tons to 49 tons. Mr Raghunandan Saran an industrialist, started automotive manufacturing company in 1948 as Ashok Motors to assemble Austin cars. The company’s destiny and name changed soon with equity participation by British Leyland and Ashok Leyland commenced manufacture of commercial vehicles in 1955. Today the company is the flagship of the Hinduja Group, a British- based and Indian originated transnational......

Words: 2383 - Pages: 10

Total Quality Management

...Total Quality Management is a management approach that originated in the 1950s and has steadily become more popular since the early 1980s. Total Quality is a description of the culture, attitude and organization of a company that strives to provide customers with products and services that satisfy their needs. The culture requires quality in all aspects of the company’s operations, with processes being done right the first time and defects and waste eradicated from operations. Total Quality Management, TQM, is a method by which management and employees can become involved in the continuous improvement of the production of goods and services. It is a combination of quality and management tools aimed at increasing business and reducing losses due to wasteful practices. Some of the companies who have implemented TQM include Ford Motor Company, Phillips Semiconductor, SGL Carbon, Motorola and Toyota Motor Company. TQM is a management philosophy that seeks to integrate all organizational functions (marketing, finance, design, engineering, and production, customer service, etc.) to focus on meeting customer needs and organizational objectives. TQM views an organization as a collection of processes. It maintains that organizations must strive to continuously improve these processes by incorporating the knowledge and experiences of workers. The simple objective of TQM is “Do the right things, right the first time, every time.” TQM is infinitely variable and adaptable. Although......

Words: 364 - Pages: 2

Total Quality Management

...CHAPTER 4.0 REVIEW OF LITERATURE 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 Quality – Has Many Definitions Evolution of Quality What Quality Gurus Have Said The Concept of Total Quality Management The Business Processes and Quality Vendor Quality Human Aspects of Quality World Class Manufacturing Bibliography Foot Notes 89 CHAPTER 4.0 REVIEW OF LITERATURE 4.1 QUALITY – HAS MANY DEFINITIONS: It is true that Quality has a number of definitions. 4.1.1 Oxford Advanced Learner‟s Dictionary72 defines Quality as “The standard of something when it is compared to other things like it” This would mean that a process of comparison occurs in the mind of a customer before the quality is judged and decision made. Customers usually compare products or services with their past experience or the experience of their friends or family members before a judgment is made. This is normally how a common man looks at quality issue. 4.1.2 The Oxford dictionary also defines quality as “How good or bad something is” 4.1.3 The other definition and which is very short and common is “Quality is customer satisfaction”. This is defined by J. M. Juran 55 and adopted by ISO – 840271. This definition has a vast spectrum of “Quality” definition as each and every customer has his or her own perception of quality and therefore wide variation in the level of satisfaction. All the latest techniques of Quality Management are designed to take care of this aspect of satisfying every customer for the product or......

Words: 20033 - Pages: 81

Total Quality Management

...Total Quality Management Total Quality Management (TQM) is a comprehensive and structured approach to organizational management that seeks to improve the quality of products and services through ongoing refinements in response to continuous feedback. TQM requirements may be defined separately for a particular organization or may be in devotion to established standards, such as the International Organization for Standardization's ISO 9000 series. Every organization, both for profit and non-profit, can benefit from Total Quality Management (TQM). One definition for TQM is a management strategy aimed at embedding awareness of quality in all organizational processes. It has been widely used in education, government, manufacturing, and service industries. TQM processes are divided into four chronological categories: plan, do, check, and act (the PDCA cycle). In the planning phase, people define the problem to be addressed, collect relevant data, and discover the problem's root cause. Next in the doing phase, people develop and implement a solution, and decide upon a measurement to gauge its effectiveness. Third is the checking phase, where people prove the results through before-and-after data comparison. The final phase acting is where, people document their results, inform others about process changes, and make recommendations for the problem to be addressed in the next PDCA cycle (Green 2003).  The large and growing importance of world trade is a major phenomenon of our......

Words: 986 - Pages: 4

Total Quality Management

...1 KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION SYLLABUS FOR PROVINCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION The Syllabus and standard for the Competitive Examination for the Provincial Management Service shall be as under : 1. The Examination shall include compulsory and optional subjects, and every candidate shall take all the compulsory subjects and opt for three of the optional subjects carrying 600 marks in all but not more than 200 marks from a single group. 2. A candidate shall answer the language papers in the language concerned. The question paper in Islamiat is to be answered in Urdu or English. All other papers must be answered in English. Violation of this instruction shall incur cancellation of the concerned paper(s) and consequently award of Zero. 3. The compulsory and optional subjects and maximum marks fixed for each subject shall be as below: Sr. No. 1 2 3 COMPULSORY SUBJECTS Subjects English (Précis & Composition) English Essay General Knowledge (a) Current Affairs 100 (b) Every Day Science 100 (c) Pakistan Affairs 100 Islamiat Viva Voce Total Maximum Marks 100 100 300 100 300 900 600 120 4 5 Qualifying marks in the aggregate of written papers: Qualifying marks in the Viva Voce: The non-Muslim candidates will have the option to take Islamiat as a compulsory subject or otherwise Pakistan Affairs (General Knowledge PaperIII) will be treated of 200 marks and counted in lieu of Islamiat. A candidate who fails to appear in any of the......

Words: 10965 - Pages: 44

Total Quality Management

...Total Quality Management may be defined as “managing the entire organization so that it excels on all dimensions of products and services that are important to the customer” (Mcgraw –Hill 2005, p. 320). Total Quality Management was developed in the 1950’s but became a national concern in the United States in the 1980’s primarily as a response to Japanese quality superiority in manufacturing automobiles and other durable goods such as room air conditioners. Another way to look at it total quality is a description of the approach, values and organization of a company that strives to provide customers with products and services that satisfy their needs. Total Quality Management has two fundamental operational goals, making sure that the design of the product or service is done correctly and ensuring that the design or service has consistency. In order to successfully implement TQM, an organization must concentrate on the eight key elements: * Executive Management – Top management should act as the main driver for TQM and create an environment that ensures its success. * Training – Employees should receive regular training on the methods and concepts of quality. * Customer Focus – Improvements in quality should improve customer satisfaction. * Decision Making – Quality decisions should be made based on measurements. * Methodology and Tools – Use of appropriate methodology and tools ensures that non-conformances are identified, measured and responded......

Words: 729 - Pages: 3

Total Quality Management

...Total Quality Management: A Continuous Improvement Process Introduction In order to comprehend the need for improvement in the construction industry and to better manage our projects and construction companies, we need to look for a method to do so. Construction managers need to improve their performance. Construction costs are becoming far too high. Construction project management is more difficult than it should be. When turnaround at the end of a project becomes a gut-wrenching experience with unnecessary disputes (which must be settled) that arise due to insufficient quality or indifference to quality, settlement by negotiation, arbitration, or even litigation imposes a serious drain on the financial resources of a company and limits profit potential. To be competitive in today’s market, it is essential for construction companies to provide more consistent quality and value to their owners/customers. Now is the time to place behind us the old adversarial approach to managing construction work. It is time to develop better and more direct relationships with our owners/customers, to initiate more teamwork at the jobsite, and to produce better quality work. Such goals demand that a continuous improvement (CI) process be established within the company in order to provide quality management. Ancient Greeks referred to the concept of continuous improvement as well as the Chinese. Recently CI has been referred to as Total Quality Management (TQM). Whichever name is preferred,......

Words: 9445 - Pages: 38

Total Quality Management

...Studies GBA603 – Organizational Theory Dr. Steven Englehart May 30, 2015 The origins of total quality management are uncertain, however, research has traced the theory of quality control back to the early 1920s when statistical analysis was used in conjunction with quality control. Walter A. Shewhart developed a statistical control chart in 1923 while working at Bell Telephone; although it wasn’t implemented until three years later at plant for Western Electric (Total Quality Management). The actual method of total quality management as a management approach was introduced in the 1950s. Originally the process of TQM utilized the concept specifically dealing with product inspection and production but today it has transformed into a method that can be applied to analyze all of the operations within an organization. The process of total quality management was first established after WWII when Japanese manufacturers started to make civilian goods instead of military equipment (Total Quality). Having a reputation as the country with the most inferior exports, Japan welcomed outside help from American quality experts, specifically W. Edwards Deming. Instead of focusing on the process of product inspection, Japanese manufacturers focused on improving all of the procedures through their workers. The Japanese were able to transform their negative reputation by increasing the quality and decreasing their prices. American manufacturers eventually became increasingly aware of......

Words: 1174 - Pages: 5

Project in Total Quality Management

...PROJECT IN TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT (BA230) GROUP 1 BSBA-3106 Submitted By: Submitted To: Leader: Tarras, Joyce Ann Mrs. Maritess Paclita Diallo Members: Bernal, Elizabeth Francisco, Leny Generan, Geralyngen Jadulco, Anna Lizardo, Mary rose Pamutongan, Jhanisa Recaña, Edraline Rivera, Kennedy P. Togoto, Mary Jane LEADERSHIP EFFECTIVENESS • Leadership the art or process of influencing people so that they will strive willingly and enthusiastically toward the achievement of group goals. •Leadership is a way for talented individuals to share their perspectives and knowledge by influencing others. Using their own charisma and influence, leaders should have the ability to inspire others to learn more, do more and become more. — Jeet Banerjee, • Effective leaders develop a level of self-awareness and a capacity to monitor their own learning and development because they know that leadership attributes can be defined ,learned, practiced, improved and passed on to others. • An essential part of a quality improvement effort. Organization leaders must establish a vision, communicate that vision to those in the organization and provide the tools and knowledge necessary to accomplish the vision. THE FIVE......

Words: 3600 - Pages: 15

Total Quality Management of an Event

...Total Quality Management in London Fashion Week By Name Course Instructor Institution Location Date Table of Contents Table of Contents ii 1. Introduction 1 2. Strategies Used to Manage Quality within an London Fashion Week 1 2.1 Continuous Improvement 2 2.2 Employee Empowerment 2 2.3 Benchmarking 3 2.4 Quality Circles 4 2.5 Just-in-time (JIT) 5 2.6 Knowledge of TQM tools 5 3. Staff Management Variation in London Fashion Week 6 4. Conclusion 7 References 8 1. Introduction Total quality management (TQM) involves principles that ensure that every organization stakeholders especially managers and staff are committed to attaining and maintaining highest standards in their respective duties. Events have several activities that need to be executed appropriately so that goals can be achieved. Therefore, total quality management is a vital aspect that should be implemented in events. TQM enhances efficient planning and implementation of event activities for the effective achievement of expected results and outcomes (Kaynak 2003). TQM enhances the satisfaction of clients by tailoring event plans and services based on the description of customer specification. Ultimately, it leads to the establishment of a good reputation, reliable products, and services and minimizes cost by eliminating rework and failure cost. Therefore, TQM is a continuous process that executed during in the entire process of the event to only meet but also exceed the client......

Words: 2110 - Pages: 9

Total Quality Management

...Total Quality Management History: The concept of quality can be seen in ancient civilization. Egyptian Pyramids and the Great Wall of China are the evidences from history. The concept of total quality was started back in 1920’s. In 1940, statistical techniques were used to check quality. In 1960 quality management became broader in meaning. In past decades quality management was limited to the production process but now quality control is concept taken as something to be applied in every line of business. Introduction: TQM is management approach to integrate all management activities or organizational function (engineering, finance, customer service, design, marketing, and production, etc.) to focus on meeting customer needs and organizational objectives by delivering high-quality products and services. TQM is a method in which management and employees work in the same line for continuous improvements in goods and services to meet customer expectation and to achieve organizational goals. The ultimate objective of TQM is to minimize defects. The Competition based on quality has grown up in recent years. Companies are focusing on quality improvement in every line of business in order to be more competitive. Companies who do not focus on quality will not survive. Companies took quality concept as a crucial to survive in the market. Features: 1-Customer Focus: The first and most important feature of TQM, on which it emphasis more is ‘Customer’. Company more......

Words: 1853 - Pages: 8

Barriers to Total Quality Management

...Barriers to Total Quality Management Background information about the Total Quality Management Profit making organizations use the quality of their services as a marketing strategy, whereby consumers would identify a given brand owing to its quality and after sale services. Total quality management is a framework that enables companies to prioritize quality in the day-to-day operations of the companies to the extent that the said companies are able to produce high quality products while delivering top quality services during and after the sale period (Gupta, Garg & Kumar, 2014). Accordingly, organizations’ management and employees continuously formulate sound approaches that make it possible for them to improve their products and services. Organizations can only achieve total quality management (TQM) if the said organizations are able to combine management and quality tools as a means of realizing business growth and eliminating wastes while strategizing on how to up surge productivity and profits. The history of total quality management (TQM) began formerly as a term created to describe the Japanese-style management methodology to improvement of quality. The naval air systems command came up with the term as an approach to enhance continuous quality improvement of all the organizational processes and as such, it encompassed practices and principles such as behavioral sciences, economics theories, the analysis of the none-quantitative and quantitative data, and process......

Words: 2637 - Pages: 11

Barriers to Total Quality Management

...Barriers to Total Quality Management Background information about the Total Quality Management Profit making organizations use the quality of their services as a marketing strategy, whereby consumers would identify a given brand owing to its quality and after sale services. Total quality management is a framework that enables companies to prioritize quality in the day-to-day operations of the companies to the extent that the said companies are able to produce high quality products while delivering top quality services during and after the sale period (Gupta, Garg & Kumar, 2014). Accordingly, organizations’ management and employees continuously formulate sound approaches that make it possible for them to improve their products and services. Organizations can only achieve total quality management (TQM) if the said organizations are able to combine management and quality tools as a means of realizing business growth and eliminating wastes while strategizing on how to up surge productivity and profits. The history of total quality management (TQM) began formerly as a term created to describe the Japanese-style management methodology to improvement of quality. The naval air systems command came up with the term as an approach to enhance continuous quality improvement of all the organizational processes and as such, it encompassed practices and principles such as behavioral sciences, economics theories, the analysis of the none-quantitative and quantitative data, and process......

Words: 2637 - Pages: 11

Total Quality Management

...Introduction Individuals have discovered numerous approaches to characterize what is quality. The absolute most well-known definitions for quality are recorded beneath. Every one of them are right, presently contain a key component of what quality intends to users of products and services which can be either a degree of excellence, conformance to requirements, totality of characteristics which act to satisfy a need, fitness for use, fitness for purpose, freedom from defects, or delighting customers thus this leads to the definition of quality management (Lifetime-reliability, 2015). Actually, Quality Management is a comprehensive and structured approach to organizational management that seeks to improve the quality of products and services through ongoing refinements in response to continuous feedback. Quality prerequisites may be characterized independently for a specific organization or may be in adherence to set up benchmarks, for example, the International Organization for Standardization's ISO 9000 series (SearchCIO, 2015). The procedure of quality management is incorporated by making and implementing quality planning, quality assurance, quality control, and also quality improvement (Rijn, 2004). Additionally, discussing 'quality', it actually doesn’t happen by being fortunate. In any case, it needs planning. Nevertheless, Quality Planning and Quality assurance characterize the quality objectives that an organization would like to accomplish and how to keep up the......

Words: 2311 - Pages: 10

Total Quality Management

... INTRODUCTION Quality Quality is generally defined as conformance to requirements. It is also conformance to a standard that is required. However, many consider that quality need not just be conformance to requirements but should be an assurance of being the best in the world of that type. In addition, it should also keep a constancy of purpose. Total Quality Total quality refers not only to the product but also to the way the product is made as well as presented to the customer. Total quality asks for customer orientation, process orientation, people management and leadership.All these are continuous processes. Total Quality Managers They believe in a learning organization. They want people not only to learn but also to internalize the learning. Statistical control of quality is very important to them. They believe that work ethic is an important part of any organization’s growth process. They don’t believe that there is a substitute for work ethic, which should become a part of every individual. Total Quality Management (TQM) Total Quality Management (TQM) is a management philosophy which focuses on continuous business improvement through company-wide employee participation and involvement with the fundamental objective of satisfying customer. TOM seeks to integrate all organizational functions (marketing, finance, design, engineering, and production, customer service, etc.) to focus on meeting customer needs and organizational objectives.This has led many researchers......

Words: 3697 - Pages: 15