History of Greece

In: Historical Events

Submitted By koden9190
Words 1596
Pages 7

HIST 1500
MARCH 26, 2013

My report on Ancient Greece revolves around the book Ancient Greece: From Prehistoric to Hellenistic Times, Thomas R Martin, Yale University, 1996. There have been thousands of books written touching upon the history of Greece, but few take the time to paint the reader a picture of how everyday men, women, and children’s lives were affected daily from the Prehistoric all the way up to Hellenistic times. Martin begins at the Stone Age in the fourth century and covers everything up to Alexander the Great and a bit beyond. If there is another book that paints a picture so well of the day to day struggles that took place during the Stone Age and continued all the way through Hellenistic times I would be shocked. The overall message seems to be that things never improved for the poorer social classes through out these times.

Firstly, Thomas Martin has a very distinct point of view throughout the entire book that the poorer classes who were not soldiers were never able to improve their quality of life. Martin maintains that the back bone of the many battles over land and resources would not have been possible without the lower classes supporting the soldiers from their cities by crafting goods, growing crops, and forging items like weapons. The author decided against making any arguments against what is presented to us as fact, and instead focused on the smaller picture of Ancient Greece as mentioned above. The books main goal is to show the reader that even though there were many societies that came from Greece and had different ways of life; the poor stayed poor while the rich continued to get rich. Martin also writes that the wealthier families were only able to grow their wealth because of the poor families basically doing their work for…...

Similar Documents

Physics in Greece

...period in Greece (650 BCE – 480 BCE) with the Pre-Socratic philosophers. The philosopher Thales (7th and 6 centuries BCE), dubbed "the Father of Science" for refusing to accept various supernatural, religious or mythological explanations for natural phenomena, proclaimed that every event had a natural cause.[2] Thales also made advancements in 580 BC by suggesting that water is the basic element, experimenting with magnets and attraction to rubbed amber, and formulating the first cosmologies. Anaximander, famous for his proto-evolutionary theory, disputed the ideas of Thales and proposed that rather than water, a substance called apeiron was the building block of all matter. Heraclitus (around 500BC) proposed that the only basic law governing the universe was the principal of change and that nothing remains in the same state indefinitely. This observation made him one of the first scholars in ancient physics to address the role of time in the universe, one of the most important concepts even in the modern history of physics. The early physicist Leucippus (first half of 5th century BCE) adamantly opposed the idea of direct divine intervention in the universe, instead proposing that natural phenomena had a natural cause. Leucippus and his student, Democritus, were the first to develop the theory of atomism – the idea that everything is composed entirely of various imperishable, indivisible elements called atoms. Aristotle (384–322 BCE) During the classical period in......

Words: 1006 - Pages: 5


...that may be of importance is Greece, which is located in Southern Europe. Greece is one of the most mountainous countries in Europe, consisting of approximately eighty percent mountains and hills. It shares borders with four other countries (Albania, The Republic of Macedonia, Bulgaria, and Turkey), and is also bordered by three seas (Aegean, Mediterranean, and the Ionian). Greece has a total coastline length of 13,676 kilometers, which makes it the eleventh longest in the world. This coastline consists of the mainland as well as approximately 1,400 islands, 227 of which are inhibited. Greece has a fairly large population of almost eleven million people. Majority of the country, roughly 99 percent, speak Greek, while the remaining population speaks English and French. Because of Greece’s location, it faces some significant political and economic disputes between bordering countries. Since there are a vast amount of islands in the seas bordering Greece, it is always facing boundary disputes with neighboring countries. One of the best examples is the constant, ongoing discussion between Greece and Turkey attempting to resolve their complex maritime, air, territorial, and boundary disputes in the Aegean Sea. Another problem that Greece faces because of its location is the mass migration of Albanians into Greece seeking employment. This migration started in the late 1980’s and is still an issue in Greece today. The number of Albanian immigrants in Greece is estimated to be......

Words: 2282 - Pages: 10

Crisis in Greece

...THE FACULTY OF ECONOMICS LJUBLJANA THE CRISIS IN GREECE subject: TAXES MAY 2013 TAXES THE CRISIS IN GREECE author: P.Fux Contents   INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................................................... 3   GENESIS OF THE FINANCIAL CRISIS (USA) ................................................................. 3   THE TIPPING POINT ........................................................................................................... 3   IMPACT OF BANKING CRISIS ON EU - DEVELOPMENT OF FISCAL CRISIS .............. 4   WHAT HAPPENED IN GREECE............................................................................................. 4   DEBT IS HER OLDEST COMPANION ............................................................................... 5   CRISIS HAS SHOWN FIRST EFFECTS.............................................................................. 5   HOW MARKETS SAW GREECE ........................................................................................ 6   GREECE'S PROBLEMS SINCE THE CRISIS HAS ARISEN and BAILOUTS ..................... 7   The huge numbers of Greece's debt in pictures (2012) ...................................................... 9   A FEW WORDS ABOUT GREECE'S RATIOS ..................................................................... 10   THE GOVERNMENT SPENDINGS ..............................................................

Words: 6764 - Pages: 28


...Greece XXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX College Professional Studies Abstract Greece is a country of great beauty. It has long been one of the world’s top tourist destinations. Tourism is one of the major industries of the Greek economy; tourism is a strong earner of foreign exchange. The warm climates, the long, scenic Mediterranean coastline, the many significant archaeological and historical sites, the traditional hospitality of Greeks, and improvements in the local infrastructure have continued to attracted visitors (Photius). I have elected to focus on two aspects of the country of Greece for the purpose of this paper. First, I will outline the educational system in Greece. It has an interesting government run structure in which primary and secondary education is mandatory, a total of 9 years. Also, an additional 3 years of education is optional for students who desire to prepare for technical school or higher education in the university system. All education is free in Greece, placing the burden on the taxpayer. I will also discuss Article 16 of the Greek Constitution regarding the government’s stance on higher education and the negative issues surrounding their policy. The second issue I will discuss in this paper is the current economic problems facing Greece. After the 2004 Olympic Games in Greece, there was great hope that would have......

Words: 2352 - Pages: 10

Ancient Greece

...Ancient Greece Paper 1. Introduction to Ancient Greece * What is ancient Greece? * How long did Ancient Greece last? * How did Ancient Greece impact western civilization? 2. Archaic period * Duration of the Archaic period * Characteristics of the Archaic period * Impact of the Archaic period on Greece’s culture 3. Classical Greece * Duration of the Classical period * Characteristics of the Classical period * Impact of the Classical period on Greece’s culture 4. Hellenistic Greece * Duration of the Hellenistic period * Characteristics of the Hellenistic period * Impact of the Hellenistic period on Greece’s culture 5. Roman Greece * Transition to Roman Greece * Characteristics of the period under Roman rule * Impact of the Greek culture on Rome 6. Political structure of Ancient Greece 7. Social structure of Ancient Greece 8. War in Ancient Greece 9. Religion in Ancient Greece 10. Impact of Ancient Greece on today Introduction to Ancient Greece I chose to write about Ancient Greece because my heritage is from that area of the world and that makes it very interesting to me. The period of time that ancient Greece covers spans for about one thousand years and includes several stages of cultural, economic, and political development. This period was also very important because many consider it the time when western culture was born and developed. However, before ancient Greece......

Words: 1761 - Pages: 8


...Doing Business in Greece Introduction Greece is an extraordinary country rich in ancient civilization, famous for giving birth to democracy! According to (Business culture, 2014) Greece is an open economy that relies heavily on the service sector, while the remaining national output comes from the industry and agricultural sectors. On top of that Greece is still a significant agricultural and fisheries producer for Europe, but the tourist industry will always be the basis of the Greek economy, which Greece ranks 7th in the most visited countries in EU. It is approximately the same size as New York. It is located in southeastern part of Europe, hanging right down by the beautiful Mediterranean Sea, just east of Italy. Greek culture is rich in dramas, rhetoric, music, and philosophy dating back to Greece’s classical era. It is home to the mythological characters and their popular stories world-wide, The Greek Gods and Goddesses that we’ve watch in multiple movies and cartoon shows growing up, originated from this beautiful country. The most recent highlight from Greece is Sparta, the Hollywood movie 300, which showcases the historical connection between Greece and Persia. Greece finally became an independent nation in the 1800’s, joined the European community in 1981, and became a member of the economic/monetary union at the beginning of 2001 before their economic downfall. Demographics As stated in (Konstandaras, 2013) the total population of Greece is around 11......

Words: 1408 - Pages: 6


...Introduction Since the 1980s, Greek political battles forced Greece to endure constant transformation of their economic structures. These fluctuations created economic instability due to rapid changes in devaluation and inflation cycles. After successfully joining the Eurozone in 2001, Greece’s economy progressed enormously. However, the Greek government acted irresponsibly with its fiscal policy and debt accumulation. Consequently, the created economic weaknesses became apparent during the 2008 global financial crisis. The Greek sovereign debt crisis has required multiple controversial bailouts. The bailouts that prevented Greece from defaulting, led to two opposing opinions from leaders of the members of the European Union (EU), (1) to support Greece to remain member of the Eurozone and, (2) to pressure Greece to exit the Eurozone. Greek constant economic restructuring Introducing the “populist policies” during election seasons were the core of Greek political parties strategy. Political parties were forced to craft and innovate new economic structures to gain support from the voters. In 1980s, for example, the notion of public protection and equal income redistribution strengthened confidence in Greek’s voters. The massive increase of the public spending (10% increase of the GDP from 1980 to 1990) caused turmoil in Greek economic structures. The newly elected government’s acquisition of Bank of Greece resulted in the Greek government having direct control of the......

Words: 1585 - Pages: 7

Anciant Greece

...Muntaha 12/17/2014 | Greek Civilization The milestone of human civilization Submitted by: Sidratul Muntaha Fundamentals of Computer system (CIS 101) Chittagong Independent University Submitted to: Mr. Atiqur Rahman Assisstant Professor Chittagong Independent University Date: 18th December 2014 Introduction: Greek civilization is the most ancient civilization. It is one of the first civilizations in the history of mankind. The origin of Greek civilization pre-dates Roman civilization. It lasted from the archaic period of the 8th to 6th centuries BC to the end of antiquity of 600 AD, which was the beginning of the Byzantine era that is the Early Middle Ages. The Greek civilization has significant contribution in the history of mankind. The origin of the concepts of philosophy and trade were unveiled by this civilization. The Greek civilization was also responsible for enhancing the literature and theatrical spheres. Ancient Greece also features the best architectural wonders that the world has ever seen. Significance of Greek civilization: Greek civilization opened up a new dimension in the fields of art and architecture, theatrics and games. No other civilization in the world has the contribution and impact that Greek civilization has in the world. The Greek civilization has as a matter of fact influenced the latter formed civilizations in the world. The roman and Egyptian civilization has......

Words: 4818 - Pages: 20


...15th 2015 What is Greece?: Significance of Music within the Ancient Greek Culture Abstract: What is Greece? This questions can be answered in a variety of areas. The history of music in Greece plays a significant role in the history of the country. Because music played a integral role in the daily lives of the Ancient Greek citizens, it is evident that music has played a role in shaping the culture into what it is today. We live in a society where we are completely devoted and immersed in music. Whether it be a simple tune we hear on a radio or the hustle of city life, music is all around us. The way we react to music, is very similar to how music was in the ancient Greek times. Music allowed the citizens to express emotion, to worship, to prepare for sporting events, to mourn, to celebrate, and in essence to be happy. Music was their special gift from the gods, and they did everything in their power to make sure the gods understood their appreciation. They honored music and created an artistry that stands as a guiding role in, not only the history of the Greek culture, but also a significant role in the history of music in general. What is Greece? This question can be explored in many different areas. From a political aspect to the beautiful geography, Greece offers a wide range of history and culture that one cannot pass on learning about. The music of Greece is as diverse and celebrated as it’s history. Music can be highly regarded......

Words: 2103 - Pages: 9

Ancient Greece

...What are five of the most important ideas or people to come from Ancient Greece? I believe the most important contribution from Ancient Greece is, from the information uncovered so far, that their education was less compartmentalized than what is found today. This meant that individuals had influence in more than one area, and their search for a set of rules that could use to apply to their areas of interest (page 108). In modern society, Socrates is mostly remembered for and credited with founding Western philosophy, but we have accounts of his influence in other fields. His original profession was as a stonemason (page 98), but his influence can be found in law and ethics with his influence on his pupil Plato (page 100), in art by describing the idealization process to the painter Parrhasius (page 111), and his cross examination and inductive reasoning techniques are the basis for the Scientific Method (page 98). Socrates influence can also be found indirectly in Greek drama, as he was the subject of the comedy The Clouds written by Aristophanes. Another person whose influence stretched over more than one field of study was Pythagoras. He is known as the father of pure mathematics and his major contribution is known to us as the Pythagorean Theorem (page 96). But his influence can also be felt is music because his study of ratios led him to understand that music is controlled by mathematical ratios (pages 96, 123). His views on proportion and symmetry not only......

Words: 595 - Pages: 3


...world, or by force by other nations. Globalization has a long history. The Greek globalization goes back all the way through ancient times. They began to spread across Asia in its southwestern sector, northern Africa and then onward to southern Europe. Alexander the Great would be a main reason as to how Greece provided its globalization matters into these other regions. In fact, there are cities named for Alexander in Iraq (Iskandariya), Egypt (Alexandria), and Turkey (Alexandria Troas) (Geo). When it comes to globalization there are many different factors that come into play as to what degree of globalization can occur. For Greece there were many positive factors in play. Physical characteristics such as the topography of the soil were a huge factor. There is also the vast presence of natural elements and the climate that goes along with it. If a country can globalize on what nature gives them on a daily, monthly or yearly basis, there is great reason to globalize into other regions (Iosif and Roido). Apart from the physical characteristics there are the cultural and architectural heritage aspects as well. Greece can fulfill those respective aspects as well, making it a plentiful place to plant the seed of globalization (Iosif and Roido). Greece is known for its plentiful history, and the namesakes to go along with the history itself. Greece and globalization go hand in hand in the means of the history aspect of globalization. The Greek city is influenced both by...

Words: 1320 - Pages: 6

Ancient Greece

...Ancient Greece The Parthenon, a temple dedicated to Athena, located on the Acropolis in Athens, is one of the most representative symbols of the culture and sophistication of the ancient Greeks. Part of a series on the | Modern Greece.Septinsular Republic.War of Independence.First Hellenic Republic.Kingdom of Greece.National Schism.Second Hellenic Republic.4th of August Regime.Axis occupation (collaborationist regime).Civil War.Military Junta.Third Hellenic Republic | History by topic.Art.Constitution.Economy.Military.Names | History of Greece | | Neolithic Greece.Neolithic Greece | Greek Bronze Age.Helladic.Cycladic.Minoan.Mycenaean | Ancient Greece.Homeric Greece.Archaic Greece.Classical Greece.Hellenistic Greece.Roman Greece | Medieval Greece.Byzantine Greece.Frankish and Latin states.Ottoman Greece | | Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history that lasted from the Archaic period of the 8th to 6th centuries BCto the end ofantiquity (c. 600 AD). Immediately following this period was the beginning of the Early Middle Ages and the Byzantine era. Included in ancient Greece is the period ofClassical Greece, which flourished during the 5th to 4th centuries BC. Classical Greece began with the repelling of a Persian invasion by Athenian leadership. Because of conquests by Alexander the Great of Macedonia, Hellenistic civilization flourished fromCentral Asia to the western end of the Mediterranean Sea. Classical Greek......

Words: 17888 - Pages: 72


...and write as well as to count and draw. Having a physically fit body was important to the Greeks so Greek boys would start Physical Education during elementary. In modern world Education is a little different from ancient Greece but not by much children still are put under guidance by having teachers and still have Gym or Physical Education classes (P.E.). In ancient Greece was the Olympic games which is one of the oldest religious and sport festivals in the world, the games were help in Olympia, Greece and were held to honor the Chief God Zeus and even had ritualistic sacrifices there are some similarities to the games we now know in the modern world Olympic Games instead of brutal fights with bloodshed and loss of life, we still do Sporting games such as distance running, disk throwing, javelin, and wrestling. Gender Roles in ancient Greece were way different back then. Woman and men had their own respective roles in society. The women were supposed to have kids and stay home to take care of the family and household. This isn’t so different from today’s House moms who take care of the family while their husband works, but most women today have respectable careers and some husband even take the role of taking care of the kids and house. In ancient Greece woman didn’t have any rights men had all the power. It took a long while but woman in today’s modern world are well respected and have the same amount of rights as men now, we might even get a female president....

Words: 303 - Pages: 2


...Early Greece and All Its Glory Amy Villegas Matthew Geier Strayer University March 4, 2010 Early Greece and All Its Glory Phoenician Alphabet The Greeks adopted the Phoenician alphabet. Just like the Phoenicians the Greek alphabet is written from right to left. The direction of writing later changed to ox-turning. Ox-turning is a written language that is written from right to left and on the next line it continues from left to right and so on. Eventually, the Greek alphabet does change to left to right but that’s during the fifth century. (Bantwal, 2008) Greek Education For Greek children, their education mostly consisted of poetry and song. (Hadas, 1950) Education was more popular among young boys but it was not uncommon for girls. The wealthier children remained in school for ten years. Grammatistes, paidotribes and kitharistes were the teachers who taught the children. Grammatistes taught literature, arithmetic, reading and writing. Paidotribes coached boxing, wrestling, and gymnastics. Kitharistes taught music. At age eighteen, boys would train for the military for two years before further education. (Discovery Channel, n.d) The Illiad and the Odyssey Homer wrote the two most classic poems titled the Illiad and the Odyssey. The Illiad is based on the last six weeks of the Trojan War. The main character of the Illiad is Achilles. Achilles and Agamemnon get in a heated argument and Achilles retracts from the war. The Greeks are losing...

Words: 2234 - Pages: 9


...Working Paper No. 3663 The Greek Crisis: Causes and Consequences Abstract Greece has reached a point where, under any plausible macroeconomic scenario, public debt will continue growing faster than GDP. Fiscal consolidation alone cannot close the solvency gap. A substantial reduction in the stock of debt is needed. Even post-debt restructuring, there is no guarantee that the government will succeed in its dual goal of restoring fiscal solvency and closing the competitiveness gap. Yet we think Greece stands a better chance of accomplishing these goals from inside the EMU rather than outside it. This chapter takes stock of the factors that led to the explosion of public debt, the loss of competitiveness, and the failure of the first EU-IMF programme. We also present our views on the likely debt restructuring (and post-restructuring) scenarios. JEL-Code: E600, F400. Antonio Garcia Pascual Economic Research Barclays Capital 5 The North Colonnade Canary Wharf E14 4BB, London United Kingdom Antonio.GarciaPascual@barcap.com Piero Ghezzi Economic Research Barclays Capital 5 The North Colonnade Canary Wharf E14 4BB, London United Kingdom 1. Introduction By April 2010, Greece had lost market access, as the economy was contracting by 3% in real terms, the fiscal deficit - partly on account of unreported spending reached 15% of GDP, and public debt rose to more than 125% of GDP. How did Greece get to that point? As in other peripheral countries, upon joining the euro......

Words: 5563 - Pages: 23