History Book

In: Social Issues

Submitted By Johnlocke
Words 3251
Pages 14
Scandinavian Culture: Home Exam Antoine LE GOFF


Table of Contents Introduction 1 Creation of Sweden and its culture 3 17th - 18th century: Swedish culture is born 3 Göticism and Viking heritage: Foundation of the Swedish culure 3 18th Century: the Enlightenment: a new view of the nation 3 19th Century: National Romanticism 3 20th century: Contemporary History 4 The dissolution of the Union 4 The First World War 4 Wellfare system establishment 4 The Second World War 4 The Cold War 5 European Union and Immigration 5 How Sweden Becam Swedish 6 Welfare State 6 Cultural Policy and Propaganda 7 Multi-culturalism 8 Gender Equality 9 Conclusion 11


The purpose of this essay is to try to understand the Scandinavian culture.
To do this, we have to clarify some concepts, like National Identity, Nationalism, culture and Swedishness, in order to understand the connection between those, and finally expose more easely the following arguments.
Those concepts can be seen as pretty dimness and deep, so we have to treat those with caution.

In fact, if we start with Nationalism, many theorists tried to counteract the three paradoxes this concept bring : objective modernity vs. subjective antiquity, socio-cultural concept vs. concrete manifestations and 'political' power vs. philosophical poverty. Therefore, we see that Nationalism involve multiple frameworks, like history, culture, social or politic.

Ernest Gellner reached to mix them and saw Nationalism like a 'theory of political legitimacy, wich requires that ethnic boundaries should not cut across political onces'.
Benedict Anderson also add national identity and sentiment to this definition when he noticed that people may be die for their nation.

Despite this, both of them agree to say that there is a strong…...

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