Heart Attacks in Youth

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Jennyplus4
Words 962
Pages 4
Heart Attacks in Youth
Jennifer Velasquez
HCS/457
January 16, 2012
Michelle Clemons

Heart Attacks in Youth Headlines across the country are similar to a headline recently in La Center, Washington: Eighth Grader Collapses During First Day of Basketball Practice. Children collapsing during sporting events are becoming fairly common around the country. According to Caldwell (2011), “Studies show that 175 to 233 deaths occur each year among high school athletes” (para. 3). Most individuals are required by state law to pass a sport physical before him or her can even begin the first day of practice. Many individuals have different opinions as to why children are collapsing with heart issues. Health professionals locally, on state level and nationally are monitoring the findings and are trying to come up with a solution to minimize loss of life. Because so many children participate each year in physical sports, it is important to find out why children are coming up with heart issues and determine how to lower the amount of children from collapsing and prevent premature death.
Functions at Various Government Levels Because children collapsing at sporting events has only recently started to become more common, the three levels of government; National, State, and Local levels have not began working to diligently on a solution. At least if they have, they are not disclosing available resources or much information at this current time. Therefore, locating information is extremely difficult. However, heath foundations such as the Mayo Clinic and the American Heart Association as well as many grassroots groups are conducting surveys among the doctors in an effort to find out what each sports physical consist of and what, if any, family history questions the doctors are asking during the sports physicals. Of the pediatricians and family practice doctors…...

Similar Documents

Heart

...is coronary heart disease? Coronary heart disease is the name for the disease in which your hearts blood supply is blocked or partially blocked by a build-up of fatty acids, such as cholesterol and other waste substances, in the coronary arteries. This makes the arteries narrower and restricts blood flow. Arteries are ‘tubes’ that carry blood away from the heart. The coronary arteries are the first vessels that branch off from the aorta. The aorta is the largest artery in the body. It transports and distributes oxygen rich blood to all arteries. The coronary arteries extend from the aorta to the heart walls supplying blood to the heart itself because like all other muscles the heart needs nutrients and oxygen too. Despite all the blood that flows through the heart, the heart can’t use any of the nutrients and other necessities from it, which is why it needs its own arteries. The chance of getting coronary heart disease is increased if you: * have high blood pressure * have a high blood cholesterol level * do not take regular exercise * have diabetes * have a family history of CHD * are obese/overweight * smoke Coronary heart disease can cause: * Chest pains – CHD can also cause Angina, a condition that causes severe pain in the chest. * Restricted blood flow in arteries – This can cause a fatal rhythm disturbance. * Faster and irregular heart beat * Nausea * Heart attacks What is a heart attack? A heart attack occurs when...

Words: 296 - Pages: 2

10 Ways to Avoid a Heart Attack

...10 Ways to Avoid a Heart Attack A heart attack is known as a myocardial infarction. This occurs when the heart muscle is damaged or does not receive enough oxygen. Many cardiac related problems occur due to blockages in arteries that carry purified blood away from the heart to different parts of the body. Another cause is the formation of blood clots. Very often, it is quite difficult to differentiate between a heart attack and heartburn. The common signs of a heart attack are a tightness, pain, or discomfort in the chest. Sweating, nausea, and vomiting that are accompanied by intense pressure in the chest. A radiating and intense pain in the chest that extends from the chest to the left arm. A shortness of breath for more than a few minutes. If you have any of the above you must consult the doctor or go to the emergency rooms. If you even think you are having a heart attack you must call for a cardiac care ambulance, and put under your tongue a sorbitrate or chew an aspirin. If you are allergic to aspirin don't take one. At the hospital care will include rapid thrombolysis, cardiac catheterization, and angioplasty. They will also administer intravenously clot busting medications. The risk factors for a heart attack include: smoking, diabetes, high levels of cholesterol, hypertension, family history of heart diseases, atherosclerosis, lack of exercise, obesity, and fast foods. Reduce the risks of a heart attack by: 1. Quitting smoking. 2. Eating healthy. Avoid fatty......

Words: 404 - Pages: 2

Heart Attack

...HOW TO SURVIVE A HEART ATTACK WHEN ALONE Let's say it's 6.15pm and you're going home (alone of course), ...after an unusually hard day on the job. You're really tired, upset and frustrated. Suddenly you start experiencing severe pain in your chest that starts to drag out into your arm and up into your jaw. You are only about five miles (8kms) from the hospital nearest your home. Unfortunately you don't know if you'll be able to make it that far. You have been trained in CPR, but the guy that taught the course did not tell you how to perform it on yourself..!! NOW HOW TO SURVIVE A HEART ATTACK WHEN ALONE.. Since many people are alone when they suffer a heart attack, without help, the person whose heart is beating improperly and who begins to feel faint, has only about 10 seconds left before losing consciousness. However, these victims can help themselves by coughing repeatedly and very vigorously.A deep breath should be taken before each cough, and the cough must be deep and prolonged, as when producing sputum from deep inside the chest. A breath and a cough must be repeated about every two seconds without let-up until help arrives, or until the heart is felt to be beating normally again. Deep breaths get oxygen into the lungs and coughing movements squeeze the heart and keep the blood circulating. The squeezing pressure on the heart also helps it regain normal rhythm. In this way, heart attack victims can get to a hospital....

Words: 258 - Pages: 2

Divine Heart Attack

...A Divine Heart Attack -Zaynab Hararah As a native San Franciscan, my mission growing up was to find the perfect burger. After sixteen years and three months, mission accomplished. I call it; well actually the founder and owner named it -- Burger Meister. Burger Meister serves as my occasional comfort food. Burger Meister is featured at the newly remodeled Westlake Shopping Center in Daly City, which is about five minutes from San Francisco State University. After this location opened, I realized that three Burger Meister restaurants lie in the Sunset District of San Francisco, five minutes away from my house. Open since 1999, Burger Meister is a local San Francisco Bay Area burger joint with five locations: three in San Francisco, one in Alameda, and one in my favorite spot, Daly City. Paul Mogannam and his family at Burger Meister are proud to serve beef that is not tainted by chemicals and filler. This family owned business uses only the finest quality all natural beef in the Bay area provided by the famous Niman Ranch located in Marin County of Northern California. Just like anything you would find at Trader Joes, the Niman Ranch meat at Burger Meister is purely organic and you can taste it for yourself. As a disclaimer, take note that Westlake is a shopping center; therefore, do not be distracted by all the other restaurants. If you must, check out the sale at DSW Shoes, and then make your way to Burger Meister. Burger Meister is located right......

Words: 1366 - Pages: 6

Heart Attack

...Case 1: Heart Attack Managing People and Ethics 3/25/2011 Management 301- Business Organization and Management Eboni Thrower, Jennifer Jackson, Gerald Grant III, Taneisha Pryor Dr. Makamson 1.___________________________ 2.___________________________ 3.____________________________ 4.____________________________ I. Problem Statement Was Mr. Hamid wrong for firing Shauna? Mr. Hamid placed an ad for a part-time bookkeeper at a local college and Shauna came across it. The work Mr. Hamid needed finished for his company would only require the bookkeeper to stay in work with him for about two months. She applied for the job and received the job the same day. During the interview Mr. Hamid stated that he would pay her $150 per week. Realizing that if she accepted $150 per week she would not be making as much money as she would if she worked on an hourly rate; she had to come up with a plan. Shauna negotiated with Mr. Hamid and agreed to work Monday, Wednesday and Friday for seven hours a day for 21 hours a week at $10 per hour. In this agreement Shauna would be put on a three month probationary period, which consisted of no time off, vacation, sick days or holidays off. Shauna was a hard worker and an excellent bookkeeper for Mr. Hamid. She always completed every project and obligation that was ever asked of her beforehand. Shauna constantly asked Mr. Hamid for extra work to do in the office to keep her busy. She never took any time off from work, nor did she......

Words: 1939 - Pages: 8

Heart Attack

...A heart attack occurs when the blood supply to a portion of the heart muscle is severely reduced or stopped. This happens when one of the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle is blocked by an obstruction. This blockage can be due to a condition called atherosclerosis (a buildup of fatty like substance along the wall of the artery), a blood clot or a coronary vessel spasm along with a total obstruction.  If the blood supply to a portion of the heart stops, that area of the heart will no longer receive the oxygen or nutrients needed to carry out its function and will die. If it is a very small part of the heart involved, it will be able to work without it. If a large portion is damaged, irreversible damage will happen which can lead to death. Damage to the heart muscle may be so severe that it may cause abnormal heart rhythm, called arrhythmias. Most people who are of a myocardial infraction or a heart attack do so within a few hours due to a type of arrhythmia.  The heart attack victim will complain of pressure, discomfort or a squeezing sensation in the center of the chest. There may be pain radiating to the arms or the neck. There may also be shortness of breath, weakness, fatigue, nausea, vomiting and or indigestion. The pain that occurs is the result of heart tissue ischemia (decreased blood supply). The area that is not receiving enough blood is literally crying out for help. When a person complains of any of the symptoms mentioned, they should be transported...

Words: 4341 - Pages: 18

Heart Attack

...BEL 492 PRESENTATION 2 OUTLINE “HEART ATTACKS” NAME : AMIRRUL AMMAR BIN ADAM MATRIX NO. : 2012846772 LECTURER : DR. ZAMNAH HUSIN Introduction I. We are at higher risk of getting a cardiovascular disease if your male family members like your father or brother has suffered a heart attack before the age of 55, or your female relatives have suffered one before the age of 65. II. The risk is elevated to a 50% chance if both your parents have cardiovascular disease before the age of 55. Body I. Heart attacks and strokes are usually acute events and are mainly caused by a blockage that prevents blood from flowing to the heart or brain. A. This occurs most likely because of blockage resulted from blood clots or fat build ups in the coronary arteries (World Health Organization (WHO) ). B. There are many risk factors associated with the coronary heart disease 1. The major risk factors are the tobacco use, alcohol use, high blood pressure (hypertension), high cholesterol, physical inactivity and unhealthy diet (World Heart Federation). II. There no symptoms of the underlying disease of he blood vessels. A heart attack may be the first warning of underlying disease. Symptoms of the heart attacks include: A. Pain or discomfort in the centre of the chest. B. Pain or discomfort in the arms, the left shoulder, elbows, jaw or back C. In addition the person may experience difficulty in breathing or shortness of breath,......

Words: 586 - Pages: 3

Heart Attack

...The obvious cardiac risk factors are a family history of a father that died of a heart attack at 46, a mother who died of a stroke at 56, his sedentary lifestyle, and smoking a pack a day for twenty-five years. Elevated vitals are indicators of pain, sharp; burning pain in the epigastric area is worrisome of a possible heart attack. However, negating factors leaning me towards an anxiety attack are that he may be experiencing anxiety due to the fact that his father died at 46 of a heart attack and now he is 46. This may be causing him stress leading to anxiety. His physical indicators of stress are his increased heart rate, elevated blood pressure, and increased rate of respirations are all signs of stress (D'Amico, & Barbarito, 2012, p. 81). Asking questions such as when did the pain start, what medications is he on, has he had high blood pressure before, has the pain occurred before… Asking questions “the interview” is part of the assessment and will help the nurse have a focus. Once the patient relaxes does the pain subside; with an anxiety attack the pain may lessen, while with a heart attack it will not. Also, withdrawing from nicotine could be a cause of his anxiety. He quit three days ago which is when withdrawal from nicotine peaks (National Library of Medicine, 2012). D'Amico, D., & Barbarito, C. (2012). Health & physical assessment in nursing (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. National Library of Medicine. National Institutes of Health, (2012).......

Words: 271 - Pages: 2

Heart

...There are many parts to a human heart. Each structure of the heart has a different function and a different location. The hearts size is the about the size of a human fist. It takes in deoxygenated blood through the veins and brings it to the lungs to get oxygenated and then pumps it into the various arteries. The heart is in a fluid filled cavity called the pericardial cavity. The walls and the lining of the heart are membranes which are called pericardium. Its function is to lubricate the heart and to prevent friction between the heart and the other organs of the human body. It has two layers, a visceral layer that covers the outside of the heart and a parietal layer that creates a sac on the outside of the pericardial cavity. The heart wall has three layers. The first outer layer is called the Epicardium. It is the thin layer that helps lubricate and protect the outside of the heart. The muscular middle layer of the heart is called the Myocardium. Its function is to pump the blood. The third layer that lines the inside of the heart is called the Endocardium. Its responsibility is to keep blood from sticking to the inside of the heart which could form blood clots. The heart has four chambers. Those chambers include the right atrium, the left atrium, the right ventricle, and the left ventricle. The atria are smaller, and the walls are less muscular and thinner. They are connected to the veins because they are the receiving chambers...

Words: 710 - Pages: 3

Having a Heart Attack Is Scary

...Having a heart attack was a scary wake-up call for me, it made me realize that I wasn’t all that healthy as I once thought. Does anyone understand what happens to the heart when a person is having a heart attack? Do we know the signs and symptoms are we prepared if we should have one? There are certain factors that contribute to a heart attack and also ways to prevent it. It was another day at work. I just had lunch and all of a sudden I began to feel different when all of a sudden I felt my stomach turning and I began to start sweating profusely I had a burning pain in my arm it traveled up and across my chest to the other arm and stopped. I tried to shake it off but it got worse. I was scared! I was thinking heart attack! I thought I was going to die! Ladies and gentlemen I did have a heart attack and I realized that I was not as healthy as I once thought. Today I want to let you know about what happens to the heart when you have a heart attack. Do you know the signs and symptoms and are you prepared if they happen to you? There are certain factors that contribute to a heart attack and also ways to prevent it. The foods we eat, the lack of exercise is only a few factors that contributes to having a heart attack. There are certain changes one can take to prevent it from happening. Living a healthy lifestyle!! Main Point 1 Question: What is a Heart Attack? A heart attack occurs when the blood flow that brings oxygen to the heart muscle is severely reduced or cut off...

Words: 1647 - Pages: 7

Heart Attack Case Study

...Cardiovascular System - Heart Attack From Case Studies for Understanding the Human Body S. Braude, D. Goran, and S. Maxfield Uncle Jake and Aunt Leah were playing golf last week. On the sixth hole, Jake told Leah that he was having unusual pain in his left arm and chest. All of a sudden he felt weak and complained that his shirt was much too tight. A dentist playing one hole behind them examined Jake and found he was short of breath, pale, and sweating. He called 911 on his cell phone and told Jake to lie down and wait for the ambulance. The paramedics rushed Jake to the hospital where he was evaluated by a cardiologist. The tests showed that he had four clogged arteries. He was scheduled for surgery the next day. 1. Describe how the heart as a muscle performs its job of pumping blood. The heart is constantly relaxing (filling up with blood) and contracting (pushing blood out) to pump blood through the four chambers of the heart and eventually to the rest of the body. First, the blood fills the right atrium from either the superior or inferior vena cava. Then, the blood passes through the tricuspid valve and to the right ventricle. The right ventricle then squeezes the blood into the pulmonary artery which splits into two vessels each going to the lungs. The oxygenated blood returns from the lungs and it goes through the pulmonary vein to the left atrium. From here, the blood passes through the bicuspid valve and into the left ventricle.......

Words: 1165 - Pages: 5

Why Can’t a Human Heart Regenerate After a Heart Attack?

...research had been conducted regarding heart regeneration but many findings were extremely controversial (Carvalho and de Carvalho 2010). The heart is one of the most important organs as it’s responsible for the body’s oxygen and blood supply. The human heart is divided into four chambers and is enclosed in a fluid filled sac within the chest cavity. One of the least regenerative organs in the human body is the heart but if there is a regenerative response, it is small in comparison to that of other organs such as the liver and skin (Laflamme and Murry 2011). But why can’t the heart regenerate after a heart attack compared to other organs that can is the question and the cells that makes up the tissue can explain this. The incapability of the human heart to regenerate after injury such as a heart attack (Myocardial infarction) poses a major difficulty in the cardiovascular medicine (Laflamme and Murry 2011). Heart attacks are caused by the disturbance of blood supply to parts of the heart, causing heart tissues to die, often due to the blockage of the coronary artery. The heart responds to a heart attack by scarring, which consequences in reduced cardiac function and to compensate for the reduced cardiac function, the heart then develops hypertrophy which in turn leads to heart failure (Lien et al. 2012). Marie et al. (1996) explain hypertrophy as the wall of the heart thickens in response to a heart attack, as the wall thickens the heart contracts less efficiently and......

Words: 1074 - Pages: 5

Youth

...Joshua Roberts CM 101: Youth Ministry Philosophy & Leadership 17 May 2015 My Philosophy for Youth Ministry I believe that youth ministry is vital to the growth and effectiveness of the church—local and universal. In order for the church to grow, the adult generations of the church needs to insure the faith by training children and young adults “in the nurture and admonition of the Lord”(Ephesians 6:4). When the youth of the church are not taught the importance of a vibrant and active relationship with God, then the church will see its ranks become thin and aged. With age comes wisdom and experience, but with youth comes energy and determination. In order for the church to be effective it must see youth ministry as a vital part of the body. Since the church needs youth ministry, it is important that the youth ministry itself has a vision and structure to provide organization to reach goals and growth. I believe that youth ministry needs to focus on three key goals or values in order to be effective in the local church. These values are to connect, grow, and serve. These three values will provide structure and vision to ensure a healthy youth ministry. The first area that one should start with when building a youth ministry that will be profitable to the church and its families is connection. We need to make sure that our teens and parents of teens are connecting with God and others. Connecting with God is the base foundation that any believer should be building......

Words: 1796 - Pages: 8

Heart Attacks Amongst Asian Woman

...Heart Attack Amongst Asian Women David Chambliss HCS/245 April 14, 2014 Professor Leah Miller Heart Attack Amongst Asian Women What is a Heart Attack? A heart attack occurs when the blood flow that brings oxygen to the heart is reduced or completely cut off by a blood clot. This happens because coronary arteries that supply the heart muscle with blood flow can slowly become narrow from buildup of fat, cholesterol, and other substances that together are called plaque. When plaque in a heart artery breaks, a blood clot forms around the plaque thus blocking the flow of blood to the heart muscle. According to “Women’s Health” (2010), “Asian – American women have much lower rates of heart disease than other women. Yet, heart disease is still the second leading cause of death for this group”. For Asian women heart disease is second only to cancer. Heart disease strikes Asian-Indians and other South Asians especially hard. It tends to affect South Asians at a younger age, plus genetics and lifestyle factors both play a role in heart disease risk. The heart attack rate is four times higher for Asians than whites in the United States. Women of any nationality can lower their heart disease risk by as much as 82% just by leading a healthy lifestyle. Keep a healthy weight, make physical activities a habit, and eat a heart healthy diet. Overweight and obesity are risk factors for heart disease. Asian Americans need to be aware that a small amount of...

Words: 293 - Pages: 2

Youth

...Empowering Youth Focusing on Salvation and Service Missions Leadership Discipleship Evangelism Prepared by the General Conference Youth Department Layout by Ludi Leito A General Conference Youth Department publication. Please specify title when re-ordering. This material may be translated, printed, or photocopied by any Seventh-day Adventist entity without securing further permission. Republished documents must include the credit line: “Youth Department, General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists, used by permission. © 2001 General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists 12501 Old Columbia Pike Silver Spring, MD 20904, USA Contents Introduction...................................5 Introduction Chapter 1 Salvation and Service for All Ages ............................9 Chapter 2 OUTCOMES.....................................13 OUTCOMES Chapter 3 Discipleship Chapter 4 Leadership Chapter 5 Mission Chapter 6 Evangelism Strategies.................21 Strategies Strategies Strategies...................31 Strategies.........................37 Strategies Strategies..................41 Strategies “With such an army of workers as our youth, rightly trained, might furnish, how soon the message of a crucified, risen, and soon-coming Savior might be carried to the whole world!” (Education, p. 271). 4 Introduction It’s probably Ellen White’s best-known statement......

Words: 10878 - Pages: 44