From Taylorism to Autonomy

In: Business and Management

Submitted By jerry007
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FROM TAYLORISM TO AUTONOMY

In this essay we will present how the managements concept was developed from F.Taylor concept to contemporary management concepts.
We will point to a few selected aspects of strengths and weaknesses of scientific management.

From craftsmanship to mass production.
Scientific management.- breakthrough in the industrial production.

Until F.Taylor published his book 'Principles of scientific management' in which he laid down fundamental principles of large-scale manufacturing through assembly-line factories, good production was based mostly on the work of crafts.
"Production efficiency methodology that breaks every action,job, or task into small and simple segments which can be easily analysed and taught. Introduced in the early 20th century, Taylorism (1) aims to achieve maximum job fragmentation to minimize skill requirements and job learning time, (2) separates execution of work from work-planning (3) separates direct labour from indirect labour (4) replaces rule of thumb productivity estimates with precise measurements, (5) introduces time and motion study for optimum job performance, cost accounting,tool and work station design and (6) makes possible payment-by-result method of wage determination.”1. ( reference).

Application in industry scientific management methods a specially assembly-line factories made it possible to mass production of goods. Many products previously inaccessible for a mass audience, such as for example cars have become available.
The most famous example of the application of scientific management is cars production in the Ford factories in early twenty centuries. The methods used in the Ford factories were called Fordism. The use of scientific methods of management in practice, have also had the effect on the course and outcome of World War II. 2. ( reference).

Improve of 'scientific…...

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