Force Structure

In: Other Topics

Submitted By eagles71
Words 778
Pages 4
As a commander or XO, one of the difficulties in the military is filling unit vacancy slots or managing outgoing officers with incoming officers with as little a gap as possible to ensure continuity of the mission objectives. With budget cuts, manning guidance, and prior shortages of officers in the Reserves, The operating strength deviation is at a negative. This means there are more spaces than officers. There are several steps to consider when working with your S1 to decrease the underlap to as little as possible.
First, Commanders must have a basic understanding of Force Structure Allowance (FSA) which is the sum of authorized spaces contained in MTOE units and TDA organizations, guided from the Army Manning Guidance by HQDA.2 (officer accession flow) . Operating Strength (OS) refers to those soldiers available to fill spaces in MTOE units and TDA organizations. The size of OS is affected by variations in total year end strength (ES) and total TTHS at the time.
OSdeviation is the difference between OS and FSA and it will provide commanders with measurement of how much faces (OS) deviates from spaces (FSA) at any given time. Changes to either one affcets the OPsd at any time. The Office of Personnel Management Systems (OPMS) looks at needs of the Army and needs of officer corp and attempts to balance each year.

FMSWeb. FMSWeb is key in how S1 accesses vacancies in the command for example. FMSWeb gets its info from TAADS. Unit strength based off PMAD (personnel Management Authorization Document) which is updated by TAADs. PMAD is what HRC uses to manage any shortfalls and to distribute personnel to open vacanicies. 1
S1 is responsible to place strength required transactions in eMILPO which then becomes visible to HRC and allows them to identify shortages as early as possible. HRC provides information to the Board on number of officers…...

Similar Documents

Porter's Five Forces Analysis of Market Structure

...[Porter's Five Forces analysis of market structure The competitive structure of an industry can be analysed using Porter's five forces. This model attempts to analyse the attractiveness of an industry by considering five forces within a market. According to Porter (1980) the likelihood of firms making profits in a given industry depends on five factors: 1. The likelihood of new entry i.e. the extent to which barriers to entry exist. The more difficult it is for other firms to enter a market the more likely it is that existing firms can make relatively high profits. The likelihood of entering a market would be lower if: the entry costs are high e.g. if heavy investment is required in marketing or equipment there are major advantages to firms that have been operating in the industry already in terms of their experience and understanding of how the market works (this is known as the "learning effect") government policy prevents entry or makes it more difficult; for example, protectionist measures may mean a tax is placed on foreign products or there is a limit to the number of overseas goods that can be sold. This would make it difficult for a foreign firm to enter a market the existing brands have a high level of loyalty the existing firms may react aggressively to any new entrant e.g. with a price war the existing firms have control of the supplies .e.g. entering the diamond industry might be difficult because the majority of known sources of diamonds......

Words: 265 - Pages: 2

Structure

...ICD-10-CM External Cause of Injuries Index A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M|N|O|P|R|S|T|U|V|W Abandonment (causing exposure to weather conditions) (with intent to injure or kill)NEC X58 Abuse (adult) (child) (mental) (physical) (sexual) X58 Accident (to) X58 - aircraft (in transit) (powered) —see also Accident, transport, aircraft - - due to, caused by cataclysm —see Forces of nature, by type - animal-rider —see Accident, transport, animal-rider - animal-drawn vehicle —see Accident, transport, animal-drawn vehicle occupant - automobile —see Accident, transport, car occupant - bare foot water skiier V94.4 - boat, boating —see also Accident, watercraft - - striking swimmer - - - powered V94.11 - - - unpowered V94.12 - bus —see Accident, transport, bus occupant - cable car, not on rails V98.0 - - on rails —see Accident, transport, streetcar occupant - car —see Accident, transport, car occupant - caused by, due to - - animal NEC W64 - - chain hoist W24.0 - - cold (excessive) —see Exposure, cold - - corrosive liquid, substance —see Table of drugs and chemicals - - cutting or piercing instrument —see Contact, with, by type of instrument - - drive belt W24.0 - - electric - - - current —see Exposure, electric current - - - motor (see also Contact, with, by type of machine) W31.3 - - - - current (of) W86.8 - - environmental factor NEC X58 - - explosive material —see Explosion - - fire, flames —see Exposure, fire - - firearm missile —see Discharge, firearm by type - - heat (excessive) —see......

Words: 34654 - Pages: 139

The Five Forces

...for HBR, "How Competitive Forces Shape Strategy." In the years that followed, Michael Porter's explication of the five forces that determine the long-run profitability of any industry has shaped a generation of academic research and business practice. In this article, Porter undertakes a thorough reaffirmation and extension of his classic work of strategy formulation, which includes substantial new sections showing how to put the five forces analysis into practice. The five forces govern the profit structure of an industry by determining how the economic value it creates is apportioned. That value may be drained away through the rivalry among existing competitors, of course, but it can also be bargained away through the power of suppliers or the power of customers or be constrained by the threat of new entrants or the threat of substitutes. Strategy can be viewed as building defenses against the competitive forces or as finding a position in an industry where the forces are weaker. Changes in the strength of the forces signal changes in the competitive landscape critical to ongoing strategy formulation. In exploring the implications of the five forces framework, Porter explains why a fast-growing industry is not always a profitable one, how eliminating today's competitors through mergers and acquisitions can reduce an industry's profit potential, how government policies play a role by changing the relative strength of the forces, and how to use the forces to understand......

Words: 302 - Pages: 2

5 Forces

...www.hbr.org Awareness of the five forces can help a company understand the structure of its industry and stake out a position that is more profitable and less vulnerable to attack. The Five Competitive Forces That Shape Strategy by Michael E. Porter Included with this full-text Harvard Business Review article: 24 Article Summary The Idea in Brief—the core idea The Idea in Practice—putting the idea to work 25 The Five Competitive Forces That Shape Strategy 41 Further Reading A list of related materials, with annotations to guide further exploration of the article’s ideas and applications Reprint R0801E The Five Competitive Forces That Shape Strategy The Idea in Brief You know that to sustain long-term profitability you must respond strategically to competition. And you naturally keep tabs on your established rivals. But as you scan the competitive arena, are you also looking beyond your direct competitors? As Porter explains in this update of his revolutionary 1979 HBR article, four additional competitive forces can hurt your prospective profits: • Savvy customers can force down prices by playing you and your rivals against one another. • Powerful suppliers may constrain your profits if they charge higher prices. • Aspiring entrants, armed with new capacity and hungry for market share, can ratchet up the investment required for you to stay in the game. • Substitute offerings can lure customers away. Consider commercial aviation: It’s one of the least......

Words: 12233 - Pages: 49

Structure

...Suggested Structure of the Business Research Case Study Assignment This document suggests what you could write about in each of the different sections of the assignment, and gives you a guide to how much to write for each section Section | Suggested number of words | What you should write about | What you must do to get good marks :- | 1.0 - Introduction & Statement of Aims and Objectives | 200 to 300 | The introduction serves as an expansion of your title – giving a bit more detail about the problem or question you are tackling in the paper. Why did you carry out the research? Why are you writing this report?State your …Aim = what you hope to achieve (Broad)Objective = goals, steps on the way to meeting the aim – how you will achieve it. (Narrow) | Aims and objectives relevant to the topic, imaginative or challenging but realistic. A comprehensive and persuasive rationale | 2.0 - Literature Review | 1300to1500 | This section describes the existing and established theory and research in your report area. You are providing a context for your work. This section can be used to show where you are filling a perceived gap in the existing theory or knowledge, or you are proposing something that goes against or is controversial to existing ideas. You must accurately reference all sources mentioned here and give a full citation in the Reference List. | Extensive and accurate citation of a comprehensive range of relevant and up-to-date sources. Insightful, original or......

Words: 892 - Pages: 4

Structure

... d A / db = 0 => b = L/ 3 9 ( A)max = for maximum dv C dx = 0 PL2 3 - CCCC 27 EI occurs at x1, => x1 = if a L2 - b2 CCC 3 > b, (a x1 < a ≧ b) max = Pb(L2 - b2)3/2 - v(x1) = CCCCC 9 3 LEI = - v(L/2) = (↓) Pb(3L2 - 4b2) CCCCCC 48 EI at x = L/2 C (↓) ∵ the maximum deflection always occurs near the midpoint, ∴ gives a good approximation of the max C in most case, the error is less than 3% an important special case is v' = P CC (L2 - 4x2) 16EI a = b = L/2 (0 ≦ x ≦ L/2) v = P CC (3L2 - 4x2) (0 ≦ x ≦ L/2) 48EI are symmetric with respect to PL2 = CC 16EI = PL3 CC 48EI x = L/2 v' and v = A B max = C 10 9.4 Deflections by Integration of Shear-Force and Load Equations the procedure is similar to that for the bending moment equation except that more integrations are required if we begin from the load equation, which is of fourth order, four integrations are needed Example 9-4 determine the equation of deflection curve for the cantilever beam AB supporting a triangularly distributed load of maximum intensity q0 also determine B and B flexural rigidity of the beam is q0 (L - x) CCCC L = -q = EI q = EIv"" q0 (L - x) - CCCC L the first integration gives EIv"' ∵ = q0 (L - x)2 - CCCC + 2L = V = 0 C1 = 0 v"'(L) => C1 thus EIv"' = q0 (L - x)2 - CCCC 2L 11 2nd integration EIv" ∵ thus = q0 (L - x)3 - CCCC + 6L = M = = 0 C2 => C2 =......

Words: 5105 - Pages: 21

Five Forces

...www.hbrreprints.org Awareness of the five forces can help a company understand the structure of its industry and stake out a position that is more profitable and less vulnerable to attack. The Five Competitive Forces That Shape Strategy by Michael E. Porter Included with this full-text Harvard Business Review article: 1 Article Summary The Idea in Brief—the core idea The Idea in Practice—putting the idea to work 2 The Five Competitive Forces That Shape Strategy 18 Further Reading A list of related materials, with annotations to guide further exploration of the article’s ideas and applications Reprint R0801E The Five Competitive Forces That Shape Strategy The Idea in Brief You know that to sustain long-term profitability you must respond strategically to competition. And you naturally keep tabs on your established rivals. But as you scan the competitive arena, are you also looking beyond your direct competitors? As Porter explains in this update of his revolutionary 1979 HBR article, four additional competitive forces can hurt your prospective profits: • Savvy customers can force down prices by playing you and your rivals against one another. • Powerful suppliers may constrain your profits if they charge higher prices. • Aspiring entrants, armed with new capacity and hungry for market share, can ratchet up the investment required for you to stay in the game. • Substitute offerings can lure customers away. Consider commercial aviation: It’s one of the least......

Words: 12233 - Pages: 49

Structure

...the definition of problems and the linkage of problems with solutions, and institutions as filters of ideas and regulators of the process of policy choice — and a complete explanation of race policy will consider not only both elements but also the ways in which they interact to reconstruct patterns of race relations." In some instances both countries policies could read the same, yet be interpreted differently. In an effort to keep all entities involved headed in the same direction there has to be a clear communication and regulatory rules to ensure the partnership remains stable. Conversely, they say, companies have to give employees the "freedom" that's essential to innovate. Organizational Structure Raymond Miles and Charles Snow, authors of ,"Organizational Strategy, Structure, and Process" help provide the strategy typology appropriate for outcome desired. The particular typology appropriate for Office Depot and Reliance Retail is the "Analyzer". This is the description of a company that is purposely more innovative in their product marketing initiatives. The Analyzer has a watchful eye yet is willing to take risks in order to succeed. The other three typologies are, " Prospector", "Reactor", and "Defender". The Prospector is described as a company who prospers by stimulating and meeting new product opportunities. The Reactor is the company who vacillate in an approach to their environment . and ultimately fail. The Defender prosper th...

Words: 463 - Pages: 2

Forces

...Five Forces Analysis on Competitive Forces Confronting Under Armour, Nike and Addidas Student Name University Affiliation Date Five Forces Analysis on Competitive Forces Confronting Under Armour, Nike and Addidas Under Armour, Nike and Addidas are leading manufacturer of footwear and sports accessories for children, men and women. This products are worn by athletes and persons with active lifestyles. Moreover, their products are sold in nearly all parts of the world with majority sales coming from North America. This paper Analysis five forces confronting Under Armour Nike and Addidas: superior supplier bargaining power, substitutes, new entrants, competition from existing producers and customer bargaining power. Superior supplier bargaining power is a common competitive force among the three companies. Though it is presumed that the three companies get their raw materials from several suppliers, and that supplier power is low. Suppliers form cartels and groups that help them negotiate higher prices for their supplies (Porter, 1979). Companies lack strength, to negotiate back, limiting their options and buy supplies at high prices which is common with Under Armor, Addidas and Nike. Substitutes are products that can be used in place of another product, they offer customers a wide variety of choices and can switch from one product to another with ease. This force offers a challenge among the three companies as customers......

Words: 474 - Pages: 2

Intermolecular Forces

...Chang: Chemistry 7th Edition - Chapter 11 CH116 General Chemistry II INTERMOLECULAR FORCES Inter-molecular Forces Have studied INTRAmolecular forces—the forces holding atoms together to form molecules. Now turn to forces between molecules — INTERmolecular forces. Forces between molecules, between ions, or between molecules and ions. Table 13.1 Summary of Intermolecular Forces Ions Dipoles Induced Dipoles (Overhead & book p 585) Covalent bond energies 100-400 kJ/mol Attractive forces between ions 700-100 kJ/mol Intermolecular attractions less than 15% of bond energies Intermolecular Forces Ion-Ion Forces Na+ — Cl- in salt. These are the strongest forces. Lead to solids with high melting temperatures. NaCl, mp = 800 oC MgO, mp = 2800 oC Intermolecular Attractions Coulomb’s Law Force ~ (n+)(n-)/d2 Distance - twice the distance = 1/4 the force Charge on the Ion Magnitude of the dipole Composition - Solids and Liquids are closer so composition has greater role in attractive forces Attraction Between Ions and Permanent Dipoles Water is highly polar and can interact with positive ions to give hydrated ions in water. Attraction Between Ions and Permanent Dipoles Water is highly polar and can interact with positive ions to give hydrated ions in water. Dissolving Ionic Solids Attraction Between Ions and Permanent Dipoles Many metal ions are hydrated. It is the reason metal salts dissolve in water. Attraction Between Ions and......

Words: 4302 - Pages: 18

Five Force

...Awareness of the five forces can help a company understand the structure of its industry and stake out a position that is more profitable and less vulnerable to attack. 78 Harvard Business Review 1808 Porter.indd 78 | January 2008 | hbr.org 12/5/07 5:33:57 PM THE FIVE COMPETITIVE FORCES THAT SHAPE STRATEGY STRATEGY Peter Crowther by Michael E. Porter Editor’s Note: In 1979, Harvard Business Review published “How Competitive Forces Shape Strategy” by a young economist and associate professor, Michael E. Porter. It was his first HBR article, and it started a revolution in the strategy field. In subsequent decades, Porter has brought his signature economic rigor to the study of competitive strategy for corporations, regions, nations, and, more recently, health care and philanthropy. “Porter’s five forces” have shaped a generation of academic research and business practice. With prodding and assistance from Harvard Business School Professor Jan Rivkin and longtime colleague Joan Magretta, Porter here reaffirms, updates, and extends the classic work. He also addresses common misunderstandings, provides practical guidance for users of the framework, and offers a deeper view of its implications for strategy today. IN ESSENCE, the job of the strategist is to understand and cope with competition. Often, however, managers define competition too narrowly, as if it occurred only among today’s direct competitors. Yet competition for......

Words: 11309 - Pages: 46

Five Forces

...www.hbrreprints.org Awareness of the five forces can help a company understand the structure of its industry and stake out a position that is more profitable and less vulnerable to attack. The Five Competitive Forces That Shape Strategy by Michael E. Porter Included with this full-text Harvard Business Review article: 1 Article Summary The Idea in Brief—the core idea The Idea in Practice—putting the idea to work 2 The Five Competitive Forces That Shape Strategy 18 Further Reading A list of related materials, with annotations to guide further exploration of the article’s ideas and applications Reprint R0801E The Five Competitive Forces That Shape Strategy The Idea in Brief You know that to sustain long-term profitability you must respond strategically to competition. And you naturally keep tabs on your established rivals. But as you scan the competitive arena, are you also looking beyond your direct competitors? As Porter explains in this update of his revolutionary 1979 HBR article, four additional competitive forces can hurt your prospective profits: • Savvy customers can force down prices by playing you and your rivals against one another. • Powerful suppliers may constrain your profits if they charge higher prices. • Aspiring entrants, armed with new capacity and hungry for market share, can ratchet up the investment required for you to stay in the game. • Substitute offerings can lure customers away. Consider commercial aviation: It’s one of the least......

Words: 12313 - Pages: 50

Structure

...Teel structure * T- topic sentence introduces what you will be writing about in this paragraph. * E- Explanation elaborate on your topic sentence. * E- Evidence Quotes and techniques supporting your explanation * L- Linking sentence back to the question or topic sentence Introduction: Restate the question Introduce the text and author/ director Outline of main points Conclusion: Sum up what you have written If the question asks- give opinion Link back to question Language: persuasive, detailed and formal. Question: Take the role of the Rubin “The Hurricane” Carter. Explain why justice, was not achieved. In film the hurricane direct by Norman Jewison, it unleashes the character Rubin hurricane Carter who spends 22 years in jail for a crime that he didn’t commit. It looks at how he was treated in the court of law and whether his convictions were justly completed. The film the hurricane in my opinion showed a great deal of injustice due to the choices of the jurors, judges and police force. Injustice was highly pursed in the film the hurricane because of racial discrimination against him this was justified in the scene when the majority of the population referred to him and other black people as “coloured” this automatically lets us know that they saw him as if he wasn’t a human being. Although through the 22 years that Rubin carter served in jail he was eventually freed from jail but did not stop the fact that he spent his......

Words: 269 - Pages: 2

Forces

...1 How are forces described ? In sciece the word push or a pull when one object pushes or pulls another object the first object exerts a force on the second object you exert a force on a computer key when you push it you exert a force on a chair when you pull it away from a table like velocity and acceleration a force is described by its strength and by the direction in which it acts pushing to the left is a different force from pushing to the right the direction and strength of the force can be represented by an arrow the arrow points in the direction of the force as shown in figure 1 length of the arrow tells you strength of the force the longer the arrow the greater the force the strength of a force is measured in the si unit called newton after sir isac newton How do forces affect newton often more than one force acts on an object at the same time the combination of all forces on an object is called net force the net force determines if and how an object accelerates you can find the net force by finding the sum of all the strengths of individual forces acting on the object look at figure 2a the big dog pushes on the box with a force of 16n to the tight the small with a force of 10 n to the right the net force on the box is the sum of these forces the box will accelerate to the right in the situation there is a non zero net force a non zero netforce causes a change in the objects motion What if the forces on an......

Words: 422 - Pages: 2

Force

...Force Diatra Farasha In physics, a force is any influence that causes an object to undergo a certain change, either concerning its movement, direction, or geometrical construction. It is measured with the SI unit of newtons and represented by the symbol F. In other words, a force is that which can cause an object with mass to change its velocity (which includes to begin moving from a state of rest), i.e., to accelerate, or which can cause a flexible object to deform. Force can also be described by intuitive concepts such as a push or pull. A force has both magnitude and direction, making it a vector quantity. The original form of Newton's second law states that the net force acting upon an object is equal to the rate at which its momentum changes. This law is further given to mean that the acceleration of an object is directly proportional to the net force acting on the object, is in the direction of the net force, and is inversely proportional the mass of the object. As a formula, this is expressed as: Related concepts to force include: thrust, which increases the velocity of an object; drag, which decreases the velocity of an object; and torque which produces changes in rotational speed of an object. Forces which do not act uniformly on all parts of a body will also cause mechanical stresses, a technical term for influences which cause deformation of matter. While mechanical stress can remain embedded in a solid object, gradually deforming it, mechanical stress in a......

Words: 1107 - Pages: 5