Ferns

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Submitted By ayeshasuppal
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FERNS OF PAKISTAN | FERNS | SUBMINTED TO: Ma’M UZMA HANIFSUBMITTED BY: AYESHA SULTANAROLL NO: 072-BH-BOT-11SUBJECT: VASCULAER PLANTSDEPARTMENT: BOTANYGOVERNMENT COLLEGE UNIVERSITY LAHORE | |

CONTENT: * INTRODUCTION TO FERNS * PARTS OF FERNS AND THEIR NAMES * LIFE CYCLE * LIFE CYCLE OF A TYPICAL FERN * CLASSIFICATION OF FERNS * A CONTRIBUTION TO THE TAXONOMIC STUDY OF FERN * FLORA OF PUNJAB, PAKISTAN * Family: Dennstaedtiaceae * Family: Sinopteridaceae * Family: Cryptogrammaceae * Family: Pteridaceae * Family: Adiantaceae * Family: Oleandraceae * Family: Dryopteridaceae * Family: Thelypteridaceae * Family: Athyriaceae * Family: Aspleniaceae * Family: Marsileaceae * Family: Salviniaceae * Family: Azollaceae * A FIELD SURVEY OF MYCORRHIZAL ASSOCIATIONS IN FERNS OF PAKISTAN * Morpho-Palynological Studies On The Angiospermic Fern * Cyrtomium Cyrotideum C. Chr; (Syn: Polystichium * Falcatum). * SOME TOP FERNS TO GROW AS HOUSE PLANTS: * Crocodile Fern * Lemon Button Fern * Maidenhair Fern * Rabbit's-Foot Fern * Staghorn Fern * Bird's Nest Fern * Silver Brake Fern * Kangaroo Paw Fern * Boston Fern * Reffernces

FERNS OF PAKISTAN.

INTRODUCTION:

A fern is any one or more of a group of about 12,000 species of plants belonging to the botanical group known as Pteridophyta. Unlike mosses, they have xylem and phloem (making them vascular plants). They have stems, leaves, and roots like other vascular plants. Ferns reproduce viaspores and have neither seeds nor flowers. Most ferns have what are called fiddleheads. The fiddleheads expand into what are called fronds, which are each delicately divided.
Ferns first appear in the fossil record in the early-Carboniferous period. By the Triassic, the first evidence of ferns…...

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